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Lexicon :: Strong's H3885 - lûn

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1096,1097

Strong’s Definitions

לוּן lûwn, loon; or לִין lîyn; a primitive root; to stop (usually over night); by implication, to stay permanently; hence (in a bad sense) to be obstinate (especially in words, to complain):—abide (all night), continue, dwell, endure, grudge, be left, lie all night, (cause to) lodge (all night, in, -ing, this night), (make to) murmur, remain, tarry (all night, that night).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 87x

The KJV translates Strong's H3885 in the following manner: lodge (33x), murmur (14x), ... the night (14x), abide (7x), remain (6x), tarry (2x), lodge in (2x), continue (1x), dwell (1x), endure (1x), grudge (1x), left (1x), lie (1x), variant (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 87x
The KJV translates Strong's H3885 in the following manner: lodge (33x), murmur (14x), ... the night (14x), abide (7x), remain (6x), tarry (2x), lodge in (2x), continue (1x), dwell (1x), endure (1x), grudge (1x), left (1x), lie (1x), variant (3x).
  1. to lodge, stop over, pass the night, abide

    1. (Qal)

      1. to lodge, pass the night

      2. to abide, remain (fig.)

    2. (Hiphil) to cause to rest or lodge

    3. (Hithpalpel) to dwell, abide

  2. to grumble, complain, murmur

    1. (Niphal) to grumble

    2. (Hiphil) to complain, cause to grumble

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
לוּן lûwn, loon; or לִין lîyn; a primitive root; to stop (usually over night); by implication, to stay permanently; hence (in a bad sense) to be obstinate (especially in words, to complain):—abide (all night), continue, dwell, endure, grudge, be left, lie all night, (cause to) lodge (all night, in, -ing, this night), (make to) murmur, remain, tarry (all night, that night).
STRONGS H3885: Abbreviations
I. לוּן, לִין verb lodge, pass the night, figurative abide (Late Hebrew לִינָה noun lodging, spending the night; compare NöZMG xxxvii (1883), 535 ff.; according to Thes kindred with לַיְלָה (which see below), with change of ל and ן) —
Qal Perfect לָן Genesis 32:22; 2 Samuel 12:16; 3rd person feminine singular וְ֫לָנֶה consecutive (before monosyl.) Zechariah 5:4; 1st person plural וְלַנּוּ consecutive Judges 19:13 (see Ges§ 73. R. 1i. 508); Imperfect יָלִין Exodus 23:18 + 13 times + 2 Samuel 17:8, but compare Hiph.; וַיָּ֫לֶן Genesis 28:11 +4 times; 3rd person feminine singular תָּלִין Leviticus 19:13 + 4 times; תָּלַ֫ן Job 17:2 (see Köi. 509); 2nd person masculine singular jussive אַלתָּֿ֫לֶן 2 Samuel 17:16; תַָּל֑ן Judges 19:20 (see Köi.c.), etc.; Imperative לִין Judges 9:6, 19, etc.; Infinitive construct לָלוּן Genesis 24:25 + 5 times; לָלִין Genesis 24:23; Participle plural לֵנִים Nehemiah 13:21; —
1. lodge, pass the night:
a. literally, human subject, often with preposition or adverb of place, Genesis 19:2; Genesis 28:11; Judges 19:13, 15; 2 Samuel 17:16; Job 24:7 + often (on 2 Samuel 17:8 see Hiph.); with ה locative, וְלָן וְשָׁכַב אַ֫רְצָה 2 Samuel 12:16; with ב location + ב temporal בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא Genesis 32:14; Genesis 32:22; Joshua 8:9; with הַלַּיְלָה (accusative temporal), Numbers 22:8; Joshua 4:3; 2 Samuel 17:16; 2 Samuel 19:8; Ruth 3:13; of the wicked Psalm 59:16, according to Hup De Pe and others; < from II. לון Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Aq Che Bae and others, compare AV; simile of temporary sojourn Jeremiah 14:8 (of י׳ in Israel)
b. of animals: wild ox (span class="Hb maroon">רְאֵם) Job 39:9 (followed by עַלאֲֿבוּסֶ֑ךָ), porcupine (קִפּד) Zephaniah 2:14.
c. inanimate subject = remain all night: of fat of sacrifice Exodus 23:18 (E; followed by עַדבֹּֿקֶר), passover meal Exodus 34:25 (P; followed by לַבֹּקֶר), Deuteronomy 16:4 (followed by לַבֹּקֶר; all these without local designation), wages of hireling Leviticus 19:13 (H; אֶת = with + עַדבֹּֿקֶר); of dead body Deuteronomy 21:23 (עַל location); dew Job 29:19 (ב location); bunch of myrrh Songs 1:13 בֵּין location)
d. figurative יָלִין בֶּ֑כִי בָּעֶרֶב Psalm 30:6 at evening weeping may come to lodge (opposed to וְלַבֹּקֶר רִנָּה).
† 2. figurative abide, remain, subject עַיִן ( = look upon), with ב Job 17:2; of error, Job 19:4 (with preposition אֵת person), strength Job 41:14 (of crocodile; with ב); of righteousness, Isaiah 1:21 (with ב); תָּלִין נַפְשׁוֺ בְטוֺב Psalm 25:13; of hearkening ear Proverbs 15:31, with בְּקֶרֶב; of thoughts Jeremiah 4:14, with id.; absolute, of man, continue, endure, Psalm 49:13, שָׂבֵעַ יָלִין Proverbs 19:23 he shall continue satisfied.
Hiph. Imperfect יָלִין cause to rest, lodge, followed by accusative, 2 Samuel 17:8 see Köi. 509.
Hithpalp. Imperfect יִתְלֹנָ֑ן Job 39:28 dwell, abide, of eagle; figurative יִתְלוֺנָ֑ן בְּצֵל שַׁדַּי Psalm 91:1 of one trusting in י׳.

† II. [לוּן] verb murmur, only Exodus 15; Exodus 16; Exodus 17; Numbers 14; Numbers 16; Numbers 17; and Joshua 9:18 (SAM always defective, hence NöZMG xxxvii.1883, 535 n. thinks possibly לנן [compare רנן ?]; from limited occurrence, he supposes it disappeared early; but found chiefly in P); —
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural וַיִּלּוֺ֫נוּ Exodus 15:24 +3 times + Exodus 16:2 Qr (Kt וילינו) + Numbers 14:36 Kt (Qr וַיַּלִּי֫נוּ, Hiph.); 2nd person masculine plural תִּלּוֺ֫נוּ Exodus 16:7; Numbers 16:11, both Kt (Qr תַּלִּי֫נוּ); on forms see Ges§ 72 Anm. 8i. 509; — murmur against, followed by עַל Exodus 15:24 (JE), Exodus 16:2, 7; Numbers 14:2; Numbers 16:11; Numbers 17:6; Joshua 9:18 (all P; all of people Israel); absolute Psalm 59:16 (see I.לון 1a).
Hiph. Perfect 2nd person masculine plural הֲלִינֹתֶם Numbers 14:29; Imperfect וַיָּ֫לֶן Exodus 17:3; וַיַּלִּי֫נוּ Exodus 16:2 Kt, Numbers 14:36 Qr; 2nd person masculine plural תַּלִּי֫נוּ Exodus 16:7 Qr, Numbers 16:11 Qr (on all see above); Participle plural מַלִּינִים Exodus 16:8 +3 times; — murmur = Niph., followed by על Exodus 17:3 (E), elsewhere P: Exodus 16:8; Numbers 14:27 (twice in verse); Numbers 14:29; Numbers 17:20; cause to murmur, followed by accusative + עַל Numbers 14:36 Qr; (compare also above Niph.)
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:2; 24:23; 24:25; 28:11; 28:11; 32:14; 32:22; 32:22


15; 15:24; 15:24; 16; 16:2; 16:2; 16:2; 16:7; 16:7; 16:7; 16:8; 16:8; 17; 17:3; 17:3; 23:18; 23:18; 34:25


19:13; 19:13


14; 14:2; 14:27; 14:29; 14:29; 14:36; 14:36; 14:36; 16; 16:11; 16:11; 16:11; 17; 17:6; 22:8


16:4; 21:23


4:3; 8:9; 9:18; 9:18


9:6; 9:19; 19:13; 19:13; 19:15; 19:20



2 Samuel

12:16; 12:16; 17:8; 17:8; 17:8; 17:16; 17:16; 17:16; 19:8




17:2; 17:2; 19:4; 24:7; 29:19; 39:9; 39:28; 41:14


25:13; 30:6; 49:13; 59:16; 59:16; 91:1


15:31; 19:23

Song of Songs





4:14; 14:8





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3885 matches the Hebrew לוּן (lûn),
which occurs 87 times in 78 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 19:2–Neh 4:22)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:2 - And he said, “Now behold, my lords, please turn aside into your servant’s house, and spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885, and wash your feet; then you may rise early and go on your way.” They said, “No, but we shall spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in the public square.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:23 - and he said, “Whose daughter are you? Please tell me, is there room for us to stay H3885 overnight H3885 at your father’s house?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:25 - Again she said to him, “We have plenty of both straw and feed, and room to stay H3885 overnight H3885.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:54 - Then he and the men who were with him ate and drank and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885. When they got up in the morning, he said, “Send me away to my master.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:11 - And he [fn]happened upon a [fn]particular place and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 there, because the sun had set; and he took one of the stones of the place and made it a support for his head, and lay down in that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:54 - Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain, and called his relatives to [fn]the meal; and they ate [fn]the meal and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 on the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:13 -

So he spent H3885 the night there. Then he [fn]selected from what [fn]he had with him a gift for his brother Esau:

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:21 - So the gift passed on ahead of him, while he himself spent H3885 that night in the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:24 - So the people grumbled H3885 at Moses, saying, “What are we to drink?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:2 - But the whole congregation of the sons of Israel grumbled H3885 against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:7 - and in the morning [fn]you will see the glory of the LORD, for He hears your grumblings against the LORD; and what are we, that you grumble H3885 against us?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:3 - But the people were thirsty for water there; and [fn]they grumbled H3885 against Moses and said, “Why is it that you have brought us up from Egypt, to kill [fn]us and [fn]our children and [fn]our livestock with thirst?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:18 -

“You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread; nor is the fat of My [fn]feast to remain H3885 overnight H3885 until morning.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:25 -

“You shall not [fn]offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread, nor is the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover to [fn]be left H3885 over H3885 until morning.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:13 -

‘You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired worker are not to remain H3885 with you all H3885 night H3885 until morning.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:2 - And all the sons of Israel grumbled H3885 against Moses and Aaron; and the entire congregation said to them, “If only we had died in the land of Egypt! Or even if we had died in this wilderness!
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:27 - “How long shall I put up with this evil congregation who are grumbling H3885 against Me? I have heard the complaints of the sons of Israel which they are [fn]voicing H3885 against Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:29 - your dead bodies will fall in this wilderness, all your [fn]numbered men according to your complete number from twenty years old and upward, who have grumbled H3885 against Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:36 -

As for the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land, and who returned and led all the congregation to grumble H3885 against him by bringing a bad report about the land,

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:11 - “Therefore you and your whole group are the ones gathered together against the LORD; but as for Aaron, [fn]who is he, that you grumble H3885 against him?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:41 -

But on the next day all the congregation of the sons of Israel grumbled H3885 against Moses and Aaron, saying, “You are the ones who have caused the death of the LORD’S people!”

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 17:5 - “And it will come about that the staff of the man whom I choose will sprout. So I will relieve Myself of the grumblings of the sons of Israel, who are grumbling H3885 against you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:8 - And he said to them, “Spend H3885 the night here, and I will bring word back to you just as the LORD may speak to me.” And the leaders of Moab stayed with Balaam.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:4 - “For seven days no leaven shall be seen with you in your entire territory, and none of the meat which you sacrifice on the evening of the first day shall be left H3885 overnight H3885 until the morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:23 - his body is not to be left H3885 overnight H3885 on the [fn]tree, but you shall certainly bury him on the same day (for he who is hanged is cursed of God), so that you do not defile your land which the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 3:1 -

Then Joshua got up early in the morning; and he and all the sons of Israel set out from Shittim and came to the Jordan, and they spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 there before they crossed.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:3 - and command them, saying, ‘Take up for yourselves twelve stones from here out of the middle of the Jordan, from the place where the priests’ feet are standing firmly, and carry them over with you and lay them down in the encampment where you will spend H3885 the night.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:11 - So he had the ark of the LORD [fn]taken around the city, circling it once; then they came into the camp and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:9 - So Joshua sent them away, and they went to the place of ambush and remained between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of Ai; but Joshua spent H3885 that night among the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:18 - But the sons of Israel did not [fn]attack them because the leaders of the congregation had sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel. And the whole congregation grumbled H3885 against the leaders.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:2 - So the sons of Dan sent from their family five men out of their whole number, [fn]valiant men from Zorah and Eshtaol, to spy out the land and to explore it; and they said to them, “Go, explore the land.” And they came to the hill country of Ephraim, to the house of Micah, and stayed H3885 overnight H3885 there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:4 - His father-in-law, the girl’s father, prevailed upon him, and he remained with him for three days. So they ate and drank and stayed H3885 there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:6 - So both of them sat down and ate and drank together; and the girl’s father said to the man, “Please [fn]be so kind as to spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885, and let your heart be cheerful.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:7 - However, the man got up to go; but his father-in-law urged him, and he spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 there again.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:9 - When the man got up to go, along with his concubine and servant, his father-in-law, the girl’s father, said to him, “Behold now, the day has drawn [fn]to a close; please spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885. Behold, the day is [fn]coming to an end; spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 here so that your heart may be cheerful. Then tomorrow you may arise early for your journey and go [fn]home.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:10 -

But the man was unwilling to spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885, so he got up and left, and came to a place opposite Jebus (that is, Jerusalem). And with him was a pair of saddled donkeys; his concubine also was with him.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:11 - When they were near Jebus, the day was almost gone; and the servant said to his master, “Please come, and let’s turn aside into this city of the Jebusites and spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:13 - And he said to his servant, “Come, and let’s approach one of these places; and we will spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in Gibeah or Ramah.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:15 - They turned aside there to enter and spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in Gibeah. When [fn]they entered, [fn]they sat down in the public square of the city, for no one took them into his house to spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:20 - Then the old man said, “Peace to you. Only let me take care of all your needs; however, do not spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 in the public square.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:4 - So the Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered, answered and said, “I came with my concubine to spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 at Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 1:16 - But Ruth said, “Do not plead with me to leave you or to turn back from following you; for where you go, I will go, and where you sleep H3885, I will sleep H3885. Your people shall be my people, and your God, my God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:13 - “Remain H3885 this night, and when morning comes, if he will [fn]redeem you, good; let him redeem you. But if he does not wish to [fn]redeem you, then I will redeem you, as the LORD lives. Lie down until morning.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:16 - David therefore pleaded with God for the child; and David fasted and went and lay all H3885 night H3885 on the ground.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:8 - Then Hushai said, “You yourself know your father and his men, that they are warriors and they are [fn]fierce, like a bear deprived of her cubs in the field. And your father is an [fn]expert in warfare, and he will not spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 with the people.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:16 - “Now then, send a messenger quickly and tell David, saying, ‘Do not spend H3885 the night at the river crossing places of the wilderness, but by all means cross over, or else the king and all the people who are with him will be [fn]destroyed.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:7 - “Now therefore arise, go out and speak [fn]kindly to your servants, for I swear by the LORD, if you do not go out, no man will stay H3885 the night with you, and this will be worse for you than all the misfortune that has [fn]happened to you from your youth until now!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 19:9 -

Then he came there to a cave and spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 there; and behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and He said to him, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 9:27 - They spent H3885 the H3885 night H3885 around the house of God, because the watch was [fn]committed to them; and they were in charge of opening it morning by morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:22 - At that time I also said to the people, “Each man with his servant shall spend H3885 the H3885 night H3885 within Jerusalem, so that they may be a guard for us by night and a laborer by day.”

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