Click to Change

Return to Top

Return to Top

Printer Icon


Copy Options
Red Letter
The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3898 - lāḥam

Choose a new font size and typeface
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1104,1105

Strong’s Definitions

לָחַם lâcham, law-kham'; a primitive root; to feed on; figuratively, to consume; by implication, to battle (as destruction):—devour, eat, × ever, fight(-ing), overcome, prevail, (make) war(-ring).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 177x

The KJV translates Strong's H3898 in the following manner: fight (149x), to war (10x), make war (8x), eat (5x), overcome (2x), devoured (1x), ever (1x), prevail (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 177x
The KJV translates Strong's H3898 in the following manner: fight (149x), to war (10x), make war (8x), eat (5x), overcome (2x), devoured (1x), ever (1x), prevail (1x).
  1. to fight, do battle, make war

    1. (Qal) to fight, do battle

    2. (Niphal) to engage in battle, wage war

  2. (Qal) to eat, use as food

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
לָחַם lâcham, law-kham'; a primitive root; to feed on; figuratively, to consume; by implication, to battle (as destruction):—devour, eat, × ever, fight(-ing), overcome, prevail, (make) war(-ring).
STRONGS H3898: Abbreviations
I. [לָחַם]171 verb fight, do battle (Late Hebrew Hithp.; ואלתחם MI11.15.19 perhaps = order the battle, compare NöZMG xl. 1886, 721; Arabic bdb053506 fit close together, so Late Hebrew לחם Pi., Syriac bdb053507 Pa. unite, bdb053508 fit also threaten; GerberVerb. Denom. 59 thinks verb in Hebrew denominative from מִלְחָמָה battle-line, but dubious); —
Qal (poetry) only Imperative masculine singular and Participle active — fight, do battle with, rare, only Psalms, apparently later usage: — לְחַם אֶתלֹֿחֲמָ֑י Psalm 35:1 do battle with those battling with me (dubious whether את is accusative sign compare preposition with, compare Ol; || רִיבָה אֶתיְֿרִיבַי); לֹחֲמִים לִי Psalm 56:3 doing battle against me; לֹחֵם Psalm 56:2 as substantive fighter.
Niph. 167 Perfect נִלְחַם Judges 9:17 +, וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֫ Judges 11:8; 1 Samuel 15:18, וְנִלְחַמְנוּ Deuteronomy 1:41 consecutive, etc.; Imperfect יִלָּהֵם Exodus 14:14; Deuteronomy 1:30; יִלָּ֫חֶם לָ֑נוּ Nehemiah 4:14, וַיִּלָּ֫חֶם Exodus 17:8 + 19 times; 3rd person feminine singular תִּלָּחֵם Zechariah 14:14; 3rd person masculine plural תִּיִּלָּֽחֲמוּ Judges 1:5 + 13 times; suffix וַיִּלָּֽחֲמוּנִי Psalm 109:3; 2nd person masculine plural תִּלָּֽחֲמוּ 1 Kings 22:31 + 4 times; תִּלָּֽחֲמוּן 1 Kings 12:24; etc.; Imperative הִלָּחֵם Exodus 17:9; 1 Samuel 18:17; הִלָּ֫חֶם בּוֺ Judges 9:38; plural הִלָּֽחֲמוּ 2 Kings 10:3; Nehemiah 4:8; Infinitive absolute נִלְחֹם Judges 11:25; construct הִלָּחֵם Judges 1:9 + 35 times; הִלָּ֫חֶם בּוֺ etc., Numbers 22:11 + 6 times; suffix הִלָּחֲמוֺ 2 Kings 8:29 + 3 times; Participle נִלְחָם Exodus 14:24 + 10 times; plural נִלְחָמִים Joshua 10:25 + 10 times (but 1 Samuel 31:1 read rather נִלְחֲמוּ, so || 1 Chronicles 10:1 We Klo Bu, compare Dr); — engage in battle (reciprocal), sometimes wage war (Joshua 10:5; Judges 11:5; 1 Kings 14:19; 1 Kings 22:46; 2 Kings 6:8; 2 Kings 14:28 etc.), often with בְּ of enemy (60 times) Exodus 1:10; Exodus 17:9, 10; Numbers 21:23, 26; Numbers 22:11 (all E), Judges 11:8, 25; 1 Samuel 15:18; 2 Samuel 8:10 + (49 times); less often with בְּ of city attacked or besieged † Judges 9:45; 1 Samuel 23:1; 2 Samuel 12:26, 27, 29; Isaiah 20:1; Joshua 10:31 (D), 1 Kings 20:1; Nehemiah 4:2; of tower Judges 1:52 [Judges 9:52]; followed by בְּאַרְצִי Judges 11:12†; also with עִם of enemy (26 times): Judges 5:20; Judges 11:4, 5, 20; Joshua 11:5 (JE), 1 Samuel 13:5; 1 Samuel 17:19, also 1 Samuel 17:32, 33 (of single combat), Deuteronomy 20:4; Joshua 9:2 (both D), 2 Kings 13:12; 2 Kings 14:15; 2 Chronicles 11:1; 17:10; 27:5; Daniel 10:20; Daniel 11:11 +; with עִם of city † Joshua 10:29 (D), Joshua 19:47 (JE) †; with אֶתֿ = with, of enemy, † Joshua 24:8 (E), 1 Samuel 17:9 (single combat), Jeremiah 21:5; 1 Kings 20:23; 2 Kings 19:9 = Isaiah 37:9; Jeremiah 37:10; also Judges 12:4; 2 Samuel 11:17; 2 Samuel 21:15; 1 Kings 22:31; 2 Kings 8:2; 2 Kings 9:15; Jeremiah 21:4; Jeremiah 32:5; Jeremiah 33:5; 2 Chronicles 18:30; 22:6, and with אוֺתָם (= אִתָּם) Joshua 10:25 (D), 1 Kings 20:25 (KöLgb. ii, 296)†; with עִל, against, of enemy only Jeremiah 21:2; elsewhere (16 times) of city: † Joshua 10:5 (JE), Isaiah 7:1; 2 Kings 12:18; 2 Kings 19:8 = Isaiah 37:8; especially D and Je: Deuteronomy 20:10, 19; Joshua 10:34, 36, 38 (all D), Jeremiah 32:24, 29; Jeremiah 34:1, 7, 8, 22†; with אֶלֿ of enemy † Jeremiah 1:19; Jeremiah 15:20†; with suffix וַיִּלָּֽחֲמוּנִיPsalm 109:3 and they have fought against me†; with יָ֑חַד i.e. fight together = with (against) one another † 1 Samuel 17:10; absolute with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מִלְחָמוֺת fight battles1 Samuel 8:20; 1 Samuel 18:17; 1 Samuel 25:28; 2 Chronicles 32:8†; absolute elsewhere Judges 5:19 (twice in verse); Judges 5:20; Deuteronomy 1:41; Zechariah 10:5 + 26 times + וַיָּסֻרוּ עָלָיו לְהִלָּחֵ֑ם 1 Kings 22:32; † with עַל for, in behalf of, Judges 9:17; 2 Kings 10:3; Nehemiah 4:8; with לְ = id., Exodus 14:14 (J), Exodus 14:25 (J; + בְּ of enemy), Deuteronomy 1:30; Deuteronomy 3:22; Deuteronomy 20:4 (+ עִם of enemy, see above), Joshua 10:14, 42; Joshua 23:3, 10 (all D), Nehemiah 4:14יָכֹל לְהִלּ׳ be able to fight, with את of enemy 1 Samuel 17:9, with בְּ of enemy Numbers 22:11, = be successful in fighting, prevail against; so with עַל of city Isaiah 7:1, and absolute 2 Kings 16:5 (after וַיָּצֻרוּ עָל besiege).

† II. [לָחַם] verb use as food, eat, poetic (so Thes Buhl, compare Frä30 GuidiDella Sede 33; this would explain different between לֶחֶם and bdb053603; yet verb rare and chiefly late); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person plural לָֽחֲמוּ Proverbs 4:17; Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular תִּלְחַם Proverbs 23:6, 1st person singular אֶלְחַם Psalm 141:4; Imperative masculine plural לַחֲמוּ Proverbs 9:5; Infinitive construct לְחוֺם Proverbs 23:1; Passive participle plural construct לְחֻמֵי Deuteronomy 32:24; eat (mostly Proverbs), absolute Proverbs 23:1; followed by accusative of congnate meaning with verb לֶחֶם Proverbs 4:17; Proverbs 23:6; followed by בְּלַחְמִי Proverbs 9:5; followed by בְּמַנְעַמֵּיהֶם Psalm 141:4 eat of their dainties; לְחֻמֵי רֶשֶׁף Deuteronomy 32:24 (poem) eaten up with the Fire-bolt, figurative of pestilence (Dr).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3898 matches the Hebrew לָחַם (lāḥam),
which occurs 177 times in 171 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Exo 1:10–Jdg 10:18)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:10 - “Come, let us deal wisely with them, lest they multiply and it be [fn]in the event of war, that they also join themselves to those who hate us and fight H3898 against us and go up from the land.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:14 - “Yahweh will fight H3898 for you, and you will keep silent.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:25 - And He [fn]caused their chariot wheels to swerve, and He made them drive with difficulty; so the Egyptians said, “Let [fn]us flee from Israel, for Yahweh is fighting H3898 for them against the Egyptians.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:8 -

Then Amalek came and fought H3898 against Israel at Rephidim.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:9 - So Moses said to Joshua, “Choose men for us and go out, fight H3898 against Amalek. Tomorrow I will take my stand on the top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:10 - And Joshua did as Moses [fn]told him, to fight H3898 against Amalek; and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:1 -

Then the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the [fn]Negev, heard that Israel was coming by the way of [fn]Atharim, and he fought H3898 against Israel and took some of them captive.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:23 - But Sihon would not allow Israel to pass through his border. So Sihon gathered all his people and went out to meet Israel in the wilderness and came to Jahaz and fought H3898 against Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:26 - For Heshbon was the city of Sihon, king of the Amorites. Now it was he who had fought H3898 against the former king of Moab and had taken all his land out of his hand, as far as the Arnon.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:11 - ‘Behold, there is a people who came out of Egypt, and they cover the surface of the land; now come, curse them for me; perhaps I may be able to fight H3898 against them and drive them out.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:30 - ‘Yahweh your God, who goes before you, will Himself fight H3898 on your behalf, [fn]just as He did for you in Egypt before your eyes,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:41 -

“Then you said to me, ‘We have sinned against Yahweh; we will indeed go up and fight H3898, just as Yahweh our God commanded us.’ And every man of you girded on his weapons of war and regarded it as easy to go up into the hill country.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:42 - “And Yahweh said to me, ‘Say to them, “Do not go up and do not fight H3898—for I am not among you—so that you are not [fn]defeated before your enemies.”’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:22 - ‘Do not fear them, for Yahweh your God is the one fighting H3898 for you.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:4 - for Yahweh your God is the one who goes with you, to fight H3898 for you against your enemies, to save you.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:10 -

“If you come near a city to fight H3898 against it, you shall call for terms of peace.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:19 -

“If you besiege a city for many days, to make H3898 war H3898 against it in order to capture it, you shall not destroy its trees by swinging an axe against them; for you may eat from them, and you shall not cut them down. [fn]For is the tree of the field a man, that it should [fn]be besieged by you?

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:24 -

They will be wasted by famine, and consumed H3898 by [fn]plague

And bitter destruction;

And the teeth of beasts I will send upon them,

With the venom of crawling things of the dust.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:2 - that they gathered themselves together with [fn]one accord to fight H3898 with Joshua and with Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:5 - So the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon, gathered together and went up, they with all their armies, and camped by Gibeon and fought H3898 against it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:14 - And there was no day like that before it or after it, when Yahweh listened to the voice of a man; for Yahweh fought H3898 for Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:25 - Joshua then said to them, “Do not fear or be dismayed! Be strong and courageous, for thus Yahweh will do to all your enemies with whom you fight H3898.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:29 -

Then Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Makkedah to Libnah and fought H3898 against Libnah.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:31 -

And Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Libnah to Lachish, and they camped by it and fought H3898 against it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:34 -

And Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Lachish to Eglon, and they camped by it and fought H3898 against it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:36 -

Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to Hebron, and they fought H3898 against it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:38 -

Then Joshua and all Israel with him returned to Debir, and they fought H3898 against it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:42 - And Joshua captured all these kings and their lands at one time because Yahweh, the God of Israel, fought H3898 for Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:5 - So all of these kings agreed to meet, and they came and encamped together at the waters of Merom, to fight H3898 against Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:47 - And the territory of the sons of Dan went out from them; for the sons of Dan went up and fought H3898 with Leshem and captured it. Then they struck it with the edge of the sword and possessed it and [fn]settled in it; and they called [fn]Leshem Dan after the name of Dan their father.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:3 - “And you have seen all that Yahweh your God has done to all these nations because of you, for Yahweh your God is He who has been fighting H3898 for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:10 - “One of your men will pursue one thousand, for Yahweh your God is He who fights H3898 for you, just as He [fn]promised you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:8 - ‘Then I brought you into the land of the Amorites who lived beyond the Jordan, and they fought H3898 with you; and I gave them into your hand, and you took possession of their land, and I destroyed them before you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:9 - ‘Then Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, arose and fought H3898 against Israel, and he sent and summoned Balaam the son of Beor to curse you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:11 - ‘And you crossed the Jordan and came to Jericho; and the citizens of Jericho fought H3898 against you, and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Girgashite, the Hivite and the Jebusite. Thus I gave them into your hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:1 -

Now it happened after the death of Joshua that the sons of Israel asked of [fn]Yahweh, saying, “Who shall go up first for us against the Canaanites, to fight H3898 against them?”

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:3 - Then Judah said to Simeon his brother, “Come up with me into [fn]the territory allotted me, that we may fight H3898 against the Canaanites; and [fn]I in turn will go with you into [fn]the territory allotted you.” So Simeon went with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:5 - Then they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek and fought H3898 against him, and they struck down the Canaanites and the Perizzites.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:8 -

Then the sons of Judah fought H3898 against Jerusalem and captured it and struck it with the edge of the sword and set the city on fire.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:9 - And afterward the sons of Judah went down to fight H3898 against the Canaanites living in the hill country and in the [fn]Negev and in the [fn]Shephelah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:19 -

“The kings came and fought H3898;

Then fought H3898 the kings of Canaan

At Taanach near the waters of Megiddo;

They took no gain of silver.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:20 -

“The stars fought H3898 from heaven;

From their courses they fought H3898 against Sisera.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:1 -

Then the men of Ephraim said to him, “What is this thing you have done to us, not calling us when you went to fight H3898 against Midian?” And they strongly contended with him.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:17 - for my father fought H3898 for you and [fn]risked his life and delivered you from the hand of Midian;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:38 - Then Zebul said to him, “Where is your [fn]boasting now with which you said, ‘Who is Abimelech that we should serve him?’ Is this not the people whom you rejected? Go out now and fight H3898 with them!”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:39 - So Gaal went out before the lords of Shechem and fought H3898 with Abimelech.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:45 - So Abimelech fought H3898 against the city all that day, and he captured the city and killed the people who were in it; then he tore the city down and sowed it with salt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:52 - So Abimelech came to the tower and fought H3898 against it and approached the entrance of the tower to burn it with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:9 - Then the sons of Ammon crossed the Jordan to fight H3898 also against Judah, Benjamin, and the house of Ephraim, so that Israel was greatly distressed.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:18 - And the people, the princes of Gilead, said to one another, “Who is the man who will begin to fight H3898 against the sons of Ammon? He shall become head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.”

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/4 (Exo 1:10–Jdg 10:18) Exo 1:10–Jdg 10:18

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Jdg 11:4–1Ki 22:31

BLB Searches
Search the Bible

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan