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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3899 - leḥem

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1105a

Strong’s Definitions

לֶחֶם lechem, lekh'-em; from H3898; See also H1036 food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it):—(shew-) bread, × eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 297x

The KJV translates Strong's H3899 in the following manner: bread (237x), food (21x), meat (18x), shewbread (with H6440) (5x), loaves (5x), shewbread (with H4635) (3x), shewbread (2x), victuals (2x), eat (1x), feast (1x), fruit (1x), provision (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 297x
The KJV translates Strong's H3899 in the following manner: bread (237x), food (21x), meat (18x), shewbread (with H6440) (5x), loaves (5x), shewbread (with H4635) (3x), shewbread (2x), victuals (2x), eat (1x), feast (1x), fruit (1x), provision (1x).
  1. bread, food, grain

    1. bread

      1. bread

      2. bread-corn

    2. food (in general)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
לֶחֶם lechem, lekh'-em; from H3898; See also H1036 food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it):—(shew-) bread, × eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals.
STRONGS H3899: Abbreviations
לֶ֫חֶם 296 noun masculine1 Samuel 9:7 and (rarely) feminineGenesis 49:20 (see below, and Dr1 Samuel 10:4) bread, food (Phoenician לחם bread; Late Hebrew לֶחֶם; Aramaic לַחְמָא, bdb053604, as Hebrew; Arabic bdb053605 flesh, meat, (compare Frä30)); — absolute ל׳ Genesis 3:19 +; לָ֑חֶם Genesis 31:54 +; לֶ֑חֶם Psalm 14:4 + 2 times; construct לֶחֶם Hosea 9:4 +; suffix לַחְמִי Job 3:24 +, לַחְמְךָ Obadiah 7 +, לַחְמָם Hosea 9:4b, + Hosea 9:4a (for MT לָהֶם), We GASm Now, + etc.; —
a. bread, the ordinary food of early Hebrews (BenzArchaeology 84 ff NowArchaeology i. 109 ff.) Exodus 21:14 (E), Numbers 21:5; Joshua 9:5, 12 (JE), Deuteronomy 8:3; Deuteronomy 23:5; Exodus 16:3 (P) +; כִּכַּרלֿ׳ loaf of bread 1 Samuel 2:36 + (see כִּכָּר below כרר), and without ככר (always with number)† 1 Samuel 10:4; 1 Samuel 16:20 (see Dr), 1 Samuel 17:7; 1 Samuel 21:4; 1 Samuel 25:18; 2 Samuel 16:1; 1 Kings 14:3; 2 Kings 4:42 †; חַלַת ל׳ cake of bread 2 Samuel 6:19; Exodus 29:23 + (see חַלָּה below I. חלל); made from barley (שְׂעֹרִים); Judges 7:13; 2 Kings 4:42 (see also לָחֶם above); from wheat-flour (סֹלֶת חִטִים) Exodus 29:2 (P); compare the mixture Ezekiel 4:9; made by baking (אפה) Isaiah 44:15, 19; Leviticus 26:26 (H; compare Jeremiah 37:21); † פַּת־ל׳ a bit of bread 1 Samuel 2:36; 1 Kings 17:11; Proverbs 28:21, compare Ezekiel 13:19, as modest term for a hospitable meal Genesis 18:5 (J), Judges 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:22 †; distinguished from meat (flesh), Genesis 27:17 (J) 1 Samuel 25:11; 1 Kings 17:6 (twice in verse); Exodus 16:8, 12 (also Exodus 16:3 above), Exodus 29:32, 34; Leviticus 8:31 (all P), Leviticus 23:18 (H), 1 Chronicles 12:40; Psalm 78:20; Daniel 10:3; = a meal 1 Samuel 20:27, אָכַל ל׳ = take a meal Genesis 31:54 (twice in verse); Genesis 37:25; Genesis 43:25, 32 +; אכל לַחְמִי Psalm 41:10 eat my bread, establishing an obligation, compare Obadiah 7 (read אֹכְלֵי ל׳ according to MartiKau AT; strike out ל׳ Greek Version of the LXX Hi We, compare VB) עשׂה ל׳ = make a feast Ecclesiastes 10:19; מַטֵּה ל׳ staff of bread (as support of life), only late † Ezekiel 4:16; Ezekiel 5:16; Ezekiel 14:13; Leviticus 26:26 (H), Psalm 105:16; cf.מִשְׁעַן ל׳ Isaiah 3:1 (gloss) †; leavened bread is חָמֵץ ל׳ Leviticus 7:13; unleavened bread is מַצּוֺת ל׳ Exodus 29:2 (both P); † (הַ)פָּנִים ל׳ bread of the face (of י׳; i.e. in his presence, DiLeviticus 24:9 Dr1 Samuel 21:7); in the sanctuary 1 Samuel 21:7; 1 Kings 7:48 2 Chronicles 4:19; Exodus 25:30; Exodus 35:13; Exodus 39:36, without פ׳ Exodus 40:23 (all P); = הַתָּמִיד ל׳ Numbers 4:7 (P), קֹדֶשׁ ל׳ 1 Samuel 21:5; in Chronicles הַמַּעֲרָ֑כֶת ל׳ 1 Chronicles 9:32; compare 1 Chronicles 23:29; Nehemiah 10:34, ל׳ מ׳ 2 Chronicles 13:11; opposed to חֹל ל׳ 1 Samuel 21:5 †; תְּנוּפִה ל׳ Leviticus 23:17 wave-loaf; (הַ)בִּכֻּרִים ל׳ Leviticus 23:20; 2 Kings 4:42 bread of first-fruits.
† b. = bread-corn, the material from which bread is made, i.e. wheat, barley, etc.: Genesis 41:54, 55 (E), Genesis 47:13, 15, 17 (twice in verse); Genesis 47:19 (J), Genesis 49:20 (poem in J), Isaiah 28:28; Isaiah 30:23; Isaiah 55:10; Jeremiah 5:17; Ezekiel 48:18; Job 28:5; Proverbs 28:3; Psalm 104:14; הָאָרֶץ ל׳ Numbers 15:19 (P), ארץ ל׳ 2 Kings 18:32 = Isaiah 36:17 †.
2. food in general:
a. of man, Judges 13:16 (kid, Judges 13:15) 1 Samuel 14:24 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 14:28 (honey), 1 Samuel 28:20; 1 Samuel 30:12; Proverbs 22:9; Proverbs 27:27 (twice in verse) (goat's milk) +; לְכָלבָּֿשָׂר נֹתֵן ל׳ Psalm 136:25.
†b. of animals, Proverbs 6:8; Proverbs 30:25; Prov 65:25; Job 24:5 + Psalm 147:9 †.
c. of God (in sacrifices): † אֱלֹהֵיהֶם ל׳ (compare RSSemitic i. 207, 2nd ed., 224) Leviticus 21:6 compare Leviticus 21:8; Leviticus 21:17; Leviticus 21:21; Leviticus 21:22, Leviticus 22:25 (all H), compare Numbers 28:2 (P), Ezekiel 16:19; Ezekiel 44:7, and מְגֹאָל ל׳ Malachi 1:7, also (לי׳) אִשֶּׁה ל׳ Leviticus 3:11, 16; Numbers 28:24 (all P) †.
3. other phrases and figurative uses are:
a. רֶשַׁע ל׳ Proverbs 4:17 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb with לָחַם), probably = food gained by wickedness ׅ || (יִיִן חֲמָסִים, compare שָׁ֑קֶר ל׳ Proverbs 20:17, כְּזָבִים ל׳ Proverbs 23:3; עַצְלוּת ל׳ Proverbs 31:27 = bread of idleness, i.e. unearned; חֻקִּי ל׳ Proverbs 30:8 (opposed to riches and poverty, see חֹק); לַחַץ ל׳ 1 Kings 22:27 = 2 Chronicles 18:26, see לַחַץ below; הָעֲצָבִים ל׳ Psalm 127:2 see II. עֶצָב; אוֺנִים ל׳ Hosea 9:4, see אָוֶן; אֲנָשִׁים ל׳ Ezekiel 24:17, 22 of food offered to mourners, compare Jeremiah 16:7 (where insert ל׳ Greek Version of the LXX Gf Gie); שַׁלַּח לחמך עלפֿני המים Ecclesiastes 11:1 usual interpration of benevolent giving (compare Now); De and others of sea-commerce in bread-stuffs, compare Proverbs 31:14.
b. figurative לַחְמֵנוּ הֵם Numbers 14:9 (JE) our food are they, i.e. we will devour, destroy, them (compare Deuteronomy 7:16); דִּמְעָתִּי ל׳ Psalm 42:4; compare Psalm 80:6 (see אכל above); ל׳ of evil deeds of wicked Job 20:14; עֵץ בְּלַחְמוֺ Jeremiah 11:19 apparently fig.of destroying the prophet and his house, but read probably בְּלֵחוֺ in its freshness (i.e. untimely), so Hi Gf Che Gie (see לֵחַ below לחח above).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H3900.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:19; 18:5; 27:17; 31:54; 31:54; 37:25; 41:54; 41:55; 43:25; 43:32; 47:13; 47:15; 47:17; 47:19; 49:20; 49:20


16:3; 16:3; 16:8; 16:12; 21:14; 25:30; 29:2; 29:2; 29:23; 29:32; 29:34; 35:13; 39:36; 40:23


3:11; 3:16; 7:13; 8:31; 21:6; 21:8; 21:17; 21:21; 21:22; 22:25; 23:17; 23:18; 23:20; 24:9; 26:26; 26:26


4:7; 14:9; 15:19; 21:5; 28:2; 28:24


7:16; 8:3; 23:5


9:5; 9:12


7:13; 13:15; 13:16; 19:5

1 Samuel

2:36; 2:36; 9:7; 10:4; 10:4; 14:24; 14:28; 16:20; 17:7; 20:27; 21:4; 21:5; 21:5; 21:7; 21:7; 25:11; 25:18; 28:20; 28:22; 30:12

2 Samuel

6:19; 16:1

1 Kings

7:48; 14:3; 17:6; 17:11; 22:27

2 Kings

4:42; 4:42; 4:42; 18:32

1 Chronicles

9:32; 12:40; 23:29

2 Chronicles

4:19; 13:11; 18:26




3:24; 20:14; 24:5; 28:5


14:4; 41:10; 42:4; 78:20; 80:6; 104:14; 105:16; 127:2; 136:25; 147:9


4:17; 6:8; 20:17; 22:9; 23:3; 27:27; 28:3; 28:21; 30:8; 30:25; 31:14; 31:27


10:19; 11:1


3:1; 28:28; 30:23; 36:17; 44:15; 44:19; 55:10


5:17; 11:19; 16:7; 37:21


4:9; 4:16; 5:16; 13:19; 14:13; 16:19; 24:17; 24:22; 44:7; 48:18




9:4; 9:4; 9:4; 9:4


1:7; 1:7



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3899 matches the Hebrew לֶחֶם (leḥem),
which occurs 299 times in 277 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 6 (Gen 3:19–Lev 21:8)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:19 -

By the sweat of your [fn]face

You will eat bread H3899,

Till you return to the ground,

Because from it you were taken;

For you are dust,

And to dust you shall return.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:18 - And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread H3899 and wine; now he was a priest of [fn]God Most High.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:5 - and let me [fn]bring a piece of bread H3899, that you may [fn]refresh your hearts; after that you may pass on, since in such a manner you have passed by your servant.” And they said, “So you shall do, as you have said.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:14 - So Abraham rose early in the morning and took bread H3899 and a [fn]skin of water and gave them to Hagar, putting them on her shoulder, and gave her the child, and sent her away. So she went and wandered about in the wilderness of Beersheba.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:34 - So Jacob gave Esau bread H3899 and lentil stew; and he ate and drank and rose and went away. Thus Esau despised his birthright.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:17 - She also gave the savory dish and the bread H3899, which she had prepared into the hand of her son Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:20 - Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God will be with me and will keep me on this journey on which I am going, and will give me [fn]food H3899 to eat and garments to wear,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:54 - Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain and called his [fn]relatives to eat a [fn]meal H3899; and they ate [fn]the meal H3899 and spent the night on the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:25 -

And they sat down to eat [fn]a meal H3899. Then they lifted up their eyes and saw, and behold, a caravan of Ishmaelites was coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing [fn]aromatic gum and [fn]balm and [fn]myrrh, going to bring them down to Egypt.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:6 - So he left everything he owned in Joseph’s hand; and with him there he did not [fn]concern himself with anything except the [fn]food H3899 which he [fn]ate.

Now Joseph was beautiful in form and beautiful in appearance.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:54 - and the seven years of famine began to come, just as Joseph had said. So there was famine in all the lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread H3899.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:55 - Then all the land of Egypt was famished, and the people cried out to Pharaoh for bread H3899; and Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph; whatever he says to you, you shall do.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:25 - So they prepared the present [fn]for Joseph’s coming at noon; for they had heard that they were to eat [fn]a meal H3899 there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:31 - Then he washed his face and came out; and he restrained himself and said, “Set the [fn]meal H3899.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:32 - So they set the meal for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians could not eat bread H3899 with the Hebrews, for that is an abomination to the Egyptians.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 45:23 - Now to his father he sent [fn]as follows: ten donkeys loaded with the [fn]best things of Egypt and ten female donkeys loaded with grain and bread H3899 and sustenance for his father [fn]on the journey.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:12 - And Joseph provided his father and his brothers and all his father’s household with [fn]food H3899, according to their little ones.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:13 -

Now there was no [fn]food H3899 in all the land because the famine was very heavy, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:15 - Then the money came to an end in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan. So all the Egyptians came to Joseph [fn]and said, “Give us [fn]food H3899, for why should we die in your presence? For our money [fn]is gone.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:17 - So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them [fn]food H3899 in exchange for the horses and the [fn]flocks and the herds and the donkeys; and he [fn]fed them with [fn]food H3899 in exchange for all their livestock [fn]that year.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:19 - “Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for [fn]food H3899, and we and our land will be slaves to Pharaoh. So give us seed, that we may live and not die, and that the land may not be desolate.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:20 -

[fn]As for Asher, his [fn]food H3899 shall be [fn]rich,

And he will yield royal dainties.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:20 - And he said to his daughters, “Where is he then? Why is it that you have left the man behind? Call him so that he may eat bread H3899.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:3 - And the sons of Israel said to them, “Would that we had died by the hand of Yahweh in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of [fn]meat, when we ate bread H3899 to the full; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to put this whole assembly to death with hunger.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:4 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread H3899 from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My [fn]law.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:8 - And Moses said, “This will happen when Yahweh gives you [fn]meat to eat in the evening and bread H3899 to the full in the morning; for Yahweh hears your grumblings which you grumble against Him. And what are we? Your grumblings are not against us but against Yahweh.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:12 - “I have heard the grumblings of the sons of Israel; speak to them, saying, ‘[fn]At twilight you shall eat [fn]meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread H3899, so that you shall know that I am Yahweh your God.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:15 - And the sons of Israel saw it and said to one another, “[fn]What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, “It is the bread H3899 which Yahweh has given you to eat.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:22 -

Now it happened that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread H3899, two omers for each one. Then all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:29 - “See, Yahweh has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread H3899 for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:32 - Then Moses said, “This is [fn]what Yahweh has commanded, ‘Let an omerful of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread H3899 that I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:12 - Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat [fn]a meal H3899 with Moses’ father-in-law before God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:25 - “But you shall serve Yahweh your God, [fn]and He will bless your bread H3899 and your water; and I will remove sickness from your midst.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 25:30 - “You shall set the bread H3899 of the [fn]Presence on the table before Me [fn]at all times.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:2 - and unleavened bread H3899 and unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers [fn]spread with oil; you shall make them of fine wheat flour.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:23 - and one cake of bread H3899 and one cake of bread H3899 mixed with oil and one wafer from the basket of unleavened bread which is set before Yahweh;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:32 - “Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram and the bread H3899 that is in the basket, at the doorway of the tent of meeting.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:34 - “If any of the flesh of [fn]ordination or any of the bread H3899 remains until morning, then you shall burn the remainder with fire; it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:28 - So he was there with Yahweh forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread H3899 or drink water. And [fn]he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten [fn]Commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:13 - the table and its poles, and all its [fn]utensils, and the bread H3899 of the [fn]Presence;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:36 - the table, all its utensils, and the bread H3899 of the [fn]Presence;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 40:23 - He set the arrangement of bread H3899 in order on it before Yahweh, just as Yahweh had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 3:11 - ‘Then the priest shall offer it up in smoke on the altar as food H3899, an offering by fire to Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 3:16 - ‘And the priest shall offer them up in smoke on the altar as food H3899, an offering by fire for a soothing aroma; all fat is Yahweh’s.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:13 - ‘With the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving, he shall bring near his offering with cakes of leavened bread H3899.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:26 - From the basket of unleavened bread that was before Yahweh, he took one unleavened cake and one cake of bread H3899 mixed with oil and one wafer, and he placed them on the portions of fat and on the right thigh.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:31 -

Then Moses said to Aaron and to his sons, “Boil the flesh at the doorway of the tent of meeting, and eat it there together with the bread H3899 which is in the basket of the ordination offering, just as I commanded, saying, ‘Aaron and his sons shall eat it.’

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:32 - “And the remainder of the flesh and of the bread H3899 you shall burn in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:6 - ‘They shall be holy to their God and not profane the name of their God, for they bring near the offerings [fn]to Yahweh by fire, the food H3899 of their God; so they shall be holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:8 - ‘Therefore, you shall set him apart as holy, for he brings near the food H3899 of your God; he shall be holy to you; for I Yahweh, who makes you holy, am holy.

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