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Lexicon :: Strong's H398 - 'āḵal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 85

Strong’s Definitions

אָכַל ʼâkal, aw-kal'; a primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively):—× at all, burn up, consume, devour(-er, up), dine, eat(-er, up), feed (with), food, × freely, × in...wise(-deed, plenty), (lay) meat, × quite.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 810x

The KJV translates Strong's H398 in the following manner: eat (604x), devour (111x), consume (32x), miscellaneous (55x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 810x
The KJV translates Strong's H398 in the following manner: eat (604x), devour (111x), consume (32x), miscellaneous (55x).
  1. to eat, devour, burn up, feed

    1. (Qal)

      1. to eat (human subject)

      2. to eat, devour (of beasts and birds)

      3. to devour, consume (of fire)

      4. to devour, slay (of sword)

      5. to devour, consume, destroy (inanimate subjects - ie, pestilence, drought)

      6. to devour (of oppression)

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be eaten (by men)

      2. to be devoured, consumed (of fire)

      3. to be wasted, destroyed (of flesh)

    3. (Pual)

      1. to cause to eat, feed with

      2. to cause to devour

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to feed

      2. to cause to eat

    5. (Piel)

      1. consume

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָכַל ʼâkal, aw-kal'; a primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively):—× at all, burn up, consume, devour(-er, up), dine, eat(-er, up), feed (with), food, × freely, × in...wise(-deed, plenty), (lay) meat, × quite.
STRONGS H398: Abbreviations
אָכַל 806 verb eat (Arabic أَكَلَ, Assyrian akâlu DlW, Aramaic H399 אֲבַל, LfkAe  ) —
Qal Perfect אָכַל Exodus 34:28 +; אָֽכְלָה Numbers 21:28 +; etc. Imperfect יֹאכַל Genesis 49:27 +; וַיּאֹ֫כַל Genesis 25:34 +; וַיּאֹכַ֑ל Genesis 3:6 +; יאֹכֵ֑ל Leviticus 21:22 +; אֹכַל Genesis 24:33 +; וָֽאֹכַ֫ל Genesis 27:33; וְאֹכֵ֑ל Isaiah 44:19; וָֽאֹכֵל Genesis 3:12, 13; 3rd person plural יאֹכְלוּ Genesis 32:33 +; יאֹכֵ֑לוּ Deuteronomy 18:18 +; etc. (for יוֺכְלוּ Ezekiel 42:5 read יוצלו, יאצלו Greek Version of the LXX Ew Co); suffix יאֹכְלֶנּוּ Leviticus 7:6 +; תּאֹבַלְכֶם Isaiah 33:11, etc., probably also תְּאָכְלֵהוּ Job 20:26, either as secondary form from תּאֹ׳ (Ew§ 253 Di) or textual error (Ges§ 68. 1) > Pi., Thes KöI, 389; or Po`el, Ki De MV; Imperative אֱכוֺל 1 Kings 18:41 +, etc.; Infinitive absolute אָכוֺל Genesis 2:16 +; construct אֲכֹל Numbers 26:10 + 2 times; לֶאֱכֹל Genesis 24:33 +; לְאָכְלָה Jeremiah 12:9; Participle אֹכֵל (אוֺכֵל) Genesis 39:6 +, אֹכֶלֶת Exodus 24:17 +, etc. —
1. eat, human subject Genesis 3:11, 18 + often; mostly with accusative Exodus 16:35 +; also followed by מִן־ (eat of, — some of, — or from) Exodus 34:15; Ruth 2:14 +; followed by בְּ (eat of or at) Exodus 12:43f; absolute Deuteronomy 2:6 +; as act of worship Genesis 31:54 (compare Genesis 46:1) Exodus 18:12; Exodus 24:11; Exodus 34:15; Deuteronomy 12:7, 18; Deuteronomy 14:23, 26 +; compare of priests Exodus 29:32; Leviticus 10:13 +; compare אָבַל אֶל־הֶהָרִים Ezekiel 18:6, 11, 15; Ezekiel 22:9 + Ezekiel 33:25 עַל־הַדָּם Co עַל־הֶהָרִים; (but RSRel. Semitic i. 324 N would emend first 4 by last); eat up, finish eating Genesis 43:2 (with בלה) 1 Kings 13:28 +; אָכַל לֶחֶם = take a meal Genesis 43:25; Exodus 2:20; 1 Samuel 20:24; Jeremiah 41:1 +; so א׳ alone Genesis 43:16; 1 Samuel 20:5 +; לֶחֶם א׳ = eat, get food Genesis 3:19; 2 Kings 4:8 +; Amos 7:12 (i.e. spend one's life) compare Ecclesiastes 5:16; ל׳ לֹא א׳ i.e. fast 1 Samuel 28:20; 1 Samuel 30:12; Ezra 10:6 compare Daniel 10:3; figurative אֶת־בְּשָׂרוֺ א׳ Ecclesiastes 4:5 (i.e. waste away); eat words Jeremiah 15:16 (i.e. eagerly receive); of adultery, Proverbs 30:20 אָֽוֶן׃ לֹא־פָעַלְתִּי וְאָֽמְרָה פִּ֑יהָ וּמָֽחֲתָה אָֽכְלָה; eat (taste) good fortune, בַּטּוֺב א׳ Job 21:25; לְמִּי אָבְלוֺ according to his eating, i.e. according to his needs in eating Exodus 12:4; Exodus 16:16, 18 also Exodus 16:21; compare Job 20:21 & below אָכְלָה; אָכַל הַפְּרִי 2 Kings 19:29; Amos 9:14, of peaceful enjoyment of results of labour; figurative of receiving consequences of action, good or bad Proverbs 1:31; Proverbs 18:21; Hosea 10:13 compare אֶת־כַּסְפֵּנוּ גַּם־אָכוֺל וַיּאֹכַל Genesis 31:15 i.e. he has reaped all the benefit, compare Hosea 7:9; figurative of mourner, אֵפֶר כַּלֶּחֶם אָכָ֑לְתִּי Psalm 102:10 (compare Psalm 80:6 Hiph., & Assyrian akâl al âkul, bikîtum kurmatî = food I ate not, weeping (was) my refreshment HptASKT 166 f. Obsev. 1. 21, 22 ZimBP 34. 42); of gods, partaking of sacrifices Deuteronomy 32:38; figurative = destroy Deuteronomy 7:16 (compare Numbers 14:9); compare Jeremiah 10:25; Jeremiah 30:16; Jeremiah 50:7; Hosea 7:7.
2. of beasts, birds, etc., eat, devour; Genesis 37:20, 33; Genesis 40:17, 19; 1 Kings 13:28; 1 Kings 14:11; 1 Kings 16:4; 1 Kings 21:23, 24; Hosea 2:14 +; specifically of locusts Joel 1:4; Joel 2:25; 2 Chronicles 7:13 compare Amos 4:9; moth Job 13:28; flies Psalm 78:45; worms Deuteronomy 28:39; also Ezekiel 19:3, 6 (of Israel under figure of lion), compare Jeremiah 50:7, 17; Jeremiah 51:34; also Hosea 13:8 (of י׳ under fig, of lion), Ezekiel 22:25 (נֶפֶשׁ אָכָ֑לוּ, of false prophets under figure of lion).
3. figurative of fire, devour, consume Leviticus 6:3 (followed by 2 accusative consume offering to ashes) Nahum 3:13; Isaiah 5:24 (in simile), particular of fire from י׳ Leviticus 10:2; Leviticus 16:25; Judges 9:15f 1 Kings 18:38; 2 Kings 1:10, 12, 14; 2 Chronicles 7:1; compare Amos 1:4, 7, 10, 12, 14; Amos 2:2, 5; Amos 5:6 +; Deuteronomy 5:22 of fire at Sinai; of י׳ as fire (in judgment) Deuteronomy 4:24 אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֵשׁ אֹכְלָה הוּא כִּי י׳; compare Deuteronomy 9:3; Isaiah 10:17 (|| בּער) Isaiah 30:27, 30; Isaiah 33:14 (|| מוֺקְדֵי עוֺלָם).
5. in general devour, consume, destroy (inanimate subject) of drought Genesis 31:40; of pestilence Ezekiel 7:15; of woods 2 Samuel 18:8; compare Leviticus 26:38 וְאָֽכְלָה אֶתְכֶם אֶרֶץ אֹיְבֵיכֶם; of הַבּשֶׁת Jeremiah 3:24 (see בּשֶׁת).
6. figurative of oppression, devour the poor, etc. Proverbs 30:14; Habakkuk 3:14 compare Psalm 14:4; of bitter enmity לֶאֱכֹל אֶת־בְּשָׂרִי Psalm 27:2. (compare Job 19:22).
Niph. Perfect וְנֶאֱבַל consecutive Exodus 22:5 Imperfect יֵאָכֵל Genesis 6:21 +; וַיֵּאָכֵ֫ל Numbers 12:12, etc.; Infinitive absolute הֵאָבֹל Leviticus 7:18; Leviticus 19:7; Participle feminine נֶאֱכֶ֫לֶת Leviticus 11:47; —
2. be devoured by fire, consumed Zephaniah 1:18; Zephaniah 3:8; Zechariah 9:4; Ezekiel 23:25.
3. be wasted, destroyed, of flesh Numbers 12:12; Jeremiah 30:16.
Pu. Perfect אֻכְּלוּ be consumed with fire Nehemiah 2:3, 13 compare Nahum 1:10 (figurative); so Participle אֻכָּל (= מְאֻכָּל Ew§ 169 d) Exodus 3:2; by sword Isaiah 1:20 תְּאֻכְּלוּ.
Hiph. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular suffix הֶאֱכַלְתָּם Psalm 80:6, וְהַאֲכַלְתִּ֫י Isaiah 49:26; suffix וְהַאֲכַלְתִּיךָ consecutive Isaiah 58:14; הֶאֱכַלְתִּיח Ezekiel 16:19; וְהַאֲכַלְתִּים consecutive Jeremiah 19:9; Imperfect suffix יַאֲכִלֵנוּ Numbers 11:4, 18, etc.; 2nd person masculine singular jussive [?] תַּאֲכֵל; 1st person singular אוֺכִיל Hosea 11:4; Imperative הַאֲכִילֵהוּ Proverbs 25:21, etc.; Infinitive לְהָכִיל Ezekiel 21:33 (but Co לההל, which see); Participle מַאֲבִיל Jeremiah 23:15, etc.; —
1. cause to eat, feed with, followed by 2 accusative subject mostly י׳; Exodus 16:32; Deuteronomy 8:3, 16; Ezekiel 3:2; Jeremiah 19:9; absolute Hosea 11:4; compare Numbers 11:4, 18; figurative Jeremiah 9:14; Jeremiah 23:15; Isaiah 49:26; Isaiah 58:14; Ezekiel 16:19; also Psalm 80:6 הֶאֱבַלְתָּם לֶחֶם דִּמְעָ֑ה (compare Psalm 102:10 Qal above); followed by accusative of person + מן Psalm 81:17, but also subject man Proverbs 25:21; 1 Kings 22:27; 2 Chronicles 18:26 וְהַאֲכִלֻהוּ לֶחֶם לַ֫חַץ of prison fare; followed by accusative of person only 2 Chronicles 28:15, compare Ezekiel 2:3.
2. cause to devour, object sword Ezekiel 21:33 [Ezekiel 21:28] (but on text see Co).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:16; 3:6; 3:11; 3:12; 3:13; 3:18; 3:19; 6:21; 6:21; 24:33; 24:33; 25:34; 27:33; 31:15; 31:40; 31:54; 37:20; 37:33; 39:6; 40:17; 40:19; 43:2; 43:16; 43:25; 46:1; 49:27


2:20; 3:2; 12:4; 12:16; 12:43; 12:46; 13:3; 13:7; 16:16; 16:18; 16:21; 16:32; 16:35; 18:12; 21:28; 22:5; 24:11; 24:17; 29:32; 29:34; 34:15; 34:15; 34:28


6:3; 6:9; 6:16; 6:19; 6:23; 7:6; 7:6; 7:15; 7:16; 7:18; 7:18; 7:19; 10:2; 10:13; 11:13; 11:34; 11:41; 11:47; 11:47; 16:25; 17:13; 19:6; 19:7; 19:7; 19:23; 21:22; 22:30; 26:38


11:4; 11:4; 11:18; 11:18; 12:12; 12:12; 14:9; 21:28; 26:10


2:6; 4:24; 5:22; 7:16; 8:3; 8:16; 9:3; 12:7; 12:18; 12:22; 14:23; 14:26; 18:18; 28:39; 32:38; 32:42





1 Samuel

20:5; 20:24; 28:20; 30:12

2 Samuel

11:25; 18:8; 18:8; 22:26

1 Kings

13:28; 13:28; 14:11; 16:4; 18:38; 18:41; 21:23; 21:24; 22:27

2 Kings

1:10; 1:12; 1:14; 4:8; 19:29

2 Chronicles

7:1; 7:13; 18:26; 28:15




2:3; 2:13


6:6; 13:28; 19:22; 20:21; 20:26; 21:25


14:4; 27:2; 78:45; 80:6; 80:6; 80:6; 102:10; 102:10


1:31; 18:21; 25:21; 25:21; 30:14; 30:20


4:5; 5:16


1:7; 1:20; 5:24; 10:17; 30:27; 30:30; 33:11; 33:14; 44:19; 49:26; 49:26; 58:14; 58:14


2:30; 3:24; 8:16; 9:14; 10:25; 12:9; 12:12; 15:16; 19:9; 19:9; 23:15; 23:15; 24:2; 24:3; 24:8; 29:17; 30:16; 30:16; 41:1; 50:7; 50:7; 50:17; 51:34


2:3; 3:2; 7:15; 16:19; 16:19; 18:6; 18:11; 18:15; 19:3; 19:6; 21:28; 22:9; 22:25; 23:25; 33:25; 42:5; 45:21




2:14; 7:7; 7:9; 10:13; 11:4; 11:4; 11:6; 13:8


1:4; 2:25


1:4; 1:7; 1:10; 1:12; 1:14; 2:2; 2:5; 4:9; 5:6; 7:12; 9:14


1:10; 3:13




1:18; 3:8



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H398 matches the Hebrew אָכַל ('āḵal),
which occurs 815 times in 703 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 15 (Gen 2:16–Gen 43:32)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:16 - And Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may surely H398 eat H398;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:17 - but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat H398 from it; for in the day that you eat H398 from it you will surely die.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:1 -

Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which Yahweh God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘[fn]You shall not eat H398 from [fn]any tree of the garden’?”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:2 - And the woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat H398;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:3 - but from the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God said, ‘You shall not eat H398 from it, and you shall not touch it, lest you die.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:5 - “For God knows that in the day you eat H398 from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:6 - Then the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, so she took from its fruit and ate H398; and she gave also to her husband with her, and he ate H398.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:11 - And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten H398 from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat H398?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:12 - And the man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave to me from the tree, and I ate H398.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:13 - Then Yahweh God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate H398.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:14 - And Yahweh God said to the serpent,

“Because you have done this,

Cursed are you more than any of the cattle,

And more than every beast of the field;

On your belly you will go,

And dust you will eat H398

All the days of your life;

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:17 -

Then to Adam He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten H398 from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat H398 from it’;

Cursed is the ground because of you;

In [fn]pain you will eat H398 of it

All the days of your life.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:18 -

“Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you;

And you will eat H398 the [fn]plants of the field;

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:19 -

By the sweat of your [fn]face

You will eat H398 bread,

Till you return to the ground,

Because from it you were taken;

For you are dust,

And to dust you shall return.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:22 -

Then Yahweh God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us [fn]to know good and evil; and now, lest he send forth his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat H398 and live forever”—

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:21 - “As for you, take for yourself some of all food which is edible H398, and gather it to yourself; and it shall be for food for you and for them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:4 - “However, flesh with its life, that is, its blood, you shall not eat H398.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:24 - [fn]I will take nothing except what the young men have eaten H398, and the share of the men who went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their share.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:8 - Then he took curds and milk and the calf which he had prepared, and placed it before them; and he was standing by them under the tree, and they ate H398.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:3 - Yet he pressed them strongly, so they turned aside to him and entered his house; and he made a feast for them and baked unleavened bread, and they ate H398.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:33 - Then food was set before him to eat H398, but he said, “I will not eat H398 until I have spoken my words.” And he said, “Speak!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:54 - Then he and the men who were with him ate H398 and drank and spent the night. And then they arose in the morning, and he said, “Send me away to my master.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:34 - So Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew; and he ate H398 and drank and rose and went away. Thus Esau despised his birthright.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:30 - Then he made them a feast, and they ate H398 and drank.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:4 - and prepare a savory dish for me such as I love, and bring it to me that I may eat H398, so that my soul may bless you before I die.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:7 - ‘Bring me some game and prepare a savory dish for me, that I may eat H398 and bless you in the presence of Yahweh before my death.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:10 - “Then you shall bring it to your father, that he may eat H398, so that he may bless you before his death.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:19 - And Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn; I have done as you told me. Rise up, please, sit and eat H398 of my game, that your soul may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:25 - So he said, “Bring it near to me, and I will eat H398 of my son’s game, that my soul may bless you.” And he brought it near to him, and he ate H398; he also brought him wine, and he drank.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:31 - Then he also made a savory dish and brought it to his father; and he said to his father, “Let my father arise and eat H398 of his son’s game, that your soul may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:33 - Then Isaac [fn]trembled exceedingly violently and said, “Who was he then that hunted game and brought it to me, so that I ate H398 of all of it before you came and blessed him? Indeed, he shall be blessed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:20 - Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God will be with me and will keep me on this journey on which I am going, and will give me [fn]food to eat H398 and garments to wear,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:15 - “Are we not counted by him as foreigners? For he has sold us and has also [fn]entirely H398 consumed H398 [fn]our purchase price.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:38 - “These twenty years I have been with you; your ewes and your female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten H398 the rams of your flocks.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:40 - Thus I was: by day the [fn]heat consumed H398 me and the frost by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:46 - And Jacob said to his [fn]relatives, “Gather stones.” So they took stones and made a heap, and they ate H398 there by the heap.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:54 - Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain and called his [fn]relatives to eat H398 a [fn]meal; and they ate H398 [fn]the meal and spent the night on the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:32 - Therefore, to this day the sons of Israel do not eat H398 the sinew of the hip which is on the socket of the thigh because he touched the socket of Jacob’s thigh in the sinew of the hip.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:20 - “So now, come and let us kill him and cast him into one of the pits; and we will say, ‘A wild beast devoured H398 him.’ Then let us see what will become of his dreams!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:25 -

And they sat down to eat H398 [fn]a meal. Then they lifted up their eyes and saw, and behold, a caravan of Ishmaelites was coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing [fn]aromatic gum and [fn]balm and [fn]myrrh, going to bring them down to Egypt.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:33 - And he recognized it and said, “It is my son’s tunic. A wild beast has devoured H398 him; Joseph has surely been torn to pieces!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:6 - So he left everything he owned in Joseph’s hand; and with him there he did not [fn]concern himself with anything except the [fn]food which he [fn]ate H398.

Now Joseph was beautiful in form and beautiful in appearance.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:17 - and in the top basket there were some of all [fn]sorts of baked food for Pharaoh, and the birds were eating H398 them out of the basket on my head.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:19 - within three more days Pharaoh will lift up your head off of you and will hang you on a tree, and the birds will eat H398 your flesh off of you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:4 - And the ugly and [fn]thin cows ate H398 up H398 the seven sleek and fat cows. Then Pharaoh awoke.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:20 - and the lean and ugly cows ate H398 up H398 the first seven fat cows.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:2 - And it happened when they had finished eating H398 the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go back, buy us a little food.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:16 -

Then Joseph saw Benjamin with them and said to his house steward, “Bring the men into the house, and slay an animal and prepare it; for the men are to eat H398 with me at noon.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:25 - So they prepared the present [fn]for Joseph’s coming at noon; for they had heard that they were to eat H398 [fn]a meal there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:32 - So they set the meal for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians who ate H398 with him by themselves, because the Egyptians could not eat H398 bread with the Hebrews, for that is an abomination to the Egyptians.

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