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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3985 - mā'ēn

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1138

Strong’s Definitions

מָאֵן mâʼên, maw-ane'; a primitive root; to refuse:—refuse, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 41x

The KJV translates Strong's H3985 in the following manner: refuse (40x), utterly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 41x
The KJV translates Strong's H3985 in the following manner: refuse (40x), utterly (1x).
  1. (Piel) to refuse

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מָאֵן mâʼên, maw-ane'; a primitive root; to refuse:—refuse, × utterly.
STRONGS H3985: Abbreviations
† [מָאֵן verb Pi. refuse (Qal perhaps be distasteful, compare Syr, bdb054901 taeduit, piguit, Aph`el be slothful; Late Hebrew Pi., as term, techn. of girl, refuse to acknowledge marriage contract; possibly akin to Ethiopic bdb054902 reject; Arabic bdb054903 is sustain, maintain); —
Pi. Perfect מֵאֵן Exodus 7:14 + 4 times; feminine singular מֵאֲנָה Jeremiah 15:18 + 3 times; מֵאַנְתָּ Exodus 10:3, etc.; Imperfect יְמָאֵן Exodus 22:16; וַיְמָאֵן Genesis 37:35 + 8 times etc.; Inf. abs מָאֵן Exodus 22:16; — refuse, (followed by Infinitive except + 6 times see below) human subject Genesis 37:35 (J), Jeremiah 31:15; Exodus 22:17 (twice in verse); Numbers 20:21; Numbers 22:14 (all E), Deuteronomy 25:7; 1 Samuel 8:19; 2 Samuel 2:23; 2 Samuel 13:9; 1 Kings 20:35; 1 Kings 21:15; Esther 1:12; Jeremiah 50:33 compare Job 6:7; Psalm 77:3; Proverbs 21:25; Jeremiah 15:18; without Infinitive וַיְמָאֵן וַיּאֹמֶר Genesis 39:8; Genesis 48:19 (both J), 1 Samuel 28:23;; also 2 Kings 5:16; especially of refusing to obey י׳'s commands Exodus 4:23; Exodus 7:14; Exodus 10:3; Exodus 16:28 (all J), Nehemiah 9:17; also Psalm 78:10; Proverbs 21:7; Hosea 11:5, see especially Jeremiah 3:3; Jeremiah 5:3 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 8:5; Jeremiah 9:5; Jeremiah 11:10; compare Jeremiah 25:28; Zechariah 7:11; without Infinitive = be recusant Proverbs 1:24; Isaiah 1:20 once subject י׳ Numbers 22:13 (E).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


37:35; 37:35; 39:8; 48:19


4:23; 7:14; 7:14; 10:3; 10:3; 16:28; 22:16; 22:16; 22:17


20:21; 22:13; 22:14



1 Samuel

8:19; 28:23

2 Samuel

2:23; 13:9

1 Kings

20:35; 21:15

2 Kings









77:3; 78:10


1:24; 21:7; 21:25




3:3; 5:3; 8:5; 9:5; 11:10; 15:18; 15:18; 25:28; 31:15; 50:33






Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3985 matches the Hebrew מָאֵן (mā'ēn),
which occurs 41 times in 39 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:35 - Then all his sons and all his daughters arose to comfort him, but he refused H3985 to be comforted. And he said, “Surely I will go down to Sheol in mourning for my son.” So his father wept for him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:8 - But he refused H3985 and said to his master’s wife, “Behold, with me here, my master [fn]does not concern himself with anything in the house, and he has given all that he owns into my hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:19 - But his father refused H3985 and said, “I know, my son, I know; he also will become a people, and he also will be great. However, his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become the fullness of nations.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:23 - “So I said to you, ‘Let My son go that he may serve Me’; but you have refused H3985 to let him go. Behold, I will kill your son, your firstborn.”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:14 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is [fn]hard with firmness; he refuses H3985 to let the people go.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:3 -

Then Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus says Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, ‘How long will you refuse H3985 to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:28 - Then Yahweh said to Moses, “How long do you refuse H3985 to keep My commandments and My [fn]laws?
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:17 - “If her father absolutely H3985 refuses H3985 to give her to him, he shall [fn]pay money equal to the dowry for virgins.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:21 - Thus Edom refused H3985 to allow Israel to pass through his territory; so Israel turned away from him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:13 - So Balaam arose in the morning and said to Balak’s leaders, “Go back to your land, for Yahweh has refused H3985 to allow me to go with you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:14 - And the leaders of Moab arose and came to Balak and said, “Balaam refused H3985 to go with us.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 25:7 - “But if the man does not desire to take his brother’s wife, then his brother’s wife shall go up to the gate to the elders and say, ‘My husband’s brother refuses H3985 to raise up a name for his brother in Israel; he is not willing to perform the duty of a husband’s brother to me.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:19 -

Nevertheless, the people refused H3985 to listen to the voice of Samuel, and they said, “No, but there shall be a king over us,

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:23 - But he refused H3985 and said, “I will not eat.” However, his servants together with the woman urged him, and he listened to [fn]them. So he arose from the ground and sat on the bed.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:23 - However, he refused H3985 to turn aside; therefore Abner struck him in the belly with the butt end of the spear, so that the spear came out at his back. And he fell there and died on the spot. And it happened that all who came to the place where Asahel had fallen and died, stood still.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:9 - And she took the pan and [fn]dished them out before him, but he refused H3985 to eat. And Amnon said, “Have everyone go out from me.” So everyone went out from him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:35 -

Now a certain man of the sons of the prophets said to [fn]another by the word of Yahweh, “Please strike me.” But the man refused H3985 to strike him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:15 -

Now it happened that when Jezebel heard that Naboth had been stoned and was dead, Jezebel said to Ahab, “Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused H3985 to give you for money; for Naboth is not alive, but dead.”

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:16 - But he said, “As Yahweh lives, before whom I stand, I will take nothing.” And he urged him to take it, but he refused H3985.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:17 -

“They refused H3985 to listen,

And did not remember Your wondrous deeds which You did among them;

So they became stiff-necked and gave themselves a chief to return to their slavery [fn]in Egypt.

But You are a God of lavish forgiveness,

Gracious and compassionate,

Slow to anger and abounding in lovingkindness;

And You did not forsake them.

Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:12 - But Queen Vashti refused H3985 to come at the word of the king which was delivered by the hand of the eunuchs. Then the king became exceedingly furious, and his wrath burned within him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 6:7 -

“My soul refuses H3985 to touch them;

They are like loathsome food to me.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 77:2 -

In the day of my distress I sought the Lord;

In the night my hand was stretched out [fn]without weariness;

My soul refused H3985 to be comforted.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:10 -

They did not keep the covenant of God

And refused H3985 to walk in His law;

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:24 -

“Because I called and you refused H3985,

I stretched out my hand and no one paid attention;

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:7 -

The destruction of the wicked will drag them away,

Because they refuse H3985 to do justice.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:25 -

The desire of the sluggard puts him to death,

For his hands refuse H3985 to work;

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:20 -

But if you refuse H3985 and rebel,

You will be eaten by the sword.”

For the mouth of Yahweh has spoken.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:3 -

“Therefore the showers have been withheld,

And the [fn]late rain has not [fn]come.

Yet you had a harlot’s forehead;

You refused H3985 to feel dishonor.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:3 -

O Yahweh, do not Your eyes look for faithfulness?

You have struck them,

But they did not [fn]weaken;

You have consumed them,

But they refused H3985 to receive discipline.

They have made their faces stronger than rock;

They have refused H3985 to [fn]repent.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:5 -

“Why then has this people, Jerusalem,

[fn]Turned away in continual faithlessness?

They hold fast to deceit;

They refuse H3985 to return.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:6 -

“Your habitation is in the midst of deceit;

Through deceit they refuse H3985 to know Me,” declares Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 11:10 - “They have turned back to the iniquities of their [fn]ancestors who refused H3985 to hear My words, and they have walked after other gods to serve them; the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken My covenant which I cut with their fathers.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 15:18 -

Why has my pain been perpetual

And my wound incurable, refusing H3985 to be healed?

Will You indeed be to me like a deceptive stream

With water that is unreliable?

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:28 - “And it will be, if they refuse H3985 to take the cup from your hand to drink, then you will say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts: “You shall surely drink!
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:15 -

Thus says Yahweh,

“A voice is heard in Ramah,

Wailing and bitter weeping.

Rachel is weeping for her children;

She refuses H3985 to be comforted for her children

Because they are no more.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:33 -

Thus says Yahweh of hosts,

“The sons of Israel are oppressed,

And the sons of Judah as well;

And all who took them captive have held them fast;

They have refused H3985 to let them go.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 11:5 -

[fn]They will not return to the land of Egypt;

But Assyria—he will be [fn]their king

Because they refused H3985 to return to Me.

Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:11 - “But they refused H3985 to give heed and [fn]turned a stubborn shoulder and [fn]dulled their ears from hearing.
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