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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H3988 - mā'as

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1139,1140

Strong’s Definitions

מָאַס mâʼaç, maw-as'; a primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear:—abhor, cast away (off), contemn, despise, disdain, (become) loathe(some), melt away, refuse, reject, reprobate, × utterly, vile person.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x

The KJV translates Strong's H3988 in the following manner: despise (25x), refuse (9x), reject (19x), abhor (4x), become loathsome (1x), melt away (1x), miscellaneous (17x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x
The KJV translates Strong's H3988 in the following manner: despise (25x), refuse (9x), reject (19x), abhor (4x), become loathsome (1x), melt away (1x), miscellaneous (17x).
  1. to reject, despise, refuse

    1. (Qal)

      1. to reject, refuse

      2. to despise

    2. (Niphal) to be rejected

  2. (Niphal) to flow, run

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מָאַס mâʼaç, maw-as'; a primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear:—abhor, cast away (off), contemn, despise, disdain, (become) loathe(some), melt away, refuse, reject, reprobate, × utterly, vile person.
STRONGS H3988: Abbreviations
† I. [מָאַס] verb reject (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic מְאַס reject, despise; BaES 15 compare (dubious) Arabic bdb054904 lightly esteem (Kam.); Assyrian ma’âsu is perhaps destroy MeissnSuppl. 55); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular מָאַס Isaiah 8:6 + 4 times; suffix מְאָסָם Psalm 53:6; 2nd person masculine singular מָאַסְתָּ Jeremiah 14:19 + 3 times; מָאַסְתָּה Judges 9:38; 1 Samuel 15:26 + 22 times Perfect; Imperfect יִמְאַס Job 8:20 + 3 times; יִמְאָ֑ס Psalm 36:5; Job 36:5; suffix וַיִּמְאָֽסְךָ 1 Samuel 15:23, 26; for וְאֶמְאָֽסְאךָ Hosea 4:6 (so Baer, compare DeComplut. Var. 18 f.; not וָא׳ van d. H.) read וְאֶמְֽֽֽאסְךָ; 3rd person masculine plural יִמְאֲסוּ Jeremiah 6:19 + 2 times; יִמְאָס֑וּן Isaiah 31:7; + 12 times Imperfect; Infinitive absolute מָאוֺס Isaiah 7:15, 16 מָאֹס Jeremiah 14:19; Lamentations 5:22; construct. מָֽאָסְכֶם Isaiah 30:12; מָאֳסָם Amos 2:4; Participle מוֺאֵס Proverbs 15:32; מֹאֵס Isaiah 33:15, feminine מֹאֶסֶת Ezekiel 21:15 (text dubious, Co מוֺאֲסֵי; Berthol וּמְאַסֵּף), Ezekiel 21:18 (also dubious, Co מִטֻּמְאָתָס; Berthol מְאַסֵּף); —
1. reject, refuse,
a. with accusative: God rejects men Hosea 4:6; Hosea 9:17; 1 Samuel 15:23, 26; 1 Samuel 16:1, 7; 2 Kings 23:27; Jeremiah 7:29; Jeremiah 14:19 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 33:24, 26; Leviticus 26:44 (H), Psalm 53:6; Job 8:20; Job 10:3; Lamentations 5:22 (twice in verse); זָנַחְתָּ וַתִּמְאָס Psalm 89:39; men reject God Numbers 11:20 (J), 1 Samuel 8:7; 1 Samuel 10:19; men 1 Samuel 8:7; Job 30:1; idols Isaiah 31:7, evil Psalm 36:5, knowledge Hosea 4:6, divine תורה Amos 2:4; Isaiah 5:24; דבר 1 Samuel 15:23, 26, חקות Exodus 20:24, חקים 2 Kings 17:15; מוסר Job 5:17; Proverbs 3:11; variant reading things Isaiah 8:6; Ezekiel 21:15; Psalm 118:22; Job 31:13.
b. with בְ God rejects men 2 Kings 17:20; Jeremiah 6:30; Jeremiah 31:37; Psalm 78:59; Psalm 78:67, that in which man confides Jeremiah 2:37; men reject evil Isaiah 7:15, 16, divine תורה Jeremiah 6:19, דבר Isaiah 30:12; Jeremiah 8:9 חקות Leviticus 26:15 (H); משׁפטים Leviticus 26:43 (H), Ezekiel 5:6; Ezekiel 20:13, 16; variant reading things, Numbers 14:31 (J) Isaiah 33:15; Jeremiah 4:30; Psalm 106:24.
2. despise, with accusative, God subject שׂנאתי מאסתי חגיכם Amos 5:21 I hate, I despise your feasts; elsewhere men subject בי גם עוילים מ׳ Job 19:18 even young children despise me; חיי אמ׳ Job 9:21 I despise my life, compare מואס נפשׁוֺ Proverbs 15:32; בוֺ הלא זה העם אשׁר מ׳ Judges 9:38 is not this the people that thou despisedst? עָרִים מ׳ Isaiah 33:8; object omitted Job 7:16 (< join to preceding Me Siegf Du); Job 34:33; Job 36:5; Job 42:6 (Syriac Version Siegf אֶשְׁתֹּק; Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Symm Bö אֶמָּאֵס) Ezekiel 21:18 (but see above). —
Niph. be rejected: Imperfect תִּמָּאֵם Isaiah 54:6 (wife); Participle נִמְאָס Jeremiah 6:30 (silver), Psalm 15:4)= reprobate; opposed to יִרְאֵי י׳); + feminine נִמְאָסָה, נִמְאֶסֶת 1 Samuel 15:9 rejected, i.e. worthless (for HCT נָמֵם) according to We Klo Dr Kit Bu HPS (|| נמבזה, read נִבְזָה; compareמסס, בזה Niph.).

† II. [מָאַס] verb
Niph. flow, run (Aramaic id., but rare and dubious; — secondary form of מסס which see); — Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּמָּאֵס Job 7:5 my skin hath hardened and run (i. e. again, afresh; > GHoffm Du read וַיִּמַּס, Bu וַיִּמָּאס, √ מסס); 3rd person masculine plural כְּמוֺ מַיִם יִמָּֽאֲסוּ Psalm 58:8 (figurative of annihilation of wicked).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




26:15; 26:43; 26:44


11:20; 14:31


9:38; 9:38

1 Samuel

8:7; 8:7; 10:19; 15:9; 15:23; 15:23; 15:23; 15:26; 15:26; 15:26; 15:26; 16:1; 16:7

2 Kings

17:15; 17:20; 23:27


5:17; 7:5; 7:16; 8:20; 8:20; 9:21; 10:3; 19:18; 30:1; 31:13; 34:33; 36:5; 36:5; 42:6


15:4; 36:5; 36:5; 53:6; 53:6; 58:8; 78:59; 78:67; 89:39; 106:24; 118:22


3:11; 15:32; 15:32


5:24; 7:15; 7:15; 7:16; 7:16; 8:6; 8:6; 30:12; 30:12; 31:7; 31:7; 33:8; 33:15; 33:15; 54:6


2:37; 4:30; 6:19; 6:19; 6:30; 6:30; 7:29; 8:9; 14:19; 14:19; 14:19; 31:37; 33:24; 33:26


5:22; 5:22


5:6; 20:13; 20:16; 21:15; 21:15; 21:18; 21:18


4:6; 4:6; 4:6; 9:17


2:4; 2:4; 5:21

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H3988 matches the Hebrew מָאַס (mā'as),
which occurs 76 times in 69 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Lev 26:15–Jer 4:30)

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:15 - if, instead, you reject H3988 My statutes, and if your soul loathes My judgments so as not to do all My commandments and so break My covenant,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:43 - ‘For the land will be forsaken by them and will make up for its sabbaths while it is made desolate without them. They, meanwhile, will be making up for their iniquity [fn]because they rejected H3988 My judgments and their soul loathed My statutes.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:44 - ‘Yet in spite of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject H3988 them, nor will I so loathe them as to bring an end to them, breaking My covenant with them; for I am Yahweh their God.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:20 - [fn]but a whole month, until it comes out of your nostrils and becomes loathsome to you; because you have rejected H3988 Yahweh who is among you and have wept before Him, saying, “Why did we ever go out from Egypt?”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:31 - ‘Your little ones, however, who you said would become plunder—I will bring them in, so that they will know the land which you have rejected H3988.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:38 - Then Zebul said to him, “Where is your [fn]boasting now with which you said, ‘Who is Abimelech that we should serve him?’ Is this not the people whom you rejected H3988? Go out now and fight with them!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:7 - Then Yahweh said to Samuel, “Listen to the voice of the people in regard to all that they say to you, for they have not rejected H3988 you, but they have rejected H3988 Me from being king over them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:19 - “But you have today rejected H3988 your God, who saves you from all your calamities and your distresses; yet you have [fn]said, ‘No, but set a king over us!’ So now, take your stand before Yahweh by your tribes and by your clans.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:23 -

“For rebellion is as the sin of divination,

And insubordination is as wickedness and idolatry.

Because you have rejected H3988 the word of Yahweh,

He has also rejected H3988 you from being king.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:26 - But Samuel said to Saul, “I will not return with you; for you have rejected H3988 the word of Yahweh, and Yahweh has rejected H3988 you from being king over Israel.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:1 -

Then Yahweh said to Samuel, “How long will you be grieving over Saul? I have rejected H3988 him from being king over Israel. Fill your horn with oil and go; I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I see among his sons a king for Me.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:7 - But Yahweh said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected H3988 him; for [fn]God sees not as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, but Yahweh looks at the heart.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:15 - They also rejected H3988 His statutes and His covenant which He cut with their fathers and His warnings with which He warned them. And they followed vanity and became vain, and went after the nations which surrounded them, concerning which Yahweh had commanded them not to do like them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:20 - So Yahweh rejected H3988 all the seed of Israel and afflicted them and gave them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them [fn]from His presence.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:27 - And Yahweh said, “I will remove Judah also from My presence, as I have removed Israel. And I will reject H3988 Jerusalem, this city which I have chosen, and the [fn]house of which I said, ‘My name shall be there.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 5:17 -

“Behold, how blessed is the man whom God reproves,

So do not reject H3988 the discipline of the [fn]Almighty.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:5 -

“My flesh is clothed with worms and a crust of dirt;

My skin scabs over and flows H3988 out again.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:16 -

“I have rejected H3988 everything; I will not live forever.

Leave me alone, for my days are but a breath.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:20 -

“Behold, God will not reject H3988 a blameless man,

Nor will He strengthen the hand of the evildoers.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:21 -

“I am blameless;

I do not know my soul;

I reject H3988 my life.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:3 -

‘Is it good to You that You oppress,

That You reject H3988 the labor of Your hands,

And [fn]cause the counsel of the wicked to shine forth?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:18 -

“Even young children reject H3988 me;

I rise up, and they speak against me.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:1 -

“But now those younger than I laugh at me,

Whose fathers I rejected H3988 even to put with the dogs of my flock.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:13 -

“If I have rejected H3988 the justice of my male or female [fn]slaves

When they filed a complaint against me,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:33 -

“Shall He repay on your terms, because you have rejected H3988 it?

For you must choose, and not I;

Therefore say what you know.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 36:5 -

“Behold, God is mighty but does not reject H3988;

He is mighty in the power of His heart.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 42:6 -

Therefore I reject H3988 myself,

And I repent in dust and ashes.”

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 15:4 -

In [fn]whose eyes a reprobate H3988 is despised,

But [fn]who honors those who fear Yahweh;

He swears to his own hurt and does not change;

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 36:4 -

He devises wickedness upon his bed;

He sets himself on a path that is not good;

He does not despise H3988 evil.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 53:5 -

There they were in great dread where no dread had been;

For God scattered the bones of [fn]him who encamped against you;

You put them to shame, because God had rejected H3988 them.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 58:7 -

Let them flow H3988 away like water that runs off;

When he [fn]aims his arrows, let them be as [fn]headless shafts.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:59 -

God heard and [fn]was filled with wrath

And greatly rejected H3988 Israel;

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:67 -

He also rejected H3988 the tent of Joseph,

And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:38 -

But You have cast off and rejected H3988,

You have been full of wrath [fn]against Your anointed.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:24 -

Then they despised H3988 the pleasant land;

They did not believe in His word,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 118:22 -

The stone which the builders rejected H3988

Has become the chief corner stone.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 3:11 -

My son, do not reject H3988 the [fn]discipline of Yahweh

Or loathe His reproof,

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:32 -

He who neglects discipline despises H3988 his soul,

But he who listens to reproof acquires a heart of wisdom.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:24 -

Therefore, as a tongue of fire consumes stubble

And dry grass collapses into the flame,

So their root will become like rot and their blossom [fn]blow away as dust;

For they have rejected H3988 the law of Yahweh of hosts

And the word of the Holy One of Israel they have spurned.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:15 - “He will eat curds and honey [fn]in order that He will know to refuse H3988 evil and choose good.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:16 - “For before the boy will know to refuse H3988 evil and choose good, the land whose two kings you dread will be forsaken.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:6 -

“Inasmuch as these people have rejected H3988 the gently flowing waters of Shiloah

And rejoice in Rezin and the son of Remaliah;

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:12 -

Therefore thus says the Holy One of Israel,

“Since you have rejected H3988 this word

And have put your trust in oppression and deviousness and have relied on them,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 31:7 - For in that day every man will reject H3988 his silver idols and his gold idols, which your hands have made for you as a sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:8 -

The highways are desolate, [fn]the traveler has ceased;

He has broken the covenant, he has rejected H3988 the cities;

He has no regard for man.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:15 -

He who walks righteously and speaks uprightly;

He who rejects H3988 greedy gain of [fn]oppression,

And shakes his hands so that they hold no bribe;

He who stops his ears from hearing about bloodshed

And shuts his eyes from looking upon evil;

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:9 -

You whom I have [fn]strongly taken hold of from the ends of the earth,

And called from its remotest parts

And said to you, ‘You are My servant,

I have chosen you and not rejected H3988 you.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:6 -

“For Yahweh has called you,

Like a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit,

Even like a wife of one’s youth when she is rejected H3988,”

Says your God.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:37 -

“From this place also you will go out

With your hands on your head;

For Yahweh has rejected H3988 those in whom you trust,

And you will not succeed with them.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:30 -

And you, O devastated one, what will you do?

Although you dress in scarlet,

Although you decorate yourself with ornaments of gold,

Although you enlarge your eyes with paint,

In vain you make yourself beautiful.

Your [fn]lovers despise H3988 you;

They seek your life.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Lev 26:15–Jer 4:30) Lev 26:15–Jer 4:30

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