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Lexicon :: Strong's H4196 - mizbēaḥ

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 525b

Strong’s Definitions

מִזְבֵּחַ mizbêach, miz-bay'-akh; from H2076; an altar:—altar.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 402x

The KJV translates Strong's H4196 in the following manner: altar (402x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 402x
The KJV translates Strong's H4196 in the following manner: altar (402x).
  1. altar

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מִזְבֵּחַ mizbêach, miz-bay'-akh; from H2076; an altar:—altar.
STRONGS H4196: Abbreviations
מִזְבֵּחַ 401 noun masculineJoshua 22:10 altar (Arabic bdb025801, place of slaughter, trench made by torrent, Sabean מדֿבח DHMEpigr. Denkm. 24); מ׳ absolute 2 Kings 18:22 223 times, הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חָה Exodus 29:13 31 times; construct מִזְבַּח Exodus 20:24 76 times, suffix מִזְבְּחִי Exodus 20:26 7 times, מִזְבַּחֲךָ 1 Kings 8:31 3 times,מִזְבְּחֶ֑ךָ Deuteronomy 33:10; מִזְבְּחוֺ Judges 6:31 2 times; plural מִזְבְּחֹת Numbers 23:1 5 times, מִזְבְּחוֺת 2 Kings 21:3 23 times, suffix מִזְבְּחוֺתֶיךָ Psalm 84:4, other suffixes 21 times; —
1. J E narrate that altars were built by Noah after leaving the ark Genesis 8:20; by Abraham at Shechem Genesis 12:7, Bethel Genesis 12:8, Hebron Genesis 13:18, mountain in land Moriah Genesis 22:9; by Issac at Beersheba Genesis 26:25; by Jacob at Shechem Genesis 33:20 (yet this perhaps mistake for מַצֵּבָה, being object of וַיַּצֶּבשָֿׁם, not elsewhere with מזבח, compare also Di), at Bethel Genesis 35:7, by Moses at Rephidim Exodus 17:15, Horeb Exodus 24:4, by Balak at Bamoth Baal, Pisgah, & Peor Numbers 23:1,14,29; by Joshua on Mt. Ebal Joshua 8:30: the prophetic histories narrate that altars were built by Gideon at Ophra Judges 6:24; by a man of God at Bethel Judges 21:4; by Samuel at Ramah 1 Samuel 7:17; by Saul after Michmash 1 Samuel 14:35; by David on the threshing floor of Ornan 2 Samuel 24:25 = 1 Chronicles 21:18; 1 Chronicles 22:1; that Solomon sacrificed on the altar at Gibeon 1 Kings 3:4 and built altars in the temple at Jerusalem 1 Kings 6:20; 1 Kings 8:64; that Jeroboam built an altar at Bethel 1 Kings 12:32 (which was destroyed by Josiah 2 Kings 23:15); and that Elijah repaired an ancient altar on Carmel 1 Kings 18:30. An altar in Egypt is predicted Isaiah 19:19. All this accords with the law of the Covenant code Exodus 20:24-26 which recognises a plurality of altars and prescribes that they shall be built of אֲדָמָה, or of unhewn stones, and without steps. So אֲבָנִים Deuteronomy 27:6 (JE), אֲבָנִים שְׁלֵמוֺת Joshua 8:31, and twelve stones 1 Kings 18:30,32; compare Isaiah 27:9. The altar was also a place of refuge Exodus 21:24 (JE) 1 Kings 1:50,51; 1 Kings 2:28.
2. D prescribes one central altar Deuteronomy 12:5f. 27; but no attempt to enforce this principle appears before Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:4,22), and Josiah, whose reform is more effectual, 2 Kings 23:8-20.
3. P limits sacrifices to the altars of the tabernacle. A great altar was built east of the Jordan, but it was according to P only as an עֵד after the pattern of the altar before the Tabernacle Joshua 22:10-34. P describes two altars:
a. the מִזְבַּח הָעֹלָה Exodus 30:28; Exodus 31:9; Exodus 35:16; Exodus 38:1; Exodus 40:6,10,29; Leviticus 4:7,10,25 (twice in verse); Leviticus 4:30,34 = הַנְּחשֶׁת מ׳ Exodus 38:30; Exodus 39:39, made of acacia wood plated with brass, 5x5x3 cubits in size, with four horns and a network of brass, on which all sacrifices by fire were made Exodus 27:1; Exodus 8; Exodus 38:1-7;
b. מִקְטַר קְטֹרֶת מ׳ made of acacia wood plated with gold, 1x1x2 cubits in size, with four horns and a crown of gold Exodus 30:1-6 = הקטרת מ׳ Exodus 30:27; Exodus 31:8; Exodus 35:15; Exodus 37:25 = הזהב מ׳ Exodus 39:38; Exodus 40:5,26; Numbers 4:11 = קטרת הַסַּמִּים מ׳ Leviticus 4:7; these altars are named elsewhere only in Chronicles: 1 Chronicles 6:34; 1 Chronicles 16:40; 1 Chronicles 21:29; 2 Chronicles 1:5,6.
4. Solomon made two altars for the temple at Jerusalem:
a. הַנְּחשֶׁת מ׳ for the court 1 Kings 8:64 (which was laid aside by Ahaz 2 Kings 16:14,15, who made an altar after the model of one he saw in Damascus 2 Kings 16:11); in 2 Kings 16:14 הַמִּזְבַּח הַנּ׳ (construct form with article) is erroneous, read probably מִזְבַּח compare Ges§ 127. 4 a near the end; this altar, according to Chronicles, measured 20x20x10 cubits 2 Chronicles 4:1; this מזבח (ה)נחשׁת also 2 Chronicles 7:7 & Ezekiel 9:2; = העולה מ׳ 2 Chronicles 29:18, repaired by Asa 2 Chronicles 15:8;
b. an altar of cedar, plated with gold, in the temple before the דְּבִיר 1 Kings 6:20,22; 1 Kings 7:48; = הזהב מ׳ 2 Chronicles 4:19; = הַקְּטֹרֶת מ׳ 1 Chronicles 28:18; 2 Chronicles 26:16.
5. Ezekiel plans two altars for the new temple:
a. a table of wood 3x2 cubits Ezekiel 41:22;
b. an altar for the court, probably same dimensions as 4a, with stairs Ezekiel 43:13-17.
6. after the return Jeshua built an altar on the ancient site in the court of the temple Ezra 3:2.
7. besides these altars used in the worship of Yahweh, Ahab built an altar to Baal in Samaria 1 Kings 16:32; Ahaz made an altar on the roof of the upper chamber, and other kings of Judah made altars in the two courts, all of which were destroyed by Josiah 2 Kings 23:12.
8. the ancient and most common term for making altars was בָּנָה Genesis 35:7 (E) Genesis 8:20 (J) Deuteronomy 27:5,6; Exodus 32:5 (JE) +, implying building material; other verbs are הֵקִים 2 Samuel 24:18; 1 Kings 16:32; 2 Kings 21:3; 1 Chronicles 21:18; 2 Chronicles 33:3; הֵכִין Ezra 3:3 (followed by עַלמְֿכוֺנֹתָו֯); שִׂים Jeremiah 11:13; וַיַּצֶּבֿ Genesis 33:20 (but compare 1); Numbers 23:4 (E) has עָרַךְ arrange, prepare; עָשָׂה Genesis 35:1,3; Exodus 20:24 (E) Genesis 13:4 (J) Judges 22:28; 1 Kings 12:33; 1 Kings 18:26; this becomes usual in P, Exodus 27:1; Exodus 30:1; Exodus 37:25; Exodus 38:1,30, so 2 Chronicles 4:1, 2 Chronicles 4:19; 2 Chronicles 7:7; 2 Chronicles 428:24.
9. the dedication of the altar was חֲנֻכַּת המזבח Numbers 7:10,11,84,88; 2 Chronicles 7:9; it was anointed with oil מָשַׁח Exodus 40:10; Leviticus 8:11; Numbers 7:10 (all P).
10. removal of unlawful altars is expressed by נָתַץ Exodus 34:13 (JE) Deuteronomy 7:5; Judges 2:2; Judges 6:30,31,32; 2 Kings 11:18; 2 Kings 23:12,15; נִתַּץ (Pi) Deuteronomy 12:3; 2 Chronicles 31:1; 34:4,7; נֻתַּץ Judges 6:28; הָרַס Judges 6:25; 1 Kings 19:10,14; שִׁבַּר 2 Chronicles 23:17; הֵסִיר 2 Kings 18:22 = Isaiah 36:7; 2 Chronicles 14:2; 2 Chronicles 30:14; 32:12; 33:15.
11. ministry at the altar was מִשְׁמֶרֶת הַמּ׳ Numbers 18:5; Ezekiel 40:46, compare Numbers 3:31 (P), מְשָֽׁרְתֵי מ׳ Joel 1:13; עָמַד עַל is said of officiating priest 1 Kings 13:1, עָלָה עַל Exodus 20:26; 1 Samuel 2:28; 1 Kings 12:33 + (compare יָרַד Leviticus 9:22); sacrifices were usually offered עַלהַֿמִּזְבֵּחַ Genesis 22:9; Deuteronomy 12:27 +; see especially the phrases with זָרַק Exodus 29:16,20 + (see זרק); הִקְטִיר Leviticus 4:10 (see קטר Hiph.); הֶעֱלָה Leviticus 6:3 + (see עלה Hiph.) לְבַעֵר Nehemiah 10:35; but בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ Genesis 8:20 (J) Numbers 23:2,4,14,30 (E); one touching the altar is הַנֹּגֵעַ בַּמּ׳ Exodus 29:37 (P); לפני המ׳ of placing, or standing before altar Deuteronomy 26:4; 1 Kings 8:22; as accusative of location הַמִּזְבֵּ֫חָה in phrases especially with הִקְטִיר Exodus 29:13 +, and הֶעֱלָה Leviticus 14:20.
12. the horns of the altar were especially for the application of the blood of the sin-offering in the ritual; sin is represented as graven לְקַרְנוֺת מִזְבְּחוֺתֵיכֶם Jeremiah 17:1; therefore of blood for cleansing it was said נָתַן על קרנות המ׳ Exodus 29:12; Leviticus 4:7,18,25,30,34; Leviticus 8:15; Leviticus 9:9; Leviticus 16:18 (all P). An ancient custom is referred to, Psalm 118:27 אִסְרוחַֿג בַּעֲבֹתִ֑ים עַדקֿרנות המזבח bind the festal victim with cords, unto the horns of the altar: Ainsworth paraphrases: 'that is, all the court over, untill you come even to the hornes of the altar, intending hereby many sacrifices,' so De; but Che 'bind the procession with branches, (step on) to the altar-horns,' that is in sacred procession round the altar.
13. the יְסוֺד (q. v.) is also referred to in the ritual of the sin-offerings in the phrases יָצַק אל יסוד Leviticus 8:15; Leviticus 9:9 & שָׁפַךְ אל יסוד Exodus 29:12; Leviticus 4:7,18,25,30,34 (all P) יִמָּצֵה אל יסוד Leviticus 5:9.
14. the altar was קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים Exodus 29:37; Exodus 40:10 (P); but repeated sin-offerings were necessary to keep it pure and cleanse it from the pollution of the people in whose midst it was situated. This is expressed by חִטֵּא Leviticus 8:15 (P) Ezekiel 43:22; כִּפֶּר Leviticus 16:20,33 (P) Ezekiel 43:26; קִדַּשׁ Exodus 29:44; Exodus 40:10; Leviticus 8:15; Numbers 7:1 (P); טִהַר 2 Chronicles 29:18.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


8:20; 8:20; 8:20; 12:7; 12:8; 13:4; 13:18; 22:9; 22:9; 26:25; 33:20; 33:20; 35:1; 35:3; 35:7; 35:7


8; 17:15; 20:24; 20:24; 20:24; 20:25; 20:26; 20:26; 20:26; 21:24; 24:4; 27:1; 27:1; 29:12; 29:12; 29:13; 29:13; 29:16; 29:20; 29:37; 29:37; 29:44; 30:1; 30:1; 30:2; 30:3; 30:4; 30:5; 30:6; 30:27; 30:28; 31:8; 31:9; 32:5; 34:13; 35:15; 35:16; 37:25; 37:25; 38:1; 38:1; 38:1; 38:2; 38:3; 38:4; 38:5; 38:6; 38:7; 38:30; 38:30; 39:38; 39:39; 40:5; 40:6; 40:10; 40:10; 40:10; 40:10; 40:26; 40:29


4:7; 4:7; 4:7; 4:7; 4:10; 4:10; 4:18; 4:18; 4:25; 4:25; 4:25; 4:30; 4:30; 4:30; 4:34; 4:34; 4:34; 5:9; 6:3; 8:11; 8:15; 8:15; 8:15; 8:15; 9:9; 9:9; 9:22; 14:20; 16:18; 16:20; 16:33


3:31; 4:11; 7:1; 7:10; 7:10; 7:11; 7:84; 7:88; 18:5; 23:1; 23:1; 23:2; 23:4; 23:4; 23:14; 23:14; 23:29; 23:30


7:5; 12:3; 12:5; 12:27; 12:27; 26:4; 27:5; 27:6; 27:6; 33:10


8:30; 8:31; 22:10; 22:10; 22:11; 22:12; 22:13; 22:14; 22:15; 22:16; 22:17; 22:18; 22:19; 22:20; 22:21; 22:22; 22:23; 22:24; 22:25; 22:26; 22:27; 22:28; 22:29; 22:30; 22:31; 22:32; 22:33; 22:34


2:2; 6:24; 6:25; 6:28; 6:30; 6:31; 6:31; 6:32; 21:4

1 Samuel

2:28; 7:17; 14:35

2 Samuel

24:18; 24:25

1 Kings

1:50; 1:51; 2:28; 3:4; 6:20; 6:20; 6:22; 7:48; 8:22; 8:31; 8:64; 8:64; 12:32; 12:33; 12:33; 13:1; 16:32; 16:32; 18:26; 18:30; 18:30; 18:32; 19:10; 19:14

2 Kings

11:18; 16:11; 16:14; 16:14; 16:15; 18:2; 18:4; 18:22; 18:22; 18:22; 21:3; 21:3; 23:8; 23:9; 23:10; 23:11; 23:12; 23:12; 23:12; 23:13; 23:14; 23:15; 23:15; 23:15; 23:16; 23:17; 23:18; 23:19; 23:20

1 Chronicles

6:34; 16:40; 21:18; 21:18; 21:29; 22:1; 28:18

2 Chronicles

1:5; 1:6; 4:1; 4:1; 4:19; 4:19; 7:7; 7:7; 7:9; 14:2; 15:8; 23:17; 26:16; 29:18; 29:18; 30:14; 31:1; 32:12; 33:3; 33:15; 34:4; 34:7


3:2; 3:3




84:4; 118:27


19:19; 27:9; 36:7


11:13; 17:1


9:2; 40:46; 41:22; 43:13; 43:14; 43:15; 43:16; 43:17; 43:22; 43:26




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4196 matches the Hebrew מִזְבֵּחַ (mizbēaḥ),
which occurs 403 times in 338 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 7 (Gen 8:20–Exo 38:7)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 8:20 - Then Noah built an altar to the LORD, and took of every clean animal and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:7 - Then the LORD appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants I will give this land.” And there he built an altar to the LORD, who had appeared to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:8 - And he moved from there to the mountain east of Bethel, and he pitched his tent with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east; there he built an altar to the LORD and called on the name of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:4 - to the place of the altar which he had made there at first. And there Abram called on the name of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:18 - Then Abram moved his tent, and went and dwelt by the terebinth trees of Mamre,[fn] which are in Hebron, and built an altar there to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:9 - Then they came to the place of which God had told him. And Abraham built an altar there and placed the wood in order; and he bound Isaac his son and laid him on the altar, upon the wood.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:25 - So he built an altar there and called on the name of the LORD, and he pitched his tent there; and there Isaac’s servants dug a well.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:20 - Then he erected an altar there and called it El Elohe Israel.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:1 - Then God said to Jacob, “Arise, go up to Bethel and dwell there; and make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from the face of Esau your brother.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:3 - “Then let us arise and go up to Bethel; and I will make an altar there to God, who answered me in the day of my distress and has been with me in the way which I have gone.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:7 - And he built an altar there and called the place El Bethel,[fn] because there God appeared to him when he fled from the face of his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:15 - And Moses built an altar and called its name, The-LORD-Is-My-Banner;[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:24 - ‘An altar of earth you shall make for Me, and you shall sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your oxen. In every place where I record My name I will come to you, and I will bless you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:25 - ‘And if you make Me an altar of stone, you shall not build it of hewn stone; for if you use your tool on it, you have profaned it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:26 - ‘Nor shall you go up by steps to My altar, that your nakedness may not be exposed on it.’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:14 - “But if a man acts with premeditation against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you shall take him from My altar, that he may die.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:4 - And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD. And he rose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve pillars according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:6 - And Moses took half the blood and put it in basins, and half the blood he sprinkled on the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 27:1 - “You shall make an altar of acacia wood, five cubits long and five cubits wide—the altar shall be square—and its height shall be three cubits.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 27:5 - “You shall put it under the rim of the altar beneath, that the network may be midway up the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 27:6 - “And you shall make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with bronze.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 27:7 - “The poles shall be put in the rings, and the poles shall be on the two sides of the altar to bear it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:43 - “They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they come into the tabernacle of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister in the holy place, that they do not incur iniquity and die. It shall be a statute forever to him and his descendants after him.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:12 - “You shall take some of the blood of the bull and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour all the blood beside the base of the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:13 - “And you shall take all the fat that covers the entrails, the fatty lobe attached to the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, and burn them on the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:16 - “and you shall kill the ram, and you shall take its blood and sprinkle it all around on the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:18 - “And you shall burn the whole ram on the altar. It is a burnt offering to the LORD; it is a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:20 - “Then you shall kill the ram, and take some of its blood and put it on the tip of the right ear of Aaron and on the tip of the right ear of his sons, on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood all around on the altar.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:21 - “And you shall take some of the blood that is on the altar, and some of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and on his garments, on his sons and on the garments of his sons with him; and he and his garments shall be hallowed, and his sons and his sons’ garments with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:25 - “You shall receive them back from their hands and burn them on the altar as a burnt offering, as a sweet aroma before the LORD. It is an offering made by fire to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:36 - “And you shall offer a bull every day as a sin offering for atonement. You shall cleanse the altar when you make atonement for it, and you shall anoint it to sanctify it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:37 - “Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar and sanctify it. And the altar shall be most holy. Whatever touches the altar must be holy.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:38 - “Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two lambs of the first year, day by day continually.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:44 - “So I will consecrate the tabernacle of meeting and the altar. I will also consecrate both Aaron and his sons to minister to Me as priests.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:1 - “You shall make an altar to burn incense on; you shall make it of acacia wood.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:18 - “You shall also make a laver of bronze, with its base also of bronze, for washing. You shall put it between the tabernacle of meeting and the altar. And you shall put water in it,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:20 - “When they go into the tabernacle of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister, to burn an offering made by fire to the LORD, they shall wash with water, lest they die.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:27 - “the table and all its utensils, the lampstand and its utensils, and the altar of incense;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:28 - “the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the laver and its base.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 31:8 - “the table and its utensils, the pure gold lampstand with all its utensils, the altar of incense,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 31:9 - “the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the laver and its base—
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:5 - So when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it. And Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow is a feast to the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:13 - “But you shall destroy their altars, break their sacred pillars, and cut down their wooden images
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:15 - ‘the incense altar, its poles, the anointing oil, the sweet incense, and the screen for the door at the entrance of the tabernacle;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:16 - ‘the altar of burnt offering with its bronze grating, its poles, all its utensils, and the laver and its base;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 37:25 - He made the incense altar of acacia wood. Its length was a cubit and its width a cubit—it was square—and two cubits was its height. Its horns were of one piece with it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 38:1 - He made the altar of burnt offering of acacia wood; five cubits was its length and five cubits its width—it was square—and its height was three cubits.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 38:3 - He made all the utensils for the altar: the pans, the shovels, the basins, the forks, and the firepans; all its utensils he made of bronze.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 38:4 - And he made a grate of bronze network for the altar, under its rim, midway from the bottom.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 38:7 - Then he put the poles into the rings on the sides of the altar, with which to bear it. He made the altar hollow with boards.

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