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Lexicon :: Strong's H4549 - māsas

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1223

Strong’s Definitions

מָסַס mâçaç, maw-sas'; a primitive root; to liquefy; figuratively, to waste (with disease), to faint (with fatigue, fear or grief):—discourage, faint, be loosed, melt (away), refuse, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 21x

The KJV translates Strong's H4549 in the following manner: melt (13x), faint (2x), melt away (1x), discouraged (1x), loosed (1x), molten (1x), refuse (1x), utterly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 21x
The KJV translates Strong's H4549 in the following manner: melt (13x), faint (2x), melt away (1x), discouraged (1x), loosed (1x), molten (1x), refuse (1x), utterly (1x).
  1. to dissolve, melt

    1. (Qal) to waste away

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to melt, vanish, drop off, melt away

      2. to faint, grow fearful (fig.)

      3. wasted, worthless (participle)

    3. (Hiphil) to cause to melt

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מָסַס mâçaç, maw-sas'; a primitive root; to liquefy; figuratively, to waste (with disease), to faint (with fatigue, fear or grief):—discourage, faint, be loosed, melt (away), refuse, × utterly.
† [מָסַס] verb dissolve, melt, intransitive (Targum מְסַס; compare מסה, and II. מאס); —
Qal. Infinitive construct מְסֹס נֹסֵס Isaiah 10:18; like the melting (wasting away) of a נֹסֵס (which see).
Niph. Perfect וְנָמֵס consecutive Ezekiel 21:12; וְנָמָ֑ס Exodus 16:21; Psalm 112:10; נָמַ֫סּוּ Psalm 97:5 2 times; Imperfect יִמַּס Deuteronomy 20:8 +; וַיִּמַּסּוּ Judges 15:14; Infinitive absolute הִמֵּס 2 Samuel 17:10; construct id. Psalm 68:3; Participle נָמֵס Psalm 22:15 + 2 times; —
1. melt (intransitive) of manna Exodus 16:21; wax Psalm 68:3 (simile of wicked); manacles Judges 15:14 (= vanished, dropped off); wicked Psalm 112:10 (melt away); especially of hills and mountains Micah 1:4; Psalm 97:5; Isaiah 34:3.
2. most often figurative of heart = faint, grow fearful, Nahum 2:11; 2 Samuel 17:10 (twice in verse) (compare Dr), Deuteronomy 20:8; Joshua 2:11; Joshua 5:1; Joshua 7:5; Isaiah 13:7; Isaiah 19:1; Ezekiel 21:12; Psalm 22:15.
3. Participle = wasted, consumptive (?), 1 Samuel 15:9 (|| נְמִבְזָה, read נִבְזָה see בזה Niph.) < read נִמְאֶסֶת worthless, literally rejected (see מאס Niph.)
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person plural הֵמַסּוּ אֶתלְֿבָבֵנוּ Deuteronomy 1:28 cause to melt (= intimidate).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


16:21; 16:21


1:28; 20:8; 20:8


2:11; 5:1; 7:5


15:14; 15:14

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

17:10; 17:10


22:15; 22:15; 68:3; 68:3; 97:5; 97:5; 112:10; 112:10


10:18; 13:7; 19:1; 34:3


21:12; 21:12





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4549 matches the Hebrew מָסַס (māsas),
which occurs 21 times in 20 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:21 - They gathered it morning by morning, every man [fn]as much as he should eat; but when the sun grew hot, it would melt. H4549
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:28 - ‘Where can we go up? Our brethren have made our hearts melt, H4549 saying, “The people are bigger and taller than we; the cities are large and fortified to heaven. And besides, we saw the sons of the Anakim there.”’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:8 - “Then the officers shall speak further to the people and say, ‘Who is the man that is afraid and fainthearted? Let him depart and return to his house, so that [fn]he might not make his brothers’ hearts melt H4549 like his heart.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:11 - “When we heard it, our hearts melted H4549 and no [fn]courage remained in any man any longer because of you; for the LORD your God, He is God in heaven above and on earth beneath.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 5:1 - Now it came about when all the kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan to the west, and all the kings of the Canaanites who were by the sea, heard how the LORD had dried up the waters of the Jordan before the sons of Israel until [fn]they had crossed, that their hearts melted, H4549 and there was no spirit in them any longer because of the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:5 - The men of Ai struck down about thirty-six of their men, and pursued them [fn]from the gate as far as Shebarim and struck them down on the descent, so the hearts of the people melted H4549 and became as water.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:14 - When he came to Lehi, the Philistines shouted as they met him. And the Spirit of the LORD [fn]came upon him mightily so that the ropes that were on his arms were as flax that is burned with fire, and his bonds [fn]dropped H4549 from his hands.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:9 - But Saul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep, the oxen, the fatlings, the lambs, and all that was good, and were not willing to destroy them utterly; but everything despised and worthless, H4549 that they utterly destroyed.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:10 - “And even the one who is valiant, whose heart is like the heart of a lion, will completely H4549 [fn]lose H4549 heart; H4549 for all Israel knows that your father is a mighty man and those who are with him are valiant men.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 22:14 - I am poured out like water,
And all my bones are out of joint;
My heart is like wax;
It is melted H4549 within [fn]me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 68:2 - As smoke is driven away, so drive them away;
As wax melts H4549 before the fire,
So let the wicked perish before God.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 97:5 - The mountains melted H4549 like wax at the presence of the LORD,
At the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 112:10 - The wicked will see it and be [fn]vexed,
He will gnash his teeth and melt H4549 away; H4549
The desire of the wicked will perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:18 - And He will destroy the glory of his forest and of his fruitful garden, both soul and body,
And it will be as when a sick man wastes H4549 away. H4549
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:7 - Therefore all hands will fall limp,
And every man’s heart will melt. H4549
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:1 - The [fn]oracle concerning Egypt.
Behold, the LORD is riding on a swift cloud and is about to come to Egypt;
The idols of Egypt will tremble at His presence,
And the heart of the Egyptians will melt H4549 within them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 34:3 - So their slain will be thrown out,
And their corpses [fn]will give off their stench,
And the mountains will [fn]be drenched H4549 with their blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:7 - “And when they say to you, ‘Why do you groan?’ you shall say, ‘Because of the news that is coming; and every heart will melt, H4549 all hands will be feeble, every spirit will [fn]faint and all knees will [fn]be weak as water. Behold, it comes and it will happen,’ declares the Lord [fn]GOD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 1:4 - The mountains will melt H4549 under Him
And the valleys will be split,
Like wax before the fire,
Like water poured down a steep place.
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 2:10 - She is emptied! Yes, she is desolate and waste!
Hearts are melting H4549 and knees knocking!
Also anguish is in [fn]the whole body
And all their faces are grown pale!

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