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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H4598 - mᵊʿîl

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From מָעַל (H4603) in the sense of covering
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1230b

Strong’s Definitions

מְעִיל mᵉʻîyl, meh-eel'; from H4603 in the sense of covering; a robe (i.e. upper and outer garment):—cloke, coat, mantle, robe.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x

The KJV translates Strong's H4598 in the following manner: robe (19x), mantle (7x), cloke (1x), coat (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x
The KJV translates Strong's H4598 in the following manner: robe (19x), mantle (7x), cloke (1x), coat (1x).
  1. robe

    1. a garment worn over a tunic by men of rank

    2. a long garment worn by David's daughters

    3. a garment of the high priest

    4. (fig.) of attributes

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מְעִיל mᵉʻîyl, meh-eel'; from H4603 in the sense of covering; a robe (i.e. upper and outer garment):—cloke, coat, mantle, robe.
STRONGS H4598: Abbreviations
מְעִיל noun masculine1 Samuel 2:19 robe (Thes conjecture original meaning cover for √ מעל, compare בגד; Ba ES 15 compare Arabic bdb059103 an outer garment, but against this StaThLz, Apr. 28, 1894, 235); — מ׳ Exodus 28:31 + 18 times; suffix מְעִילוֺ 1 Samuel 15:27; מְעִלוֺ Job 1:20; Job 2:12 + 4 times singular; plural מְעִילִים 2 Samuel 13:18, (but strike out We Klo Kit Bu SS; original gloss מֵעוֺלָם We Kit Bu); מְעִילֵיהֶם Ezekiel 26:16; — exterior garment, robe, worn over the inner tunic ׃ כְּתֹנֶת
1. worn by men of rank: Saul and Jonathan 1 Samuel 18:4; 1 Samuel 24:5; 1 Samuel 24:12 (twice in verse); princes of the sea Ezekiel 26:16; Job Job 1:20; Job 2:12; Samuel 1 Samuel 15:27; 1 Samuel 28:14; Ezra Ezra 9:3, 5; David clothed with בוץ מ׳ 1 Chronicles 15:27 (in the procession of the ark); the child Samuel had קָטֹן מ׳ 1 Samuel 2:19; — (it had a skirt כנף 1 Samuel 15:27; 1 Samuel 24:5; 1 Samuel 24:12 (twice in verse)).
2. worn by the daughters of David 2 Samuel 13:18 (but probably strike out, see above)
3. robe of high priest (only P): מְעִיל הָאֵפוֺד, made of purple stuff, Exodus 28:31; Exodus 29:5; Exodus 39:22; אפוד ומעיל Exodus 28:4; הַמְּעִיל Leviticus 8:7, having שׁוּלֵי הַמְּעִיל skirts Exodus 28:34; Exodus 39:24, 25, 26, around which were alternate coloured pomegranates and golden bells, and מִּי הַמְּעִיל, an opening or hole by which it might be drawn over the head Exodus 39:28.
4. figurative of attributes (of י׳, and of men), קנאה Isaiah 59:17; צדקה Isaiah 61:10; משׁפט Job 29:14; בשׁת Psalm 109:29.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


28:4; 28:31; 28:31; 28:34; 29:5; 39:22; 39:24; 39:25; 39:26; 39:28



1 Samuel

2:19; 2:19; 15:27; 15:27; 15:27; 18:4; 24:5; 24:5; 24:12; 24:12; 28:14

2 Samuel

13:18; 13:18

1 Chronicles



9:3; 9:5


1:20; 1:20; 2:12; 2:12; 29:14




59:17; 61:10


26:16; 26:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4598 matches the Hebrew מְעִיל (mᵊʿîl),
which occurs 28 times in 27 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:4 - “And these are the garments which they shall make: a [fn]breastpiece, an ephod, a robe H4598, a tunic of checkered work, a turban, and a sash. They shall make holy garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so that he may serve as priest to Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:31 - “You shall make the robe H4598 of the ephod all of violet.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:34 - a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, all around on the hem of the robe H4598.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:5 - “And you shall take the garments, and put on Aaron the tunic and the robe H4598 of the ephod, and the ephod and the [fn]breastpiece, and wrap his waist with the skillfully woven band of the ephod;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:22 - Then he made the robe H4598 of the ephod of woven work, all of violet;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:23 - and the opening of the robe H4598 was at the top in the center, as the opening of a coat of mail, with a binding all around its opening, so that it would not be torn.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:24 - And they made pomegranates of violet, purple, and scarlet material and twisted linen on the hem of the robe H4598.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:25 - They also made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates all around on the hem of the [fn]robe H4598,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:26 - [fn]alternating a bell and a pomegranate all around on the hem of the robe H4598 for the service, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:7 - Then he put the tunic on [fn]Aaron and wrapped his waist with the sash, and clothed him with the robe H4598 and put the ephod on him; and he wrapped his waist with the artistic band of the ephod, [fn]with which he fitted it to him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:19 - And his mother would make for him a little robe H4598 and bring it up to him from year to year when she would come up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:27 - Then Samuel turned to go, but Saul grasped the edge of his robe H4598, and it tore off.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:4 - Jonathan stripped himself of the robe H4598 that was on him and gave it to David, with his military gear, including his sword, his bow, and his belt.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:4 - Then David’s men said to him, “Behold, this is the day of which the LORD said to you, ‘Behold; I am about to hand your enemy over to you, and you shall do to him as it seems good [fn]to you.’” Then David got up and cut off the edge of Saul’s robe H4598 secretly.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:11 - “So, my father, look! Indeed, look at the edge of your robe H4598 in my hand! For by the fact that I cut off the edge of your robe H4598 but did not kill you, know and understand that there is no evil or [fn]rebellion in my hands, and I have not sinned against you, though you are lying in wait for my life, to take it.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:14 - He said to her, “[fn]How does he appear?” And she said, “An old man is coming up, and he is wrapped in a robe H4598.” Then Saul knew that it was Samuel, and he bowed with his face to the ground and paid [fn]homage.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:18 - Now she had on a [fn]long-sleeved garment; for this is how the virgin daughters of the king dressed themselves in robes H4598. Then his attendant took her out and locked the door behind her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 15:27 - Now David was clothed with a robe H4598 of fine linen with all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the leader of the singing with the singers. David also wore an ephod of linen.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:3 - When I heard about this matter, I tore my garment and my robe H4598, and pulled out some of the hair from my head and my beard, and sat down [fn]appalled.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:5 - But at the evening offering I stood up from my [fn]humiliation, even with my garment and my robe H4598 torn, and I bowed down on my knees and spread out my [fn]hands to the LORD my God;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 1:20 - Then Job got up, tore his robe H4598, and shaved his head; then he fell to the ground and worshiped.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 2:12 - When they [fn]looked from a distance and did not recognize him, they raised their voices and wept. And each of them tore his robe H4598, and they threw dust over their heads toward the sky.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:14 - “I put on righteousness, and it clothed me;
My justice was like a robe H4598 and a headband.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 109:29 - [fn]May my accusers be clothed with dishonor,
And [fn]may they cover themselves with their own shame as with a robe H4598.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:17 - He put on righteousness like a breastplate,
And a helmet of salvation on His head;
And He put on garments of vengeance for clothing
And wrapped Himself with zeal as a cloak H4598.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 61:10 - I will rejoice greatly in the LORD,
My soul will be joyful in my God;
For He has clothed me with garments of salvation,
He has wrapped me with a robe H4598 of righteousness,
As a groom puts on a turban,
And as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 26:16 - “Then all the princes of the sea will descend from their thrones, remove their robes H4598, and strip off their colorfully woven garments. They will clothe themselves with [fn]trembling; they will sit on the ground, tremble again and again, and be appalled at you.
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