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Lexicon :: Strong's H4603 - māʿal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1230

Strong’s Definitions

מָעַל mâʻal, maw-al'; a primitive root; properly, to cover up; used only figuratively, to act covertly, i.e. treacherously:—transgress, (commit, do a) trespass(-ing).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x

The KJV translates Strong's H4603 in the following manner: trespass (13x), commit (11x), transgress (10x), done (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x
The KJV translates Strong's H4603 in the following manner: trespass (13x), commit (11x), transgress (10x), done (1x).
  1. to act unfaithfully, act treacherously, transgress, commit a trespass

    1. (Qal) to act unfaithfully or treacherously

      1. against man

      2. against God

      3. against devoted thing

      4. against husband

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מָעַל mâʻal, maw-al'; a primitive root; properly, to cover up; used only figuratively, to act covertly, i.e. treacherously:—transgress, (commit, do a) trespass(-ing).
STRONGS H4603: Abbreviations
מָעַל verb act unfaithfully, treacherously, a priestly word (P Ezra, Chronicles), chiefly late (Late Hebrew id., act unfaithfully; Arabic bdb059101 whisper, backbite, bdb059102 perfidy, fraud); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular מָעַל Joshua 22:20 + 4 times; 3rd person feminine singular מָֽעֲלָה Leviticus 5:21; Numbers 5:12 + 13 times Perfect; Imperfect יִמְעַל Proverbs 16:10; 2 Chronicles 26:16; 3rd person feminine singular תִּמְעֹל Leviticus 5:15; Numbers 5:27; 3rd person masculine plural יִמְעֲלוּ Joshua 7:1, וַיִּמְעֲלוּ 1 Chronicles 5:25; 2nd person masculine plural תִּמְעָ֑לוּ Nehemiah 1:8; Infinitive construct לִמְעֹל, so read for HCT למסר Numbers 31:16 Thes Di; — act unfaithfully, treacherously, usually
1. מָעַל מַ֫עַל :
a. absolute בַּחֵרֶם in the matter of the devoted thing (the sin of Achan) Joshua 7:1 (JE), Joshua 22:20 (P), compare Leviticus 5:15 (P), 2 Chronicles 36:14; Ezekiel 14:13; Ezekiel 15:8; Ezekiel 18:24.
b. wife against (בְּ) husband Numbers 5:12, 27 (P; marital infidelity).
2. usage without מַעַל (only late):
a. במשׁפט לא ימעל פיו Proverbs 16:10 let not his (the king's) mouth act treacherously against justice (RV in judgment).
b. elsewhere against God, with בְּ, Deuteronomy 32:51 (P), 1 Chronicles 5:25; 1 Chronicles 12:2; 1 Chronicles 26:22; 1 Chronicles 30:7; Ezra 10:2; Nehemiah 13:27; Ezekiel 39:23; without בְּ, 2 Chronicles 26:18; 29:6; Ezra 10:10; Nehemiah 1:8; בַּחֵרֶם 1 Chronicles 2:7.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


5:15; 5:15; 26:40


5:6; 5:12; 5:12; 5:27; 5:27; 31:16; 31:16




7:1; 7:1; 22:16; 22:20; 22:20; 22:31

1 Chronicles

2:7; 5:25; 5:25; 10:13; 12:2; 26:22; 28:19

2 Chronicles

26:16; 26:18; 29:6; 36:14


10:2; 10:10


1:8; 1:8; 13:27


16:10; 16:10


14:13; 15:8; 17:20; 18:24; 20:27; 39:23; 39:26



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4603 matches the Hebrew מָעַל (māʿal),
which occurs 35 times in 35 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:15 - If a soul commit H4603 a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:2 - If a soul sin, and commit H4603 a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:40 - If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed H4603 against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:6 - Speak unto the children of Israel, When a man or woman shall commit any sin that men commit, H4603 to do a trespass against the LORD, and that person be guilty;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:12 - Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit H4603 a trespass against him,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:27 - And when he hath made her to drink the water, then it shall come to pass, that, if she be defiled, and have done H4603 trespass against her husband, that the water that causeth the curse shall enter into her, and become bitter, and her belly shall swell, and her thigh shall rot: and the woman shall be a curse among her people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:51 - Because ye trespassed H4603 against me among the children of Israel at the waters of Meribah-Kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin; because ye sanctified me not in the midst of the children of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:1 - But the children of Israel committed H4603 a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the children of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:16 - Thus saith the whole congregation of the LORD, What trespass is this that ye have committed H4603 against the God of Israel, to turn away this day from following the LORD, in that ye have builded you an altar, that ye might rebel this day against the LORD?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:20 - Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit H4603 a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:31 - And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the children of Manasseh, This day we perceive that the LORD is among us, because ye have not committed H4603 this trespass against the LORD: now ye have delivered the children of Israel out of the hand of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 2:7 - And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler of Israel, who transgressed H4603 in the thing accursed.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 5:25 - And they transgressed H4603 against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 10:13 - So Saul died for his transgression which he committed H4603 against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 12:2 - And it came to pass, that in the fifth year of king Rehoboam Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, because they had transgressed H4603 against the LORD,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 26:16 - But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: for he transgressed H4603 against the LORD his God, and went into the temple of the LORD to burn incense upon the altar of incense.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 26:18 - And they withstood Uzziah the king, and said unto him, It appertaineth not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto the LORD, but to the priests the sons of Aaron, that are consecrated to burn incense: go out of the sanctuary; for thou hast trespassed; H4603 neither shall it be for thine honour from the LORD God.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:19 - For the LORD brought Judah low because of Ahaz king of Israel; for he made Judah naked, and transgressed H4603 sore against the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:22 - And in the time of his distress did he trespass H4603 yet more against the LORD: this is that king Ahaz.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 29:6 - For our fathers have trespassed, H4603 and done that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD our God, and have forsaken him, and have turned away their faces from the habitation of the LORD, and turned their backs.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:7 - And be not ye like your fathers, and like your brethren, which trespassed H4603 against the LORD God of their fathers, who therefore gave them up to desolation, as ye see.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:14 - Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed H4603 very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the LORD which he had hallowed in Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:2 - And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, answered and said unto Ezra, We have trespassed H4603 against our God, and have taken strange wives of the people of the land: yet now there is hope in Israel concerning this thing.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:10 - And Ezra the priest stood up, and said unto them, Ye have transgressed, H4603 and have taken strange wives, to increase the trespass of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 1:8 - Remember, I beseech thee, the word that thou commandedst thy servant Moses, saying, If ye transgress, H4603 I will scatter you abroad among the nations:
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:27 - Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great evil, to transgress H4603 against our God in marrying strange wives?
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 16:10 - A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth H4603 not in judgment.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 14:13 - Son of man, when the land sinneth against me by trespassing H4603 grievously, then will I stretch out mine hand upon it, and will break the staff of the bread thereof, and will send famine upon it, and will cut off man and beast from it:
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 15:8 - And I will make the land desolate, because they have committed H4603 a trespass, saith the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:20 - And I will spread my net upon him, and he shall be taken in my snare, and I will bring him to Babylon, and will plead with him there for his trespass H4603 that he hath trespassed against me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 18:24 - But when the righteous turneth away from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, and doeth according to all the abominations that the wicked man doeth, shall he live? All his righteousness that he hath done shall not be mentioned: in his trespass H4603 that he hath trespassed, and in his sin that he hath sinned, in them shall he die.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 20:27 - Therefore, son of man, speak unto the house of Israel, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Yet in this your fathers have blasphemed me, in that they have committed H4603 a trespass against me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 39:23 - And the heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity: because they trespassed H4603 against me, therefore hid I my face from them, and gave them into the hand of their enemies: so fell they all by the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 39:26 - After that they have borne their shame, and all their trespasses whereby they have trespassed H4603 against me, when they dwelt safely in their land, and none made them afraid.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 9:7 - O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed H4603 against thee.
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