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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H4709 - miṣpâ

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Part of Speech
proper feminine locative noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Strong’s Definitions

מִצְפָּה Mitspâh, mits-paw'; feminine of H4708; Mitspah, the name of two places in Palestine:—Mitspah. (This seems rather to be only an orthographic variation of H4708 when 'in pause'.)

KJV Translation Count — Total: 32x

The KJV translates Strong's H4709 in the following manner: Mizpah (18x), Mizpeh (14x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 32x
The KJV translates Strong's H4709 in the following manner: Mizpah (18x), Mizpeh (14x).
  1. Mizpah = "watchtower"

    1. a place in Gilead north of Jabbok and location of Laban's cairn

    2. a place in Gilead south of Jabbok; site unknown

    3. a place near Mount Hermon

    4. an old sacred place in Benjamin

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מִצְפָּה Mitspâh, mits-paw'; feminine of H4708; Mitspah, the name of two places in Palestine:—Mitspah. (This seems rather to be only an orthographic variation of H4708 when 'in pause'.)
STRONGS H4709: Abbreviations
מִצְפָּה 38 proper name, of a location (properly outlook-point or with article (except Hosea 5:1)); —
†1. in Gilead, explanation as name given to Laban's cairn, north of Jabbok Genesis 31:49 (on text see Ball Holz; Greek Version of the LXX ἡ ὅρασις).
†2. probably south of Jabbok, Judges 10:17 (ἡ σκοπιά), Judges 11:11, 34 (Μασσηφα; so LXX of Lucian (Lag.) Judges 10:17), Hosea 5:1 (ἡ σκοπιά); apparently = H4708 II. מִצְפֶּה 3, BuhlGeogr. 262 (־פֶּה, ־פָּה, seem to interchange); site unknown; see conjectures in Buhll.c., compare GASmGeogr. 586.
†3. near Hermon, הַמּ׳ אֶרֶץ Joshua 11:3, Μασευμαν, Μασσηφα(θ), = בִּקְעַת־מִצְפֶה H4708 Joshua 11:8, Μασσωχ, Μασσηφα; see BuhlGeogr. 240.
4. old sacred place in Benjamin, Μασσηφα, etc.; — הַמּ׳ Judges 20:1 +, הַמּצְפָּ֫תָה H4708 1 Samuel 7:5 +; — Judges 20:1, 3; Judges 21:1, 5, 8; H4708 1 Samuel 7:5; 7 times 1 Samuel 7; 1 Samuel 10; 1 Kings 15:22; 2 Chronicles 16:6; 2 Kings 25:23, 25; Jeremiah 40:10; 12 times Jeremiah 40, Jeremiah 41; Nehemiah 3:7, 15, 19; = הַמִּצְפֶּה H4708 Joshua 18:26; — modern Nabî Samwîl, 5 miles northwest of Jerusalem, see BuhlGeogr. 167 f..
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs






10:17; 10:17; 11:11; 11:34; 20:1; 20:1; 20:3; 21:1; 21:5; 21:8

1 Kings


2 Kings

25:23; 25:25

2 Chronicles



3:7; 3:15; 3:19




5:1; 5:1


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4709 matches the Hebrew מִצְפָּה (miṣpâ),
which occurs 36 times in 33 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:49 - It was also called Mizpah,[fn] because he said, “May the LORD keep watch between you and me when we are away from each other.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:3 - to the Canaanites in the east and west; to the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites and Jebusites in the hill country; and to the Hivites below Hermon in the region of Mizpah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 10:17 - When the Ammonites were called to arms and camped in Gilead, the Israelites assembled and camped at Mizpah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:11 - So Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and commander over them. And he repeated all his words before the LORD in Mizpah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:34 - When Jephthah returned to his home in Mizpah, who should come out to meet him but his daughter, dancing to the sound of timbrels! She was an only child. Except for her he had neither son nor daughter.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:1 - Then all Israel from Dan to Beersheba and from the land of Gilead came together as one and assembled before the LORD in Mizpah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:3 - (The Benjamites heard that the Israelites had gone up to Mizpah.) Then the Israelites said, “Tell us how this awful thing happened.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:1 - The men of Israel had taken an oath at Mizpah: “Not one of us will give his daughter in marriage to a Benjamite.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:5 - Then the Israelites asked, “Who from all the tribes of Israel has failed to assemble before the LORD?” For they had taken a solemn oath that anyone who failed to assemble before the LORD at Mizpah was to be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:8 - Then they asked, “Which one of the tribes of Israel failed to assemble before the LORD at Mizpah?” They discovered that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come to the camp for the assembly.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:5 - Then Samuel said, “Assemble all Israel at Mizpah, and I will intercede with the LORD for you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:6 - When they had assembled at Mizpah, they drew water and poured it out before the LORD. On that day they fasted and there they confessed, “We have sinned against the LORD.” Now Samuel was serving as leader[fn] of Israel at Mizpah.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:7 - When the Philistines heard that Israel had assembled at Mizpah, the rulers of the Philistines came up to attack them. When the Israelites heard of it, they were afraid because of the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:11 - The men of Israel rushed out of Mizpah and pursued the Philistines, slaughtering them along the way to a point below Beth Kar.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:12 - Then Samuel took a stone and set it up between Mizpah and Shen. He named it Ebenezer,[fn] saying, “Thus far the LORD has helped us.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:16 - From year to year he went on a circuit from Bethel to Gilgal to Mizpah, judging Israel in all those places.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:17 - Samuel summoned the people of Israel to the LORD at Mizpah
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 15:22 - Then King Asa issued an order to all Judah—no one was exempt—and they carried away from Ramah the stones and timber Baasha had been using there. With them King Asa built up Geba in Benjamin, and also Mizpah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:23 - When all the army officers and their men heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah as governor, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah—Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan son of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, Jaazaniah the son of the Maakathite, and their men.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:25 - In the seventh month, however, Ishmael son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, who was of royal blood, came with ten men and assassinated Gedaliah and also the men of Judah and the Babylonians who were with him at Mizpah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 16:6 - Then King Asa brought all the men of Judah, and they carried away from Ramah the stones and timber Baasha had been using. With them he built up Geba and Mizpah.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 3:7 - Next to them, repairs were made by men from Gibeon and Mizpah—Melatiah of Gibeon and Jadon of Meronoth—places under the authority of the governor of Trans-Euphrates.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 3:15 - The Fountain Gate was repaired by Shallun son of Kol-Hozeh, ruler of the district of Mizpah. He rebuilt it, roofing it over and putting its doors and bolts and bars in place. He also repaired the wall of the Pool of Siloam,[fn] by the King’s Garden, as far as the steps going down from the City of David.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 3:19 - Next to him, Ezer son of Jeshua, ruler of Mizpah, repaired another section, from a point facing the ascent to the armory as far as the angle of the wall.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 40:10 - I myself will stay at Mizpah to represent you before the Babylonians who come to us, but you are to harvest the wine, summer fruit and olive oil, and put them in your storage jars, and live in the towns you have taken over.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 40:15 - Then Johanan son of Kareah said privately to Gedaliah in Mizpah, “Let me go and kill Ishmael son of Nethaniah, and no one will know it. Why should he take your life and cause all the Jews who are gathered around you to be scattered and the remnant of Judah to perish?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:1 - In the seventh month Ishmael son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, who was of royal blood and had been one of the king’s officers, came with ten men to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah. While they were eating together there,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:3 - Ishmael also killed all the men of Judah who were with Gedaliah at Mizpah, as well as the Babylonian[fn] soldiers who were there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:6 - Ishmael son of Nethaniah went out from Mizpah to meet them, weeping as he went. When he met them, he said, “Come to Gedaliah son of Ahikam.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:10 - Ishmael made captives of all the rest of the people who were in Mizpah—the king’s daughters along with all the others who were left there, over whom Nebuzaradan commander of the imperial guard had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam. Ishmael son of Nethaniah took them captive and set out to cross over to the Ammonites.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:14 - All the people Ishmael had taken captive at Mizpah turned and went over to Johanan son of Kareah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:16 - Then Johanan son of Kareah and all the army officers who were with him led away all the people of Mizpah who had survived, whom Johanan had recovered from Ishmael son of Nethaniah after Ishmael had assassinated Gedaliah son of Ahikam—the soldiers, women, children and court officials he had recovered from Gibeon.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 5:1 - “Hear this, you priests! Pay attention, you Israelites! Listen, royal house! This judgment is against you: You have been a snare at Mizpah, a net spread out on Tabor.
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