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Lexicon :: Strong's H4751 - mar

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Part of Speech
adjective, adverb
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1248a,1248c

Strong’s Definitions

מַר mar, mar; or (feminine) מָרָה mârâh; from H4843; bitter (literally or figuratively); also (as noun) bitterness, or (adverbially) bitterly:— angry, bitter(-ly, -ness), chafed, discontented, × great, heavy.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x

The KJV translates Strong's H4751 in the following manner: bitter (20x), bitterness (10x), bitterly (3x), chafed (1x), angry (1x), discontented (1x), heavy (1x), bitter thing (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x
The KJV translates Strong's H4751 in the following manner: bitter (20x), bitterness (10x), bitterly (3x), chafed (1x), angry (1x), discontented (1x), heavy (1x), bitter thing (1x).
  1. bitter, bitterness

    1. of water or food

    2. of harlot's end, end of wickedness, cry (fig.)

    3. of pain (subst)

  2. bitterly

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מַר mar, mar; or (feminine) מָרָה mârâh; from H4843; bitter (literally or figuratively); also (as noun) bitterness, or (adverbially) bitterly:— angry, bitter(-ly, -ness), chafed, discontented, × great, heavy.
STRONGS H4751: Abbreviations
† I. מַר adjective and substantive bitter, bitterness; — absolute מ׳ Proverbs 27:7 +, הַמַּר Habakkuk 1:6, מָ֑ר Psalm 64:4 [Psalm 64:3] +; construct מַר 1 Samuel 22:2 +; feminine מָרָה Genesis 27:34 +, מָרָא H4755 Ruth 1:20; construct מָרַת 1 Samuel 1:10; masculine plural מָרִים Exodus 15:23 +; construct מָרֵי Judges 18:25; Proverbs 31:6; — bitter:
1. literally, of water Exodus 15:23 (J); food Proverbs 27:7 (opposed to מָתוֺק); wormwood (לַעֲנָה Proverbs 5:4 (in simile of end of harlot, compare Ecclesiastes 7:26 below); as substantive plural, of physical pain, result of curse לְמָרִים Numbers 5:24, 27, whence מֵי הַמָּרִים Numbers 5:18 (compare Di) Numbers 5:19; Numbers 5:23; Numbers 5:24; of harmful result of ruthless fighting 2 Samuel 2:26; of wickedness Jeremiah 2:19; Jeremiah 4:18; = injurious, hurtful Isaiah 5:20 (twice in verse) (opposed to מָתוֺק).
2. figurative,
a. of cry (צְעָקָה, זְעָקָה) Genesis 27:34 (J), Esther 4:1; מָ֑ר מִסְפֵּד Ezekiel 27:31 (strike out Co); דָּבָר מָ֑ר Psalm 64:4 [Psalm 64:3]; as adverb (cry, weep) bitterly Ezekiel 27:30 (מָרָה), Zephaniah 1:14; Isaiah 33:7 (both מַר).
b. of feeling, temper, especially with נֶפֶשׁ : אֲנָשִׁים מָרֵי נֶפֶשׁ Judges 18:25 men fierce (GFM acrid) of temper, so 2 Samuel 17:8 (like a bear robbed of whelps); הַגּוֺי הַמַּר Habakkuk 1:6 the fierce nation; מַרנֶֿפֶשׁ = discontented 1 Samuel 22:2; מַרֵי נֶפֶשׁ = the bitterly wretched Job 3:20; Proverbs 31:6, so מָרַת נ׳ 1 Samuel 1:10; compare יוֺם מָ֑ר Amos 8:10; as substantive abstract מַרנֶֿפֶשׁ bitterness of soul Isaiah 38:15; Ezekiel 27:31 (strike out Co), Job 7:11; Job 10:1 = נפשׁ מָרָה Job 21:25; compare מָרָא H4755 Ruth 1:20 (name given to Naomi by herself); מַרהַֿמָּוֶת 1 Samuel 15:32 the bitterness of death; מַרמִֿמָּוֶת Ecclesiastes 7:26 (metaphor of harlot); in Ezekiel 3:14 I went bitterly, strike out מַר Co. — Isaiah 38:17 see H4843 מרר.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


27:34; 27:34


15:23; 15:23


5:18; 5:19; 5:23; 5:24; 5:24; 5:27


18:25; 18:25

1 Samuel

1:10; 1:10; 15:32; 22:2; 22:2

2 Samuel

2:26; 17:8




3:20; 7:11; 10:1; 21:25


64:3; 64:3


5:4; 27:7; 27:7; 31:6; 31:6


7:26; 7:26


5:20; 33:7; 38:15; 38:17


2:19; 4:18


3:14; 27:30; 27:31; 27:31




1:6; 1:6



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4751 matches the Hebrew מַר (mar),
which occurs 39 times in 36 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:34 - When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried out with an exceedingly great and bitter H4751 cry, and said to his father, “Bless me, even me also, O my father!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:23 - When they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters [fn]of Marah, for they were [fn]bitter; H4751 therefore it was named [fn]Marah.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:18 - ‘The priest shall then have the woman stand before the LORD and let the hair of the woman’s head go loose, and place the grain offering of memorial [fn]in her hands, which is the grain offering of jealousy, and in the hand of the priest is to be the water of bitterness H4751 that brings a curse.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:19 - ‘The priest shall have her take an oath and shall say to the woman, “If no man has lain with you and if you have not gone astray into uncleanness, being under the authority of your husband, be [fn]immune to this water of bitterness H4751 that brings a curse;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:23 - ‘The priest shall then write these curses on a scroll, and he shall [fn]wash them off into the water of bitterness. H4751
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:24 - ‘Then he shall make the woman drink the water of bitterness H4751 that brings a curse, so that the water which brings a curse will go into her [fn]and cause bitterness. H4751
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:27 - ‘When he has made her drink the water, then it shall come about, if she has defiled herself and has been unfaithful to her husband, that the water which brings a curse will go into her [fn]and cause bitterness, H4751 and her abdomen will swell and her thigh will [fn]waste away, and the woman will become a curse among her people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:25 - The sons of Dan said to him, “Do not let your voice be heard among us, or else [fn]fierce H4751 men will fall upon you and you will [fn]lose your life, with the lives of your household.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:10 - She, [fn]greatly H4751 distressed, H4751 prayed to the LORD and wept bitterly.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:32 - Then Samuel said, “Bring me Agag, the king of the Amalekites.” And Agag came to him [fn]cheerfully. And Agag said, “Surely the bitterness H4751 of death is past.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:2 - Everyone who was in distress, and everyone who [fn]was in debt, and everyone who was [fn]discontented H4751 gathered to him; and he became captain over them. Now there were about four hundred men with him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:26 - Then Abner called to Joab and said, “Shall the sword devour forever? Do you not know that it will be bitter H4751 in the end? How long will you [fn]refrain from telling the people to turn back from following their brothers?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:8 - Moreover, Hushai said, “You know your father and his men, that they are mighty men and they are [fn]fierce, H4751 like a bear robbed of her cubs in the field. And your father is an [fn]expert in warfare, and will not spend the night with the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:1 - When Mordecai learned all that had been done, [fn]he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city and wailed loudly and bitterly. H4751
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:20 - “Why is light given to him who suffers,
And life to the bitter H4751 of soul,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:11 - “Therefore I will not restrain my mouth;
I will speak in the anguish of my spirit,
I will complain in the bitterness H4751 of my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:1 - [fn]I loathe my own life;
I will give full vent to my complaint;
I will speak in the bitterness H4751 of my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:25 - While another dies with a bitter H4751 soul,
Never even [fn]tasting anything good.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 64:3 - Who have sharpened their tongue like a sword.
They aimed bitter H4751 speech as their arrow,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 5:4 - But in the end she is bitter H4751 as wormwood,
Sharp as a two-edged sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 27:7 - A sated [fn]man [fn]loathes honey,
But to a famished [fn]man any bitter H4751 thing H4751 is sweet.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:6 - Give strong drink to him who is perishing,
And wine to him [fn]whose life is bitter. H4751
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 7:26 - And I discovered more bitter H4751 than death the woman whose heart is snares and nets, whose hands are chains. One who is pleasing to God will escape from her, but the sinner will be captured by her.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:20 - Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil;
Who [fn]substitute darkness for light and light for darkness;
Who [fn]substitute bitter H4751 for sweet and sweet for bitter! H4751
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:7 - Behold, their brave men cry in [fn]the streets,
The [fn]ambassadors of peace weep bitterly. H4751
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 38:15 - “What shall I say?
[fn]For He has spoken to me, and He Himself has done it;
I will wander about all my years because of the bitterness H4751 of my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 38:17 - “Lo, for my own welfare I had great H4751 bitterness; H4751
It is You who has [fn]kept my soul from the pit of [fn]nothingness,
For You have cast all my sins behind Your back.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:19 - “Your own wickedness will correct you,
And your apostasies will reprove you;
Know therefore and see that it is evil and bitter H4751
For you to forsake the LORD your God,
And the dread of Me is not in you,” declares the Lord [fn]GOD of hosts.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:18 - “Your ways and your deeds
Have [fn]brought these things to you.
This is your evil. How bitter! H4751
How it has touched your heart!”
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:4 - The roads [fn]of Zion are in mourning
Because no one comes to the appointed feasts.
All her gates are desolate;
Her priests are groaning,
Her virgins are afflicted,
And she herself [fn]is bitter.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 3:14 - So the Spirit lifted me up and took me away; and I went embittered H4751 in the rage of my spirit, and the hand of the LORD was strong on me.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:30 - And they will make their voice heard over you
And will cry bitterly. H4751
They will cast dust on their heads,
They will wallow in ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:31 - “Also they will make themselves bald for you
And gird themselves with sackcloth;
And they will weep for you in bitterness H4751 of soul
With bitter H4751 mourning.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:10 - “Then I will turn your festivals into mourning
And all your songs into [fn]lamentation;
And I will bring sackcloth on everyone’s loins
And baldness on every head.
And I will make it like a time of mourning for an only son,
And the end of it will be like a bitter H4751 day.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 1:6 - “For behold, I am raising up the Chaldeans,
That [fn]fierce H4751 and impetuous people
Who march [fn]throughout the earth
To [fn]seize dwelling places which are not theirs.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 1:14 - Near is the great day of the LORD,
Near and coming very quickly;
Listen, the day of the LORD!
[fn]In it the warrior cries out bitterly. H4751
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