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Lexicon :: Strong's H4751 - mar

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Part of Speech
adjective, adverb
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1248a,1248c

Strong’s Definitions

מַר mar, mar; or (feminine) מָרָה mârâh; from H4843; bitter (literally or figuratively); also (as noun) bitterness, or (adverbially) bitterly:— angry, bitter(-ly, -ness), chafed, discontented, × great, heavy.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x

The KJV translates Strong's H4751 in the following manner: bitter (20x), bitterness (10x), bitterly (3x), chafed (1x), angry (1x), discontented (1x), heavy (1x), bitter thing (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x
The KJV translates Strong's H4751 in the following manner: bitter (20x), bitterness (10x), bitterly (3x), chafed (1x), angry (1x), discontented (1x), heavy (1x), bitter thing (1x).
  1. bitter, bitterness

    1. of water or food

    2. of harlot's end, end of wickedness, cry (fig.)

    3. of pain (subst)

  2. bitterly

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מַר mar, mar; or (feminine) מָרָה mârâh; from H4843; bitter (literally or figuratively); also (as noun) bitterness, or (adverbially) bitterly:— angry, bitter(-ly, -ness), chafed, discontented, × great, heavy.
STRONGS H4751: Abbreviations
† I. מַר adjective and substantive bitter, bitterness; — absolute מ׳ Proverbs 27:7 +, הַמַּר Habakkuk 1:6, מָ֑ר Psalm 64:4 [Psalm 64:3] +; construct מַר 1 Samuel 22:2 +; feminine מָרָה Genesis 27:34 +, מָרָא H4755 Ruth 1:20; construct מָרַת 1 Samuel 1:10; masculine plural מָרִים Exodus 15:23 +; construct מָרֵי Judges 18:25; Proverbs 31:6; — bitter:
1. literally, of water Exodus 15:23 (J); food Proverbs 27:7 (opposed to מָתוֺק); wormwood (לַעֲנָה Proverbs 5:4 (in simile of end of harlot, compare Ecclesiastes 7:26 below); as substantive plural, of physical pain, result of curse לְמָרִים Numbers 5:24, 27, whence מֵי הַמָּרִים Numbers 5:18 (compare Di) Numbers 5:19; Numbers 5:23; Numbers 5:24; of harmful result of ruthless fighting 2 Samuel 2:26; of wickedness Jeremiah 2:19; Jeremiah 4:18; = injurious, hurtful Isaiah 5:20 (twice in verse) (opposed to מָתוֺק).
2. figurative,
a. of cry (צְעָקָה, זְעָקָה) Genesis 27:34 (J), Esther 4:1; מָ֑ר מִסְפֵּד Ezekiel 27:31 (strike out Co); דָּבָר מָ֑ר Psalm 64:4 [Psalm 64:3]; as adverb (cry, weep) bitterly Ezekiel 27:30 (מָרָה), Zephaniah 1:14; Isaiah 33:7 (both מַר).
b. of feeling, temper, especially with נֶפֶשׁ : אֲנָשִׁים מָרֵי נֶפֶשׁ Judges 18:25 men fierce (GFM acrid) of temper, so 2 Samuel 17:8 (like a bear robbed of whelps); הַגּוֺי הַמַּר Habakkuk 1:6 the fierce nation; מַרנֶֿפֶשׁ = discontented 1 Samuel 22:2; מַרֵי נֶפֶשׁ = the bitterly wretched Job 3:20; Proverbs 31:6, so מָרַת נ׳ 1 Samuel 1:10; compare יוֺם מָ֑ר Amos 8:10; as substantive abstract מַרנֶֿפֶשׁ bitterness of soul Isaiah 38:15; Ezekiel 27:31 (strike out Co), Job 7:11; Job 10:1 = נפשׁ מָרָה Job 21:25; compare מָרָא H4755 Ruth 1:20 (name given to Naomi by herself); מַרהַֿמָּוֶת 1 Samuel 15:32 the bitterness of death; מַרמִֿמָּוֶת Ecclesiastes 7:26 (metaphor of harlot); in Ezekiel 3:14 I went bitterly, strike out מַר Co. — Isaiah 38:17 see H4843 מרר.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


27:34; 27:34


15:23; 15:23


5:18; 5:19; 5:23; 5:24; 5:24; 5:27


18:25; 18:25

1 Samuel

1:10; 1:10; 15:32; 22:2; 22:2

2 Samuel

2:26; 17:8




3:20; 7:11; 10:1; 21:25


64:3; 64:3


5:4; 27:7; 27:7; 31:6; 31:6


7:26; 7:26


5:20; 33:7; 38:15; 38:17


2:19; 4:18


3:14; 27:30; 27:31; 27:31




1:6; 1:6



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4751 matches the Hebrew מַר (mar),
which occurs 39 times in 36 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:34 - When Esau heard his father’s words, he let out a loud and bitter cry. “Oh my father, what about me? Bless me, too!” he begged.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:23 - When they came to the oasis of Marah, the water was too bitter to drink. So they called the place Marah (which means “bitter”).
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:18 - When the priest has presented the woman before the LORD, he must unbind her hair and place in her hands the offering of proof—the jealousy offering to determine whether her husband’s suspicions are justified. The priest will stand before her, holding the jar of bitter water that brings a curse to those who are guilty.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:19 - The priest will then put the woman under oath and say to her, ‘If no other man has had sex with you, and you have not gone astray and defiled yourself while under your husband’s authority, may you be immune from the effects of this bitter water that brings on the curse.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:23 - And the priest will write these curses on a piece of leather and wash them off into the bitter water.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:24 - He will make the woman drink the bitter water that brings on the curse. When the water enters her body, it will cause bitter suffering if she is guilty.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:27 - If she has defiled herself by being unfaithful to her husband, the water that brings on the curse will cause bitter suffering. Her abdomen will swell and her womb will shrink,[fn] and her name will become a curse among her people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:25 - The men of Dan said, “Watch what you say! There are some short-tempered men around here who might get angry and kill you and your family.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:10 - Hannah was in deep anguish, crying bitterly as she prayed to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:32 - Then Samuel said, “Bring King Agag to me.” Agag arrived full of hope, for he thought, “Surely the worst is over, and I have been spared!”[fn]
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:2 - Then others began coming—men who were in trouble or in debt or who were just discontented—until David was the captain of about 400 men.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:26 - Abner shouted down to Joab, “Must we always be killing each other? Don’t you realize that bitterness is the only result? When will you call off your men from chasing their Israelite brothers?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:8 - You know your father and his men; they are mighty warriors. Right now they are as enraged as a mother bear who has been robbed of her cubs. And remember that your father is an experienced man of war. He won’t be spending the night among the troops.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:1 - When Mordecai learned about all that had been done, he tore his clothes, put on burlap and ashes, and went out into the city, crying with a loud and bitter wail.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:20 - “Oh, why give light to those in misery,
and life to those who are bitter?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:11 - “I cannot keep from speaking.
I must express my anguish.
My bitter soul must complain.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:1 - “I am disgusted with my life.
Let me complain freely.
My bitter soul must complain.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:25 - Another person dies in bitter poverty,
never having tasted the good life.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 64:3 - They sharpen their tongues like swords
and aim their bitter words like arrows.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 5:4 - But in the end she is as bitter as poison,
as dangerous as a double-edged sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 27:7 - A person who is full refuses honey,
but even bitter food tastes sweet to the hungry.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:6 - Alcohol is for the dying,
and wine for those in bitter distress.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 7:26 - I discovered that a seductive woman[fn] is a trap more bitter than death. Her passion is a snare, and her soft hands are chains. Those who are pleasing to God will escape her, but sinners will be caught in her snare.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:20 - What sorrow for those who say
that evil is good and good is evil,
that dark is light and light is dark,
that bitter is sweet and sweet is bitter.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:7 - But now your brave warriors weep in public.
Your ambassadors of peace cry in bitter disappointment.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 38:15 - But what could I say?
For he himself sent this sickness.
Now I will walk humbly throughout my years
because of this anguish I have felt.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 38:17 - Yes, this anguish was good for me,
for you have rescued me from death
and forgiven all my sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:19 - Your wickedness will bring its own punishment.
Your turning from me will shame you.
You will see what an evil, bitter thing it is
to abandon the LORD your God and not to fear him.
I, the Lord, the LORD of Heaven’s Armies, have spoken!
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:18 - “Your own actions have brought this upon you.
This punishment is bitter, piercing you to the heart!”
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:4 - The roads to Jerusalem[fn] are in mourning,
for crowds no longer come to celebrate the festivals.
The city gates are silent,
her priests groan,
her young women are crying—
how bitter is her fate!
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 3:14 - The Spirit lifted me up and took me away. I went in bitterness and turmoil, but the LORD’s hold on me was strong.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:30 - They cry aloud over you
and weep bitterly.
They throw dust on their heads
and roll in ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:31 - They shave their heads in grief for you
and dress themselves in burlap.
They weep for you with bitter anguish
and deep mourning.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:10 - I will turn your celebrations into times of mourning
and your singing into weeping.
You will wear funeral clothes
and shave your heads to show your sorrow—
as if your only son had died.
How very bitter that day will be!
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 1:6 - I am raising up the Babylonians,[fn]
a cruel and violent people.
They will march across the world
and conquer other lands.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 1:14 - “That terrible day of the LORD is near.
Swiftly it comes—
a day of bitter tears,
a day when even strong men will cry out.
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