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Lexicon :: Strong's H4853 - maśśā'

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Part of Speech
masculine noun, proper masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1421d,1421e

Strong’s Definitions

מַשָּׂא massâʼ, mas-saw'; from H5375; a burden; specifically, tribute, or (abstractly) porterage; figuratively, an utterance, chiefly a doom, especially singing; mental, desire:—burden, carry away, prophecy, × they set, song, tribute.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 66x

The KJV translates Strong's H4853 in the following manner: burden (57x), song (3x), prophecy (2x), set (1x), exaction (1x), carry away (1x), tribute (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 66x
The KJV translates Strong's H4853 in the following manner: burden (57x), song (3x), prophecy (2x), set (1x), exaction (1x), carry away (1x), tribute (1x).
masculine noun
  1. load, bearing, tribute, burden, lifting

    1. load, burden

    2. lifting, uplifting, that to which the soul lifts itself up

    3. bearing, carrying

    4. tribute, that which is carried or brought or borne

  2. utterance, oracle, burden

    proper masculine noun (BDB)
    1. Massa = "burden"

  3. a son of Ishmael

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מַשָּׂא massâʼ, mas-saw'; from H5375; a burden; specifically, tribute, or (abstractly) porterage; figuratively, an utterance, chiefly a doom, especially singing; mental, desire:—burden, carry away, prophecy, × they set, song, tribute.
STRONGS H4853: Abbreviations
† II. מַשָּׂא noun masculinePsalm 38:5 load, burden, lifting, bearing, tribute; — מ׳ absolute Nehemiah 13:19 +; construct 2 Kings 5:17 +; suffix מַשָּׂאוֺ Exodus 23:5 + 2 times; מַשַּׂאֲכֶם Deuteronomy 1:12; מַשָּׂאָם Numbers 4:27 + 2 times; —
1. load, burden of ass Exodus 23:5 (E), mules 2 Kings 5:17, camels 2 Kings 8:9, compare Isaiah 46:1, 2; hanging on a peg Isaiah 22:25 (figurative); forbidden on Sabbath Jeremiah 17:21, 22, 24, 27; Nehemiah 13:15, 19; figurative of people as burden Numbers 11:11, 17 (JE), Deuteronomy 1:12, compare עַלֿ הָיָה לְמ׳ 2 Samuel 15:33; 2 Samuel 19:36 (אֶלֿ), also וָאֶהְיֶה עָלַי לְמַשָּׂא Job 7:20; of iniquities Psalm 38:5. — Hosea 8:10 read מְשֹׁחַ, so Greek Version of the LXX We Now GASm.
2. verbal noun, lifting, uplifting, only נַפְשָׁם מ׳ Ezekiel 24:25 the uplifting of their soul, i.e. that to which they lift up their soul, their heart's desire.
3. verbal noun, bearing, carrying, Numbers 4:24 (+ לַעֲבֹד), 2 Chronicles 20:25; 35:3 (בַּכָּתֵף), so probably 1 Chronicles 15:22 (twice in verse); 1 Chronicles 15:27 (compare Be Kau; > singing, uplifting of voice, e.g. Öttli); especially of responsibility and duty of bearing sacred vessels (often || עֲבֹדָה, פְּקֻדָּה) Numbers 4:15, 19, 27 (twice in verse); Numbers 4:49, עֲבֹדַת מ׳ Numbers 4:47, מִשְׁמֶרֶת מ׳ Numbers 4:31; Numbers 4:32.
4. perhaps what is carried, brought, i.e. tribute כֶּסֶף מ׳ 2 Chronicles 17:11 silver as tribute (+ מִנְחָה; compare נשׂא
Qal; others, silver by the load i.e. in great quantity). — I. מַשָּׂא see above.

†III. מַשָּׂא noun masculineIsaiah 14:28 utterance, oracle (compare נשׂא 1b (6); GfJeremiah 23:33); — מ׳ absolute Isaiah 14:28 +; usually construct Isaiah 13:1 +; — of prophetic utterance: 2 Kings 9:25; Isaiah 14:28; Ezekiel 12:10; 2 Chronicles 24:27 (with עַל); בָבֶל מ׳ Isaiah 13:1, מוֺאָב מ׳ Isaiah 15:1, compare Isaiah 17:1; Isaiah 19:1; Isaiah 21:1, 11; Isaiah 22:1; Isaiah 23:1; Isaiah 30:6; Nahum 1:1; בערב מ׳ Isaiah 21:13 is later insert (Di); מ׳ = revelation, אֲשֶׁר חָזָה חֲבַקּוּק הַנָּבִיא הַמּ׳ Habakkuk 1:1; י׳ מ׳ utterance of י׳ Jeremiah 23:33, 34, 36, 38 (3 times in verse) (compare 2 Kings 9:25), see also 2 Kings 9:33b (read אַתֶּם הַמַּשָּׂא), with word-play, — followed by וְנָטַשְׁתִּי 2 Kings 9:36b; דְבַר י׳ מ׳ Zechariah 9:1 (+ בארץ), Zechariah 12:1 (+ עַליִֿשְׂרָאֵל), Malachi 1:1 (+ אֶליִֿשׂ׳). — Proverbs 31:1 see I. מַשָּׂא; in Proverbs 30:1 read מִמַּשָּׂא from Massa (Mühlau, De), or הַמַּשָּׂאִי (Wild), which however is perhaps not original, but borrowed from Proverbs 31:1 (compare Wildon the passage FrankenbSpr. p. 5; corrupt name of Agur's home or tribe, Kau).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


23:5; 23:5


4:15; 4:19; 4:24; 4:27; 4:27; 4:31; 4:32; 4:47; 4:49; 11:11; 11:17


1:12; 1:12

2 Samuel

15:33; 19:36

2 Kings

5:17; 5:17; 8:9; 9:25; 9:25; 9:33; 9:36

1 Chronicles

15:22; 15:27

2 Chronicles

17:11; 20:25; 24:27; 35:3


13:15; 13:19; 13:19




38:5; 38:5


30:1; 31:1; 31:1


13:1; 13:1; 14:28; 14:28; 14:28; 15:1; 17:1; 19:1; 21:1; 21:11; 21:13; 22:1; 22:25; 23:1; 30:6; 46:1; 46:2


17:21; 17:22; 17:24; 17:27; 23:33; 23:33; 23:34; 23:36; 23:38


12:10; 24:25








9:1; 12:1



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4853 matches the Hebrew מַשָּׂא (maśśā'),
which occurs 65 times in 59 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Exo 23:5–Jer 23:36)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:5 - “If you see the donkey of one who hates you lying helpless under its load H4853, you shall not leave it helpless for [fn]its owner; you must arrange the load with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:15 - “When Aaron and his sons have finished covering the holy objects and all the furnishings of the sanctuary, when the camp is to set out, after that the sons of Kohath shall come to carry them by the poles, so that they will not touch the holy objects and die. These are the [fn]things H4853 in the tent of meeting that the sons of Kohath are to H4853 carry H4853.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:19 - “Rather, do this for them so that they will live and not die when they approach the most holy objects: Aaron and his sons shall go in and assign each of them to his work and to his load H4853;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:24 - “This is the service of the families of the Gershonites, in serving and in carrying H4853:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:27 - “All the service of the sons of the Gershonites, that is, all their loads H4853 and all their work, shall be performed at the [fn]command of Aaron and his sons; and you shall assign to them as a duty all their loads H4853.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:31 - “Now this is the duty of their loads H4853, for all their service in the tent of meeting: the boards of the tabernacle, its bars, its pillars, and its bases,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:32 - and the pillars around the courtyard and their bases, their pegs, and their ropes, with all their equipment and with all their service; and you shall assign by names of the men the items [fn]that each is to carry H4853.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:47 - from thirty years old and upward even to fifty years old, everyone who could enter to do the work of service and the work of carrying H4853 in the tent of meeting
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:49 - According to the [fn]commandment of the LORD [fn]through Moses, they were counted, everyone by his serving or carrying H4853; so these were his numbered men, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:11 - So Moses said to the LORD, “Why have You [fn]been so hard on Your servant? And why have I not found favor in Your sight, that You have put the burden H4853 of all this people on me?
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:17 - “Then I will come down and speak with you there, and I will take away some of the Spirit who is upon you, and put Him upon them; and they shall bear the burden H4853 of the people with you, so that you will not bear it by yourself.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:12 - ‘How can I alone endure the burden and weight H4853 of you and your strife?
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:33 - And David said to him, “If you go over with me, then you will become a burden H4853 to me.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:35 - “I am [fn]now eighty years old. Can I distinguish between good and bad? Or can your servant taste what I eat or what I drink? Or can I still hear the voice of men and women singing? Why then should your servant be an added burden H4853 to my lord the king?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:17 - Then Naaman said, “If not, please let your servant be given two mules’ load H4853 of earth; for your servant will no longer offer a burnt offering nor a sacrifice to other gods, but to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:9 - So Hazael went to meet him and took a gift in his hand, even every kind of good thing of Damascus, forty camels’ loads H4853; and he came and stood before him and said, “Your son Ben-hadad king of Aram has sent me to you, saying, ‘Will I recover from this sickness?’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:25 - And Jehu said to Bidkar his officer, “Pick him up and throw him on the [fn]property of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite; for remember, when [fn]you and I were riding together after his father Ahab, that the LORD brought this pronouncement H4853 against him:
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 15:22 - Chenaniah, chief of the Levites, was in charge of the singing H4853; he gave instruction in singing H4853 because he was skillful.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 15:27 - Now David was clothed with a robe of fine linen with all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the leader of the singing H4853 with the singers. David also wore an ephod of linen.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 17:11 - Some of the Philistines brought gifts and silver as tribute H4853 to Jehoshaphat; the Arabians also brought him flocks, 7,700 rams and 7,700 male goats.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:25 - When Jehoshaphat and his people came to take their spoils, they found much among them, including goods, [fn]garments, and valuable things which they took for themselves, more than they could carry H4853. And they were taking the spoils for three days because there was so much.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 24:27 - As to his sons and the many pronouncements H4853 against him and the [fn]rebuilding of the house of God, behold, they are written in the [fn]treatise of the Book of the Kings. Then his son Amaziah became king in his place.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 35:3 - He also said to the Levites who taught all Israel and who were holy to the LORD, “Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel built; it will not be a burden H4853 on your shoulders. Now serve the LORD your God and His people Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:15 - In those days I saw in Judah people who were treading wine presses on the Sabbath, and bringing in sacks of grain and loading them on donkeys, as well as wine, grapes, figs, and every kind of load H4853, and they were bringing them into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. So I admonished them on the day they sold food.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:19 - And it came about that just as it became dark at the gates of Jerusalem before the Sabbath, I ordered that the doors be shut, [fn]and that they were not to open them until after the Sabbath. Then I stationed some of my servants at the gates so that no load H4853 would enter on the Sabbath day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:20 - “Have I sinned? What have I done to You,
Watcher of mankind?
Why have You made me Your target,
So that I am a burden H4853 to myself?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 38:4 - For my guilty deeds have gone over my head;
Like a heavy burden H4853 they weigh too much for me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:1 - The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, the pronouncement H4853.
The man declares to Ithiel, to Ithiel and Ucal:
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:1 - The words of King Lemuel, the pronouncement H4853 which his mother taught him:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:1 - The pronouncement H4853 concerning Babylon which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 14:28 - In the year that King Ahaz died, this pronouncement H4853 came:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 15:1 - The pronouncement H4853 concerning Moab:
Certainly in a night Ar of Moab is devastated and ruined;
Certainly in a night Kir of Moab is devastated and ruined.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 17:1 - The pronouncement H4853 concerning Damascus:
“Behold, Damascus is about to be removed from being a city
And will become a fallen ruin.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:1 - The pronouncement H4853 concerning Egypt:
Behold, the LORD is riding on a swift cloud and is about to come to Egypt;
The idols of Egypt will tremble at His presence,
And the heart of the Egyptians will melt within them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:1 - The pronouncement H4853 concerning the [fn]wilderness of the sea:
As windstorms in the [fn]Negev come in turns,
It comes from the wilderness, from a terrifying land.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:11 - The pronouncement H4853 concerning [fn]Edom:
One keeps calling to me from Seir,
“Watchman, [fn]how far gone is the night?
Watchman, [fn]how far gone is the night?”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:13 - The pronouncement H4853 about Arabia:
In the thickets of Arabia you [fn]must spend the night,
You caravans of Dedanites.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 22:1 - The pronouncement H4853 concerning the valley of vision:
What is the matter with you now, that you have all gone up to the housetops?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 22:25 - “On that day,” declares the LORD of armies, “the peg driven into a firm place will give way; it will even break off and fall, and the load H4853 that is hanging on it will be cut off, for the LORD has spoken.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:1 - The pronouncement H4853 concerning Tyre:
Wail, you ships of Tarshish,
For Tyre is destroyed, without house or [fn]harbor;
It is reported to them from the land of [fn]Cyprus.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:6 - The pronouncement H4853 concerning the animals of the Negev:
Through a land of distress and anguish,
From [fn]where come lioness and lion, viper and flying serpent,
They carry their riches on the [fn]backs of young donkeys,
And their treasures on camels’ humps,
To a people who will not benefit them;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 46:1 - Bel has bowed down, Nebo stoops over;
Their idols have become loads for the animals and the cattle.
The things [fn]that you carry are burdensome,
A load H4853 for the weary animal.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 46:2 - They stooped over, they have bowed down together;
They could not rescue the burden H4853,
But [fn]have themselves gone into captivity.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:21 - ‘This is what the LORD says: “Take care for yourselves, and do not carry any [fn]load H4853 on the Sabbath day or bring anything in through the gates of Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:22 - “You shall not bring a load H4853 out of your houses on the Sabbath day nor do any work, but keep the Sabbath day holy, just as I commanded your [fn]forefathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:24 - “But it will come about, if you give your attention to Me,” declares the LORD, “to bring no load H4853 in through the gates of this city on the Sabbath day, but to keep the Sabbath day holy by doing no work on it,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:27 - “But if you do not listen to Me, to keep the Sabbath day holy by not carrying a load H4853 and coming in through the gates of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day, then I will set fire to its gates, and it will devour the palaces of Jerusalem and not go out.”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:33 - “Now when this people or the prophet or a priest asks you, saying, ‘What is the [fn]pronouncement H4853 of the LORD?’ then you shall say to them, ‘What [fn]pronouncement H4853?’ The LORD declares, ‘I will abandon you.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:34 - “Then as for the prophet or the priest or the people who say, ‘The pronouncement H4853 of the LORD,’ I will bring punishment upon that person and his household.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:36 - “For you will no longer remember the pronouncement H4853 of the LORD, because every person’s own word will become the pronouncement H4853, and you have perverted the words of the living God, the LORD of armies, our God.

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