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Lexicon :: Strong's H4931 - mišmereṯ

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2414g

Strong’s Definitions

מִשְׁמֶרֶת mishmereth, mish-mer'-reth; feminine of H4929; watch, i.e. the act (custody), or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, i.e. (abstractly) duty or (objectively) a usage or party:—charge, keep, or to be kept, office, ordinace, safeguard, ward, watch.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 78x

The KJV translates Strong's H4931 in the following manner: charge (50x), ward (9x), watch (7x), keep (7x), ordinance (3x), offices (1x), safeguard (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 78x
The KJV translates Strong's H4931 in the following manner: charge (50x), ward (9x), watch (7x), keep (7x), ordinance (3x), offices (1x), safeguard (1x).
  1. guard, charge, function, obligation, service, watch

    1. guard, watch, house of detention or confinement

    2. keeping, preserving

    3. charge, injunction

    4. office, function (ceremonial)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
מִשְׁמֶרֶת mishmereth, mish-mer'-reth; feminine of H4929; watch, i.e. the act (custody), or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, i.e. (abstractly) duty or (objectively) a usage or party:—charge, keep, or to be kept, office, ordinace, safeguard, ward, watch.
STRONGS H4931: Abbreviations
מִשְׁמֶ֫רֶתּ 78 noun feminine guard, watch, also charge, function; — מ׳ absolute 2 Samuel 20:3 +, construct 2 Kings 11:5 +; absolute מִשְׁמָ֑רֶת Exodus 16:34; suffix מִשְׁמַרְתִּי Genesis 26:5 +, etc.; plural מִשְׁמָרוֺת 1 Chronicles 9:23 +; construct מִשְׁמְרוֺת Nehemiah 7:3; suffix רוֺתָם - 2 Chronicles 7:6 +, תֵיהֶם - 2 Chronicles 31:17; —
†1. guard, watch: בֵּית מ׳ 2 Samuel 20:3 = house of detention, confinement; אַתָּה עִמָּדִי מ׳ 1 Samuel 22:23 i.e. protected, secure; with שָׁמַר keep the watch 2 Kings 11:5, 6, 7; 1 Chronicles 12:30 (van d. H. 1 Chronicles 12:29); = post of watch (figurative) Isaiah 21:3 (|| מִעְפֶּה), Habakkuk 2:1 (|| מָצוֺר); plural = guards Nehemiah 7:3; 1 Chronicles 9:23.
†2. keeping, preserving, וְהָיָה לָכֶם לְמ׳ Exodus 12:6 i.e. ye shall keep it; הִנִּיחוּ לָכֶם לְמ׳ Exodus 16:23; compare Exodus 16:32; Exodus 16:33; Exodus 16:34; Numbers 19:9 (all P).
†3. charge, injunction of י׳, with שָׁמַר, in general Deuteronomy 11:1 (+ חֻקוֺת, מִשְׁפָּטִים, מִצְוֺת), compare Genesis 26:5; 1 Kings 2:3, and (מִצְוַת י׳ מ׳) Joshua 22:3 (all RD), Malachi 3:14; of specific injunctions Leviticus 18:30; Numbers 9:19, 23.
4. a. ceremonial office or function (AV RV usually charge) of priest or Levite (P [especially Numbers], Ezekiel 40; Ezekiel 44; Ezekiel 48; Chronicles, Zechariah), mostly with שָׁמַר : מִשְׁכַּן הָלֵדוּת מ׳ Numbers 1:53, מִשְׁכַּן י׳ מ׳ Numbers 31:30, 47, הַמִּקְדָּשׁ מ׳ Ezekiel 44:15; Numbers 3:38, אֹהֶל מוֺעֵד מ׳ Numbers 18:4 compare Numbers 18:3, 1 Chronicles 23:32, הַקֹּדֶשׁ מ׳ Numbers 3:28, 32; Numbers 18:5; 1 Chronicles 23:32, קָדָשַׁי מ׳ (of Israel in general) Ezekiel 44:8, הַמִּזְבֵּחַ מ׳ Numbers 18:5; Ezekiel 40:46, תְּרוּמֹתָ֑י Numbers 18:8, הַבַּיִת מ׳ Ezekiel 40:45; Ezekiel 44:14, הַטָּהֳרָה מ׳ Nehemiah 12:45; with genitive (suffix) מ׳ שׁ׳ = perform the service imposed by, due to, Leviticus 8:35; Leviticus 22:9; Ezekiel 44:8, 16; Ezekiel 48:11; Zechariah 3:7, אֱםהֵיהֶם מ׳ Nehemiah 12:45 (of Judah in general); הָעֵדָה מ׳ Numbers 3:7 a, בְּנֵי יִשׂ׳ מ׳ Numbers 3:8, 38, בְּנֵי גֵרְשׁוֺן מ׳ Numbers 3:25; compare Numbers 3:7a.,Numbers 3:31, 36; Numbers 4:27, 28, 31, 32; Numbers 18:3; 1 Chronicles 23:32; also, in secular sense, בֵּית שָׁאוּל מ׳ 1 Chronicles 12:30; מַשָּׂאָם מ׳ Numbers 4:31, מַשָּׂאָם כְּלֵי מ׳ Numbers 4:32 (Numbers 4:27 read with Greek Version of the LXX Di Gr Gray, etc. בְּשֵׁמוֺת for במ׳, and perhaps מִשְׁמֶרֶת after אֵת, compare Numbers 4:32); עֲלֵיהֶם מ׳ 1 Chronicles 9:27 i.e. the duty rested upon them; — 1 Chronicles 25:8; 1 Chronicles 26:12 see I. עֻמָה c, d; עֹמְדִים עַלמֿ׳ 2 Chronicles 7:6 were standing according to (or in) their offices, הֱעֶמִיד עַל מ׳ appoint to their offices 2 Chronicles 8:14; 35:2.
b. plural of Levitical divisions for service Nehemiah 12:9.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


26:5; 26:5


12:6; 16:23; 16:32; 16:33; 16:34; 16:34


8:35; 18:30; 22:9


1:53; 3:7; 3:7; 3:8; 3:25; 3:28; 3:31; 3:32; 3:36; 3:38; 3:38; 4:27; 4:27; 4:28; 4:31; 4:31; 4:32; 4:32; 4:32; 9:19; 9:23; 18:3; 18:3; 18:4; 18:5; 18:5; 18:8; 19:9; 31:30; 31:47





1 Samuel


2 Samuel

20:3; 20:3

1 Kings


2 Kings

11:5; 11:5; 11:6; 11:7

1 Chronicles

9:23; 9:23; 9:27; 12:29; 12:30; 12:30; 23:32; 23:32; 23:32; 25:8; 26:12

2 Chronicles

7:6; 7:6; 8:14; 31:17; 35:2


7:3; 7:3; 12:9; 12:45; 12:45




40; 40:45; 40:46; 44; 44:8; 44:8; 44:14; 44:15; 44:16; 48; 48:11







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H4931 matches the Hebrew מִשְׁמֶרֶת (mišmereṯ),
which occurs 78 times in 69 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 26:5–2Ch 13:11)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:5 - because Abraham [fn]obeyed Me and fulfilled his duty H4931 to Me, and kept My commandments, My statutes, and My laws.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:6 - [fn]You shall keep H4931 it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to slaughter it [fn]at twilight.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:23 - then he said to them, “This is what the LORD [fn]meant: Tomorrow is a Sabbath observance, a holy Sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over [fn]put aside to be kept H4931 until morning.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:32 - Then Moses said, “This is [fn]what the LORD has commanded: ‘A [fn]full omer of it is to be kept H4931 safe H4931 throughout your generations, so that they may see the bread that I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:33 - And Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put a [fn]full omer of manna in it, and place it before the LORD to be kept H4931 safe H4931 throughout your generations.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:34 - As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony, to be kept H4931.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:35 - “At the doorway of the tent of meeting, moreover, you shall remain day and night for seven days and fulfill your duty H4931 to the LORD, so that you will not die; for so I have been commanded.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 18:30 - ‘So you are to keep your [fn]commitment H4931 to Me not to practice any of the abominable customs which have been practiced before you, so that you do not defile yourselves with them; I am the LORD your God.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:9 - ‘They shall therefore perform their duty H4931 to Me, so that they do not bear sin because of it and die by it because they profane it; I am the LORD who sanctifies them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 1:53 - “But the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the testimony, so that there will be no divine wrath against the congregation of the sons of Israel. So the Levites shall be responsible for service H4931 to the tabernacle of the testimony.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:7 - “They shall perform the duties H4931 for [fn]him and for the whole congregation in front of the tent of meeting, to do the service of the tabernacle.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:8 - “They shall also take care of all the furnishings of the tent of meeting, along with the duties H4931 of the sons of Israel, to do the service of the tabernacle.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:25 - Now the duties H4931 of the sons of Gershon in the tent of meeting included the tabernacle and the tent, its covering, and the curtain for the entrance of the tent of meeting,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:28 - In the counting of every male from a month old and upward, there were 8,600, performing the duties H4931 of the sanctuary.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:31 - Now their duties H4931 included the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the utensils of the sanctuary with which they minister, the [fn]curtain, and all the service [fn]concerning them;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:32 - and Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest was the head of the leaders of Levi, and he had the supervision of those who performed the duties H4931 of the sanctuary.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:36 - Now the appointment of duties H4931 of the sons of Merari included the framework of the tabernacle, its bars, its pillars, its bases, all its equipment, and all the service concerning them,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:38 -

Now those who were to camp in front of the tabernacle eastward, in front of the tent of meeting toward the sunrise, were Moses and Aaron and his sons, performing the duties H4931 of the sanctuary for the obligation H4931 of the sons of Israel; but the [fn]layman coming near was to be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:27 - “All the service of the sons of the Gershonites, that is, all their loads and all their work, shall be performed at the [fn]command of Aaron and his sons; and you shall assign to them as a duty H4931 all their loads.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:28 - “This is the service of the families of the sons of the Gershonites in the tent of meeting; and their duties H4931 shall be [fn]under the direction of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:31 - “Now this is the duty H4931 of their loads, for all their service in the tent of meeting: the boards of the tabernacle, its bars, its pillars, and its bases,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:32 - and the pillars around the courtyard and their bases, their pegs, and their ropes, with all their equipment and with all their service; and you shall assign by names of the men the items [fn]that each is to carry.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 8:26 - “They may, however, [fn]assist their brothers in the tent of meeting, to fulfill an obligation H4931, but they themselves shall do no work. In this way you shall deal with the Levites in their obligations H4931.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:19 - Even when the cloud lingered over the tabernacle for many days, [fn]the sons of Israel would comply with the LORD’S ordinance H4931 and not set out.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 9:23 - At the [fn]command of the LORD they camped, and at the [fn]command of the LORD they set out; they did what H4931 the LORD required H4931, in accordance with the [fn]command of the LORD through Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 17:10 - But the LORD said to Moses, “Put the staff of Aaron back in front of the testimony [fn]to be kept H4931 as a sign against the [fn]rebels, so that you may put an end to their grumblings against Me and they do not die.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:3 - “And they shall perform duties H4931 for you and the duties H4931 of the whole tent, but they shall not come near the furnishings of the sanctuary and the altar, or both they and you will die.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:4 - “They shall join you and perform the duties H4931 of the tent of meeting, for all the service of the tent; but [fn]an unauthorized person shall not come near you.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:5 - “So you shall perform the duties H4931 of the sanctuary and the duties H4931 of the altar, so that there will no longer be wrath on the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:8 -

Then the LORD spoke to Aaron, “Now behold, I Myself have put you in charge H4931 of My [fn]offerings, all the holy gifts of the sons of Israel I have given to you as a portion and to your sons as a permanent allotment.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:9 - ‘Now a man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer and put them outside the camp in a clean place, and [fn]the congregation of the sons of Israel shall keep H4931 them for water to remove impurity; it is [fn]purification from sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 31:30 - “And from the sons of Israel’s half, you shall take one drawn from every fifty of the persons, of the cattle, of the donkeys, and of the sheep, from all the animals; and give them to the Levites who perform the duty H4931 of the tabernacle of the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 31:47 - from the sons of Israel’s half Moses took one drawn from every fifty, both of people and of animals, and gave them to the Levites, who performed the duty H4931 of the tabernacle of the LORD, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:1 -

“You shall therefore love the LORD your God, and always keep His directive H4931, His statutes, His ordinances, and His commandments.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:3 - “You have not abandoned your brothers these many days to this day, but have fulfilled the obligation H4931 of the commandment of the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 22:23 - “Stay with me; do not be afraid, [fn]even though he who is seeking my life is seeking your life. For you are safe H4931 with me.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:3 -

Then David came to his house in Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women, the concubines whom he had left behind to take care of the house, and put them in custody H4931 and provided them with food, but did not [fn]have relations with them. So they were locked up until the day of their death, living as widows.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:3 - “Do your duty H4931 to the LORD your God, to walk in His ways, to [fn]keep His statutes, His commandments, His ordinances, and His testimonies, according to what is written in the Law of Moses, so that you may succeed in all that you do and wherever you turn,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 11:5 - And he commanded them, saying, “This is the thing that you shall do: a third of you, who come in on the Sabbath and keep watch H4931 over the king’s house
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 11:6 - (a third also shall be at the gate Sur, and a third at the gate behind the [fn]guards), [fn]shall keep watch H4931 over the house [fn]for defense.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 11:7 - “And two parts of you, all who go out on the Sabbath, shall also keep watch H4931 over the house of the LORD for the king.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 9:23 - So they and their sons were in charge of the gates of the house of the LORD, the house of the tent, in their divisions H4931 of H4931 service H4931.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 9:27 - They spent the night around the house of God, because the watch H4931 was [fn]committed to them; and they were in charge of opening it morning by morning.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 12:29 - From the sons of Benjamin, Saul’s kinsmen, three thousand; for until now the majority of them had kept their allegiance H4931 to the house of Saul.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 23:32 - So they are to perform the [fn]duties H4931 of the tent of meeting, the holy place, and of assisting the sons of Aaron their relatives, for the service of the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 25:8 - They cast lots for their duties H4931, all alike, the small as well as the great, the teacher as well as the pupil.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 26:12 -

To these divisions of the gatekeepers, to the chief men, were given duties H4931 like their relatives, to serve in the house of the LORD.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 7:6 - The priests stood at their posts H4931, and the Levites also, with the musical instruments for the LORD, which King David had made for giving praise to the LORD—“for His faithfulness is everlasting”—whenever David gave praise through their [fn]ministry; the priests on the other side blew trumpets and all Israel was standing.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 8:14 -

Now according to the ordinance of his father David, he appointed the divisions of the priests for their service, and the Levites for their duties H4931 of praise and ministering before the priests according to the daily rule, and the gatekeepers by their divisions at every gate; for this is what David, the man of God, had commanded.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 13:11 - “Every morning and evening they [fn]burn to the LORD burnt offerings and fragrant incense, and the showbread is set on the clean table, and the golden lampstand with its lamps is ready to light every evening; for we perform our duty H4931 to the LORD our God, but you have abandoned Him.

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