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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5003 - nā'ap̄

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1273

Strong’s Definitions

נָאַף nâʼaph, naw-af'; a primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively, to apostatize:—adulterer(-ess), commit(-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x

The KJV translates Strong's H5003 in the following manner: adultery (17x), adulterer (8x), adulteress (4x), adulterous (1x), women that break wedlock (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x
The KJV translates Strong's H5003 in the following manner: adultery (17x), adulterer (8x), adulteress (4x), adulterous (1x), women that break wedlock (1x).
  1. to commit adultery

    1. (Qal)

      1. to commit adultery

        1. usually of man

          1. always with wife of another

        2. adultery (of women) (participle)

      2. idolatrous worship (fig.)

    2. (Piel)

      1. to commit adultery

        1. of man

        2. adultery (of women) (participle)

      2. idolatrous worship (fig.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נָאַף nâʼaph, naw-af'; a primitive root; to commit adultery; figuratively, to apostatize:—adulterer(-ess), commit(-ing) adultery, woman that breaketh wedlock.
STRONGS H5003: Abbreviations
† [נאַף] verb commit adultery (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic נְאַף (rare)): —
Qal Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִנְאַף Leviticus 20:10 (twice in verse); 3rd person masculine plural וַיִּנְאָ֑פוּ Jeremiah 5:7 3 times Imperfect; Infinitive absolute נָאוֺף Jeremiah 23:14; נָאֹף Hosea 4:2; Jeremiah 7:9; Participle נֹאֵף Proverbs 6:32; Job 24:15; feminine singular נֹאָ֑פֶת Leviticus 20:10; feminine plural נֹאֲפוֺת Ezekiel 16:38 2 times; —
1. literally commit adultery:
a. usually of man, always with wife of another; with accusative woman, Leviticus 20:10 (twice in verse) (H), Proverbs 6:32; elsewhere absolute Exodus 20:14 = Deuteronomy 5:17 (Ten Words), Jeremiah 5:7; Jeremiah 7:9; Jeremiah 23:14; Hosea 4:2; participle masculine Leviticus 20:10 (H), Job 24:15.
b. of women, only participle Leviticus 20:10 (H), Ezekiel 16:38; Ezekiel 23:45 (twice in verse).
2. figurative of idolatrous worship, את האבן ואת העץ Jeremiah 3:9.
Piel Perfect 3rd person feminine singular נִאֲפָה Jeremiah 3:8; 3rd person masculine plural נִאֵ֑פוּ Ezekiel 23:37 (twice in verse); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יְנַאֲפוּ Jeremiah 29:23; 3rd person feminine plural תְּנָאַפְנָה Hosea 4:13,14; Participle מְנָאֵף Isaiah 57:3; plural מְנָאֲפִים Jeremiah 9:1 4 times; feminine מְנָאָ֑פֶת Proverbs 30:20 2 times; —
1. literally commit adultery:
a. of man, with accusative woman, Jeremiah 29:23; absolute Ezekiel 23:37; pt plural Jeremiah 9:2; Jeremiah 23:10; Hosea 7:4; Malachi 3:5; Psalm 50:18.
b. of woman, absolute Hosea 4:13,14; participle Hosea 3:1; Proverbs 30:20; plural Ezekiel 16:32.
2. figurative of idolatrous worship, אֶתגִּֿלּוּלֵיהֶם Ezekiel 23:37; absolute Jeremiah 3:8, זֶאֶרַע מְנָאֵף Isaiah 57:3.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




20:10; 20:10; 20:10; 20:10; 20:10




24:15; 24:15




6:32; 6:32; 30:20; 30:20


57:3; 57:3


3:8; 3:8; 3:9; 5:7; 5:7; 7:9; 7:9; 9:1; 9:2; 23:10; 23:14; 23:14; 29:23; 29:23


16:32; 16:38; 16:38; 23:37; 23:37; 23:37; 23:45


3:1; 4:2; 4:2; 4:13; 4:13; 4:14; 4:14; 7:4




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5003 matches the Hebrew נָאַף (nā'ap̄),
which occurs 31 times in 26 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:14 - Thou shalt not commit adultery. H5003
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:10 - And the man that committeth adultery H5003 with another man's wife, even he that committeth adultery H5003 with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer H5003 and the adulteress H5003 shall surely be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:18 - Neither shalt thou commit adultery. H5003
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:15 - The eye also of the adulterer H5003 waiteth for the twilight, saying, No eye shall see me: and disguiseth his face.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 50:18 - When thou sawest a thief, then thou consentedst with him, and hast been partaker with adulterers. H5003
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:32 - But whoso committeth adultery H5003 with a woman lacketh understanding: he that doeth it destroyeth his own soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:20 - Such is the way of an adulterous H5003 woman; she eateth, and wipeth her mouth, and saith, I have done no wickedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:3 - But draw near hither, ye sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer H5003 and the whore.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:8 - And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery H5003 I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:9 - And it came to pass through the lightness of her whoredom, that she defiled the land, and committed adultery H5003 with stones and with stocks.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:7 - How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, H5003 and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:9 - Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, H5003 and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not;
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:2 - Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people, and go from them! for they be all adulterers, H5003 an assembly of treacherous men.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:10 - For the land is full of adulterers; H5003 for because of swearing the land mourneth; the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up, and their course is evil, and their force is not right.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:14 - I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, H5003 and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 29:23 - Because they have committed villany in Israel, and have committed adultery H5003 with their neighbours' wives, and have spoken lying words in my name, which I have not commanded them; even I know, and am a witness, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:32 - But as a wife that committeth adultery, H5003 which taketh strangers instead of her husband!
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:38 - And I will judge thee, as women that break wedlock H5003 and shed blood are judged; and I will give thee blood in fury and jealousy.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 23:37 - That they have committed adultery, H5003 and blood is in their hands, and with their idols have they committed adultery, H5003 and have also caused their sons, whom they bare unto me, to pass for them through the fire, to devour them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 23:45 - And the righteous men, they shall judge them after the manner of adulteresses, H5003 and after the manner of women that shed blood; because they are adulteresses, H5003 and blood is in their hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 3:1 - Then said the LORD unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress, H5003 according to the love of the LORD toward the children of Israel, who look to other gods, and love flagons of wine.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:2 - By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, H5003 they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:13 - They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof is good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery. H5003
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:14 - I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: H5003 for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people that doth not understand shall fall.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 7:4 - They are all adulterers, H5003 as an oven heated by the baker, who ceaseth from raising after he hath kneaded the dough, until it be leavened.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:5 - And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, H5003 and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
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