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Lexicon :: Strong's H5158 - naḥal

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From נָחַל (H5157) in its original sense
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1343a,1343b

Strong’s Definitions

נַחַל nachal, nakh'-al; or (feminine) נַחְלָה nachlâh; (Psalm 124:4), or נַחֲלָה nachălâh; (Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28), from H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine):—brook, flood, river, stream, valley.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 141x

The KJV translates Strong's H5158 in the following manner: river (56x), brook (46x), valley (23x), stream (11x), flood (5x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 141x
The KJV translates Strong's H5158 in the following manner: river (56x), brook (46x), valley (23x), stream (11x), flood (5x).
  1. torrent, valley, wadi, torrent-valley

    1. torrent

    2. torrent-valley, wadi (as stream bed)

    3. shaft (of mine)

  2. palm-tree

    1. meaning dubious

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נַחַל nachal, nakh'-al; or (feminine) נַחְלָה nachlâh; (Psalm 124:4), or נַחֲלָה nachălâh; (Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28), from H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine):—brook, flood, river, stream, valley.
STRONGS H5158: Abbreviations
† I. נַ֫חַל noun masculine 2 Kings 3:16 torrent, torrent-valley, wady (Ecclus 40:13; 40:16; Late Hebrew id., stream (rare); Targum נַחְלָא bdb063601, = Biblical Hebrew; Assyrian naḫlu = Biblical Hebrew; LagBN 140 Anm. thinks Νεῖλος may be from Νεέλ = נַחַל pronounced *נִהִל; on נ׳ in Sabean proper name, of a location, see HalRev. Sémit. Iv (1896), 80, 1, 14); — absolute נ׳ Genesis 32:24 +, נַ֫חְלָה Psalm 124:4; construct נַחַל Genesis 26:17 +; with ה locative, Genesis 34:5 so read also Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28 (where MT נַחֲלָ֫ה; see Thes); dual נַחֲלַיִם Ezekiel 47:9, but read הַנַּחַל Greek Version of the LXX. Targum Syriac Version Vulgate Co Berthol; plural נְחָלִים Numbers 21:4 +; נַחֲלֵי Deuteronomy 8:7 +; suffix נְחֶלֶיהָ Isaiah 34:9; —
1. torrent, of rushing water in narrow channel Judges 5:21 (3 times in verse); Judges 4:7, 13; Psalm 83:10 (all of קִישֹׁן, which see); mountain torrent Deuteronomy 9:21 (compare Exodus 32:20); so Amos 5:24 (simile of righteousness); הַשּׁוֺטֵף הַנּ׳ 2 Chronicles 32:4 (|| מַעְיָנוֺת); לְזֶפֶת נ׳ נֶהְפְּכוּ Isaiah 34:9; simile of tears Lamentations 2:18; hyperb.שָֿׁ֑מֶן נ׳ Micah 6:7 torrents of oil, compare of honey and curd Job 20:17 (|| פְּלַגּוֹת, נְהָרִים); figurativeבְלִיַּעַל נ׳ 2 Samuel 22:5 torrents of worthlessness (|| מִשְׁבְּרֵי מָ֫וֶת), = Psalm 18:5; שׁוֺטֵף נ׳ simile of glory of nations Isaiah 66:12, figurative of invaders Jeremiah 47:2 (|| מַיִס), or foes Psalm 124:4 (נַ֫חְלָה, see above); 1 Kings 17:4, 6 (for drinking), drying up in summer 1 Kings 17:7 (יָבֵשׁ; all of Elijah's stream כְּרִית, which see); for drinking also Psalm 110:7, and (figurative) עֲדָנֶיךָ נ׳ Psalm 36:9; Job 6:15 (twice in verse) (אֲפִיק נְחָלִים; in simile); of water bursting from rock Psalm 78:20 (שָׁטַף, || מַיִם), compare Psalm 74:15 (+ מַעְיָן); figurative of מְקוֺר חָכְמָה Proverbs 18:4 (נֹבֵּעַ נ׳; || מַיִם עֲמֻקִים); more generally = stream, brook, river (chiefly late) Isaiah 11:15 (divisions of river, נָהָר) in desert Isaiah 35:6 (|| מַיִם), Jeremiah 31:9 (נַחֲלֵי מַיִם), Ezekiel 47:5 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 47:9b (all strike out Co), Ezekiel 47:6; Ezekiel 47:7; Ezekiel 47:9a (readהַנַּחַל, see above), Ezekiel 47:12; containing fish, etc. Leviticus 11:9, 10 (|| מַיִם, יַמִּים), Ecclesiastes 1:7 (twice in verse); figurative רוּחַ י׳, Isaiah 30:28 (שׁוֺטֵף נ׳, Isaiah 30:33 (גָּפְרִית נ׳).
2. Torrent-valley, wady, as stream-bed 1 Samuel 17:40; Nehemiah 2:15; Isaiah 57:6; with torrent flowing through it, אֵיתָן נ׳ Deuteronomy 21:4 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 21:6, אֶרֶץ נַחֲלֵי מַיִם Deuteronomy 8:7 (|| עֲיָנֹת וּתְהֹמֹת יֹּצְאִים בַּבִּקְעָה), compare Deuteronomy 10:7, 1 Kings 18:5 (|| מַעְיְנֵי הַמַיִם), Psalm 104:10; abode of Elijah 1 Kings 17:3, 5 (compare 1 Kings 17:4; 1 Kings 17:6; 1 Kings 17:7 above); עֹרְבֵי נ׳ Proverbs 30:17 (compare 1 Kings 17:4, 6); הַבַּתּוֺת נ׳ Isaiah 7:19 as home of bees; fertile, אֶשְׁכֹּל נ׳ Numbers 13:23, 24 (E); אִבֵּי הַנּ׳ Songs 6:11; עַרְבֵינֿ׳ poplars of the wady Leviticus 23:40 (H), Job 40:22; עֲרָבִים נ׳ Isaiah 15:7; needing water Genesis 26:17 (גְּרָר נ׳), Genesis 26:19 (J), compare 2 Kings 3:16, 17; place for refuse, ruins, etc. 2 Samuel 17:13; in poetry also as wild, remote ravine Job 30:6, compare בְּצוּר הַנְּחָלִים Job 22:24; place of child-sacrifice Isaiah 57:5; burial-place Job 21:33 (רִגְבֵי נ׳), — Numbers 24:6 see II. נַ֫חַל.
Particular wadys designate localities: אַרְנוֺן Numbers 21:14 (E), Deuteronomy 2:24, 36 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 3:8, 12, 16 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 4:48; Joshua 12:1, 2(twice in verse); Joshua 13:9 (twice in verse) (all D), Joshua 13:16; Joshua 13:16 (P), 2 Kings 10:33; אֶשְׁכֹּל Numbers 32:9 (J), Deuteronomy 1:24 בְּשׂוֺר 1 Samuel 30:9, 10, 21; גָּד 2 Samuel 24:5; זֶרֶד Numbers 21:12 (E), Deuteronomy 2:13 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 2:14; יַכֹּק Genesis 32:24 (J), Deuteronomy 2:37; Deuteronomy 3:16; Joshua 12:2 (all D); קִדְרוֺן 2 Samuel 15:23; 1 Kings 2:37; 1 Kings 15:13; 1 Kings 18:40; 1Ki 23:6 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 23:12; 2 Chronicles 15:16; 29:16; 30:14; Jeremiah 31:40; קָנָה Joshua 16:8; Joshua 17:9 (3 times in verse) (all P); שׂוֺרֵק Judges 16:4; הַשִּׁטִּים נ׳ Joel 4:18; נ׳ מִצְרַיִם is southwest limit of Palestine (Assyrian naḫal [mat] Muṣri, Dl Par. 310 SchrCOT Numbers 34:5) Numbers 34:5 (P), Joshua 15:4 (D), Joshua 15:47 (P), 1 Kings 8:65; 2 Kings 24:7, 2; Chron 2 Kings 7:8; Isaiah 27:12, + (omit מצרים) Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28 (see above); so read also possibly Amos 6:14 (see עֲרָבָה : usually identified with Wâdy el-Arîsh; on Wkl's different view, see references below מִצְרַיִם near the end); on identification of נ׳ Joshua 15:7; Joshua 19:11 (both P), 2 Samuel 23:30 = 1 Chronicles 11:32; 2 Chronicles 20:16; 33:14, see Commentaries; אָשֶׁד הַנְּחָלִים Numbers 21:15, see אֶשֶׁד.
3. Miner's shaft, נ׳ פָּרַץ Job 28:4.

† II. [נַ֫חַל] noun [masculine] perhaps palm-tree (Arabic bdb063602, noun of individual meaning bdb063603; see PerlesJQ, July, 1899, 688); — only plural absolute, כִּנְחָלִים נִטָּ֑יוּ Numbers 24:6 like palm-trees, which are stretched out, spread out (as to foliage). So Perlesl.c., who compares כערבי נחל Ecclus 50:12e, Greek Version of the LXX ὡς στελέχη φοινικων.
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BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


26:17; 26:17; 26:19; 32:24; 32:24; 34:5




11:9; 11:10; 23:40


13:23; 13:24; 21:4; 21:12; 21:14; 21:15; 24:6; 24:6; 32:9; 34:5; 34:5


1:24; 2:13; 2:14; 2:24; 2:36; 2:37; 3:8; 3:12; 3:16; 3:16; 4:48; 8:7; 8:7; 9:21; 10:7; 21:4; 21:6


12:1; 12:2; 12:2; 13:9; 13:16; 13:16; 15:4; 15:7; 15:47; 16:8; 17:9; 19:11


4:7; 4:13; 5:21; 16:4

1 Samuel

17:40; 30:9; 30:10; 30:21

2 Samuel

15:23; 17:13; 22:5; 23:12; 23:30; 24:5

1 Kings

2:37; 8:65; 15:13; 17:3; 17:4; 17:4; 17:4; 17:5; 17:6; 17:6; 17:6; 17:7; 17:7; 18:5; 18:40

2 Kings

3:16; 3:16; 3:17; 7:8; 10:33; 24:2; 24:7

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

15:16; 20:16; 29:16; 30:14; 32:4; 33:14




6:15; 20:17; 21:33; 22:24; 28:4; 30:6; 40:22


18:5; 36:9; 74:15; 78:20; 83:10; 104:10; 110:7; 124:4; 124:4


18:4; 30:17



Song of Songs



7:19; 11:15; 15:7; 27:12; 30:28; 30:33; 34:9; 34:9; 35:6; 57:5; 57:6; 66:12


31:9; 31:40; 47:2




47:5; 47:6; 47:7; 47:9; 47:9; 47:9; 47:12; 47:19; 47:19; 48:28; 48:28


5:24; 6:14



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5158 matches the Hebrew נַחַל (naḥal),
which occurs 141 times in 123 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 26:17–2Sa 17:13)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:17 - Yitzchak departed from there, encamped in the valley of Gerar, and lived there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:19 - Yitzchak's servants dug in the valley, and found there a well of springing water.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:23 - He took them, and sent them over the stream, and sent over that which he had.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:9 - These you may eat of all that are in the waters: whatever has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, that you may eat.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:10 - All that don't have fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of all the living creatures that are in the waters, they are an abomination to you,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:40 - You shall take on the first day the fruit of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:23 - They came to the valley of Eshkol, and cut down from there a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bore it on a staff between two; they brought also of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 13:24 - That place was called the valley of Eshkol, because of the cluster which the children of Yisra'el cut down from there.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:12 - From there they traveled, and encamped in the valley of Zered.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:14 - Therefore it is said in the book of the Wars of the LORD, Vahev in Sufah, The valleys of the Arnon,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:15 - The slope of the valleys That inclines toward the dwelling of `Ar, Leans on the border of Mo'av.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:6 - As valleys are they spread forth, As gardens by the river-side, As lign-aloes which the LORD has planted, As cedar trees beside the waters.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 32:9 - For when they went up to the valley of Eshkol, and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Yisra'el, that they should not go into the land which the LORD had given them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 34:5 - and the border shall turn about from `Atzmon to the brook of Mitzrayim, and the goings out of it shall be at the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:24 - and they turned and went up into the hill-country, and came to the valley of Eshkol, and spied it out.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:13 - Now rise up, and get you over the brook Zered. We went over the brook Zered.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:14 - The days in which we came from Kadesh-Barnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, were thirty-eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were consumed from the midst of the camp, as the LORD swore to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:24 - Rise up, take your journey, and pass over the valley of the Arnon: behold, I have given into your hand Sichon the Amori, king of Heshbon, and his land; begin to possess it, and contend with him in battle.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:36 - From `Aro`er, which is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and from the city that is in the valley, even to Gil`ad, there was not a city too high for us; the LORD our God delivered up all before us:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:37 - only to the land of the children of `Ammon you didn't come near; all the side of the river Yabbok, and the cities of the hill-country, and wherever the LORD our God forbade us.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:8 - We took the land at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amori who were beyond the Yarden, from the valley of the Arnon to Mount Hermon;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:12 - This land we took in possession at that time: from `Aro`er, which is by the valley of the Arnon, and half the hill-country of Gil`ad, and the cities of it, gave I to the Re'uveni and to the Gadi:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 3:16 - To the Re'uveni and to the Gadi I gave from Gil`ad even to the valley of the Arnon, the middle of the valley, and the border of it, even to the river Yabbok, which is the border of the children of `Ammon;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:48 - from `Aro`er, which is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, even to Mount Tzion (the same is Hermon),
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:7 - For the LORD your God brings you into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of springs and springs, flowing forth in valleys and hills;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:21 - I took your sin, the calf which you had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, grinding it very small, until it was as fine as dust: and I cast the dust of it into the brook that descended out of the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:7 - From there they traveled to Gudgodah; and from Gudgodah to Yotvatah, a land of brooks of water.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:4 - and the Zakenim of that city shall bring down the heifer to a valley with running water, which is neither plowed nor sown, and shall break the heifer's neck there in the valley.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:6 - All the Zakenim of that city, who are nearest to the slain man, shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:1 - Now these are the kings of the land, whom the children of Yisra'el struck, and possessed their land beyond the Yarden toward the sunrise, from the valley of the Arnon to Mount Hermon, and all the `Aravah eastward:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:2 - Sichon king of the Amori, who lived in Heshbon, and ruled from `Aro`er, which is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and the city that is in the middle of the valley, and half Gil`ad, even to the river Yabbok, the border of the children of `Ammon;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 13:9 - from `Aro`er, that is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and the city that is in the middle of the valley, and all the plain of Medeva to Divon;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 13:16 - Their border was from `Aro`er, that is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and the city that is in the middle of the valley, and all the plain by Medeva;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:4 - and it passed along to `Atzmon, and went out at the brook of Mitzrayim; and the goings out of the border were at the sea: this shall be your south border.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:7 - and the border went up to Devir from the valley of `Akhor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, that is over against the ascent of Adummim, which is on the south side of the river; and the border passed along to the waters of `En-Shemesh, and the goings out of it were at `En-Rogel;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:47 - Ashdod, its towns and its villages; `Aza, its towns and its villages; to the brook of Mitzrayim, and the great sea, and the border of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 16:8 - From Tappuach the border went along westward to the brook of Kanah; and the goings out of it were at the sea. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Efrayim according to their families;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 17:9 - The border went down to the brook of Kanah, southward of the brook: these cities belonged to Efrayim among the cities of Menashsheh: and the border of Menashsheh was on the north side of the brook, and the goings out of it were at the sea:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:11 - and their border went up westward, even to Mar`alah, and reached to Dabbeshet; and it reached to the brook that is before Yokne`am;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:7 - I will draw to you, to the river Kishon, Sisera, the captain of Yavin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into your hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:13 - Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people who were with him, from Haroshet of the Goyim, to the river Kishon.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:21 - The river Kishon swept them away, That ancient river, the river Kishon. My soul, march on with strength.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:4 - It came to pass afterward, that he loved a woman in the valley of Sorek, whose name was Delilah.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 15:5 - Sha'ul came to the city of `Amalek, and laid wait in the valley.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:40 - He took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had, even in his wallet; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Pelishti.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:9 - So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those who were left behind stayed.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:10 - But David pursued, he and four hundred men; for two hundred stayed behind, who were so faint that they couldn't go over the brook Besor.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:21 - David came to the two hundred men, who were so faint that they could not follow David, whom also they had made to abide at the brook Besor; and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people who were with him: and when David came near to the people, he greeted them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:23 - All the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:13 - Moreover, if he be gotten into a city, then shall all Yisra'el bring ropes to that city, and we will draw it into the river, until there not be one small stone found there.

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Sa 22:5–Isa 15:7

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