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Lexicon :: Strong's H5234 - nāḵar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1368

Strong’s Definitions

נָכַר nâkar, naw-kar'; a primitive root; properly, to scrutinize, i.e. look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning):—acknowledge, × could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another, know, take knowledge (notice), perceive, regard, (have) respect, behave (make) self strange(-ly).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 50x

The KJV translates Strong's H5234 in the following manner: know (16x), acknowledge (7x), discern (6x), respect (4x), knowledge (2x), known (2x), feign to another (2x), miscellaneous (11x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 50x
The KJV translates Strong's H5234 in the following manner: know (16x), acknowledge (7x), discern (6x), respect (4x), knowledge (2x), known (2x), feign to another (2x), miscellaneous (11x).
  1. to recognise, acknowledge, know, respect, discern, regard

    1. (Niphal) to be recognised

    2. (Piel) to regard

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to regard, observe, pay attention to, pay regard to, notice

      2. to recognise (as formerly known), perceive

      3. to be willing to recognise or acknowledge, acknowledge with honour

      4. to be acquainted with

      5. to distinguish, understand

    4. (Hithpael) to make oneself known

  2. to act or treat as foreign or strange, disguise, misconstrue

    1. (Niphal) to disguise oneself

    2. (Piel)

      1. to treat as foreign (profane)

      2. to misconstrue

    3. (Hithpael)

      1. to act as alien

      2. to disguise oneself

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נָכַר nâkar, naw-kar'; a primitive root; properly, to scrutinize, i.e. look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning):—acknowledge, × could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another, know, take knowledge (notice), perceive, regard, (have) respect, behave (make) self strange(-ly).
STRONGS H5234: Abbreviations
† I. [נָכַר] verb (not Qal) regard, recognize (Late Hebrew Hiph. know, be acquainted with; Targum Aph`el id.; Syriac Aph`el bdb064801 id.; compare also Arabic bdb064802 in sense be shrewd, cunning); **Arabic bdb112503 be shrewd, apparently rare, compare bdb112504 cunning Lane2850a. —
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine plural לֹא נִכְּרוּ Lamentations 4:8 they are not recognized.
Pi. Perfect לֹא נִכַּר שׁוֺע לִפְנֵידָֿ֑ל Job 34:19 he regardeth not the opulent above the poor (|| שָׂרִים פְּנֵי לֹא־נָשָׂא); Imperfect לֹא תְנַכֵּ֑רוּ Job 21:29 do ye not recognize their tokens.
Hiph. Perfect הִכִּיר Deuteronomy 33:9; Daniel 11:39 Kt; suffix הִכִּירוֺ Genesis 27:23; 3rd person plural הִכִּירוּ Judges 18:3 + 2 times, suffix הִכִּירֻהוּ Job 2:12, הִכִּרֻהוּ Genesis 42:8; Imperfect יַכִּיר Deuteronomy 21:17 + 3 times + Daniel 11:39 Qr; וַיַּכֵּר Genesis 38:26 +; suffix וַיַּכִּרֵ֫הוּ 1 Kings 18:7, יַכִּירֶ֫נּוּ Job 7:10, וַיַּכִּירָהּ Genesis 37:33, etc.; Imperative הַֽכֶּר־ Genesis 31:32 + 2 times; Infinitive absolute הֵַֽֽֽכּרֿ (Ginsb van d. H. הַֽכֶּר־) Proverbs 24:23; Proverbs 28:21; construct suffix הַכִּירֵנִי Ruth 2:10; Participle מַכִּיר Psalm 142:5, suffix מַכִּירֵךְ Ruth 2:19, etc.; —
1. regard, observe, especially with a view to recognition, with object clause, Genesis 31:32; Genesis 37:32; Genesis 38:25; pay attention to, with accusative of person Ruth 2:10, 19; accusative of thing (of God) Job 34:25; accusative of thing omitted 2 Samuel 3:36; י׳ subject כֵּן אַכִּיר ֗֗֗ לְטוֺבָה Jeremiah 24:5 so will I regard the exiles... for good; Antiochus subject Daniel 11:39; פָּנִיםהִכִּיר pay regard to (shew partiality, = פ׳ פְּנֵי נָשָׂא Deuteronomy 1:17; Deuteronomy 16:19 (|| מִשְׁפָּט הִטָּה), Proverbs 24:23; Proverbs 28:21.
2. Recognize (as formerly known) with accusative of person or thing, Genesis 27:23; Genesis 37:33; Genesis 38:26 (all J), Genesis 42:7, 8 (twice in verse) (E), 1 Kings 18:7; 1 Kings 20:41; Job 2:12; proverb. בְּטֶרֶם יַכִּיר אִישׁ אֶתרֵֿעֵהוּ Ruth 3:14 before a man could recognize his fellow (i.e. before dawn); recognize voice (קוֺל), Judges 18:3; 1 Samuel 26:17; = perceive the true situation, וָאַכִּירָה וְהִנֵּה Nehemiah 6:12 and I perceived, and lo! God had not sent him.
3. Be willing to recognize, acknowledge Deuteronomy 21:17; Deuteronomy 33:9; Isaiah 63:16 (|| יָדַע), Psalm 142:5; acknowledge with honour Isaiah 61:9.
4. Be acquainted with, לֹא יַכִּירֶנּוּ עוֺד מְקוֺמוֺ Job 7:10 his place shall be acquainted with him no more (he shall be gone and forgotten), compare Psalm 103:16; with accusative of thing Job 24:17.
5. Distinguish, understand, הִכִּיר קוֺל ֗֗֗ לְקוֺל Ezra 3:13 could not distinguish, etc.; compare Job 4:16 could not distinguish its appearance; הִכִּיר לְדַבֵּר Nehemiah 13:24 understand how to speak, etc.
Hithp. Imperfect יִתְנַכֶּרנָֿ֑עַר Proverbs 20:11 by his deeds a youth maketh himself known, whether his doing be pure, etc.

[נכר] verb denominative act or treat as foreign, or strange; disguise, misconstrue; —
Niph. Imperfect יִנָּכֵר Proverbs 26:24 with his lips a hater disguiseth himself (dissembles, speaks what is foreign to his thought).
Pi. Perfect נִכַּר 1 Samuel 23:7, but see below; Imperfect וַיְנַכְּרוּ Jeremiah 19:4 and they have treated this place as foreign (profane); יְנַכְּרוּ צָרֵהוּ Deuteronomy 32:27 lest their adversaries should misconstrue (it). — בְּיָדִי נִכַּר אֹתוֺ א׳ 1 Samuel 23:7 God hath alienated him into my hand, but improbable; Greek Version of the LXX מָכַר (compare Judges 4:9) hath sold him, so Th Klo HPS (compare We); < סִכַּר (as Isaiah 19:4) Krochm Dr; Kit either of these; > סִגַּר Bu; Löhr either סִגַּר or סִכַּר.
Hithp. Imperfect וַיִּתְנַכֵּר אֲלֵיהֶם Genesis 42:7 he acted as a stranger toward them; Participle feminine מִתְנַכֵּרָ֑ה 1 Kings 14:5, 6 feign to be a stranger-woman.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


27:23; 27:23; 31:32; 31:32; 37:32; 37:33; 37:33; 38:25; 38:26; 38:26; 42:7; 42:7; 42:8; 42:8


1:17; 16:19; 21:17; 21:17; 32:27; 33:9; 33:9


4:9; 18:3; 18:3


2:10; 2:10; 2:19; 2:19; 3:14

1 Samuel

23:7; 23:7; 26:17

2 Samuel


1 Kings

14:5; 14:6; 18:7; 18:7; 20:41




6:12; 13:24


2:12; 2:12; 4:16; 7:10; 7:10; 21:29; 24:17; 34:19; 34:25


103:16; 142:5; 142:5


20:11; 24:23; 24:23; 26:24; 28:21; 28:21


19:4; 61:9; 63:16


19:4; 24:5




11:39; 11:39; 11:39

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5234 matches the Hebrew נָכַר (nāḵar),
which occurs 50 times in 47 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:23 - And he discerned H5234 him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau's hands: so he blessed him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:32 - With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let him not live: before our brethren discern H5234 thou what is thine with me, and take it to thee. For Jacob knew not that Rachel had stolen them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:32 - And they sent the coat of many colours, and they brought it to their father; and said, This have we found: know H5234 now whether it be thy son's coat or no.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:33 - And he knew it, H5234 and said, It is my son's coat; an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:25 - When she was brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, am I with child: and she said, Discern, H5234 I pray thee, whose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:26 - And Judah acknowledged H5234 them, and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:7 - And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew H5234 them, but made himself strange H5234 unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:8 - And Joseph knew H5234 his brethren, but they knew H5234 not him.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:17 - Ye shall not respect H5234 persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:19 - Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect H5234 persons, neither take a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:17 - But he shall acknowledge H5234 the son of the hated for the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: for he is the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn is his.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:27 - Were it not that I feared the wrath of the enemy, lest their adversaries should behave themselves strangely, H5234 and lest they should say, Our hand is high, and the LORD hath not done all this.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:9 - Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge H5234 his brethren, nor knew his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:3 - When they were by the house of Micah, they knew H5234 the voice of the young man the Levite: and they turned in thither, and said unto him, Who brought thee hither? and what makest thou in this place? and what hast thou here?
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:10 - Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge H5234 of me, seeing I am a stranger?
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:19 - And her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? and where wroughtest thou? blessed be he that did take knowledge H5234 of thee. And she shewed her mother in law with whom she had wrought, and said, The man's name with whom I wrought to day is Boaz.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:14 - And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know H5234 another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:7 - And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. And Saul said, God hath delivered H5234 him into mine hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town that hath gates and bars.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:17 - And Saul knew H5234 David's voice, and said, Is this thy voice, my son David? And David said, It is my voice, my lord, O king.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:36 - And all the people took notice H5234 of it, and it pleased them: as whatsoever the king did pleased all the people.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:5 - And the LORD said unto Ahijah, Behold, the wife of Jeroboam cometh to ask a thing of thee for her son; for he is sick: thus and thus shalt thou say unto her: for it shall be, when she cometh in, that she shall feign herself to be another H5234 woman.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:6 - And it was so, when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door, that he said, Come in, thou wife of Jeroboam; why feignest thou thyself to be another? H5234 for I am sent to thee with heavy tidings.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:7 - And as Obadiah was in the way, behold, Elijah met him: and he knew H5234 him, and fell on his face, and said, Art thou that my lord Elijah?
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:41 - And he hasted, and took the ashes away from his face; and the king of Israel discerned H5234 him that he was of the prophets.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 3:13 - So that the people could not discern H5234 the noise of the shout of joy from the noise of the weeping of the people: for the people shouted with a loud shout, and the noise was heard afar off.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:12 - And, lo, I perceived H5234 that God had not sent him; but that he pronounced this prophecy against me: for Tobiah and Sanballat had hired him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:24 - And their children spake half in the speech of Ashdod, and could H5234 not speak in the Jews' language, but according to the language of each people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 2:12 - And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew H5234 him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:16 - It stood still, but I could not discern H5234 the form thereof: an image was before mine eyes, there was silence, and I heard a voice, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:10 - He shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know H5234 him any more.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:29 - Have ye not asked them that go by the way? and do ye not know H5234 their tokens,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:13 - They are of those that rebel against the light; they know H5234 not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:17 - For the morning is to them even as the shadow of death: if one know H5234 them, they are in the terrors of the shadow of death.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:19 - How much less to him that accepteth not the persons of princes, nor regardeth H5234 the rich more than the poor? for they all are the work of his hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:25 - Therefore he knoweth H5234 their works, and he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 103:16 - For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know H5234 it no more.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 142:4 - I looked on my right hand, and beheld, but there was no man that would know H5234 me: refuge failed me; no man cared for my soul.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:11 - Even a child is known H5234 by his doings, whether his work be pure, and whether it be right.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:23 - These things also belong to the wise. It is not good to have respect H5234 of persons in judgment.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 26:24 - He that hateth dissembleth H5234 with his lips, and layeth up deceit within him;
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:21 - To have respect H5234 of persons is not good: for for a piece of bread that man will transgress.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 61:9 - And their seed shall be known among the Gentiles, and their offspring among the people: all that see them shall acknowledge H5234 them, that they are the seed which the LORD hath blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:16 - Doubtless thou art our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge H5234 us not: thou, O LORD, art our father, our redeemer; thy name is from everlasting.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 19:4 - Because they have forsaken me, and have estranged H5234 this place, and have burned incense in it unto other gods, whom neither they nor their fathers have known, nor the kings of Judah, and have filled this place with the blood of innocents;
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 24:5 - Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Like these good figs, so will I acknowledge H5234 them that are carried away captive of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans for their good.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:8 - Their visage is blacker than a coal; they are not known H5234 in the streets: their skin cleaveth to their bones; it is withered, it is become like a stick.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:39 - Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge H5234 H5234 and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.
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