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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5315 - nep̄eš

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נֶפֶשׁ
Transliteration
nep̄eš
Pronunciation
neh'-fesh
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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1395a

Strong’s Definitions

נֶפֶשׁ nephesh, neh'-fesh; from H5314; properly, a breathing creature, i.e. animal of (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental):—any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, × dead(-ly), desire, × (dis-) contented, × fish, ghost, greedy, he, heart(-y), (hath, × jeopardy of) life (× in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortally, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, slay, soul, tablet, they, thing, (× she) will, × would have it.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 753x

The KJV translates Strong's H5315 in the following manner: soul (475x), life (117x), person (29x), mind (15x), heart (15x), creature (9x), body (8x), himself (8x), yourselves (6x), dead (5x), will (4x), desire (4x), man (3x), themselves (3x), any (3x), appetite (2x), miscellaneous (47x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 753x
The KJV translates Strong's H5315 in the following manner: soul (475x), life (117x), person (29x), mind (15x), heart (15x), creature (9x), body (8x), himself (8x), yourselves (6x), dead (5x), will (4x), desire (4x), man (3x), themselves (3x), any (3x), appetite (2x), miscellaneous (47x).
  1. soul, self, life, creature, person, appetite, mind, living being, desire, emotion, passion

    1. that which breathes, the breathing substance or being, soul, the inner being of man

    2. living being

    3. living being (with life in the blood)

    4. the man himself, self, person or individual

    5. seat of the appetites

    6. seat of emotions and passions

    7. activity of mind

      1. dubious

    8. activity of the will

      1. dubious

    9. activity of the character

      1. dubious

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נֶפֶשׁ nephesh, neh'-fesh; from H5314; properly, a breathing creature, i.e. animal of (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental):—any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, × dead(-ly), desire, × (dis-) contented, × fish, ghost, greedy, he, heart(-y), (hath, × jeopardy of) life (× in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortally, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, slay, soul, tablet, they, thing, (× she) will, × would have it.
STRONGS H5315: Abbreviations
נֶ֫פֶשׁ 756 noun feminineGenesis 49:6 (so even Genesis 2:19; Numbers 31:28; 1 Kings 19:2 see AlbrZAW xvi (1896), 42 SS) soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, appetite, emotion, and passion (Ecclesiasticus 3:18; 4:1 (twice in verse); Ecclesiasticus 4:2 (twice in verse); Ecclesiasticus 13:12; Ecclesiasticus 14:11); — נ׳ Genesis 1:20 +; נָ֑פֶשׁ Genesis 37:21 +; suffix נַפְשִׁי Genesis 12:13 +; plural נְפָשׁוֺת Ezekiel 13:18 + 13 times; נְפָשֹׁת Exodus 12:4; Leviticus 27:2; construct נַפְשׁוֺת Genesis 36:6 + 4 times; נַפְשֹׁת Leviticus 21:11; נְפָשִׁים Ezekiel 13:20 (but read חָפְשִׁים, see Co Berthol Toy); suffix נַפְשׁוֺתָם 2 Samuel 23:17 +; נַפְשֹׁתָם Numbers 17:3 +: —
1. = that which breathes, the breathing substance or being = ψυχή, anima, the soul, the inner being of man:
a. distinguished from ׃בָּשָׂר מִנֶּפֶשׁ וְעַד בָּשָׂר Isaiah 10:18; הַנֶּפֶשׁ עִם הַבָּשָׂר Deuteronomy 12:23; from שְׁאֵר Proverbs 11:17; from בֶּטֶן body Psalm 31:10.
b. both the inner נפשׁ and the outer בשׂר are conceived as resting on a common substratum: אַךְ בְּשָׂרוֺ עָלָיו יִכְאָ֑ב וְנַפְשׁוֺ עָלָיו תֶּאֱבָֽל׃ Job 14:22 only his flesh upon him is in pain, and his soul upon him mourneth; compare Psalm 42:5; Psalm 42:7; Psalm 131:2; Job 30:16; Lamentations 3:20 [see עַל 1d], all poetical (compare 6 c).
c. נ׳ departs at death and returns with life: וַיְתִי בְּצֵאת נַפְשָׁהּ כִּי מֵתָה Genesis 35:18 (E) and it came to pass when her soul was going forth (for she died); בַפְשָׁהּ נָֽפְחָה Jeremiah 15:9 she breathed out her soul, compare 1 Kings 17:21, 22; Job 11:20; Job 31:39.
d. often desired that the נפשׁ may be delivered: from She’ôl Psalm 16:10; Psalm 30:4; Psalm 49:16; Psalm 86:13; Psalm 89:49; Proverbs 23:14; from שַׁחַת, the pit of She’ôl, Isaiah 38:17; Job 33:18, 22, 28, 30.
2. The נפשׁ becomes a living being: by God's breathing נשׁמת חיים into the nostrils of its בשׂר; of man Genesis 2:7 (J); by implication of animals also Genesis 2:19 (J); so Psalm 104:29; Psalm 104:30; compare Psalm 66:9; man is נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה, a living, breathing being Genesis 2:7 (J); elsewhere נפשׁ חיּה always of animals Genesis 1:20, 24, 30; Genesis 9:12, 15, 16 (all P), Ezekiel 47:9; so נפשׁ החיּה Genesis 1:21; Genesis 9:10 (both P), Leviticus 11:10, 46 (H); נפשׁ השׁרצת Leviticus 11:46 (H); נפשׁ כל חי Job 12:10. נפשׁ is frequently used with the verb ׃חיה וחיתה נפשׁ Genesis 12:13; Genesis 19:20 (both J), 1 Kings 20:32 (E), Psalm 119:175; Jeremiah 38:17, 20; חֵי נַפְשְׁךָ 1 Samuel 1:26; 1 Samuel 17:55; 1 Samuel 20:3; 1 Samuel 25:26; 2 Samuel 11:11; 2 Samuel 14:9; 2 Kings 2:2, 4, 6; 2 Kings 4:30 (all J E); compare † יְחַיֶּה נ׳ 1 Kings 20:31 (E), Ezekiel 18:27; Psalm 22:30; also Genesis 19:19; Isaiah 55:3; Proverbs 3:22.
3. The נפשׁ (without חיה noun or verb) is specified:
a. a living being whose life resides in the blood [so in Arabic WeSkizzen iii. 217 G. JacobArab. Dicht. iv. 9 f.] (hence sacrificial use of blood, and its prohibition in other uses; first in D), Deuteronomy 12:23, 24 only be sure that thou eat not the blood, for the blood is the living being (הַדָּם הוּא הַנֶּפֶשׁ); and thou shalt not eat the living being with the flesh (הַנֶּפֶשׁ עִם הַבָּשָׂר); thou shalt pour it upon the earth as water; this is enlarged in H, Leviticus 17:10, 11, 12, 14 and in P Genesis 9:4, 5, compare Jeremiah 2:34.
b. a serious attack upon the life is an attack upon this inner living being 2 Samuel 1:9; Jeremiah 4:10; Jonah 2:6; Psalm 69:2; Psalm 124:4; Psalm 124:5; Job 27:3.
c. נפשׁ is used for life itself + 171 times, of animals Proverbs 12:10, and of man Genesis 44:30 (J); נפשׁ תחת נפשׁ life for life Exodus 21:23 (E), Leviticus 24:18 (H), 1 Kings 20:39, 42; 2 Kings 10:24; נפשׁנו תחתיכם Joshua 2:14 (J); נפשׁ בנפשׁ Deuteronomy 19:21; בנפשׁ for the life of 2 Samuel 14:7; Jonah 1:14; שׂם נפשׁ בכף put life in one's own hand Judges 12:3; 1 Samuel 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:21; Job 13:14; חרף נפשׁו למות Judges 5:18 risked his life to die; † בנפשׁ at the risk of life Numbers 17:3 (P), 2 Samuel 23:17 = 1 Chronicles 11:19 (twice in verse), 1 Kings 2:23; Proverbs 7:23; Lamentations 5:9; † בקּשׁ נפשׁ Exodus 4:19 (J), 1 Samuel 20:21; 1 Samuel 22:23 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 23:15; 1 Samuel 25:29; 2 Samuel 4:8; 2 Samuel 16:11; 1 Kings 19:10, 14; Jeremiah 4:30; 11:21; 19:7, 9; 21:7; 22:25; 34:20, 21; 38:16; 44:30 (twice in verse); 46:26; 49:37; Psalm 35:4; 38:13; 40:15; 54:5; 63:10; 70:3; 86:14; Proverbs 29:10; † שׁאל נ׳ 1 Kings 3:11 2 Chronicles 1:11; 1 Kings 19:4 = Jonah 4:8; † הִכָּה נפשׁ smite mortally Genesis 37:21 (J), Deuteronomy 19:6, 11; Jeremiah 40:14, 15; † לקח נ׳ 1 Kings 19:4; Jonah 4:3; Psalm 31:14; Proverbs 1:19; † הִצִּיל נֶפֶשׁ מִמָּוֶת deliver life from death Joshua 2:13; Psalm 33:19; Psalm 56:14; † מלּט נפשׁ 1 Samuel 19:11; 2 Samuel 19:6 (4 times in verse); 1 Kings 1:12 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 48:6; Jeremiah 51:6, 45; Ezekiel 33:5; Amos 2:14, 15; Psalm 89:49; Psalm 116:4; † פדה נ׳ 2 Samuel 4:9; 1 Kings 1:29; Psalm 34:23; Psalm 49:16; Psalm 55:19; Psalm 71:23; † שׁמר נ׳ Psalm 25:20; Psalm 97:10; Job 2:6; Proverbs 13:3; Proverbs 16:17; Proverbs 19:16; Proverbs 22:5.
4. The נפשׁ as the essential of man stands for the man himself:
a. paraphrase for personal pronoun especially in poetry and ornate discourse, + 70 times;
(1) נַפְשִׁי = me: אל תבא נפשׁי Genesis 49:6 let me not enter (poem in J); מות ישׁרים תָּמֹת נ׳ Numbers 23:10 let me die, etc. (poem); תָּמוֺת נַפְשְׁי Judges 16:30 (J); אמרה נפשׁי Lamentations 3:24 I say.
(2) נַפְשְׁךָ = thee: לְאֻמִּים תַּחַת נַפְשֶׁ֑ךָ Isaiah 43:4 peoples instead of thee; אָֽמְרוּ לְנַפְשֵׁךְ Isaiah 51:23.
(3) נַפְשׁוֺ = he: נפשׁו בטוב תלין Psalms he will not dwell in good circumstances.
(4) נַפְשֵׁנוּ = we: נִמְלְטָה כְּצפּוֹר נַפְשֵׁנוּ יוֺקְשִׁים מִפַּח Psalm 124:7.
(5) נַפְשָׁם = they, them: נַפְשָׁם בַּשְּׁבִי הָלָ֑כָה Isaiah 46:2 they are gone into captivity; אוי לנפשׁם Isaiah 3:9.
b. = reflexive, self, + 53 times: אסר על נפשׁ bind oneself Numbers 30:3; 30:5 (twice in verse); 30:6; 30:7; 30:8; 30:9; 30:10; 30:11; 30:12; לְעַנֹּת נ׳ Numbers 30:14 to afflict oneself.
(1) נַפְשִׁי = myself: לא אדע נפשׁי Job 9:21 I know not myself.
(2) נַפְשְׁךָ = thyself: שׁמר נ׳ Deuteronomy 4:9 keep thyself.
(3) נַפְשׁוֺ = himself: אהב כנ׳ 1 Samuel 18:1, 3; 1 Samuel 20:17 loved as himself.
(4) נַפְשָׁהּ = herself: צדּקה נ׳ Jeremiah 3:11 justified herself.
(5) נַפְשָׁם = themselves: הציל נ׳ deliver themselves Isaiah 47:14; Ezekiel 14:14, 20.
(6) נַפְשְׁכֶם, נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם = yourselves: אַלתַּֿשִּׁאוּ נ׳ Jeremiah 37:9 deceive not yourselves, also Jeremiah 42:20; Jeremiah 44:7; ענּה נ׳ Leviticus 16:29, 31; Leviticus 23:27, 32; Numbers 29:7 (P); נשׁמרתם לנ׳ Deuteronomy 4:15; Joshua 23:11 (D).
(7) נַפְשׁוֺתֵינוּ = ourselves: על נ׳ Jeremiah 26:19 against ourselves.
c. = person of man, individual, + 144 times, first in D2; especially in H, P, and kindred writers:
(1) with אָדָם: אדם נ׳ Leviticus 24:17 opposed to בהמה נ׳ Leviticus 24:18 (both H), and so אדם נ׳ human persons Numbers 31:35, 40, 46 (P) 1 Chronicles 5:21; Ezekiel 27:13. Elsewhere without אדם : ברכה נ׳ Proverbs 11:25 one who blesses; רְמִיָּה נ׳ Proverbs 19:15 idle person; תחת נ׳ נ׳ person in place of person, Job 16:4; כפּר על נ׳ Exodus 30:15, 16; Numbers 15:28; Numbers 31:50 (all P) Leviticus 17:11 (H).
(2) נפשׁ = person, any one: Deuteronomy 24:7; Deuteronomy 27:25; Proverbs 28:17; Ezekiel 18:4 (3 times in verse); Ezekiel 33:6; elsewhere only H P: Leviticus 2:1; Leviticus 4:2, 27; 5:1, 2, 4, 15, 17; 5:21; 7:18, 20, 21, 25, 27; 23:29, 30 (twice in verse); Numbers 5:6; 15:27, 30; 19:22; 31:19, 28; 35:11, 15, 30 (twice in verse); Joshua 20:3, 9 (all P), Leviticus 17:10, 12, 15; 20:6 (twice in verse); 22:6, 11 (all H); נכרתה הנ׳ הַהִוא מן that person shall be cut off from: only in Genesis 17:14; Exodus 12:15, 19; 31:14; Leviticus 7:20, 21, 27; Numbers 9:13; 15:30, 31; 19:13, 20 (all P), Leviticus 19:8; Leviticus 22:3 (both H).
† (3) נפשׁ collective for persons, in enumerations: Deuteronomy 10:22; Joshua 10:28, 30, 32, 35, 37 (twice in verse); Joshua 10:39; Joshua 11:11 (all D2) Jeremiah 43:6; Jeremiah 52:29, 30 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 22:25; elsewhere only Genesis 12:5; Genesis 46:15, 18, 22, 25, 26 (twice in verse); Genesis 46:27 (twice in verse); Exodus 1:5 (twice in verse); Exodus 12:16; Numbers 31:35, 40 (all P).
† (4) נְפָשׁוֺת persons Genesis 36:6; Exodus 12:4; Exodus 16:16; Numbers 19:18 (all P), Leviticus 18:29; Leviticus 20:25; Leviticus 27:2 (all H), 2 Kings 12:5; Proverbs 11:30; Proverbs 14:25; Ezekiel 13:18 (3 times in verse); 13:19 (twice in verse); 13:20 (twice in verse); 17:17; 18:4; 22:27 (נפשׁים 13:20 see above).
† (5) נפשׁ = deceased person, sometimes with מֵת, נֶפֶשׁ מֵת Numbers 6:6 (P), נַפְשֹׁת מֵת (Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version נֶפֶשׁ) Leviticus 21:11 (H); usually without מֵת, נפשׁ (ה)אדם Numbers 9:6, 7; Numbers 19:11, 13 (P); or simply נפשׁ, Leviticus 19:28; Leviticus 21:1; Leviticus 22:4 (all H) Numbers 5:2; Numbers 6:11; Numbers 9:10 (all P); elsewhere only Haggai 2:13.
5. נפשׁ = seat of the appetites, in all periods (46 times) —
a. hunger: רְעֵבָה נ׳ hungry soul Psalm 107:9; Proverbs 27:7; with noun or verb of שׂבע satisfy Isaiah 56:11; Isaiah 58:10; Jeremiah 50:19; Ezekiel 7:19; Psalm 63:6; Psalm 107:9; Proverbs 13:25; Proverbs 27:7; מתוק לנ׳ Proverbs 16:24 sweet to the taste.
b. thirst: עֲיֵפָה נ׳ weary soul Proverbs 25:25; Jeremiah 31:25; כארץ עיפה נ׳ Psalm 143:6; צמאה נ׳ Psalm 42:3; Psalm 63:2.
c. appetite in general: יַקִּיפוּ עָלָיו אֹיְבַי בנ׳ Psalm 17:9 my enemies compass me about with greed; הִרְחִיבָה שְׁאוֺל נַפְשָׁהּ וּפָֽעֲרָה פִיהָ Isaiah 5:14 She’ôl enlarged her appetite, etc., compare Habakkuk 2:5; Proverbs 23:2 בַּעַל נֶפֶשׁ; Ecclesiastes uses נפשׁ only in the sense of a, b, c; the נפשׁ craves, lacks, and is filled with good things: Ecclesiastes 2:24; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Ecclesiastes 6:2, 3, 7, 9; Ecclesiastes 7:28.
6. = נ׳ seat of emotions and passions (151 times) —
a. desire: † אִוְּתָה נ׳ soul desires Deuteronomy 12:20; Deuteronomy 14:26; 1 Samuel 2:16; 2 Samuel 3:21; 1 Kings 11:37; Job 23:13; Proverbs 13:4; Proverbs 21:10; Micah 7:1; תַּאֲוַת נ׳ Psalm 10:3; Isaiah 26:8; † אַוַּת נ׳ Deuteronomy 12:15, 20, 21; Deuteronomy 18:6; 1 Samuel 23:20; Jeremiah 2:24; so also לנפשׁ according to one's desire Deuteronomy 21:14; Psalm 78:18; Jeremiah 34:16; כנפשׁ Deuteronomy 23:25; האח נפשׁנו ah, our desire Psalm 35:25; בנפשׁ at one's desire Psalm 105:22; Ezekiel 16:27; יָֽצְאָה נ'בְדַבְּרוֹ Songs 5:6; נשׂא נ׳ lift up the soul, desire Deuteronomy 24:15; 2 Samuel 14:14 (read אליהם, not אלהים), Psalm 24:4; Psalm 25:1; Psalm 86:4; Psalm 143:8; Proverbs 19:8; Jeremiah 22:27; Jeremiah 44:14; Hosea 4:8.
†b. abhorrence, loathing: געלה נ׳ soul abhorreth Leviticus 26:11, 15, 30, 43 (H) Jeremiah 14:19; בחלה בי וגם נ׳ Zechariah 11:8 and their soul also fell a loathing against me.
c. sorrow and distress: † מרי נ׳ bitter, gloomy, discontented of soul Judges 18:25 (E) 2 Samuel 17:8; Job 3:20; Proverbs 31:6; † מר נ׳ 1 Samuel 22:2 compare Job 7:11; Job 10:1; Isaiah 38:15; Ezekiel 27:1; עָֽגְמָה נ׳ Job 30:35 grieved; אגמי נ׳ sad of soul Isaiah 19:10; תבכה נ׳ my soul shall weep Jeremiah 13:17; ירעה נ׳ his soul trembleth Isaiah 15:4; צרת נ׳ distress of soul Genesis 42:21 (E).
†d. joy: תגיל נ׳ my soul rejoiceth Psalm 35:9; Isaiah 61:10; שׂמּח נ׳ rejoice the soul Psalm 86:4; also Psalm 94:19; Psalm 138:3; Proverbs 29:17.
†e. love: אהבה נ׳ my soul loveth Songs 1:7; Songs 3:1, 2, 3, 4; יְדִדוּת נ׳ darling of my soul Jeremiah 12:7; ב׳ דבקה נ׳ his soul clave unto Genesis 34:3 (J), with אחרי Psalm 63:9; חשׁקה ב׳ נ׳ soul is attached to Genesis 34:8 (P).
f. alienation, hatred, revenge: † מן תֵּקַע נ׳ the soul is alienated from Jeremiah 6:8; Ezekiel 23:17, 18; מן נקעה נ׳ Ezekiel 23:18, 22, 28; שְׂנֻאי נ׳ hated of soul 2 Samuel 5:8 (Qr); שׂנאה נ׳ Psalm 11:5; Isaiah 1:14.
g. other emotions and feelings: השׁיב נ׳ bring back soul Lamentations 1:11, 19 (i.e. revive, compare with שׁוּב 1 Kings 17:21f), hence figurative refresh, cheer, 1 Kings 17:16; Psalm 19:8; Proverbs 25:14; Ruth 4:15; שׁובב נ׳ Psalm 23:3; מַחְמַל נ׳ your souls' compassion Ezekiel 24:21; קצרה נ׳ soul was impatient Numbers 21:4 (E), Judges 10:16; Judges 16:16; Zechariah 11:8; כי אאריך נ׳ that I should prolong my patience Job 6:11 הגר ידעתם אתנֿ׳ ye know the feeling of the stranger Exodus 23:9 (RD).
7. נפשׁ is used occasionally for mental acts + לבב (see 10); possibly also alone, owing to unconscious assimilation by late writers; but most, if not all, examples may be otherwise explained: נפשׁי ידעת מאד Psalm 139:14 my soul knoweth well (or I know well; compare 4 a); בלא לא טוב דעת נ׳ Proverbs 19:2 that the soul be without knowledge is not good (but RVm desire without knowledge, compare 6 a); דעה חכמה לנ׳ Proverbs 24:14 know wisdom for thy soul (or according to thy desire, compare6a); אל תדמי בנ׳ Esther 4:13 think not in thy soul (or in thyself, compare 4b); כמו שׁער בג׳ Proverbs 23:7 as he reckoneth in his soul (but RV in himself, compare 4 b); מה תאמר נ׳ 1 Samuel 20:4 (but AV RV following Greek Version of the LXX ἐπιθυμεῖ = תְּאַוֶּה; see 6 a).
8. נפשׁ for acts of the will is dubious: אם ישׁ נפשׁכם (את) if it is your purpose Genesis 23:8 (P) 2 Kings 9:15 (or if it is your desire, 6a); בחרה נ׳ my soul chooseth Job 7:15; מאנה נ׳ my soul, refuseth Job 6:7; Psalm 77:3; חפצה נ׳ their soul delighteth in Isaiah 66:3; רצתה נ׳ my soul delighteth in Isaiah 42:1; (all perhaps emotional, 6b, d, g).
9. נפשׁ = character is still more dubious: בּוֹ נ'לא־יָֽשְׁרָה Habakkuk 2:4 his soul is not right in him (but Greek Version of the LXX οὐκ εὐδοκεῖ ἡ ψυχή μου ἐν αὐτῷ [εὐδοκεῖ = רצתה], see 6); נַפְשִׁי לאֹ מְטֻמָּאָה Ezekiel 4:14 my soul hath not (or I have not, 4a) been polluted.
†10. נ׳ in D, when used with לבב, is assimilated to it, and shares with it the meanings of 7, 8, 9; and so in later writers influenced by D (unless we may think that ל׳ is used of intellect, while נ׳ is used of the feelings): thus, בכל לבב ובכל נפשׁ (see לבב): with דרשׁ Deuteronomy 4:29; 2 Chronicles 15:12; עשׂה Deuteronomy 26:16; אהב Deuteronomy 6:5; 13:4; 30:6; ידע Joshua 23:14; עבד Deuteronomy 10:12; Deuteronomy 11:13; Joshua 22:5; שׁמע בקלו Deuteronomy 30:2; שׁוב אל Deuteronomy 30:10; 1 Kings 8:48 2 Chronicles 6:38; 2 Kings 23:25; שׁמר מצות 2 Kings 23:3 2 Chronicles 34:31; הלך לפני 1 Kings 2:4; and Deuteronomy 11:18; 1 Samuel 2:35; 1 Chronicles 22:19; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Jeremiah 32:41; Psalm 13:8 [Psalm 13:2] [?]; Proverbs 2:10; Proverbs 24:12.
Note. — In three cases is generally found closer approach to supposed radical meaning breath:
a. שׁמן וקטרת ישׂמח לב ומתק רעהו מעצת נפשׁ Proverbs 27:9. Ges (after Döderlein) renders מעצת נ׳ more than odorous trees, so later edds., even Buhl; but Vulgate De SS transpose) מֵעֲצַת רֵעֵהוּ וּמֶתֶק נ׳. Greek Version of the LXX Hi Bi ומתקרעה = the soul is rent asunder by cares. In any case נפשׁ is || לב, compare 10.
b. נַפְשׁוֺ גֶּחָלִים תְּלַהֵט Job 41:13 his breath kindleth coals (of the crocodile). The piece is one of the latest in the book; primitive meaning hardly in such a passage; context favours reference to passion or fury; perhaps below 6f, his passion or fury kindleth coals.
c. בָּתֵּי הַנֶּפֶשׁ Isaiah 3:20 perfume boxes; meaning evident from context; but not necessarily scent (breath)-boxes; may be 6 a, boxes of desire, or 5, boxes exciting the sense of smell; = smelling boxes or bottles. No sufficient evidence in Biblical Hebrew, therefore, for meaning breath, odour. — See, for complete study of נֶפֶשׁ (all passages), BrJBL 1897,17 ff.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

1:20; 1:20; 1:21; 1:24; 1:30; 2:7; 2:7; 2:19; 2:19; 9:4; 9:5; 9:10; 9:12; 9:15; 9:16; 12:5; 12:13; 12:13; 17:14; 19:19; 19:20; 23:8; 34:3; 34:8; 35:18; 36:6; 36:6; 37:21; 37:21; 42:21; 44:30; 46:15; 46:18; 46:22; 46:25; 46:26; 46:27; 49:6; 49:6

Exodus

1:5; 4:19; 12:4; 12:4; 12:15; 12:16; 12:19; 16:16; 21:23; 23:9; 30:15; 30:16; 31:14

Leviticus

2:1; 4:2; 4:27; 5:1; 5:2; 5:4; 5:15; 5:17; 7:18; 7:20; 7:20; 7:21; 7:21; 7:25; 7:27; 7:27; 11:10; 11:46; 11:46; 16:29; 16:31; 17:10; 17:10; 17:11; 17:11; 17:12; 17:12; 17:14; 17:15; 18:29; 19:8; 19:28; 20:6; 20:25; 21:1; 21:11; 21:11; 22:3; 22:4; 22:6; 22:11; 23:27; 23:29; 23:30; 23:32; 24:17; 24:18; 24:18; 26:11; 26:15; 26:30; 26:43; 27:2; 27:2

Numbers

5:2; 5:6; 6:6; 6:11; 9:6; 9:7; 9:10; 9:13; 15:27; 15:28; 15:30; 15:30; 15:31; 17:3; 17:3; 19:11; 19:13; 19:13; 19:18; 19:20; 19:22; 21:4; 23:10; 29:7; 30:3; 30:5; 30:6; 30:7; 30:8; 30:9; 30:10; 30:11; 30:12; 30:14; 31:19; 31:28; 31:28; 31:35; 31:35; 31:40; 31:40; 31:46; 31:50; 35:11; 35:15; 35:30

Deuteronomy

4:9; 4:15; 4:29; 6:5; 10:12; 10:22; 11:13; 11:18; 12:15; 12:20; 12:20; 12:21; 12:23; 12:23; 12:24; 13:4; 14:26; 18:6; 19:6; 19:11; 19:21; 21:14; 23:25; 24:7; 24:15; 26:16; 27:25; 30:2; 30:6; 30:10

Joshua

2:13; 2:14; 10:28; 10:30; 10:32; 10:35; 10:37; 10:39; 11:11; 20:3; 20:9; 22:5; 23:11; 23:14

Judges

5:18; 10:16; 12:3; 16:16; 16:30; 18:25

Ruth

4:15

1 Samuel

1:26; 2:16; 2:35; 17:55; 18:1; 18:3; 19:5; 19:11; 20:3; 20:4; 20:17; 20:21; 22:2; 22:23; 23:15; 23:20; 25:26; 25:29; 28:21

2 Samuel

1:9; 3:21; 4:8; 4:9; 5:8; 11:11; 14:7; 14:9; 14:14; 16:11; 17:8; 19:6; 23:17; 23:17

1 Kings

1:12; 1:29; 2:4; 2:23; 3:11; 8:48; 11:37; 17:16; 17:21; 17:21; 17:22; 19:2; 19:4; 19:4; 19:10; 19:14; 20:31; 20:32; 20:39; 20:42

2 Kings

2:2; 2:4; 2:6; 4:30; 9:15; 10:24; 12:5; 23:3; 23:25

1 Chronicles

5:21; 11:19; 22:19; 28:9

2 Chronicles

1:11; 6:38; 15:12; 34:31

Esther

4:13

Job

2:6; 3:20; 6:7; 6:11; 7:11; 7:15; 9:21; 10:1; 11:20; 12:10; 13:14; 14:22; 16:4; 23:13; 27:3; 30:16; 31:39; 33:18; 33:22; 33:28; 33:30; 41:13

Psalms

10:3; 11:5; 13:2; 16:10; 17:9; 19:8; 22:30; 23:3; 24:4; 25:1; 25:20; 30:4; 31:10; 31:14; 33:19; 35:4; 35:9; 35:25; 38:13; 40:15; 42:3; 42:5; 42:7; 49:16; 49:16; 54:5; 55:19; 63:2; 63:6; 63:9; 63:10; 66:9; 69:2; 70:3; 71:23; 77:3; 78:18; 86:4; 86:4; 86:13; 86:14; 89:49; 89:49; 94:19; 97:10; 104:29; 104:30; 105:22; 107:9; 107:9; 116:4; 119:175; 124:4; 124:5; 124:7; 131:2; 138:3; 139:14; 143:6; 143:8

Proverbs

1:19; 2:10; 3:22; 7:23; 11:17; 11:25; 11:30; 12:10; 13:3; 13:4; 13:25; 14:25; 16:17; 16:24; 19:2; 19:8; 19:15; 19:16; 21:10; 22:5; 23:2; 23:7; 23:14; 24:12; 24:14; 25:14; 25:25; 27:7; 27:7; 27:9; 28:17; 29:10; 29:17; 31:6

Ecclesiastes

2:24; 4:8; 6:2; 6:3; 6:7; 6:9; 7:28

Song of Songs

1:7; 3:1; 3:2; 3:3; 3:4; 5:6

Isaiah

1:14; 3:9; 3:20; 5:14; 10:18; 15:4; 19:10; 26:8; 38:15; 38:17; 42:1; 43:4; 46:2; 47:14; 51:23; 55:3; 56:11; 58:10; 61:10; 66:3

Jeremiah

2:24; 2:34; 3:11; 4:10; 4:30; 6:8; 11:21; 12:7; 13:17; 14:19; 15:9; 19:7; 19:9; 21:7; 22:25; 22:27; 26:19; 31:25; 32:41; 34:16; 34:20; 34:21; 37:9; 38:16; 38:17; 38:20; 40:14; 40:15; 42:20; 43:6; 44:7; 44:14; 44:30; 46:26; 48:6; 49:37; 50:19; 51:6; 51:45; 52:29; 52:30

Lamentations

1:11; 1:19; 3:20; 3:24; 5:9

Ezekiel

4:14; 7:19; 13:18; 13:18; 13:19; 13:20; 13:20; 13:20; 14:14; 14:20; 16:27; 17:17; 18:4; 18:4; 18:27; 22:25; 22:27; 23:17; 23:18; 23:18; 23:22; 23:28; 24:21; 27:1; 27:13; 33:5; 33:6; 47:9

Hosea

4:8

Amos

2:14; 2:15

Jonah

1:14; 2:6; 4:3; 4:8

Micah

7:1

Habakkuk

2:4; 2:5

Haggai

2:13

Zechariah

11:8; 11:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5315 matches the Hebrew נֶפֶשׁ (nep̄eš),
which occurs 757 times in 683 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 14 (Gen 1:20–Exo 23:9)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:20 - And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds[fn] fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:21 - So God created the great sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:24 - And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds.” And it was so.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:30 - And to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the heavens and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:7 - then the LORD God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:19 - Now out of the ground the LORD God had formed[fn] every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:4 - But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:5 - And for your lifeblood I will require a reckoning: from every beast I will require it and from man. From his fellow man I will require a reckoning for the life of man.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:10 - and with every living creature that is with you, the birds, the livestock, and every beast of the earth with you, as many as came out of the ark; it is for every beast of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:12 - And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant that I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for all future generations:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:15 - I will remember my covenant that is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh. And the waters shall never again become a flood to destroy all flesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:16 - When the bow is in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:5 - And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother’s son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people that they had acquired in Haran, and they set out to go to the land of Canaan. When they came to the land of Canaan,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:13 - Say you are my sister, that it may go well with me because of you, and that my life may be spared for your sake.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:21 - And the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the persons, but take the goods for yourself.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 17:14 - Any uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin shall be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:17 - And as they brought them out, one said, “Escape for your life. Do not look back or stop anywhere in the valley. Escape to the hills, lest you be swept away.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:19 - Behold, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have shown me great kindness in saving my life. But I cannot escape to the hills, lest the disaster overtake me and I die.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:20 - Behold, this city is near enough to flee to, and it is a little one. Let me escape there—is it not a little one?—and my life will be saved!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 23:8 - And he said to them, “If you are willing that I should bury my dead out of my sight, hear me and entreat for me Ephron the son of Zohar,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:4 - and prepare for me delicious food, such as I love, and bring it to me so that I may eat, that my soul may bless you before I die.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:19 - Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn. I have done as you told me; now sit up and eat of my game, that your soul may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:25 - Then he said, “Bring it near to me, that I may eat of my son’s game and bless you.” So he brought it near to him, and he ate; and he brought him wine, and he drank.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:31 - He also prepared delicious food and brought it to his father. And he said to his father, “Let my father arise and eat of his son’s game, that you may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:30 - So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel,[fn] saying, “For I have seen God face to face, and yet my life has been delivered.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:3 - And his soul was drawn to Dinah the daughter of Jacob. He loved the young woman and spoke tenderly to her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:8 - But Hamor spoke with them, saying, “The soul of my son Shechem longs for your[fn] daughter. Please give her to him to be his wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:18 - And as her soul was departing (for she was dying), she called his name Ben-oni;[fn] but his father called him Benjamin.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:6 - Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, his livestock, all his beasts, and all his property that he had acquired in the land of Canaan. He went into a land away from his brother Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:21 - But when Reuben heard it, he rescued him out of their hands, saying, “Let us not take his life.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:21 - Then they said to one another, “In truth we are guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul, when he begged us and we did not listen. That is why this distress has come upon us.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:30 - “Now therefore, as soon as I come to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us, then, as his life is bound up in the boy’s life,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:15 - These are the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan-aram, together with his daughter Dinah; altogether his sons and his daughters numbered thirty-three.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:18 - These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter; and these she bore to Jacob—sixteen persons.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:22 - These are the sons of Rachel, who were born to Jacob—fourteen persons in all.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:25 - These are the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter, and these she bore to Jacob—seven persons in all.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:26 - All the persons belonging to Jacob who came into Egypt, who were his own descendants, not including Jacob’s sons’ wives, were sixty-six persons in all.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:27 - And the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were two. All the persons of the house of Jacob who came into Egypt were seventy.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:6 - Let my soul come not into their council;
O my glory, be not joined to their company.
For in their anger they killed men,
and in their willfulness they hamstrung oxen.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:5 - All the descendants of Jacob were seventy persons; Joseph was already in Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:19 - And the LORD said to Moses in Midian, “Go back to Egypt, for all the men who were seeking your life are dead.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:4 - And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:15 - Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:16 - On the first day you shall hold a holy assembly, and on the seventh day a holy assembly. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:19 - For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses. If anyone eats what is leavened, that person will be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a sojourner or a native of the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:9 - The enemy said, ‘I will pursue, I will overtake,
I will divide the spoil, my desire shall have its fill of them.
I will draw my sword; my hand shall destroy them.’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:16 - This is what the LORD has commanded: ‘Gather of it, each one of you, as much as he can eat. You shall each take an omer,[fn] according to the number of the persons that each of you has in his tent.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:23 - But if there is harm,[fn] then you shall pay life for life,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:30 - If a ransom is imposed on him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is imposed on him.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:9 - “You shall not oppress a sojourner. You know the heart of a sojourner, for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt.

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