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Lexicon :: Strong's H5358 - nāqam

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1413

Strong’s Definitions

נָקַם nâqam, naw-kam'; a primitive root; to grudge, i.e. avenge or punish:—avenge(-r, self), punish, revenge (self), × surely, take vengeance.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x

The KJV translates Strong's H5358 in the following manner: avenge (18x), vengeance (4x), revenge (4x), take (4x), avenger (2x), punished (2x), surely (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 35x
The KJV translates Strong's H5358 in the following manner: avenge (18x), vengeance (4x), revenge (4x), take (4x), avenger (2x), punished (2x), surely (1x).
  1. to avenge, take vengeance, revenge, avenge oneself, be avenged, be punished

    1. (Qal)

      1. to avenge, take vengeance

      2. to entertain revengeful feelings

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to avenge oneself

      2. to suffer vengeance

    3. (Piel) to avenge

    4. (Hophal) to be avenged, vengeance be taken (for blood)

    5. (Hithpael) to avenge oneself

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
נָקַם nâqam, naw-kam'; a primitive root; to grudge, i.e. avenge or punish:—avenge(-r, self), punish, revenge (self), × surely, take vengeance.
STRONGS H5358: Abbreviations
† [נָקַם] verb avenge, take vengeance (Ecclus 46:1e להנקם נקמי אויב (Niph. + accusative of congnate meaning with verb); נקם, noun also Ecclesiasticus 12:6 (compare Deuteronomy 32:41), Ecclesiasticus 39:30; Ecclesiasticus 48:7; Late Hebrew נָקַם especially in derivatives; Aramaic נְקַם (rare), bdb066707 in derived species; Arabic bdb066708 take vengeance (bdb066709 upon), Lane3037; compare Ethiopic bdb066710 Di458 vindictae studium, ultionis cupido; Assyrian iḳḳimu, vengeance, requital, is possibly from √ אקם JägerBAS ii. 279); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix נְקָמֵ֫נִי 1 Samuel 24:13; Imperfect יִקּוֺם Deuteronomy 32:43; יִקֹּם Joshua 10:13; 2nd person masculine singular תִּקֹּם Leviticus 19:18; Infinitive absolute נָקֹם Exodus 21:20; construct נְקֹם Ezekiel 24:8; Ezekiel 25:12; Imperative נְקֹם Numbers 31:2; Participle נִקֵם Nahum 1:2 + 3 times; feminine נֹקֶ֫מֶת Leviticus 26:25; —
1. avenge, take vengeance:
a. God subject דַּם עֲבָדָיו יִקּוֺם Deuteronomy 32:43 the blood of his servants he avengeth (against those who slew them) (+ 1 Kings 2:5 LXX of Lucian (Lag.) Klo); נ׳ absolute Nahum 1:2 (twice in verse) with לְ (against Nineveh) Nahum 1:2; נָקָם נ׳ (against Jerusalem) Ezekiel 24:8; עַלעֲֿלִילוֺהָם on their doings (his people's) Psalm 99:8; נְקַם בְּרִית נ׳ Leviticus 26:25 (H) the vengeance of the covenant (against those who break it); נְקָמַנִי 1 Samuel 24:13, with מִן of person from whom vengeance is taken (compare Jeremiah 20:10).
b. Israel and its leaders against their enemies, נקמה נ׳ with מִן against whom Numbers 31:2 (P); with accusative יִקֹּם אֹיְבָיו Joshua 10:13 (poem).
c. Edom against Judah נקם לְ נ׳ Ezekiel 25:12.
d. in administration of justice against murder Exodus 21:20 (E).
2. entertain revengeful feelings (opposed to אהב) against neighbour forbidden Leviticus 19:18 (H).
Niph. Perfect 1st person singular נִקַּ֫מְתִּי Judges 15:7; 1 Samuel 14:24; 3rd person masculine plural נִקְּמוּ Ezekiel 25:12; imperfect יִנָּקֵם Exodus 21:20; 1st person singular אִנָּֽקְמָה Judges 16:28; Isaiah 1:24; 3rd person masculine plural יִנָּֽקְמוּ Ezekiel 25:15; Infinitive הִנָּקֵם Jeremiah 46:10 + 2 times; Imperative הִנָּ֫קֶם Jeremiah 15:15; plural הִנָּֽקְמוּ Jeremiah 50:15: —
1. avenge oneself,
a. י׳ subject with מִן of adversary Isaiah 1:24; Jeremiah 46:10; with מִן advers., לְ for whom Jeremiah 15:15; with בְּ adversary Jeremiah 50:15.
b. of Israel and champions with מִן Judges 16:28; 1 Samuel 14:24; Esther 8:13; with בְּ Judges 15:7; 1 Samuel 18:25.
c. of enemies against Israel נקם נ׳ Ezekiel 25:15; with בְּ Ezekiel 25:12.
2. suffer vengeance (of law against murder) Exodus 21:20 (E).
Piel Perfect 1st person singular נִקַּ֫מְתִּי 2 Kings 9:7; Jeremiah 51:36; — avenge, י׳ subject דָּמִים מיד 2 Kings 9:7 blood at hands of; נִקְמָתֵךָ נ׳ Jeremiah 51:36 take vengeance for thee.
Hoph. Imperfect יֻקַּם Genesis 4:24; Exodus 21:21, יֻקָּ֑ם Genesis 4:15 be avenged, vengeance be taken (for blood).
Hithp. Imperfect תִּתְנַקֵּם Jeremiah 5:9, 29; Jeremiah 9:8; Participle מִתְנַקֵּם Psalm 8:3; Psalm 44:17; avenge oneself, י׳ subject לֹא תִתְנַקֵּם נַפְשִׁי בְּ׳ Jeremiah 5:9, 29; Jeremiah 9:8; of Israel's enemies אוֺיֵב וּמִתְנַקֵּם Psalm 8:3; Psalm 44:17.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


4:15; 4:24


21:20; 21:20; 21:20; 21:20; 21:21


19:18; 19:18; 26:25; 26:25


31:2; 31:2


32:41; 32:43; 32:43


10:13; 10:13


15:7; 15:7; 16:28; 16:28

1 Samuel

14:24; 14:24; 18:25; 24:13; 24:13

1 Kings


2 Kings

9:7; 9:7




8:3; 8:3; 44:17; 44:17; 99:8


1:24; 1:24


5:9; 5:9; 5:29; 5:29; 9:8; 9:8; 15:15; 15:15; 20:10; 46:10; 46:10; 50:15; 50:15; 51:36; 51:36


24:8; 24:8; 25:12; 25:12; 25:12; 25:12; 25:15; 25:15


1:2; 1:2; 1:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5358 matches the Hebrew נָקַם (nāqam),
which occurs 35 times in 31 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:15 - So the LORD said to him, “Therefore whoever kills Cain, vengeance H5358 will be taken H5358 on him seven times as much.” And the LORD [fn]placed a mark on Cain, so that no one finding him would kill him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:24 - “If Cain is avenged H5358 seven times,
Then Lamech seventy-seven times!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:20 - “And if someone strikes his male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies [fn]at his hand, he shall [fn]be punished H5358.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:21 - “If, however, the slave [fn]survives a day or two, no vengeance H5358 shall be taken H5358; for the slave is his [fn]property.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:18 - ‘You shall not take H5358 vengeance H5358, nor hold any grudge against the sons of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:25 - ‘I will also bring upon you a sword which will execute H5358 vengeance for the covenant; and when you gather together into your cities, I will send a plague among you, so that you will be handed over to the enemy.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 31:2 - “Take H5358 vengeance on the Midianites for the sons of Israel; afterward you will be gathered to your people.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:43 - “Rejoice, you nations, with His people;
For He will avenge H5358 the blood of His servants,
And will return vengeance on His adversaries,
And will atone for His land and His people.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:13 - So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped,
Until the nation avenged H5358 themselves of their enemies.
Is it not written in the Book of Jashar? And the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and did not hurry to go down for about a whole day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:7 - Then Samson said to them, “If this is how you act, I will certainly take H5358 revenge H5358 on you, and only after that will I stop.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:28 - Then Samson called to the LORD and said, “Lord [fn]GOD, please remember me and please strengthen me just this time, O God, that I may at once take vengeance H5358 on the Philistines for my two eyes.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:24 - Now the men of Israel were hard-pressed on that day, for Saul had put the people under oath, saying, “Cursed be the man who eats food [fn]before evening, and before I have avenged H5358 myself on my enemies.” So none of the people tasted food.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:25 - Saul then said, “This is what you shall say to David: ‘The king does not desire any dowry except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to take H5358 vengeance H5358 on the king’s enemies.’” But Saul plotted to have David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:12 - “May the LORD judge between [fn]you and me, and may the LORD take H5358 vengeance H5358 on you for me; but my hand shall not be against you.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:7 - ‘And you shall strike the house of Ahab your master, so that I may avenge H5358 the blood of My servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the LORD, at the hand of Jezebel.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 8:13 - A copy of the edict to be [fn]issued as law in each and every province was published to all the peoples, so that the Jews would be ready for this day to avenge H5358 themselves on their enemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 8:2 - From the mouths of infants and nursing babies You have established [fn]strength
Because of Your enemies,
To do away with the enemy and the revengeful H5358.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:16 - Because of the voice of one who taunts and reviles,
Because of the presence of the enemy and the avenger H5358.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 99:8 - LORD our God, You answered them;
You were a forgiving God to them,
And yet an avenger H5358 of their evil deeds.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:24 - Therefore the Lord [fn]GOD of armies,
The Mighty One of Israel, declares,
“Ah, I will have satisfaction against My adversaries,
And avenge H5358 Myself on My enemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:9 - “Shall I not punish them for these things?” declares the LORD,
“And shall I not avenge H5358 Myself
On a nation such as this?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:29 - ‘Shall I not punish them for these things?’ declares the LORD,
‘Or shall I not avenge H5358 Myself
On a nation such as this?’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:9 - “Shall I not punish them for these things?” declares the LORD.
“Shall I not avenge H5358 Myself
On a nation such as this?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 15:15 - You know, LORD;
Remember me, take notice of me,
And take H5358 vengeance H5358 for me on my persecutors.
Do not, in view of Your patience, take me away;
Know that for Your sake I endure reproach.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:10 - For that day belongs to the Lord [fn]GOD of armies,
A day of vengeance, so as to avenge H5358 Himself on His foes;
And the sword will devour and be satisfied,
And [fn]drink its fill of their blood;
For there will be a slaughter for the Lord [fn]GOD of armies,
In the land of the north at the river Euphrates.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:15 - “Raise your battle cry against her on every side!
She has given [fn]herself up, her towers have fallen,
Her walls have been torn down.
For this is the vengeance of the LORD:
Take H5358 vengeance H5358 on her;
As she has done to others, so do to her.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:36 - Therefore this is what the LORD says:
“Behold, I am going to plead your case
And take H5358 vengeance for you;
And I will dry up her [fn]sea
And make her fountain dry.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:8 - “So that it may cause wrath to come up to take H5358 vengeance,
I have put her blood on the bare rock,
So that it will not be covered.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 25:12 - ‘The Lord GOD says this: “Because Edom has acted against the house of Judah by taking H5358 vengeance, and has incurred great guilt, and avenged H5358 themselves upon them,”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 25:15 - ‘This is what the Lord GOD says: “Because the Philistines have acted in revenge, and have taken H5358 vengeance with malice in their souls to destroy with everlasting hostility,”
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 1:2 - A jealous and avenging H5358 God is the LORD;
The LORD is avenging H5358 and [fn]wrathful.
The LORD takes H5358 vengeance H5358 on His adversaries,
And He reserves wrath for His enemies.
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