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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5594 - sāp̄aḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1530

Strong’s Definitions

סָפַד çâphad, saw-fad'; a primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail:—lament, mourn(-er), wail.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x

The KJV translates Strong's H5594 in the following manner: mourn (15x), lament (13x), mourners (1x), wail (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x
The KJV translates Strong's H5594 in the following manner: mourn (15x), lament (13x), mourners (1x), wail (1x).
  1. to wail, lament, mourn

    1. (Qal)

      1. to wail, lament

      2. wailers (participle)

    2. (Niphal) to be lamented, be bewailed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָפַד çâphad, saw-fad'; a primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail:—lament, mourn(-er), wail.
STRONGS H5594: Abbreviations
† [סָפַד] verb wail, lament (Late Hebrew id.; Targum סְפַד, ChrPalAramaic bdb070402 id., SchwIdioticon 64; Assyrian [sapâdu], sipdu, sipittu, mourning, DlHWB 507; compare Amharic bdb070403 dirge PräZMG xxxv (1881), 762); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְסָֽפְדָה consecutive Zechariah 12:12, 3rd person plural וְסָֽפְדוּ consecutive 1 Kings 14:13; Zechariah 12:10; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular וַתּסְפֹּד 2 Samuel 11:26, 2nd person masculine singular תִּסְפֹּד Ezekiel 24:16, 1st person singular cohortative אֶסְפְּדָה Micah 1:8, 3rd person masculine plural יִסְפְּדוּ Jeremiah 6:16 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural סִפְדוּ 2 Samuel 3:31 + 2 times; feminine plural סְפֹ֫דְנָה Jeremiah 49:3; Infinitive absolute סָפוֺד Zechariah 7:5; construct סְפוֺד Ecclesiastes 3:4, לִסְפֹּד Genesis 23:2; 1 Kings 13:29, לִסְפּוֹד Jeremiah 16:5; Participle active plural סֹפְדִים Isaiah 32:12, סוֺ׳ Ecclesiastes 12:5; — wail, lament (with loud cries, etc., see Micah 1:8, and compare DrAmos 5:16), especially for dead, with לְ, 1 Samuel 25:1; 1 Samuel 28:3; 1 Kings 14:13, 18; Genesis 23:2 (P) Jeremiah 16:6; Jeremiah 22:18 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 34:5, compare לָהֶ וְאַל־תָּנֹד לִסְפּוֹד זְאַל־תֵּלֵךְ Jeremiah 16:5; with עַלֿ over 2 Samuel 1:12; 2 Samuel 11:26; 1 Kings 13:30, compare Zechariah 12:10 (see Zechariah 12:12 below); with לִפְנֵי i.e. marching before (bier) 2 Samuel 3:31 (see Dr); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 50:10 (J); absolute 1 Kings 13:29; Ezekiel 24:16 compare Ezekiel 24:23; Ecclesiastes 3:4 (opposed to רקד; compare Psalm 30:12), and participle as substantive Ecclesiastes 12:5 wailers; also, with idea of guilt on part of those wailing, Zechariah 12:12 (compare Zechariah 12:10 above); over calamity, judgment, with עַלֿ Micah 1:8, absolute Jeremiah 4:8 (both + הֵילִיל), Jeremiah 49:3 and (with fasting) Zechariah 7:5; Joel 1:13. — עַלשָֿׁדַיִם סֹפְדִים עַלשְֿׂדֵיחֶֿמֶד וגו׳ Isaiah 32:12 is dubious; Thes Ew De Che and others upon the breasts smiting (?) for the fields, etc., but read probably שָׂדִים (וֺֿת, יִַ֯ם) GesComm. (which see.) BuhlLex 13 Skinner and others: over the fields wailing, over the delightful fields, etc.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural לֹא יִסָּֽפְדוּ Jeremiah 16:4 they shall not be bewailed, so Jeremiah 25:33.

שְׂפֹדְנָה Jeremiah 49:3 Masora, < modern editions ס׳.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


23:2; 23:2; 50:10

1 Samuel

25:1; 28:3

2 Samuel

1:12; 3:31; 3:31; 11:26; 11:26

1 Kings

13:29; 13:29; 13:30; 14:13; 14:13; 14:18




3:4; 3:4; 12:5; 12:5


32:12; 32:12


4:8; 6:16; 16:4; 16:5; 16:5; 16:6; 22:18; 25:33; 34:5; 49:3; 49:3; 49:3


24:16; 24:16; 24:23






1:8; 1:8; 1:8


7:5; 7:5; 12:10; 12:10; 12:10; 12:12; 12:12; 12:12

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5594 matches the Hebrew סָפַד (sāp̄aḏ),
which occurs 32 times in 30 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 23:2 - And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came to mourn H5594 for Sarah, and to weep for her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:10 - And they came to the threshingfloor of Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they mourned H5594 with a great and very sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his father seven days.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:1 - And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented H5594 him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:3 - Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented H5594 him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:12 - And they mourned, H5594 and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:31 - And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sackcloth, and mourn H5594 before Abner. And king David himself followed the bier.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:26 - And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned H5594 for her husband.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:29 - And the prophet took up the carcase of the man of God, and laid it upon the ass, and brought it back: and the old prophet came to the city, to mourn H5594 and to bury him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:30 - And he laid his carcase in his own grave; and they mourned H5594 over him, saying, Alas, my brother!
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:13 - And all Israel shall mourn H5594 for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:18 - And they buried him; and all Israel mourned H5594 for him, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by the hand of his servant Ahijah the prophet.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 3:4 - A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, H5594 and a time to dance;
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 12:5 - Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall fail: because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners H5594 go about the streets:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:12 - They shall lament H5594 for the teats, for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:8 - For this gird you with sackcloth, lament H5594 and howl: for the fierce anger of the LORD is not turned back from us.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:4 - They shall die of grievous deaths; they shall not be lamented; H5594 neither shall they be buried; but they shall be as dung upon the face of the earth: and they shall be consumed by the sword, and by famine; and their carcases shall be meat for the fowls of heaven, and for the beasts of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:5 - For thus saith the LORD, Enter not into the house of mourning, neither go to lament H5594 nor bemoan them: for I have taken away my peace from this people, saith the LORD, even lovingkindness and mercies.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:6 - Both the great and the small shall die in this land: they shall not be buried, neither shall men lament H5594 for them, nor cut themselves, nor make themselves bald for them:
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:18 - Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah; They shall not lament H5594 for him, saying, Ah my brother! or, Ah sister! they shall not lament H5594 for him, saying, Ah lord! or, Ah his glory!
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:33 - And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, H5594 neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung upon the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 34:5 - But thou shalt die in peace: and with the burnings of thy fathers, the former kings which were before thee, so shall they burn odours for thee; and they will lament H5594 thee, saying, Ah lord! for I have pronounced the word, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:3 - Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is spoiled: cry, ye daughters of Rabbah, gird you with sackcloth; lament, H5594 and run to and fro by the hedges; for their king shall go into captivity, and his priests and his princes together.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:16 - Son of man, behold, I take away from thee the desire of thine eyes with a stroke: yet neither shalt thou mourn H5594 nor weep, neither shall thy tears run down.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:23 - And your tires shall be upon your heads, and your shoes upon your feet: ye shall not mourn H5594 nor weep; but ye shall pine away for your iniquities, and mourn one toward another.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:13 - Gird yourselves, and lament, H5594 ye priests: howl, ye ministers of the altar: come, lie all night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: for the meat offering and the drink offering is withholden from the house of your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 1:8 - Therefore I will wail H5594 and howl, I will go stripped and naked: I will make a wailing like the dragons, and mourning as the owls.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 1:11 - Pass ye away, thou inhabitant of Saphir, having thy shame naked: the inhabitant of Zaanan came not forth in the mourning of Bethezel; he shall receive of you his standing.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:5 - Speak unto all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, When ye fasted and mourned H5594 in the fifth and seventh month, even those seventy years, did ye at all fast unto me, even to me?
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 12:10 - And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth H5594 for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 12:12 - And the land shall mourn, H5594 every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart;
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