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Lexicon :: Strong's H5594 - sāp̄aḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1530

Strong’s Definitions

סָפַד çâphad, saw-fad'; a primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail:—lament, mourn(-er), wail.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x

The KJV translates Strong's H5594 in the following manner: mourn (15x), lament (13x), mourners (1x), wail (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x
The KJV translates Strong's H5594 in the following manner: mourn (15x), lament (13x), mourners (1x), wail (1x).
  1. to wail, lament, mourn

    1. (Qal)

      1. to wail, lament

      2. wailers (participle)

    2. (Niphal) to be lamented, be bewailed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָפַד çâphad, saw-fad'; a primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail:—lament, mourn(-er), wail.
† [סָפַד] verb wail, lament (Late Hebrew id.; Targum סְפַד, ChrPalAramaic bdb070402 id., SchwIdioticon 64; Assyrian [sapâdu], sipdu, sipittu, mourning, DlHWB 507; compare Amharic bdb070403 dirge PräZMG xxxv (1881), 762); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְסָֽפְדָה consecutive Zechariah 12:12, 3rd person plural וְסָֽפְדוּ consecutive 1 Kings 14:13; Zechariah 12:10; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular וַתּסְפֹּד 2 Samuel 11:26, 2nd person masculine singular תִּסְפֹּד Ezekiel 24:16, 1st person singular cohortative אֶסְפְּדָה Micah 1:8, 3rd person masculine plural יִסְפְּדוּ Jeremiah 6:16 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural סִפְדוּ 2 Samuel 3:31 + 2 times; feminine plural סְפֹ֫דְנָה Jeremiah 49:3; Infinitive absolute סָפוֺד Zechariah 7:5; construct סְפוֺד Ecclesiastes 3:4, לִסְפֹּד Genesis 23:2; 1 Kings 13:29, לִסְפּוֹד Jeremiah 16:5; Participle active plural סֹפְדִים Isaiah 32:12, סוֺ׳ Ecclesiastes 12:5; — wail, lament (with loud cries, etc., see Micah 1:8, and compare DrAmos 5:16), especially for dead, with לְ, 1 Samuel 25:1; 1 Samuel 28:3; 1 Kings 14:13, 18; Genesis 23:2 (P) Jeremiah 16:6; Jeremiah 22:18 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 34:5, compare לָהֶ וְאַל־תָּנֹד לִסְפּוֹד זְאַל־תֵּלֵךְ Jeremiah 16:5; with עַלֿ over 2 Samuel 1:12; 2 Samuel 11:26; 1 Kings 13:30, compare Zechariah 12:10 (see Zechariah 12:12 below); with לִפְנֵי i.e. marching before (bier) 2 Samuel 3:31 (see Dr); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 50:10 (J); absolute 1 Kings 13:29; Ezekiel 24:16 compare Ezekiel 24:23; Ecclesiastes 3:4 (opposed to רקד; compare Psalm 30:12), and participle as substantive Ecclesiastes 12:5 wailers; also, with idea of guilt on part of those wailing, Zechariah 12:12 (compare Zechariah 12:10 above); over calamity, judgment, with עַלֿ Micah 1:8, absolute Jeremiah 4:8 (both + הֵילִיל), Jeremiah 49:3 and (with fasting) Zechariah 7:5; Joel 1:13. — עַלשָֿׁדַיִם סֹפְדִים עַלשְֿׂדֵיחֶֿמֶד וגו׳ Isaiah 32:12 is dubious; Thes Ew De Che and others upon the breasts smiting (?) for the fields, etc., but read probably שָׂדִים (וֺֿת, יִַ֯ם) GesComm. (which see.) BuhlLex 13 Skinner and others: over the fields wailing, over the delightful fields, etc.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural לֹא יִסָּֽפְדוּ Jeremiah 16:4 they shall not be bewailed, so Jeremiah 25:33.

שְׂפֹדְנָה Jeremiah 49:3 Masora, < modern editions ס׳.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


23:2; 23:2; 50:10

1 Samuel

25:1; 28:3

2 Samuel

1:12; 3:31; 3:31; 11:26; 11:26

1 Kings

13:29; 13:29; 13:30; 14:13; 14:13; 14:18




3:4; 3:4; 12:5; 12:5


32:12; 32:12


4:8; 6:16; 16:4; 16:5; 16:5; 16:6; 22:18; 25:33; 34:5; 49:3; 49:3; 49:3


24:16; 24:16; 24:23






1:8; 1:8; 1:8


7:5; 7:5; 12:10; 12:10; 12:10; 12:12; 12:12; 12:12

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5594 matches the Hebrew סָפַד (sāp̄aḏ),
which occurs 32 times in 30 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 23:2 - Sarah died in Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan; and Abraham [fn]came in to mourn H5594 for Sarah and to weep for her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:10 - When they came to the [fn]threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, they mourned H5594 there with a very great and [fn]sorrowful lamentation; and he [fn]observed seven days of mourning for his father.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:1 - Then Samuel died; and all Israel assembled and mourned H5594 for him, and they buried him at his house in Ramah. And David set out and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:3 - Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had mourned H5594 him and buried him in Ramah, his own city. And Saul had removed the mediums and spiritists from the land.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:12 - And they mourned H5594 and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and his son Jonathan, and for the people of the LORD and the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:31 - Then David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, “Tear your clothes and put on sackcloth, and mourn H5594 before Abner.” And King David walked behind the bier.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:26 - Now when Uriah’s wife heard that her husband Uriah was dead, she mourned H5594 for her husband.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:29 - So the prophet picked up the body of the man of God and laid it on the donkey and brought it back; and he came to the city of the old prophet to mourn H5594 and to bury him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:30 - He laid his body in his own grave, and they mourned H5594 over him, saying, “Oh, my brother!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:13 - “Then all Israel will mourn H5594 for him and bury him, for [fn]he alone of Jeroboam’s family will come to the grave, because in him something good was found toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:18 - Then all Israel buried him and mourned H5594 for him, in accordance with the word of the LORD which He had spoken through His servant Ahijah the prophet.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 3:4 - A time to weep and a time to laugh;
A time to mourn H5594 and a time to dance.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 12:5 - Furthermore, people are afraid of a high place and of terrors on the road; the almond tree blossoms, the grasshopper drags itself along, and the caper berry is ineffective. For man goes to his eternal home while the mourners H5594 move around in the street.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:12 - Beat H5594 your breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:8 - “For this, put on sackcloth,
Mourn H5594 and wail;
For the fierce anger of the LORD
Has not turned away from us.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:4 - “They will die of deadly diseases, they will not be mourned H5594 or buried; they will be like dung on the surface of the ground. And they will perish by sword and famine, and their dead bodies will become food for the birds of the sky and for the animals of the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:5 - For this is what the LORD says: “Do not enter a house of mourning, or go to mourn H5594 or to console them; for I have withdrawn My peace from this people,” declares the LORD, “and My favor and compassion.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:6 - “Both great people and small will die in this land; they will not be buried, people will not mourn H5594 for them, nor will anyone make cuts on himself or have his head shaved for them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:18 - Therefore this is what the LORD says regarding Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah:
“They will not mourn H5594 for him:
‘Oh, my brother!’ or, ‘Oh, sister!’
They will not mourn H5594 for him:
‘Oh, for the master!’ or, ‘Oh, for his splendor!’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:33 - “Those put to death by the LORD on that day will be from one end of the earth to the [fn]other. They will not be mourned H5594, gathered, or buried; they will be like dung on the face of the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 34:5 - ‘You will die in peace; and as spices were burned for your fathers, the former kings who were before you, so they will burn spices for you; and they will mourn H5594 for you, crying, “Oh, my lord!”’ For I have spoken the word,” declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:3 - “Wail, Heshbon, for Ai has been destroyed!
Cry out, daughters of Rabbah,
Put on sackcloth and mourn H5594,
And move about inside the walls;
For [fn]Malcam will go into exile
Together with his priests and his leaders.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:16 - “Son of man, behold, I am about to take from you what is precious to your eyes with a fatal blow; but you shall not mourn H5594 and you shall not weep, and your tears shall not come.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:23 - ‘Your turbans will be on your heads, and your sandals on your feet. You will not mourn H5594 and you will not weep; but you will rot away in your guilty deeds, and you will groan [fn]to one another.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:13 - Put on sackcloth
And mourn H5594, you priests;
Wail, you ministers of the altar!
Come, spend the night in sackcloth,
You ministers of my God,
For the grain offering and the drink offering
Have been withheld from the house of your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 1:8 - Because of this I must mourn H5594 and wail,
I must go barefoot and naked;
I must do mourning like the jackals,
And a mourning like the ostriches.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 1:11 - [fn]Go on your way, inhabitant of [fn]Shaphir, in shameful nakedness.
The inhabitant of [fn]Zaanan does not [fn]escape.
The mourning of [fn]Beth-ezel: “He will take from you its [fn]support.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:5 - “Say to all the people of the land and to the priests, ‘When you fasted and mourned H5594 in the fifth and seventh months [fn]these seventy years, was it actually for Me that you fasted?
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 12:10 - “And I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem [fn]the Spirit of grace and of pleading, so that they will look at Me whom they pierced; and they will mourn H5594 for Him, like one mourning H5594 for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 12:12 - “The land will mourn H5594, every family by itself; the family of the house of David by itself and their wives by themselves; the family of the house of Nathan by itself and their wives by themselves;

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