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Lexicon :: Strong's H5594 - sāp̄aḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1530

Strong’s Definitions

סָפַד çâphad, saw-fad'; a primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail:—lament, mourn(-er), wail.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x

The KJV translates Strong's H5594 in the following manner: mourn (15x), lament (13x), mourners (1x), wail (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x
The KJV translates Strong's H5594 in the following manner: mourn (15x), lament (13x), mourners (1x), wail (1x).
  1. to wail, lament, mourn

    1. (Qal)

      1. to wail, lament

      2. wailers (participle)

    2. (Niphal) to be lamented, be bewailed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
סָפַד çâphad, saw-fad'; a primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail:—lament, mourn(-er), wail.
STRONGS H5594: Abbreviations
† [סָפַד] verb wail, lament (Late Hebrew id.; Targum סְפַד, ChrPalAramaic bdb070402 id., SchwIdioticon 64; Assyrian [sapâdu], sipdu, sipittu, mourning, DlHWB 507; compare Amharic bdb070403 dirge PräZMG xxxv (1881), 762); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְסָֽפְדָה consecutive Zechariah 12:12, 3rd person plural וְסָֽפְדוּ consecutive 1 Kings 14:13; Zechariah 12:10; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular וַתּסְפֹּד 2 Samuel 11:26, 2nd person masculine singular תִּסְפֹּד Ezekiel 24:16, 1st person singular cohortative אֶסְפְּדָה Micah 1:8, 3rd person masculine plural יִסְפְּדוּ Jeremiah 6:16 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural סִפְדוּ 2 Samuel 3:31 + 2 times; feminine plural סְפֹ֫דְנָה Jeremiah 49:3; Infinitive absolute סָפוֺד Zechariah 7:5; construct סְפוֺד Ecclesiastes 3:4, לִסְפֹּד Genesis 23:2; 1 Kings 13:29, לִסְפּוֹד Jeremiah 16:5; Participle active plural סֹפְדִים Isaiah 32:12, סוֺ׳ Ecclesiastes 12:5; — wail, lament (with loud cries, etc., see Micah 1:8, and compare DrAmos 5:16), especially for dead, with לְ, 1 Samuel 25:1; 1 Samuel 28:3; 1 Kings 14:13, 18; Genesis 23:2 (P) Jeremiah 16:6; Jeremiah 22:18 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 34:5, compare לָהֶ וְאַל־תָּנֹד לִסְפּוֹד זְאַל־תֵּלֵךְ Jeremiah 16:5; with עַלֿ over 2 Samuel 1:12; 2 Samuel 11:26; 1 Kings 13:30, compare Zechariah 12:10 (see Zechariah 12:12 below); with לִפְנֵי i.e. marching before (bier) 2 Samuel 3:31 (see Dr); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 50:10 (J); absolute 1 Kings 13:29; Ezekiel 24:16 compare Ezekiel 24:23; Ecclesiastes 3:4 (opposed to רקד; compare Psalm 30:12), and participle as substantive Ecclesiastes 12:5 wailers; also, with idea of guilt on part of those wailing, Zechariah 12:12 (compare Zechariah 12:10 above); over calamity, judgment, with עַלֿ Micah 1:8, absolute Jeremiah 4:8 (both + הֵילִיל), Jeremiah 49:3 and (with fasting) Zechariah 7:5; Joel 1:13. — עַלשָֿׁדַיִם סֹפְדִים עַלשְֿׂדֵיחֶֿמֶד וגו׳ Isaiah 32:12 is dubious; Thes Ew De Che and others upon the breasts smiting (?) for the fields, etc., but read probably שָׂדִים (וֺֿת, יִַ֯ם) GesComm. (which see.) BuhlLex 13 Skinner and others: over the fields wailing, over the delightful fields, etc.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural לֹא יִסָּֽפְדוּ Jeremiah 16:4 they shall not be bewailed, so Jeremiah 25:33.

שְׂפֹדְנָה Jeremiah 49:3 Masora, < modern editions ס׳.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


23:2; 23:2; 50:10

1 Samuel

25:1; 28:3

2 Samuel

1:12; 3:31; 3:31; 11:26; 11:26

1 Kings

13:29; 13:29; 13:30; 14:13; 14:13; 14:18




3:4; 3:4; 12:5; 12:5


32:12; 32:12


4:8; 6:16; 16:4; 16:5; 16:5; 16:6; 22:18; 25:33; 34:5; 49:3; 49:3; 49:3


24:16; 24:16; 24:23






1:8; 1:8; 1:8


7:5; 7:5; 12:10; 12:10; 12:10; 12:12; 12:12; 12:12

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5594 matches the Hebrew סָפַד (sāp̄aḏ),
which occurs 32 times in 30 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 23:2 - So Sarah died in Kirjath Arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan, and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:10 - Then they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and they mourned there with a great and very solemn lamentation. He observed seven days of mourning for his father.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:1 - Then Samuel died; and the Israelites gathered together and lamented for him, and buried him at his home in Ramah. And David arose and went down to the Wilderness of Paran.[fn]
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:3 - Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had lamented for him and buried him in Ramah, in his own city. And Saul had put the mediums and the spiritists out of the land.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:12 - And they mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and for Jonathan his son, for the people of the LORD and for the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:31 - Then David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, “Tear your clothes, gird yourselves with sackcloth, and mourn for Abner.” And King David followed the coffin.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:26 - When the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:29 - And the prophet took up the corpse of the man of God, laid it on the donkey, and brought it back. So the old prophet came to the city to mourn, and to bury him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:30 - Then he laid the corpse in his own tomb; and they mourned over him, saying, “Alas, my brother!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:13 - “And all Israel shall mourn for him and bury him, for he is the only one of Jeroboam who shall come to the grave, because in him there is found something good toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:18 - And they buried him; and all Israel mourned for him, according to the word of the LORD which He spoke through His servant Ahijah the prophet.
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 3:4 - A time to weep,
And a time to laugh;
A time to mourn,
And a time to dance;
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 12:5 - Also they are afraid of height,
And of terrors in the way;
When the almond tree blossoms,
The grasshopper is a burden,
And desire fails.
For man goes to his eternal home,
And the mourners go about the streets.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:12 - People shall mourn upon their breasts
For the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:8 - For this, clothe yourself with sackcloth,
Lament and wail.
For the fierce anger of the LORD
Has not turned back from us.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:4 - “They shall die gruesome deaths; they shall not be lamented nor shall they be buried, but they shall be like refuse on the face of the earth. They shall be consumed by the sword and by famine, and their corpses shall be meat for the birds of heaven and for the beasts of the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:5 - For thus says the LORD: “Do not enter the house of mourning, nor go to lament or bemoan them; for I have taken away My peace from this people,” says the LORD, “lovingkindness and mercies.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:6 - “Both the great and the small shall die in this land. They shall not be buried; neither shall men lament for them, cut themselves, nor make themselves bald for them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:18 - Therefore thus says the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah:

“They shall not lament for him,
Saying, ‘Alas, my brother!’ or ‘Alas, my sister!’
They shall not lament for him,
Saying, ‘Alas, master!’ or ‘Alas, his glory!’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:33 - “And at that day the slain of the LORD shall be from one end of the earth even to the other end of the earth. They shall not be lamented, or gathered, or buried; they shall become refuse on the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 34:5 - ‘You shall die in peace; as in the ceremonies of your fathers, the former kings who were before you, so they shall burn incense for you and lament for you, saying, “Alas, lord!” For I have pronounced the word, says the LORD.’ ”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:3 - “Wail, O Heshbon, for Ai is plundered!
Cry, you daughters of Rabbah,
Gird yourselves with sackcloth!
Lament and run to and fro by the walls;
For Milcom shall go into captivity
With his priests and his princes together.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:16 - “Son of man, behold, I take away from you the desire of your eyes with one stroke; yet you shall neither mourn nor weep, nor shall your tears run down.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:23 - ‘Your turbans shall be on your heads and your sandals on your feet; you shall neither mourn nor weep, but you shall pine away in your iniquities and mourn with one another.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:13 - Gird yourselves and lament, you priests;
Wail, you who minister before the altar;
Come, lie all night in sackcloth,
You who minister to my God;
For the grain offering and the drink offering
Are withheld from the house of your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 1:8 - Therefore I will wail and howl,
I will go stripped and naked;
I will make a wailing like the jackals
And a mourning like the ostriches,
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 1:11 - Pass by in naked shame, you inhabitant of Shaphir;
The inhabitant of Zaanan[fn] does not go out.
Beth Ezel mourns;
Its place to stand is taken away from you.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:5 - “Say to all the people of the land, and to the priests: ‘When you fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh months during those seventy years, did you really fast for Me—for Me?
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 12:10 - “And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 12:12 - “And the land shall mourn, every family by itself: the family of the house of David by itself, and their wives by themselves; the family of the house of Nathan by itself, and their wives by themselves;
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