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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H5857 - ʿay

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Part of Speech
proper locative noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Strong’s Definitions

עַי ʻAy, ah'ee; or (feminine) עַיָּא ʻAyâʼ; (Nehemiah 11:31), or עַיָּת ʻAyâth; (Isaiah 10:28), for H5856; Ai, Aja or Ajath, a place in Palestine:—Ai, Aija, Aijath, Hai.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 41x

The KJV translates Strong's H5857 in the following manner: Ai (36x), Hai (2x), Aiath (1x), city (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 41x
The KJV translates Strong's H5857 in the following manner: Ai (36x), Hai (2x), Aiath (1x), city (1x).
  1. Ai or Aija or Aiath or Hai = "heap of ruins"

    1. a city lying east of Bethel and beside Bethaven near Jericho and the second city taken on the invasion of Canaan

    2. a city of the Ammonites on the east of the Jordan and apparently attached to Heshbon

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עַי ʻAy, ah'ee; or (feminine) עַיָּא ʻAyâʼ; (Nehemiah 11:31), or עַיָּת ʻAyâth; (Isaiah 10:28), for H5856; Ai, Aja or Ajath, a place in Palestine:—Ai, Aija, Aijath, Hai.
STRONGS H5857: Abbreviations
עַי, עַיָּ֑ת, עַיָּה 40 proper name, of a location Αγγαι (Genesis), Γαι:
1. old Canaanite city, עַי always with article הָעַי (הָעָ֑י Genesis 13:3 +), near Bethel to the southeast (exact site unknown, compare DiJoshua 7:2 BuhlGeogr. 177), Genesis 12:8 (J), Genesis 13:3 (J), Joshua 7:2 (twice in verse); Joshua 7:3, 4, 5; Joshua 8:1 (twice in verse); Joshua 8:2, 3 + 18 times Joshua 8 (+ Qr Joshua 8:12; Joshua 8:16, but improbable, Kt עיר, compare Di), Joshua 9:3; Joshua 10:1 (twice in verse); Joshua 10:2 (all J E), Joshua 12:9 (D), Ezra 2:28 = Nehemiah 7:32; = עַיָּת Isaiah 10:28; עַיָּה (so Baer Ginsb, > עַיָּא van d. H.) Nehemiah 11:31, so read also (for עַזָּה whhich see near the end) 1 Chronicles 7:28.
2. east Jordan city Jeremiah 49:3 (+ חֶשְׁבוֺן), but read עָר city (?) Gf RothstKau Co (הָעִיר ?).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


12:8; 13:3; 13:3


7:2; 7:2; 7:3; 7:4; 7:5; 8; 8:1; 8:2; 8:3; 8:12; 8:16; 9:3; 10:1; 10:2; 12:9

1 Chronicles





7:32; 11:31






Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H5857 matches the Hebrew עַי (ʿay),
which occurs 40 times in 34 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:8 - Then he proceeded from there to the mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent with Bethel on the west and Ai H5857 on the east; and there he built an altar to the LORD and called upon the name of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:3 - And he went [fn]on his journeys from the [fn]Negev as far as Bethel, to the place where his tent had been at the beginning, between Bethel and Ai H5857,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:2 -

Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai H5857, which is near Beth-aven, east of Bethel, and said to them, “[fn]Go up and spy out the land.” So the men went up and spied out Ai H5857.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:3 - Then they returned to Joshua and said to him, “Do not have all the people go up; have only about two or three thousand men go up and attack Ai H5857; do not trouble all the people there, for they are few.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:4 - So about three thousand men from the people went up there, but they fled [fn]from the men of Ai H5857.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:5 - And the men of Ai H5857 struck and killed about thirty-six of their men, and pursued them [fn]from the gate as far as Shebarim and struck them on the mountainside; and the hearts of the people melted and became like water.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:1 -

Now the LORD said to Joshua, “Do not fear or be dismayed. Take all the people of war with you. Arise, go up to Ai H5857; see, I have handed over to you the king of Ai H5857, his people, his city, and his land.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:2 - “You shall do to Ai H5857 and its king just as you did to Jericho and its king; you shall take only its spoils and its cattle as plunder for yourselves. [fn]Set an ambush for the city behind it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:3 -

So Joshua rose up with all the people of war to go up to Ai H5857; and Joshua chose thirty thousand men, valiant warriors, and sent them out at night.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:9 - So Joshua sent them away, and they went to the place of ambush and remained between Bethel and Ai H5857, on the west side of Ai H5857; but Joshua spent that night among the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:10 -

Now Joshua got up early in the morning and mustered the people, and he went up with the elders of Israel before the people to Ai H5857.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:11 - Then all the people of war who were with him went up and approached, and arrived in front of the city; and they camped on the north side of Ai H5857. And there was a valley between him and Ai H5857.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:12 - Then he took about five thousand men and set them in ambush between Bethel and Ai H5857, on the west side of the [fn]city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:14 - And it came about, when the king of Ai H5857 saw them, that the men of the city hurried and got up early, and went out to meet Israel in battle, he and all his people at the appointed place before the desert plain. But he did not know that there was an ambush against him behind the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:16 - And all the people who were in the city were called together to pursue them, and they pursued Joshua and were lured away from the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:17 - So not a man was left in Ai H5857 or Bethel, [fn]but they had all gone out after Israel, and they left the city [fn]unguarded and pursued Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:18 -

Then the LORD said to Joshua, “Reach out with the sword that is in your hand toward Ai H5857, for I will hand it over to you.” So Joshua reached out with the sword that was in his hand toward the city.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:20 - When the men of Ai H5857 turned [fn]back and looked, behold, the smoke of the city ascended to the sky, and they had no place to flee this way or that, for the people who had been fleeing to the wilderness turned against the pursuers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:21 - When Joshua and all Israel saw that the men in ambush had captured the city and that the smoke of the city ascended, they turned back and [fn]killed the men of Ai H5857.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:23 - But they captured the king of Ai H5857 alive and brought him to Joshua.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:24 -

Now when Israel had finished killing all the inhabitants of Ai H5857 in the field in the wilderness where they pursued them, and all of them had fallen by the edge of the sword until they were destroyed, then all Israel returned to Ai H5857 and struck it with the edge of the sword.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:25 - So all who fell that day, both men and women, were twelve thousand—all the [fn]people of Ai H5857.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:26 - For Joshua did not withdraw his hand with which he reached out with the sword until he had [fn]utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai H5857.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:28 - So Joshua burned Ai H5857 and made it a refuse heap forever, a desolation until this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:29 - And he hanged the king of Ai H5857 on [fn]a tree until evening; but at sunset Joshua gave the command and they took his body down from [fn]the tree and threw it at the entrance of the city gate, and erected over it a large heap of stones that stands to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:3 -

The inhabitants of Gibeon also heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai H5857,

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:1 -

Now it came about when Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem heard that Joshua had captured Ai H5857, and had [fn]utterly destroyed it (just as he had done to Jericho and its king, so he had done to Ai H5857 and its king), and that the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were [fn]within their land,

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:2 - that [fn]he feared greatly because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai H5857, and all its men were mighty.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:9 - the king of Jericho, one; the king of Ai H5857, which is beside Bethel, one;
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 2:28 - the men of Bethel and Ai H5857, 223;
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 7:32 - the men of Bethel and Ai H5857, 123;
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 11:31 - The sons of Benjamin also lived from Geba onward, at Michmash and Aija H5857, at Bethel and its towns,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:28 -

He has come against Aiath H5857,

He has passed through Migron;

At Michmash he deposited his baggage.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:3 -

“Wail, Heshbon, for Ai H5857 has been destroyed!

Cry out, daughters of Rabbah,

Put on sackcloth and mourn,

And move about inside the walls;

For [fn]Malcam will go into exile

Together with his priests and his leaders.

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