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Lexicon :: Strong's H6031 - ʿānâ

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עָנָה
Transliteration
ʿānâ
Pronunciation
aw-naw'
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Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [possibly rather ident. with עָנָה (H6030) through the idea of looking down or browbeating]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1651,1652

Strong’s Definitions

עָנָה ʻânâh, aw-naw'; a primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows):—abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for H6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for H6030), speak (by mistake for H6030), submit self, weaken, × in any wise.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 84x

The KJV translates Strong's H6031 in the following manner: afflict (50x), humble (11x), force (5x), exercised (2x), sing (2x), Leannoth (1x), troubled (1x), weakened (1x), miscellaneous (11x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 84x
The KJV translates Strong's H6031 in the following manner: afflict (50x), humble (11x), force (5x), exercised (2x), sing (2x), Leannoth (1x), troubled (1x), weakened (1x), miscellaneous (11x).
  1. (Qal) to be occupied, be busied with

  2. to afflict, oppress, humble, be afflicted, be bowed down

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be put down, become low

      2. to be depressed, be downcast

      3. to be afflicted

      4. to stoop

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to humble oneself, bow down

      2. to be afflicted, be humbled

    3. (Piel)

      1. to humble, mishandle, afflict

      2. to humble, be humiliated

      3. to afflict

      4. to humble, weaken oneself

    4. (Pual)

      1. to be afflicted

      2. to be humbled

    5. (Hiphil) to afflict

    6. (Hithpael)

      1. to humble oneself

      2. to be afflicted

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָנָה ʻânâh, aw-naw'; a primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitive or intransitive (in various applications, as follows):—abase self, afflict(-ion, self), answer (by mistake for H6030), chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing (by mistake for H6030), speak (by mistake for H6030), submit self, weaken, × in any wise.
STRONGS H6031:
† II. [עָנָה] verb be occupied, busied with (ב), only Ecclesiastes (perhaps Aramaic loan-word; Syriac bdb077502 be occupied with, bdb077503 occupation, affair; compare Arabic bdb077504, bdb077505 concern one, also be occupied by; Ecclus 42:8 margin); —
Qal Infinitive עֲנוֺתִ Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 3:10.

III. [עָנָה] verb be bowed down, afflicted (Late Hebrew id.; MI Pi. ויענו Psalm 1:5, אענו Psalm 1:6; Assyrian enû thwart, frustrate, do violence to; Arabic bdb077601, bdb077602 be lowly subsmissive, see Rahlfsעָנִי und עָנָי in d. Psalmen (1892), 67 ff.; Targum עַנִּי Pa. oppress; Syriac Ethpe. humble oneself, and derivatives); —
Qal Perfect 1st person singular עָנִיתִי Psalm 116:10; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַעֲנֶה Isaiah 25:5; Isaiah 31:4, etc.; —
1. be put down or become low, of song of triumph Isaiah 25:5 (others as Hiph. he putteth down, || תַּכְנִיעַ).
2. be depressed, downcast Isaiah 31:4 (of lion; || יֵחָ֑ת).
Niph. Perfect 1st person singular נַעֲניתִי Psalm 119:107; Infinitive construct לֵעָנֹת (perhaps read as Qal Ges§ 51 l) Exodus 10:3; Participle נַעֲנֶה Isaiah 53:7; feminine singular נַעֲנָה Isaiah 58:10; —
1. humble oneself מִפְּנֵי Exodus 10:3.
Piel Perfect 3rd person masculine singular עִנָּה Deuteronomy 22:24 + 5 times; 2nd person masculine singular עִנִּיתָ Psalm 88:8; 1st person singular עִנֵּיתִי Psalm 35:13, suffix וְעִנִּתִךְ consecutive Nahum 1:12, etc.; Imperfect יְעַנֶּה Job 37:23, etc.; Imperative עַנּוּ Judges 19:24; Infinitive absolute עַנֵּה Exodus 22:22; construct עַנּוֺת Isaiah 58:5 +, etc.; Participle plural suffix מְעַנַּיִךְ Isaiah 60:14; Zephaniah 3:19; —
1. humble, mishandle, afflict: individual Genesis 16:6; Genesis 31:50 (J) Exodus 22:21; Exodus 22:22 (twice in verse) (E) Job 30:11; by imprisonment and bonds Judges 16:5, 6, 19; Psalm 105:18; a nation by war or in bondage Genesis 15:13 (J) Exodus 1:11, 12; Numbers 24:24 (twice in verse) (E) Deuteronomy 26:6; 1 Samuel 12:8 (inserting וַיְעַנּוּם מִצְרַיִם, so Greek Version of the LXX Dr Bu Kit HPS [compare Th We]), 2 Samuel 7:10; 2 Kings 17:20; Psalm 94:5; Isaiah 60:14; Zephaniah 3:19; dynasty of David Psalm 89:23.
3. afflict as a discipline (God agent) Deuteronomy 8:2, 3, 16; 1 Kings 11:39; Psalm 88:8; Psalm 90:15; Psalm 119:75; Isaiah 64:11; Nahum 1:12 (twice in verse); Lamentations 3:33.
4. humble, weaken, object כֹּחַ Psalm 102:24; משׁפט Job 37:23 (compare Talmud עִנָּה דִּין); נֶפֶשׁ oneself, by fasting Leviticus 16:29, 31; Leviticus 23:27, 32; Numbers 29:7 (P) Psalm 35:13; Isaiah 58:3, 5; by an oath Numbers 30:14 (P).
Pu. Perfect 1st person singular עֻנֵּיתִי Psalm 119:71; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תְּעֻנֶּה Leviticus 23:29; Infinitive construct suffix עֻנּוֺתוֺ Psalm 132:1; Participle מְעֻנֶּה Isaiah 53:4; —
1. be afflicted, in discipline by God Psalm 119:71; Psalm 132:1; Isaiah 53:4.
2. be humbled by fasting Leviticus 23:29 (P).
Hiph. Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular suffix תַּעֲנֵם 1 Kings 8:35 2 Chronicles 6:26 afflict, in discipline.
Hithp. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִתְעַנָּה 1 Kings 2:26; 2nd person masculine singular תִתְעַנִּיתָ 1 Kings 2:26; Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יִתְעַנּוּ Psalm 107:17; Imperative הִתְעַנִּי Genesis 16:9; Infinitive construct הִתְעַנּוֺת Ezekiel 8:21; Daniel 10:12; —
1. humble oneself (with תַּחַת יָדֶיהָ) Genesis 16:9 (J).
2. be afflicted, by men 1 Kings 2:26 (twice in verse); by God in discipline Psalm 107:17.
3. humble oneself in fasting Ezra 8:21; Daniel 10:12.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

15:13; 16:6; 16:9; 16:9; 31:50; 34:2

Exodus

1:11; 1:12; 10:3; 10:3; 22:21; 22:22; 22:22

Leviticus

16:29; 16:31; 23:27; 23:29; 23:29; 23:32

Numbers

24:24; 29:7; 30:14

Deuteronomy

8:2; 8:3; 8:16; 21:14; 22:24; 22:24; 22:29; 26:6

Judges

16:5; 16:6; 16:19; 19:24; 19:24; 20:5

1 Samuel

12:8

2 Samuel

7:10; 13:12; 13:14; 13:22; 13:32

1 Kings

2:26; 2:26; 2:26; 8:35; 11:39

2 Kings

17:20

2 Chronicles

6:26

Ezra

8:21

Job

30:11; 37:23; 37:23

Psalms

1:5; 1:6; 35:13; 35:13; 88:8; 88:8; 89:23; 90:15; 94:5; 102:24; 105:18; 107:17; 107:17; 116:10; 116:10; 119:67; 119:71; 119:71; 119:75; 119:107; 119:107; 132:1; 132:1

Ecclesiastes

1:13; 3:10

Isaiah

25:5; 25:5; 31:4; 31:4; 53:4; 53:4; 53:7; 53:7; 58:3; 58:5; 58:5; 58:10; 58:10; 60:14; 60:14; 64:11

Lamentations

3:33; 5:11

Ezekiel

22:10; 22:11

Daniel

10:12; 10:12

Nahum

1:12; 1:12

Zephaniah

3:19; 3:19

Zechariah

10:2

H6031

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6031 matches the Hebrew עָנָה (ʿānâ),
which occurs 83 times in 79 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 15:13–Psa 90:15)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:13 - Then God said to Abram, “Know for certain that your [fn]descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, [fn]where they will be enslaved and oppressed H6031 for four hundred years.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:6 - But Abram said to Sarai, “Look, your slave woman is in your [fn]power; do to her what is good in your [fn]sight.” So Sarai treated H6031 her harshly H6031, and she fled from her presence.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:9 - So the angel of the LORD said to her, “Return to your mistress, and submit H6031 [fn]to her authority.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:50 - “If you mistreat H6031 my daughters, or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no one is with us, see, God is witness between [fn]you and me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:2 - When Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her, he took her and lay with her and raped H6031 her.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:11 - So they appointed taskmasters over them to oppress H6031 them with [fn]hard labor. And they built for Pharaoh storage cities, Pithom and Raamses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:12 - But the more they oppressed H6031 them, the more they multiplied and the more they [fn]spread out, so that they dreaded the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:3 - So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, “This is what the LORD, the God of the Hebrews says: ‘How long will you refuse to humble H6031 yourself before Me? Let My people go, so that they may serve Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:22 - “You shall not oppress H6031 any widow or orphan.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:23 - “If you oppress H6031 him at H6031 all H6031, and if he does cry out to Me, I will assuredly hear his cry;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:29 - This shall be a permanent statute for you: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall humble H6031 [fn]yourselves and not do any work, whether the native, or the stranger who resides among you;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:31 - “It is to be a Sabbath of solemn rest for you, so that you may humble H6031 [fn]yourselves; it is a permanent statute.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:27 - “On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble H6031 [fn]yourselves and present an offering by fire to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:29 - “If there is any [fn]person who does not humble H6031 himself on this very day, he shall be cut off from his people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:32 - “It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you shall humble H6031 [fn]yourselves; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening, you shall keep your Sabbath.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:24 - “But ships shall come from the coast of Kittim,
And they shall oppress H6031 Asshur and oppress H6031 Eber;
So they also will come to destruction.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 29:7 - ‘Then on the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy assembly, and you shall humble H6031 yourselves; you shall not do any work.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:13 - “Every vow and every binding oath to humble H6031 herself, her husband may confirm it or her husband may annul it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:2 - “And you shall remember all the way which the LORD your God has led you in the wilderness these forty years, in order to humble H6031 you, putting you to the test, to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:3 - “And He humbled H6031 you and let you go hungry, and fed you with the manna which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, in order to make you [fn]understand that man shall not live on bread alone, but man shall live on everything that comes out of the mouth of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:16 - “In the wilderness it was He who fed you manna which your fathers did not know, in order to humble H6031 you and in order to put you to the test, to do good for you [fn]in the end.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:14 - “But it shall be, if you are not pleased with her, then you shall let her go [fn]wherever she wishes; and you certainly shall not sell her for money, you shall not treat her as merchandise, since you have [fn]humiliated H6031 her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:24 - then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city and you shall stone them [fn]to death: the girl, because she did not cry out for help though she was in the city, and the man, because he has violated H6031 his neighbor’s wife. So you shall eliminate the evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:29 - then the man who had sexual relations with her shall give the girl’s father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall become his wife, because he has violated H6031 her; he is not allowed to divorce her all his days.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:6 - ‘And the Egyptians treated us badly and oppressed H6031 us, and imposed hard labor on us.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:5 - So the governors of the Philistines came up to her and said to her, “Entice him, and see where his great strength lies and [fn]how we can overpower him so that we may bind him to humble H6031 him. Then we will each give you 1,100 pieces of silver.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:6 - So Delilah said to Samson, “Please tell me where your great strength lies, and [fn]how you can be bound to humble H6031 you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:19 - And she made him sleep on her knees, and called for a man and had him shave off the seven locks of his head. Then she began to humble H6031 him, and his strength left him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:24 - “Here is my virgin daughter and [fn]the man’s concubine. Please let me bring them out, then rape H6031 them and do to them [fn]whatever you wish. But do not commit this act of vile sin against this man.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:5 - “But the [fn]citizens of Gibeah rose up against me and surrounded the house at night, [fn]threatening me. They intended to kill me; instead, they raped H6031 my concubine so that she died.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 7:10 - “And I will establish a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, so that they may live in their own place and not be disturbed again, nor will [fn]malicious people oppress H6031 them anymore as previously,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:12 - But she said to him, “No, my brother, do not violate H6031 me, for such a thing is not done in Israel; do not do this disgraceful sin!
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:14 - However, he would not listen to [fn]her; since he was stronger than she, he violated H6031 her and slept with her.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:22 - But Absalom did not speak with Amnon either good or bad; for Absalom hated Amnon because he had violated H6031 his sister Tamar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:32 - And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David’s brother, [fn]responded, “Let my lord not [fn]assume that they have put to death all the young men, the king’s sons, for only Amnon is dead; because this has been set up by the [fn]intent of Absalom since the day that he violated H6031 his sister Tamar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:36 - “You have also given me the shield of Your salvation,
And Your [fn]help makes me great.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:26 - Then to Abiathar the priest the king said, “Go to Anathoth to your own field, for you [fn]deserve to die; but I will not put you to death at this [fn]time, because you carried the ark of the Lord [fn]GOD before my father David, and because you were afflicted H6031 in everything with which my father was afflicted H6031.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:35 - “When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain because they have sinned against You, and they pray toward this place and praise Your name, and turn from their sin when You afflict H6031 them,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:39 - ‘So I will oppress H6031 the [fn]descendants of David for this, but not always.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:20 - So the LORD rejected all the [fn]descendants of Israel and afflicted H6031 them and handed them over to plunderers, until He had cast them [fn]out of His sight.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:26 - “When the heavens are shut up and there is no rain because they have sinned against You, and they pray toward this place and praise Your name, and turn from their sin when You afflict H6031 them,
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 8:21 - Then I proclaimed a fast there at the river of Ahava, to humble H6031 ourselves before our God, to seek from Him a [fn]safe journey for us, our little ones, and all our possessions.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:11 - “Because He has undone [fn]my [fn]bowstring and afflicted H6031 me,
They have cast off the bridle before me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:23 - “The Almighty—we cannot find Him;
He is exalted in power
And He will not violate H6031 justice and abundant righteousness.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:13 - But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth;
I humbled H6031 my soul with fasting,
But my prayer kept returning to [fn]me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 55:19 - God will hear and humiliate H6031 them—
Even the one who [fn]sits enthroned from ancient times— Selah
With whom there [fn]is no change,
And who do not fear God.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 88:1 - A Song. A Psalm of the sons of Korah. For the music director; according to Mahalath Leannoth. A [fn]Maskil of Heman [fn]the Ezrahite.
LORD, the God of my salvation,
I have cried out by day and in the night before You.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 88:7 - Your wrath has rested upon me,
And You have afflicted H6031 me with all Your waves. Selah
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:22 - “The enemy will not [fn]deceive him,
Nor will the [fn]son of wickedness afflict H6031 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 90:15 - Make us glad [fn]according to the days You have afflicted H6031 us,
And the years we have seen [fn]evil.

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