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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H6087 - ʿāṣaḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1666,1667

Strong’s Definitions

עָצַב ʻâtsab, aw-tsab'; a primitive root; properly, to carve, i.e. fabricate or fashion; hence (in a bad sense) to worry, pain or anger:—displease, grieve, hurt, make, be sorry, vex, worship, wrest.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x

The KJV translates Strong's H6087 in the following manner: grieve (10x), displeased (1x), hurt (1x), made (1x), sorry (1x), vexed (1x), worship (1x), wrest (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 17x
The KJV translates Strong's H6087 in the following manner: grieve (10x), displeased (1x), hurt (1x), made (1x), sorry (1x), vexed (1x), worship (1x), wrest (1x).
  1. to hurt, pain, grieve, displease, vex, wrest

    1. (Qal) to hurt, pain

    2. (Niphal) to be in pain, be pained, be grieved

    3. (Piel) to vex, torture

    4. (Hiphil) to cause pain

    5. (Hithpael) to feel grieved, be vexed

  2. to shape, fashion, make, form, stretch into shape, (TWOT) worship

    1. (Piel) to shape, form

    2. (Hiphil) to form, copy, fashion

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָצַב ʻâtsab, aw-tsab'; a primitive root; properly, to carve, i.e. fabricate or fashion; hence (in a bad sense) to worry, pain or anger:—displease, grieve, hurt, make, be sorry, vex, worship, wrest.
STRONGS H6087: Abbreviations
† I. [עָצַב] verb hurt, pain, grieve (Late Hebrew Nithp. and in derivatives; Targum עֲצַב be in pain (rare); Ethiopic bdb078004 be hard, difficult, LagBN 50, compare 201 compare Arabic bdb078005 be angry, but dubious); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix עֲצָבוֺ 1 Kings 1:6 his father had not pained him (Greek Version of the LXX Klo Gr עֲצָרוֺ, but see Benz); insert עָצַב (with other words) 2 Samuel 13:21 Greek Version of the LXX Ew Th We Kit Bu HPS; Infinitive construct suffix לְבִלְתִּי עָצְבִּי 1 Chronicles 4:10 that it (רָעָה) may not pain me; Passive participle construct עֲצוּבַת רוּחַ Isaiah 54:6 hurt in spirit (of Zion under figure of deserted wife).
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נֶעְצַב 1 Samuel 20:24 be pained for (אֶל person; strike out Greek Version of the LXX HPS); נֶעֱצַב 2 Samuel 19:3 the king is in pain (is grieving) for (עַל person); Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יֵעָצֵב 1 Samuel 20:3 lest he be pained; + בָּהֶם instrumental Ecclesiastes 10:9 shall be hurt by them (i.e. אֲבָנִים; only here of physical pain); 2nd person masculine plural תֵּעָֽצְבוּ Genesis 45:5 be not grieved (+ יִחַר; followed byכִּי that ye sold me), compare Nehemiah 8:10, 11 (absolute) do not grieve.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person plural עִצְּבוּ with accusative Isaiah 63:10 they vexed his holy spirit (+ מָרוּ); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural בְּבָרַי יְעַצֵּ֑בוּ Psalm 56:6 my affairs they vex (Thes and others), but improbable, < Che בְּדָבָר יְע׳ with speech they vex (me).
Hiph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural suffix יַעֲצִיבוּהוּ Psalm 78:40 they used to cause him [י׳] pain.
Hithp. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּתְעַצֵּב אֶללִֿבּוֺ Genesis 6:6 and he was vexed to his heart (of י׳; || וַיִּנָּחֶם); 3rd person masculine plural וִיִּתְעַצְּבוּ Genesis 34:7 (+ וַיִּחַר, followed by clause with כִּי).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H6088.

II. [עָצַב] verb Pi. shape, fashion (Late Hebrew Pi. stretch child into shape; BuhlLex compare bdb078101 out, cut off [whence idea of carving, fashioning]); —
Pi. Perfect יָדֶיךָ עִצְּבוּנִי וַעיַּעֲשׂוּנִי Job 10:8 thy hands shaped me, etc.
Hiph. Infinitive construct לְהַעֲצִבָה Jeremiah 44:19, but read ־בָהּ, to fashion her, i.e. make images of her (possibly denominative from עָצָב).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


6:6; 34:7; 45:5

1 Samuel

20:3; 20:24

2 Samuel

13:21; 19:3

1 Kings


1 Chronicles



8:10; 8:11




56:6; 78:40




54:6; 63:10



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6087 matches the Hebrew עָצַב (ʿāṣaḇ),
which occurs 17 times in 17 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:6 - And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved H6087 him at his heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:7 - And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard it: and the men were grieved, H6087 and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel in lying with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 45:5 - Now therefore be not grieved, H6087 nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:3 - And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: H6087 but truly as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:34 - So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved H6087 for David, because his father had done him shame.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:2 - And the victory that day was turned into mourning unto all the people: for the people heard say that day how the king was grieved H6087 for his son.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:6 - And his father had not displeased H6087 him at any time in saying, Why hast thou done so? and he also was a very goodly man; and his mother bare him after Absalom.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 4:10 - And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and that thine hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep me from evil, that it may not grieve H6087 me! And God granted him that which he requested.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 8:10 - Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for this day is holy unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; H6087 for the joy of the LORD is your strength.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 8:11 - So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace, for the day is holy; neither be ye grieved. H6087
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:8 - Thine hands have made H6087 me and fashioned me together round about; yet thou dost destroy me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 56:5 - Every day they wrest H6087 my words: all their thoughts are against me for evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:40 - How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve H6087 him in the desert!
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 10:9 - Whoso removeth stones shall be hurt H6087 therewith; and he that cleaveth wood shall be endangered thereby.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:6 - For the LORD hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved H6087 in spirit, and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:10 - But they rebelled, and vexed H6087 his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 44:19 - And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship H6087 her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?
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