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Lexicon :: Strong's H6113 - ʿāṣar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1675

Strong’s Definitions

עָצָר ʻâtsâr, aw-tsar'; a primitive root; to inclose; by analogy, to hold back; also to maintain, rule, assemble:—× be able, close up, detain, fast, keep (self close, still), prevail, recover, refrain, × reign, restrain, retain, shut (up), slack, stay, stop, withhold (self).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 46x

The KJV translates Strong's H6113 in the following manner: shut up (15x), stayed (7x), retain (3x), detain (3x), able (2x), withhold (2x), keep (2x), prevail (1x), recover (1x), refrained (1x), reign (1x), miscellaneous (8x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 46x
The KJV translates Strong's H6113 in the following manner: shut up (15x), stayed (7x), retain (3x), detain (3x), able (2x), withhold (2x), keep (2x), prevail (1x), recover (1x), refrained (1x), reign (1x), miscellaneous (8x).
  1. to restrain, retain, close up, shut, withhold, refrain, stay, detain

    1. (Qal)

      1. to restrain, halt, stop

      2. to retain

    2. (Niphal) to be restrained, be stayed, be under restraint

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָצָר ʻâtsâr, aw-tsar'; a primitive root; to inclose; by analogy, to hold back; also to maintain, rule, assemble:—× be able, close up, detain, fast, keep (self close, still), prevail, recover, refrain, × reign, restrain, retain, shut (up), slack, stay, stop, withhold (self).
STRONGS H6113: Abbreviations
עָצַר 46 verb restrain, retain (Late Hebrew id.; compare probably Assyrian eṣêru, retain, restrain, DlHWB 122 JägerBAS i. 483 Zehnpfib. 500; Ethiopic bdb078307 press, Arabic bdb078308; Targum עֲצַר Syriac bdb078309 id.); **compare Assyrian uṣurtu, taboo SACJA, 1904, 754. —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ע׳ Genesis 20:18 +, suffix עֲצָרַנִי Genesis 16:2; 1st person singular יָצַרְתִּי Daniel 10:8, 16; etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַעְצֹר 1 Samuel 9:17 +, יַעְצָרֿ 2 Chronicles 2:5; suffix יַעֲצָרְכָה 1 Kings 18:44, etc.; Infinitive absolute עָצֹר Genesis 20:18, construct לַעִצֹר 2 Chronicles 22:9, וַעְצֹר Job 4:2 (Ges§ 28 b); Passive participle עָצוּר Jeremiah 33:1 +, etc.; —
1. restrain, with accusative of person Genesis 16:2 (J; + מִן, i.e. prevent), עָצֹר עָצַר בְּעֵד כָּלרֶֿחֶם Genesis 20:18 (E), compare absolute Isaiah 66:9 (opposed to מוֺלִיד); followed by infinitive 2 Kings 4:24; with accusative of person alone 1 Kings 18:44 hinder, stop; with accusative of sky (hindering rain) Deuteronomy 11:17; 2 Chronicles 7:13; passive participle absolute shut up, or hindered (for reasons not given) Jeremiah 36:5; Nehemiah 6:10 (? by a vow, or by ceremonial uncleanness, compare RsSem i. 436 f., 2nd ed. 455 f.); = shut up (with ב, in prison) 2 Kings 17:4, passive participle Jeremiah 33:1; Jeremiah 39:15, figurative Jeremiah 20:9; on עָצוּר וְעָזוּב (5 times) see I. עזב; עֲצֻרָה לָנוּ 1 Samuel 21:6 women have been kept away with reference to us (compare RSl.c.); עָצוּר מִפְּנֵי 1 Chronicles 12:1 kept away from before Saul; = detain, with accusative Judges 13:15, 16; in Job with בְּ, בְּמִלִּין ע׳ Job 4:2, compare Job 29:9, so בַּמַּיִם Job 12:5; בְּעַמִּי ע׳ 1 Samuel 9:17 is rule over, etc. (si vera lectio); insert also (with other words) 1 Samuel 10:1 Greek Version of the LXX We Dr and others.
2. (late) retain, with accusative כֹּחַ 2 Chronicles 13:20; 22:9; Daniel 10:8, 16; Daniel 11:6; + infinitive = be able to 1 Chronicles 29:14; 2 Chronicles 2:5; omit כֹּחַ 2 Chronicles 14:10 (+ עִמְּךָ), 2 Chronicles 20:37 (+ infinitive).
Niph. be restrained, stayed, of plague: Perfect 3rd person feminine singular נֶעֱצָ֑רָה Numbers 17:15 [Numbers 16:50]; Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֵּעָצַר 2 Samuel 24:21 = 1 Chronicles 21:22, וַתֵּעָצַר Numbers 17:13; Numbers 25:8 (P) 2 Samuel 24:25; Psalm 106:30; be shut up (of sky), Infinitive construct בְּהֵעָצֵר 1 Kings 8:35 2 Chronicles 6:26; be under restraint or detention Participle נֶעְצָר 1 Samuel 21:8 + לִפְחנֵי י׳ (? i.e. kept by a vow, compare HPS and Nehemiah 6:10 above).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


16:2; 16:2; 20:18; 20:18; 20:18


16:50; 17:13; 25:8




13:15; 13:16

1 Samuel

9:17; 9:17; 10:1; 21:6; 21:8

2 Samuel

24:21; 24:25

1 Kings

8:35; 18:44; 18:44

2 Kings

4:24; 17:4

1 Chronicles

12:1; 21:22; 29:14

2 Chronicles

2:5; 2:5; 6:26; 7:13; 13:20; 14:10; 20:37; 22:9; 22:9


6:10; 6:10


4:2; 4:2; 12:5; 29:9






20:9; 33:1; 33:1; 36:5; 39:15


10:8; 10:8; 10:16; 10:16; 11:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6113 matches the Hebrew עָצַר (ʿāṣar),
which occurs 46 times in 45 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:2 - So Sarai said to Abram, “Now behold, the LORD has prevented H6113 me from bearing children. Please go in to my maid; perhaps I will [fn]obtain children through her.” And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:18 - For the LORD had closed H6113 fast H6113 all the wombs of the household of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:48 - He took his stand between the dead and the living, so that the plague was checked. H6113
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:50 - Then Aaron returned to Moses at the doorway of the tent of meeting, for the plague had been checked. H6113
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:8 - and he went after the man of Israel into the [fn]tent and pierced both of them through, the man of Israel and the woman, through the [fn]body. So the plague on the sons of Israel was checked. H6113
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:17 - “Or the anger of the LORD will be kindled against you, and He will shut H6113 up the heavens so that there will be no rain and the ground will not yield its fruit; and you will perish quickly from the good land which the LORD is giving you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:36 - “For the LORD will vindicate His people,
And will have compassion on His servants,
When He sees that their [fn]strength is gone,
And there is none remaining, bond H6113 or free.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:15 - Then Manoah said to the angel of the LORD, “Please let us detain H6113 you so that we may prepare a young goat for you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:16 - The angel of the LORD said to Manoah, “Though you detain H6113 me, I will not eat your [fn]food, but if you prepare a burnt offering, then offer it to the LORD.” For Manoah did not know that he was the angel of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 9:17 - When Samuel saw Saul, the LORD [fn]said to him, “Behold, the man of whom I spoke to you! This one shall rule H6113 over My people.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:5 - David answered the priest and said to him, “Surely women have been kept H6113 from us as previously when I set out and the vessels of the young men were holy, though it was an ordinary journey; how much more then today will [fn]their vessels be holy?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:7 - Now one of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained H6113 before the LORD; and his name was Doeg the Edomite, the chief of Saul’s shepherds.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 24:21 - Then Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, in order to build an altar to the LORD, that the plague may be held H6113 back H6113 from the people.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 24:25 - David built there an altar to the LORD and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. Thus the LORD was moved by prayer for the land, and the plague was held H6113 back H6113 from Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:35 - “When the heavens are shut H6113 up and there is no rain, because they have sinned against You, and they pray toward this place and confess Your name and turn from their sin when You afflict them,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:10 - therefore behold, I am bringing calamity on the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam [fn]every male person, both bond H6113 and free in Israel, and I will make a clean sweep of the house of Jeroboam, as one sweeps away dung until it is all gone.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:44 - It came about at the seventh time, that he said, “Behold, a cloud as small as a man’s hand is coming up from the sea.” And he said, “Go up, say to Ahab,[fn]Prepare your chariot and go down, so that the heavy shower does not stop H6113 you.’”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:21 - “Behold, I will bring evil upon you, and will utterly sweep you away, and will cut off from Ahab every male, both bond H6113 and free in Israel;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:24 - Then she saddled a donkey and said to her servant, “Drive and go forward; do not slow H6113 down H6113 [fn]the pace for me unless I tell you.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:8 - ‘For the whole house of Ahab shall perish, and I will cut off from Ahab every male person both bond H6113 and free in Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 14:26 - For the LORD saw the affliction of Israel, which was very bitter; for there was neither bond H6113 nor free, nor was there any helper for Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:4 - But the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea, who had sent messengers to So king of Egypt and had offered no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year; so the king of Assyria shut H6113 him up and bound him in prison.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 12:1 - Now these are the ones who came to David at Ziklag, while he was still restricted H6113 because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men who helped him in war.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 21:22 - Then David said to Ornan, “Give me the [fn]site of this threshing floor, that I may build on it an altar to the LORD; for the full price you shall give it to me, that the plague may be restrained H6113 from the people.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 29:14 - “But who am I and who are my people that we should [fn]be able H6113 to offer as generously as this? For all things come from You, and from Your hand we have given You.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 2:6 - “But who is able H6113 to build a house for Him, for the heavens and the highest heavens cannot contain Him? So who am I, that I should build a house for Him, except to [fn]burn incense before Him?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:26 - “When the heavens are shut H6113 up and there is no rain because they have sinned against You, and they pray toward this place and confess Your name, and turn from their sin when You afflict them;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 7:13 - “If I shut H6113 up the heavens so that there is no rain, or if I command the locust to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among My people,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 13:20 - Jeroboam did not again recover H6113 strength in the days of Abijah; and the LORD struck him and he died.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 14:11 - Then Asa called to the LORD his God and said, “LORD, there is no one besides You to help in the battle between the powerful and those who have no strength; so help us, O LORD our God, for we trust in You, and in Your name have come against this multitude. O LORD, You are our God; let not man prevail H6113 against You.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:37 - Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat saying, “Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your works.” So the ships were broken and could H6113 not go to Tarshish.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 22:9 - He also sought Ahaziah, and they caught him while he was hiding in Samaria; they brought him to Jehu, put him to death and buried him. For they said, “He is the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought the LORD with all his heart.” So there was no one of the house of Ahaziah to retain H6113 the power of the kingdom.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:10 - When I entered the house of Shemaiah the son of Delaiah, son of Mehetabel, who was [fn]confined H6113 at home, he said, “Let us meet together in the house of God, within the temple, and let us close the doors of the temple, for they are coming to kill you, and they are coming to kill you at night.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:2 - “If one ventures a word with you, will you become impatient?
But who can refrain H6113 [fn]from speaking?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:15 - “Behold, He restrains H6113 the waters, and they dry up;
And He sends them out, and they [fn]inundate the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:9 - “The princes stopped H6113 talking
And put their hands on their mouths;
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:30 - Then Phinehas stood up and interposed,
And so the plague was stayed. H6113
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 66:9 - “Shall I bring to the point of birth and not give delivery?” says the LORD.
“Or shall I who gives delivery shut H6113 the womb?” says your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 20:9 - But if I say, “I will not remember Him
Or speak anymore in His name,”
Then in my heart it becomes like a burning fire
Shut H6113 up in my bones;
And I am weary of holding it in,
And I cannot endure it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 33:1 - Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the second time, while he was still [fn]confined H6113 in the court of the guard, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 36:5 - Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, “I am [fn]restricted; H6113 I cannot go into the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 39:15 - Now the word of the LORD had come to Jeremiah while he was confined H6113 in the court of the guardhouse, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 10:8 - So I was left alone and saw this great vision; yet no strength was left in me, for my [fn]natural color turned to [fn]a deathly pallor, and I retained H6113 no strength.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 10:16 - And behold, [fn]one who resembled a human being was touching my lips; then I opened my mouth and spoke and said to him who was standing before me, “O my lord, as a result of the vision [fn]anguish has come upon me, and I have retained H6113 no strength.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:6 - “After some years they will form an alliance, and the daughter of the king of the South will come to the king of the North to carry out [fn]a peaceful arrangement. But she will not retain H6113 her [fn]position of power, nor will he remain with his [fn]power, but she will be given up, along with those who brought her in and the one who sired her as well as he who supported her in those times.
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