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Lexicon :: Strong's H6148 - ʿāraḇ

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עָרַב
Transliteration
ʿāraḇ
Pronunciation
aw-rab'
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Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1686

Strong’s Definitions

עָרַב ʻârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to braid, i.e. intermix; technically, to traffic (as if by barter); also or give to be security (as a kind of exchange):—engage, (inter-) meddle (with), mingle (self), mortgage, occupy, give pledges, be(-come, put in) surety, undertake.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x

The KJV translates Strong's H6148 in the following manner: surety (9x), meddle (2x), mingled (2x), pledges (2x), becometh (1x), engaged (1x), intermeddle (1x), mortgaged (1x), occupiers (1x), occupy (1x), undertake (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x
The KJV translates Strong's H6148 in the following manner: surety (9x), meddle (2x), mingled (2x), pledges (2x), becometh (1x), engaged (1x), intermeddle (1x), mortgaged (1x), occupiers (1x), occupy (1x), undertake (1x).
  1. to pledge, exchange, mortgage, engage, occupy, undertake for, give pledges, be or become surety, take on pledge, give in pledge

    1. (Qal)

      1. to take on pledge, go surety for

      2. to give in pledge

      3. to exchange

      4. to pledge

    2. (Hithpael)

      1. to exchange pledges

      2. to have fellowship with, share

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָרַב ʻârab, aw-rab'; a primitive root; to braid, i.e. intermix; technically, to traffic (as if by barter); also or give to be security (as a kind of exchange):—engage, (inter-) meddle (with), mingle (self), mortgage, occupy, give pledges, be(-come, put in) surety, undertake.
STRONGS H6148:
II. עָרַב verb take on pledge, give in pledge, exchange (Late Hebrew go surety for (rare); Phoenician ערב surety; Old Aramaic ערבא pledge; Targum עֲרַב, Syriac bdb078604, go surety for; usually identified with I. ערבmix, exchange, pledge — but quite uncertain; compare BuhlLex LagBN 203); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ע׳ Genesis 44:32 + 4 times; 2nd person masculine singular עָרַבְתָּ Proverbs 6:1; Imperfect 1st person singular suffix אֶעֶרְבֶנּוּ Genesis 43:9; Imperative עֲרֹב Psalm 119:122, suffix עָרְבֵנִי Isaiah 38:14, so Job 17:3 (but see below); Infinitive construct לַעֲרֹב Ezekiel 27:9; Participle עֹרֵב Proverbs 17:18, etc.; —
1. with accusative of person taken on pledge, i.e. go surety for the safety of, Genesis 43:9 (J), Genesis 44:32 (J; + מֵעִם person); for the debts of Proverbs 11:15; Proverbs 20:16; Proverbs 27:13; of God Isaiah 38:14 go surety for me, Psalm 119:122, so Job 17:3 (si vera lectio, see עֵרָבוֺן); accusative of person omitted, לְ ע׳ Proverbs 6:1 go surety to one (in behalf of another, || כַּפֶּ֑יךָ לַזָּר תָּקַע); with accusative of thing Proverbs 22:26 (|| תֹּקְעֵיכָֿ֑ף).
2. give in pledge, with accusative of thing Nehemiah 5:3 (i.e. mortgage), figurative אֶתלִֿבּוֺ ע׳ Jeremiah 30:21 so עֲרֻבָּה לִפְנֵי רֵעֵהוּ ע׳ Proverbs 17:18 (|| תֹּקֵעַ כָּ֑ף).
3. exchange (in trade), with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מָעֲרָבֵךְ Ezekiel 27:9, 27.
Hithp.
1. reciprocal: Imperative הִתְעָ֫רֶב נָא אֶתאֲֿדֹנִי 2 Kings 18:23 exchange pledges (make a bargain) with my lord = Isaiah 36:8.
2.
a. have fellowship with, בְּ person, Perfect 3rd person plural הִתְעָֽרְבוּ Ezra 9:2; Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural וַיִּתְעָֽרְבוּ Psalm 106:35; 2nd person masculine singular תִּתְעָרָ֑ב with לְ person Proverbs 20:19, with עִם person Proverbs 24:21.
b. share in, בְּ of thing, 3rd person masculine singular יִתְעָרַב Proverbs 14:10 in his joy no other shares..
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

43:9; 43:9; 44:32; 44:32

2 Kings

18:23

Ezra

9:2

Nehemiah

5:3

Job

17:3; 17:3

Psalms

106:35; 119:122; 119:122

Proverbs

6:1; 6:1; 11:15; 14:10; 17:18; 17:18; 20:16; 20:19; 22:26; 24:21; 27:13

Isaiah

36:8; 38:14; 38:14

Jeremiah

30:21

Ezekiel

27:9; 27:9; 27:27

H6148

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6148 matches the Hebrew עָרַב (ʿāraḇ),
which occurs 23 times in 23 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:9 - “I myself will be surety H6148 for him; [fn]you may hold me responsible for him. If I do not bring him back to you and set him before you, then [fn]let me bear the blame before you forever.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:32 - “For your servant became H6148 surety H6148 for the lad to my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then [fn]let me bear the blame before my father forever.’
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:23 - “Now therefore, [fn]come, make H6148 a bargain H6148 with my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, if you are able on your part to set riders on them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:2 - “For they have taken some of their daughters as wives for themselves and for their sons, so that the holy [fn]race has intermingled H6148 with the peoples of the lands; indeed, the hands of the princes and the rulers have been foremost in this unfaithfulness.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 5:3 - There were others who said, “We are mortgaging H6148 our fields, our vineyards and our houses that we might get grain because of the famine.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:3 - “Lay down, now, a pledge for me with Yourself;
Who is there that will [fn]be my guarantor?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:35 - But they mingled H6148 with the nations
And learned their [fn]practices,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:122 - Be surety H6148 for Your servant for good;
Do not let the arrogant oppress me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:1 - My son, if you have become H6148 surety H6148 for your neighbor,
Have [fn]given a pledge for a stranger,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 11:15 - He who is guarantor H6148 for a stranger will surely suffer for it,
But he who hates [fn]being a guarantor is secure.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:10 - The heart knows its own bitterness,
And a stranger does not share H6148 its joy.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:18 - A man lacking in [fn]sense [fn]pledges
And becomes H6148 guarantor in the presence of his neighbor.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:16 - Take his garment when he becomes H6148 surety H6148 for a stranger;
And for foreigners, hold him in pledge.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 20:19 - He who goes about as a slanderer reveals secrets,
Therefore do not associate H6148 with [fn]a gossip.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:26 - Do not be among those who give [fn]pledges,
Among those who become H6148 guarantors H6148 for debts.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:21 - My son, [fn]fear the LORD and the king;
Do not associate H6148 with those who are given to change,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 27:13 - Take his garment when he becomes H6148 surety H6148 for a stranger;
And for an [fn]adulterous woman hold him in pledge.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 36:8 - “Now therefore, [fn]come make H6148 a bargain H6148 with my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, if you are able on your part to set riders on them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 38:14 - “Like a swallow, like a crane, so I twitter;
I moan like a dove;
My eyes look wistfully to the heights;
O Lord, I am oppressed, be my security. H6148
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 30:21 - [fn]Their leader shall be one of them,
And [fn]their ruler shall come forth from [fn]their midst;
And I will bring him near and he shall approach Me;
For [fn]who would dare H6148 to risk H6148 his life to approach Me?’ declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:9 - “The elders of Gebal and her wise men were with you repairing your seams;
All the ships of the sea and their sailors were with you in order to deal H6148 in your merchandise.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:27 - “Your wealth, your wares, your merchandise,
Your sailors and your pilots,
Your repairers of seams, your dealers H6148 in merchandise
And all your men of war who are in you,
With all your company that is in your midst,
Will fall into the heart of the seas
On the day of your overthrow.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 9:4 - They will not pour out drink offerings of wine to the LORD,
Their sacrifices will not please Him.
Their bread will [fn]be like [fn]mourners’ bread;
All who eat of it will be defiled,
For their bread will be for [fn]themselves alone;
It will not enter the house of the LORD.

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