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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H6203 - ʿōrep̄

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1700a

Strong’s Definitions

עֹרֶף ʻôreph, o-ref'; from H6202; the nape or back of the neck (as declining); hence, the back generally (whether literal or figurative):—back (stiff-) neck(-ed).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x

The KJV translates Strong's H6203 in the following manner: neck (17x), back (7x), stiffnecked (with H7186) (4x), stiffnecked (3x), backs (with H310) (1x), stiffnecked (with H7185) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x
The KJV translates Strong's H6203 in the following manner: neck (17x), back (7x), stiffnecked (with H7186) (4x), stiffnecked (3x), backs (with H310) (1x), stiffnecked (with H7185) (1x).
  1. neck, back of the neck, back

    1. back of the neck

      1. of fleeing foe

      2. of apostasy (fig.)

    2. stiff of neck, obstinate (fig.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עֹרֶף ʻôreph, o-ref'; from H6202; the nape or back of the neck (as declining); hence, the back generally (whether literal or figurative):—back (stiff-) neck(-ed).
STRONGS H6203: Abbreviations
עֹ֫רֶף noun masculineDeuteronomy 31:27 back of neck, neck; — ע׳ absolute Joshua 7:12 +; construct Genesis 49:8 +; suffix עָרְפִּי Job 16:12, עָרְפְּךָ Deuteronomy 31:27, etc.; —
1. back of neck of fleeing foe וגו'בְּע'יָֽדְךָ Genesis 49:8 (poem in J), compare וְאָחַז בְּעָרְמִּי Job 16:12 (figurative); Exodus 23:27 (E), Psalm 18:41 = 2 Samuel 22:41; turn (הָפַח, פָּנָה) one's back before (לִפְנֵי) a foe Joshua 7:8, 12 (JE), absolute Jeremiah 48:39; figurative of apostasy אֶל ע'פָּנָה Jeremiah 2:27; Jeremiah 32:33 (opposed to פָנִים פָּנָח) absolute וַיִּתְּנּוּ ע׳ 2 Chronicles 29:6; of י׳'s disfavour וְלֹא פָנִים אֶרְאֵם ע׳ Jeremiah 18:17 with the back and not the face will I look at them.
2. figurative in קְשֵׁהעֿ׳ stiff of neck, i.e. obstinate, of Israel Exodus 32:8; Exodus 33:3, 5; Exodus 34:9 (all J E), Deuteronomy 9:6, 13; הַקָּשֶׁה עָרְפְּךָ Deuteronomy 31:27; with verb הִקְשָׁה ע׳ i.e. be obstinate, intractable Deuteronomy 10:16; Jeremiah 7:26; Jeremiah 17:23; Jeremiah 19:15; 2 Kings 17:14 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 9:16, 17, 29; 2 Chronicles 30:8; compare גִּיד בַּרְזֶל ע׳ Isaiah 48:4 (|| קָשֶׁה אָ֑תָּה); הִקְשָׁה ע׳ of individual 2 Chronicles 36:13; Proverbs 29:1.
3. of bird: nip its head מִמּוּל עָרְפּוֹ Leviticus 5:8 (P).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


49:8; 49:8


23:27; 32:8; 33:3; 33:5; 34:9




9:6; 9:13; 10:16; 31:27; 31:27; 31:27


7:8; 7:12; 7:12

2 Samuel


2 Kings


2 Chronicles

29:6; 30:8; 36:13


9:16; 9:17; 9:29


16:12; 16:12








2:27; 7:26; 17:23; 18:17; 19:15; 32:33; 48:39


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6203 matches the Hebrew עֹרֶף (ʿōrep̄),
which occurs 33 times in 32 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:8 - “As for you, Judah, your brothers shall praise you;
Your hand shall be on the neck H6203 of your enemies;
Your father’s sons shall bow down to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:27 - “I will send My terror ahead of you, and throw into confusion all the people among whom you come, and I will make all your enemies turn their backs H6203 to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:9 - Then the LORD said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and behold, they are [fn]an obstinate H6203 people.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:3 - Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey; for I will not go up in your midst, because you are [fn]an obstinate H6203 people, and I might destroy you on the way.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:5 - For the LORD had said to Moses, “Say to the sons of Israel, ‘You are [fn]an obstinate H6203 people; if I [fn]were to go up in your midst for just one moment, I would destroy you. So now, take off your [fn]jewelry that I may know what I shall do to you.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:9 - Then he said, “If in any way I have found favor in Your sight, Lord, please may the Lord go along in our midst, even though [fn]the people are so obstinate H6203, and pardon our wrongdoing and our sin, and take us as Your own [fn]possession.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:8 - ‘He shall bring them to the priest, who shall first offer that which is for the sin offering, and shall pinch off its head at the front of its neck H6203, but he shall not sever it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:6 - “Know, then, that it is not because of your righteousness that the LORD your God is giving you this good land to possess, for you are a [fn]stubborn H6203 people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:13 - “The LORD also said to [fn]me, ‘I have seen this people, and indeed, it is a [fn]stubborn H6203 people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:16 - “So circumcise [fn]your heart, and do not stiffen your neck H6203 any longer.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:27 - “For I know your rebellion and your [fn]stubbornness H6203; behold, as long as I have been alive with you until today, you have been rebellious against the LORD; how much more, then, after my death?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:8 - “O Lord, what can I say since Israel has turned their [fn]back H6203 before their enemies?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:12 - “Therefore the sons of Israel cannot stand against their enemies; they turn their [fn]backs H6203 before their enemies, because they have become designated for destruction. I will not be with you anymore unless you eliminate from your midst the things designated for destruction.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:41 - “You have also made my enemies turn their backs H6203 to me,
And I [fn]destroyed those who hated me.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 17:14 - However, they did not listen, but stiffened their neck H6203 [fn]like their fathers, who did not believe in the LORD their God.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 29:6 - “For our fathers have been unfaithful and have done evil in the sight of the LORD our God, and they have abandoned Him and turned their faces away from the dwelling place of the LORD, and have [fn]turned their backs H6203.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:8 - “Now do not stiffen your neck H6203 like your fathers, but [fn]yield to the LORD and enter His sanctuary which He has consecrated forever, and serve the LORD your God, that His burning anger may turn away from you.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:13 - He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear allegiance by God. But he stiffened his neck H6203 and hardened his heart against turning to the LORD God of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:16 - “But they, our fathers, acted arrogantly;
They [fn]became H6203 stubborn H6203 and would not listen to Your commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:17 - “They refused to listen,
And did not remember Your wondrous deeds which You performed among them;
So they became H6203 stubborn H6203 and appointed a leader to return to their slavery in [fn]Egypt.
But You are a God of forgiveness,
Gracious and compassionate,
Slow to anger and abounding in [fn]mercy;
And You did not abandon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:29 - And admonished them in order to turn them back to Your Law.
Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances,
Which, if a person [fn]follows them, then he will live by them.
And they [fn]turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck H6203, and would not listen.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:12 - “I was at ease, but He shattered me,
And He has grasped me by my neck H6203 and shaken me to pieces;
He has also set me up as His target.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:40 - You have also made my enemies turn their backs H6203 to me,
And I [fn]destroyed those who hated me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 29:1 - A person [fn]often rebuked who [fn]becomes H6203 obstinate H6203
Will suddenly be broken [fn]beyond remedy.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 48:4 - “Because I know that you are [fn]obstinate,
And your neck H6203 is an iron tendon
And your forehead bronze,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:27 - Who say to a tree, ‘You are my father,’
And to a stone, ‘You gave me birth.’
For they have turned their backs H6203 to Me,
And not their faces;
But in the time of their [fn]trouble they will say,
‘Arise and save us!’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:26 - “Yet they did not listen to Me or incline their ear, but stiffened their neck H6203; they did more evil than their fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:23 - “Yet they did not listen or incline their ears, but stiffened their necks H6203 so as not to listen or accept discipline.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 18:17 - ‘Like an east wind I will scatter them
Before the enemy;
I will [fn]show them My back H6203 and not My face
In the day of their disaster.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 19:15 - “This is what the LORD of armies, the God of Israel says: ‘Behold, I am going to bring on this city and all its towns the entire disaster that I have declared against it, because they have stiffened their necks H6203 so as not to listen to My words.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 32:33 - “They have turned their back H6203 to Me and not their face; though I taught them, teaching again and again, they would not listen to accept discipline.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:39 - “How [fn]shattered it is! How they have wailed! How Moab has turned his back H6203—he is ashamed! So Moab will become a laughingstock and an object of terror to all around him.”
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