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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H6231 - ʿāšaq

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root (comp. עָשַׂק (H6229))
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1713

Strong’s Definitions

עָשַׁק ʻâshaq, aw-shak'; a primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, i.e. oppress, defraud, violate, overflow:—get deceitfully, deceive, defraud, drink up, (use) oppress(-ion), (-or), do violence (wrong).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x

The KJV translates Strong's H6231 in the following manner: oppress (23x), oppressor (4x), defraud (3x), wrong (2x), deceived (1x), deceitfully gotten (1x), oppression (1x), drink up (1x), violence (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 37x
The KJV translates Strong's H6231 in the following manner: oppress (23x), oppressor (4x), defraud (3x), wrong (2x), deceived (1x), deceitfully gotten (1x), oppression (1x), drink up (1x), violence (1x).
  1. to press upon, oppress, violate, defraud, do violence, get deceitfully, wrong, extort

    1. (Qal)

      1. to oppress, wrong, extort

      2. to oppress

    2. (Pual) to be exploited, be crushed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
עָשַׁק ʻâshaq, aw-shak'; a primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, i.e. oppress, defraud, violate, overflow:—get deceitfully, deceive, defraud, drink up, (use) oppress(-ion), (-or), do violence (wrong).
STRONGS H6231: Abbreviations
עָשַׁק verb oppress, wrong, extort (Targum עֲשַׁק = Biblical Hebrew, so Old Aramaic עשק; Syriac bdb079807 accuse, slander; Assyrian adjective ešḳu, strong; Arabic bdb079808 roughness, injustice); —
Qal Perfect ע׳ Leviticus 5:21; Ezekiel 18:18; 2nd person masculine singular suffix עֲשַׁקְתָּ֫נוּ 1 Samuel 12:4, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix יַעַשׁקֻנִי Psalm 119:122; 2nd person masculine singular תַּעֲשֹׁק Leviticus 19:13 +, etc.; Infinitive construct עֲשֹׁק Hosea 12:8, suffix עָשְׁקָם 1 Chronicles 16:21; Psalm 105:14; Participle active עשֵׁק Proverbs 14:31 +, feminine plural הָעשְׁקוֺת Amos 4:1, etc.; passive עָשׁוּק Deuteronomy 28:29 +, etc.; —
1. oppress, wrong (often by extortion, || גָּזַל), with accusative of person 1 Samuel 12:3, 4; Micah 2:2; Leviticus 5:21; Leviticus 19:13; especially the poor and helpless Amos 4:1; Deuteronomy 24:14; Jeremiah 7:6; Ezekiel 22:29; Zechariah 7:10; Proverbs 14:31; Proverbs 22:16; Proverbs 28:3; Ecclesiastes 4:1; also with accusative of congnate meaning with verb עשֶׁק (וְ)גָזַל גָּזֵל ע׳ Ezekiel 18:18 practise extortion, Ezekiel 22:29, take by extortion Leviticus 5:23 and (with accusative of thing) Malachi 3:5; absolute Hosea 12:8 practise extortion; Job 10:3 deal tyrannically (of God); participle oppressor, extortioner Jeremiah 21:12; Psalm 72:4; Ecclesiastes 4:1; passive participle as substantive the oppressed Psalm 103:6; Psalm 146:7.
2. oppress a nation Isaiah 52:4, compare Psalm 105:14 = 1 Chronicles 16:21; Psalm 119:122, participle act. oppressor Psalm 119:121, passive participle oppressed Jeremiah 50:33, in predict. וְגָזוּל ע׳ Deuteronomy 28:29, וְרָצּוּץ ע׳ Deuteronomy 28:23; Hosea 5:11.
3. dubious are: יַעְשֹׁק נָהָר Job 40:23 a river oppresses him, i.e. rushes violently upon him (that is, the hippopotamus; Du יָשֹׁק, from שׁוּק; > Gunk Bu יִשְׁקַע falls, sinks); עָשֻׁק בְּדַם נֶפֶשׁ Proverbs 28:17 oppressed (? burdened) with the blood of a person.
Pu. Participle feminine הַמְּעֻשָּׁקָה Isaiah 23:12 crushed (of conquered Sidon under figure of woman).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:13; 19:13


24:14; 28:23; 28:29; 28:29

1 Samuel

12:3; 12:4; 12:4

1 Chronicles

16:21; 16:21


10:3; 40:23


72:4; 103:6; 105:14; 105:14; 119:121; 119:122; 119:122; 146:7


14:31; 14:31; 22:16; 28:3; 28:17


4:1; 4:1


23:12; 52:4


7:6; 21:12; 50:33


18:18; 18:18; 22:29; 22:29


5:11; 12:8; 12:8


4:1; 4:1







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6231 matches the Hebrew עָשַׁק (ʿāšaq),
which occurs 36 times in 35 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:2 - “When a person sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD, and disavows the rightful claim of his neighbor regarding a deposit or a security entrusted to him, or regarding robbery, or he has extorted H6231 from his neighbor,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:4 - then it shall be, when he sins and becomes guilty, that he shall restore what he took by robbery or acquired H6231 by extortion, or the deposit which was [fn]entrusted to him, or the lost property which he found,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:13 - ‘You shall not oppress H6231 your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of a hired worker are not to remain with you all night until morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:14 - “You shall not exploit H6231 a hired worker who is poor and needy, whether he is one of your countrymen or one of your strangers who are in your land in your [fn]towns.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:29 - and you will be groping about at noon, just as a person who is blind gropes in the darkness, and you will not be successful in your ways; but you will only be [fn]oppressed H6231 and robbed all the time, with no one to save you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:33 - “A people whom you do not know will eat the produce of your ground and every product of your labor, and you will never be anything but oppressed H6231 and mistreated continually.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:3 - “Here I am; testify against me before the LORD and His anointed. Whose ox have I taken, or whose donkey have I taken, or whom have I exploited H6231? Whom have I oppressed, or from whose hand have I taken a bribe to close my eyes with it? I will return it to you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:4 - And they said, “You have not exploited H6231 us or oppressed us, or taken anything from anyone’s hand.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:21 - He allowed no one to oppress H6231 them,
And He rebuked kings for their sakes, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 10:3 - ‘Is it [fn]right for You indeed to oppress H6231,
To reject the work of Your hands,
And [fn]to look favorably on the plan of the wicked?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:23 - “If a river [fn]rages H6231, he is not alarmed;
He is confident, though the Jordan rushes to his mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 72:4 - [fn]May he vindicate the [fn]afflicted of the people,
Save the children of the needy,
And crush the oppressor H6231.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 103:6 - The LORD performs [fn]righteous deeds
And judgments for all who are oppressed H6231.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:14 - He allowed no one to oppress H6231 them,
And He [fn]rebuked kings for their sakes, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:121 - Ayin
I have done justice and righteousness;
Do not leave me to my oppressors H6231.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:122 - Be a guarantor for Your servant for good;
Do not let the arrogant oppress H6231 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 146:7 - Who executes justice for the oppressed H6231;
Who gives food to the hungry.
The LORD frees the prisoners.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:31 - One who oppresses H6231 the poor taunts his Maker,
But one who is gracious to the needy honors Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:16 - One who oppresses H6231 the poor to make [fn]more for himself,
Or gives to the rich, will only come to poverty.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:3 - A poor man who oppresses H6231 the helpless
Is like a driving rain [fn]which leaves no food.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:17 - A person who is burdened H6231 with the guilt of human blood
Will [fn]be a fugitive until death; no one is to support him!
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 4:1 - Then I looked again at all the acts of oppression which were being done under the sun. And behold, I saw the tears of the oppressed H6231 and that they had no one to comfort them; and power was on the side of their oppressors H6231, but they had no one to comfort them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:12 - He has said, “You shall not be jubilant anymore, you crushed H6231 virgin daughter of Sidon.
Arise, pass over to [fn]Cyprus; even there you will find no rest.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:4 - For this is what the Lord [fn]GOD says: “My people went down to Egypt first to reside there; then the Assyrian oppressed H6231 them without reason.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:6 - if you do not oppress H6231 the stranger, the [fn]orphan, or the widow, and do not shed innocent blood in this place, nor follow other gods to your own ruin,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 21:12 - house of David, this is what the LORD says:
“Administer justice [fn]every morning;
And save the person who has been robbed from the [fn]power of his oppressor H6231,
So that My wrath will not spread like fire
And burn, with no one to extinguish it,
Because of the evil of their deeds.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:33 - This is what the LORD of armies says:
“The sons of Israel are oppressed H6231,
And the sons of Judah as well;
And all who took them captive have held them firmly,
They have refused to let them go.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 18:18 - “As for his father, because he practiced H6231 extortion, robbed his brother, and did what was not good among his people, behold, he will die for his guilt.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:29 - “The people of the land have practiced H6231 extortion and committed robbery, and they have oppressed the poor and needy, and have oppressed H6231 the stranger without justice.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 5:11 - Ephraim is oppressed H6231, broken by judgment,
Because he was determined to follow [fn]man’s command.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:7 - A [fn]merchant, in whose hands are fraudulent balances,
Loves to exploit H6231.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 4:1 - Hear this word, you [fn]cows of Bashan who are on the mountain of Samaria,
Who exploit H6231 the poor, who oppress the needy,
[fn]And say to their [fn]husbands, “Bring now, that we may drink!”
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 2:2 - They covet fields, so they seize them;
And houses, so they take them.
They [fn]exploit H6231 a man and his house,
A person and his inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:10 - and do not oppress H6231 the widow or the [fn]orphan, the stranger or the poor; and do not devise evil in your hearts against one another.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:5 - “Then I will come near to you for judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, the adulterers, against those who swear falsely, those who [fn]oppress H6231 the wage earner in his wages or the widow or the [fn]orphan, and those who turn away the stranger from justice and do not [fn]fear Me,” says the LORD of armies.
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