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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H6684 - ṣûm

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1890

Strong’s Definitions

צוּם tsûwm, tsoom; a primitive root; to cover over (the mouth), i.e. to fast:—× at all, fast.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 21x

The KJV translates Strong's H6684 in the following manner: fast (20x), at all (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 21x
The KJV translates Strong's H6684 in the following manner: fast (20x), at all (1x).
  1. (Qal) to abstain from food, fast

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
צוּם tsûwm, tsoom; a primitive root; to cover over (the mouth), i.e. to fast:—× at all, fast.
STRONGS H6684: Abbreviations
† [צוּם] verb abstain from food, fast (Late Hebrew id.; Arabic (bdb084701) bdb084702, Ethiopic bdb084703 Aramaic צוּם, bdb084704); —
Qal Perfect 2nd person masculine singular צַמְתָּ 2 Samuel 12:21; 2nd person masculine plural צַמְתֶּם Zechariah 7:5, suffix צַמְתֻּנִי Zechariah 7:5; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיָּ֫צָם 2 Samuel 12:16, וַיָּצוֺ֑ם 1 Kings 21:27; 1st person singular אָצוּם Esther 4:16, etc.; Imperative masculine plural צוּמוּ Esther 4:16; Infinitive absolute צוֺם Zechariah 7:5; Participle צָם 2 Samuel 12:23; Nehemiah 1:4; — fast, in mourning the dead 1 Samuel 31:13 = 1 Chronicles 10:12; 2 Samuel 1:12; in worship (contrition, intercession, etc.) Jon 20:26; 1 Samuel 7:6; 2 Samuel 12:16 (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb צוֺם; || בִּקֵּשׁ), 2 Samuel 12:23 and (+בָּכָה), 2 Samuel 12:21; 2 Samuel 12:22 (q. v. for explanation), Jeremiah 14:12; Zechariah 7:5 (+סְפוֺד), הֲצוֺם צַמְתֻּנִי Zechariah 7:5 (Ges§ 117x) was it at all unto me [י׳] that ye fasted ? וָאֱהִי צָם Nehemiah 1:4 (periphrase conjectural; + מִתְפַּלֵּל), compare Ezra 8:23 (+ בִּקֵּשׁ), Esther 4:16 (with עַל person for whom), Esther 4:16, Isaiah 58:3 (|| עִנִּינוּ נַפְשֵׁנוּ), Isaiah 58:4 (with ל of thing), Isaiah 58:4; once in disappointment and vexation 1 Kings 21:27.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

1 Samuel

7:6; 31:13

2 Samuel

1:12; 12:16; 12:16; 12:21; 12:21; 12:22; 12:23; 12:23

1 Kings

21:27; 21:27

1 Chronicles





1:4; 1:4


4:16; 4:16; 4:16; 4:16


58:3; 58:4; 58:4




7:5; 7:5; 7:5; 7:5; 7:5


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6684 matches the Hebrew צוּם (ṣûm),
which occurs 21 times in 17 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:26 - Then all the children of Israel, and all the people, went up, and came unto the house of God, and wept, and sat there before the LORD, and fasted H6684 that day until even, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:6 - And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the LORD, and fasted H6684 on that day, and said there, We have sinned against the LORD. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 31:13 - And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted H6684 seven days.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:12 - And they mourned, and wept, and fasted H6684 until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:16 - David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, H6684 and went in, and lay all night upon the earth.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:21 - Then said his servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast H6684 and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:22 - And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted H6684 and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live?
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:23 - But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? H6684 can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:27 - And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, H6684 and lay in sackcloth, and went softly.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 10:12 - They arose, all the valiant men, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted H6684 seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 8:23 - So we fasted H6684 and besought our God for this: and he was intreated of us.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 1:4 - And it came to pass, when I heard these words, that I sat down and wept, and mourned certain days, and fasted, H6684 and prayed before the God of heaven,
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:16 - Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast H6684 ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast H6684 likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 58:3 - Wherefore have we fasted, H6684 say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 58:4 - Behold, ye fast H6684 for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast H6684 as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 14:12 - When they fast, H6684 I will not hear their cry; and when they offer burnt offering and an oblation, I will not accept them: but I will consume them by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 7:5 - Speak unto all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, When ye fasted H6684 and mourned in the fifth and seventh month, even those seventy years, did ye at all H6684 fast H6684 unto me, even to me?
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