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Lexicon :: Strong's H6884 - ṣārap̄

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צָרַף
Transliteration
ṣārap̄
Pronunciation
tsaw-raf'
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Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 1972

Strong’s Definitions

צָרַף tsâraph, tsaw-raf'; a primitive root; to fuse (metal), i.e. refine (literally or figuratively):—cast, (re-) fine(-er), founder, goldsmith, melt, pure, purge away, try.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x

The KJV translates Strong's H6884 in the following manner: try (11x), founder (5x), goldsmith (5x), refine (3x), refiner (2x), melt (2x), pure (2x), purge away (1x), casteth (1x), finer (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x
The KJV translates Strong's H6884 in the following manner: try (11x), founder (5x), goldsmith (5x), refine (3x), refiner (2x), melt (2x), pure (2x), purge away (1x), casteth (1x), finer (1x).
  1. to smelt, refine, test

    1. (Qal)

      1. to smelt, refine

      2. to test

      3. to test (and prove true)

      4. smelter, refiner, goldsmith (participle)

    2. (Niphal) to be refined

    3. (Piel) to be a refiner

      1. refiner (participle)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
צָרַף tsâraph, tsaw-raf'; a primitive root; to fuse (metal), i.e. refine (literally or figuratively):—cast, (re-) fine(-er), founder, goldsmith, melt, pure, purge away, try.
STRONGS H6884:
צָרַף verb smelt, refine, test (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician מצרף smelter; Assyrian ṣurrupu, refined, ṣarpu, silver, naṣraptu, crucible; Arabic bdb086401 is pure, unmixed (especially of wine); **compare bdb112704 pure silver, etc., SchulthGGA, 1902, 673; also ZimGGA, 1899, 250; KAT 3, 650 (Hebrew, etc., borrowed from Assyrian); very doubtful is Sabean צרף silver, money, compare MordtmHim. Inschr. pp. 14, 29 CISiv, No. 291, 1.1); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular צ׳ Jeremiah 6:29, suffix צְרָפָ֑תְהוּ Psalm 105:19; 2nd person masculine singular suffix צְרַפְתָּנִי Psalm 17:3, etc.; Imperfect 1st person singular אֶצְרֹף Isaiah 1:25, suffix אֶצְרְפֶנּוּ Judges 7:4; Imperative masculine singular צרופה Psalm 26:2 Kt, צָרְפָה Qr; Infinitive absolute צָרוֺף Jeremiah 6:29; construct לִצְרוֺף Daniel 11:35, etc.; Participle active suffix צוֺרְכָּם Jeremiah 9:6, etc.; pass. צָרוּף Psalm 12:7, etc.; —
1. smelt, refine: Jeremiah 6:29 (twice in verse) in vain hath he smelted continually (infinitive absolute; figurative of purifying people); so smelt away Isaiah 1:25 (accusative of dross; figurative); of silver Zechariah 13:9; Psalm 66:10, כֶּסֶף צָרוּף בַּעֲלִיל Psalm 12:7 (all simile); of אִמְרַת י׳ Psalm 18:31 = 2 Samuel 22:31; Psalm 119:140; Proverbs 30:5 (אִמְרַת אֱלוֺהַּ); refine (men, by trials) Daniel 11:35 (+ לִבָרֵר, לַלְבֵּן).
2. test Judges 7:4 I will test them (the warriors) for thee (י׳ subject); — perhaps also Judges 7:3 (see I. צפר); more generally, of י׳'s testing, trying (the hearts of) men (often || בָּחַן) Jeremiah 9:6; Isaiah 48:10; Zechariah 13:9; Psalm 26:2; Psalm 66:10.
3. test (and prove true) a man (subject י׳'s saying) Psalm 105:19.
4. Participle active as noun smelter, refiner, hence = goldsmith Judges 17:4; Jeremiah 10:9, 14; Jeremiah 51:17; Isaiah 40:19 (twice in verse) (but perhaps strike out Isaiah 40:19b, compare Du Che Marti), Isaiah 41:7; Isaiah 46:6; Proverbs 25:4; as a guild Nehemiah 3:8, 32.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יִצָּֽרְפוּ Daniel 12:10 many shall be refined (by suffering; + יִתְבָּֽרְרוּ, יִתְלַבְּנוּ).
Pi. Participle מְצָרֵף as noun a refiner, כְּאֵשׁ מ׳ Malachi 3:2 (simile of י׳), compare מְ׳ alone Malachi 3:3 (+ מְטַהֵר כֶּסֶף).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Judges

7:3; 7:4; 7:4; 17:4

2 Samuel

22:31

Nehemiah

3:8; 3:32

Psalms

12:7; 12:7; 17:3; 18:31; 26:2; 26:2; 66:10; 66:10; 105:19; 105:19; 119:140

Proverbs

25:4; 30:5

Isaiah

1:25; 1:25; 40:19; 40:19; 41:7; 46:6; 48:10

Jeremiah

6:29; 6:29; 6:29; 9:6; 9:6; 10:9; 10:14; 51:17

Daniel

11:35; 11:35; 12:10

Zechariah

13:9; 13:9

Malachi

3:2; 3:3

H6884

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H6884 matches the Hebrew צָרַף (ṣārap̄),
which occurs 34 times in 29 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:4 - Then the LORD said to Gideon, “The people are still too many; bring them down to the water and I will test H6884 them for you there. Therefore it shall be that he of whom I say to you, ‘This one shall go with you,’ he shall go with you; but everyone of whom I say to you, ‘This one shall not go with you,’ he shall not go.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 17:4 - So when he returned the silver to his mother, his mother took two hundred pieces of silver and gave them to the silversmith H6884 who made [fn]them into a graven image and a molten image, and [fn]they were in the house of Micah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:31 - “As for God, His way is [fn]blameless;
The word of the LORD is tested; H6884
He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 3:8 - Next to him Uzziel the son of Harhaiah of the goldsmiths H6884 made repairs. And next to him Hananiah, one of the perfumers, made repairs, and they restored Jerusalem as far as the Broad Wall.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 3:32 - Between the upper room of the corner and the Sheep Gate the goldsmiths H6884 and the merchants carried out repairs.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 12:6 - The words of the LORD are pure words;
As silver tried H6884 in a furnace on the earth, refined seven times.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 17:3 - You have tried my heart;
You have visited me by night;
You have tested H6884 me and You find [fn]nothing;
I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:30 - As for God, His way is [fn]blameless;
The word of the LORD is tried; H6884
He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 26:2 - Examine me, O LORD, and try me;
Test H6884 my [fn]mind and my heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 66:10 - For You have tried us, O God;
You have refined H6884 us as silver is refined. H6884
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:19 - Until the time that his word came to pass,
The word of the LORD [fn]tested H6884 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:140 - Your [fn]word is very [fn]pure, H6884
Therefore Your servant loves it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:4 - Take away the dross from the silver,
And there comes out a vessel for the smith; H6884
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:5 - Every word of God is tested; H6884
He is a shield to those who take refuge in Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:25 - “I will also turn My hand against you,
And will smelt H6884 away your dross as with lye
And will remove all your alloy.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:19 - As for the [fn]idol, a craftsman casts it,
A goldsmith H6884 plates it with gold,
And a silversmith H6884 fashions chains of silver.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:7 - So the craftsman encourages the smelter, H6884
And he who smooths metal with the hammer encourages him who beats the anvil,
Saying of the soldering, “It is good”;
And he fastens it with nails,
So that it will not totter.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 46:6 - “Those who lavish gold from the purse
And weigh silver on the scale
Hire a goldsmith, H6884 and he makes it into a god;
They bow down, indeed they worship it.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 48:10 - “Behold, I have refined H6884 you, but not as silver;
I have tested you in the furnace of affliction.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:29 - The bellows blow fiercely,
The lead is consumed by the fire;
In vain the refining H6884 goes H6884 on,
But the wicked are not [fn]separated.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:7 - Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts,
“Behold, I will refine H6884 them and assay them;
For what else can I do, because of the daughter of My people?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:9 - Beaten silver is brought from Tarshish,
And gold from Uphaz,
The work of a craftsman and of the hands of a goldsmith; H6884
Violet and purple are their clothing;
They are all the work of skilled men.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:14 - Every man is stupid, devoid of knowledge;
Every goldsmith H6884 is put to shame by his [fn]idols;
For his molten images are deceitful,
And there is no breath in them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:17 - All mankind is stupid, devoid of knowledge;
Every goldsmith H6884 is put to shame by his [fn]idols,
For his molten images are deceitful,
And there is no breath in them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:35 - “Some of [fn]those who have insight will fall, in order to refine, H6884 purge and make them [fn]pure until the end time; because it is still to come at the appointed time.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 12:10 - “Many will be purged, [fn]purified and refined, H6884 but the wicked will act wickedly; and none of the wicked will understand, but [fn]those who have insight will understand.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 13:9 - “And I will bring the third part through the fire,
Refine H6884 them as silver is refined, H6884
And test them as gold is tested.
They will call on My name,
And I will answer them;
I will say, ‘They are My people,’
And they will say, ‘The LORD is my God.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:2 - “But who can endure the day of His coming? And who can stand when He appears? For He is like a refiner’s H6884 fire and like [fn]fullers’ soap.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:3 - “He will sit as a smelter H6884 and purifier of silver, and He will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, so that they may present to the LORD [fn]offerings in righteousness.

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