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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7186 - qāšê

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קָשֶׁה
Transliteration
qāšê
Pronunciation
kaw-sheh'
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Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2085a

Strong’s Definitions

קָשֶׁה qâsheh, kaw-sheh'; from H7185; severe (in various applications):—churlish, cruel, grievous, hard((-hearted), thing), heavy, impudent, obstinate, prevailed, rough(-ly), sore, sorrowful, stiff(necked), stubborn, in trouble.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 36x

The KJV translates Strong's H7186 in the following manner: stiffnecked (with H6203) (6x), hard (5x), roughly (5x), cruel (3x), grievous (3x), sore (2x), churlish (1x), hardhearted (1x), heavy (1x), miscellaneous (9x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 36x
The KJV translates Strong's H7186 in the following manner: stiffnecked (with H6203) (6x), hard (5x), roughly (5x), cruel (3x), grievous (3x), sore (2x), churlish (1x), hardhearted (1x), heavy (1x), miscellaneous (9x).
  1. hard, cruel, severe, obstinate

    1. hard, difficult

    2. severe

    3. fierce, intense, vehement

    4. stubborn, stiff of neck, stiff-necked

    5. rigorous (of battle)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
קָשֶׁה qâsheh, kaw-sheh'; from H7185; severe (in various applications):—churlish, cruel, grievous, hard((-hearted), thing), heavy, impudent, obstinate, prevailed, rough(-ly), sore, sorrowful, stiff(necked), stubborn, in trouble.
STRONGS H7186: Abbreviations
קָשֶׁה adjective hard, severe; — absolute ק׳ Exodus 18:26 +; construct Exodus 32:9 +; feminine singular קָשָׁה Deuteronomy 26:6 +; construct קְשַׁת 1 Samuel 1:15; masculine plural קָשִׁים 2 Samuel 3:39; construct קְשֵׁי Ezekiel 2:4; Ezekiel 3:7; feminine plural קָשׁוֺת Genesis 42:7, 30; —
1. hard, difficult, of a legal question (דָּבָר) Exodus 18:26 (E).
2.
a. severe, of battle 2 Samuel 2:17, wind Isaiah 27:8, servitude (עֲבֹדָה) 1 Kings 12:4 2 Chronicles 10:4; Deuteronomy 26:6; Isaiah 14:3; Exodus 1:14; Exodus 6:9 (both P); as collective noun הִרְאִיתָ עַמְּךָ קָשָׁה Psalm 60:5 thou hast made thy people see severe things; קְשֵׁה יוֺם Job 30:25 i.e. one whose time (life) is hard, so 1 Samuel 1:15 (reading קְשַׁת יוֺם for רוּחַ ק׳, Greek Version of the LXX Th We Dr and others); severe, rough, of lord (אֲדֹנִים) Isaiah 19:4, compare 2 Samuel 3:39 (with מִן compare [מִמֶּנּוּ ? see HPS]); הָלוֺח וְקָשָׁה עַלֿ Judges 4:24 the hand of the sons of Israel went on being more and more severe upon Jabin; fierce, relentless, of י׳'s sword Isaiah 27:1 (in figurative); rough, rude 1 Samuel 25:3; severe things, of language Genesis 42:7, 30 (E; with דִּדֶּר), 1 Samuel 20:10; 1 Kings 12:13 2 Chronicles 10:13 (all with עָנָה); וְאָנֹכִי שָׁלוּחַ אֵלַיִח קָשָׁה 1 Kings 14:6 I am commissioned with a severe (message) unto thee (Ges§ 121 d. N. 2 DaSynt. §§ 75 (d), 80); חָזוּת קָשָׁה Isaiah 21:2.
b. fierce, intense, vehement, of קִנְאָה Songs 8:6 (|| עַזָּה; compare Genesis 49:9).
3. עַםקְֿשֵׁהעֹֿרֶף a people stiff of neck, stubborn, Exodus 32:9; Exodus 33:3, 5; Exodus 34:9 (all J E), Deuteronomy 9:6, 13; הַקָּשֶׁה עָרְפְּךָ Deuteronomy 31:27; compare דַּרְכָּם הַקָּשָׁה Judges 2:19; קְשֵׁי פָנִים Ezekiel 2:4 (+ חִזְקֵילֵֿב), קְשֵׁאלֵֿב Ezekiel 3:7 (+ חִזְקֵימְֿצַח); ק׳ alone = stubborn Isaiah 48:4.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

42:7; 42:7; 42:30; 42:30; 49:9

Exodus

1:14; 6:9; 18:26; 18:26; 32:9; 32:9; 33:3; 33:5; 34:9

Deuteronomy

9:6; 9:13; 26:6; 26:6; 31:27

Judges

2:19; 4:24

1 Samuel

1:15; 1:15; 20:10; 25:3

2 Samuel

2:17; 3:39; 3:39

1 Kings

12:4; 12:13; 14:6

2 Chronicles

10:4; 10:13

Job

30:25

Psalms

60:5

Song of Songs

8:6

Isaiah

14:3; 19:4; 21:2; 27:1; 27:8; 48:4

Ezekiel

2:4; 2:4; 3:7; 3:7

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7186 matches the Hebrew קָשֶׁה (qāšê),
which occurs 36 times in 36 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:7 - And Joseph saw his brothers and recognized them, but he disguised himself to them and spoke to them harshly H7186. And he said to them, “Where have you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan, to buy food.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:30 - “The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly H7186 with us and took us for spies of the country.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:14 - and they made their lives bitter with [fn]hard H7186 slave labor in mortar and bricks and in all kinds of slave labor in the field, all their slave labor which they brutally [fn]compelled them to do.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 6:9 - So Moses spoke thus to the sons of Israel, but they did not listen to Moses on account of their weakness of spirit and [fn]hard H7186 slavery.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:26 - And they judged the people at all times; the difficult H7186 matter they would bring to Moses, but every minor matter they themselves would judge.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:9 - And Yahweh said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and behold, they are a stiff-necked H7186 people.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:3 - Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey; for I will not go up in your midst because you are a stiff-necked H7186 people, lest I consume you on the way.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:5 - So Yahweh said to Moses, “Say to the sons of Israel, ‘You are a stiff-necked H7186 people; should I go up in your midst for one moment, I would consume you. So now, put off your ornaments from you, that I may know what I shall do with you.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:9 - And he said, “If now I have found favor in Your sight, O Lord, I pray, let the Lord go along in our midst, even though [fn]they are a stiff-necked H7186 people, and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us as Your own inheritance.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:6 -

“So you shall know it is not because of your righteousness that Yahweh your God is giving you this good land to possess, for you are a [fn]stiff-necked H7186 people.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:13 - “Yahweh spoke further to me, saying, ‘I have seen this people, and indeed, [fn]they are a [fn]stiff-necked H7186 people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:6 - ‘And the Egyptians treated us harshly and afflicted us and imposed hard H7186 slave labor on us.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:27 - “For I know your rebellion and your [fn]stiff-neck H7186; behold, while I am still alive with you today, you have been rebellious against Yahweh; how much more, then, after my death?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:19 - But it happened when the judge died, that they would turn back and act more corruptly than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them and bow down to them; they did not abandon their practices or their stubborn H7186 ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:24 - And the hand of the sons of Israel went forth heavier and heavier H7186 against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had cut off Jabin the king of Canaan.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:15 - But Hannah answered and said, “No, my lord, I am a woman [fn]oppressed H7186 in spirit; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have poured out my soul before Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:10 - Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will tell me [fn]if your father answers you harshly H7186?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:3 - (now the man’s name was Nabal, and his wife’s name was Abigail. And the woman was good in insight and beautiful in appearance, but the man was harsh H7186 and evil in his dealings, and he was a Calebite),
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:17 - And that day the battle was very severe H7186, and Abner and the men of Israel were [fn]defeated before the servants of David.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:39 - “Thus I am weak today, though anointed king; and these men the sons of Zeruiah are too difficult H7186 for me. May Yahweh repay the evildoer according to his evil.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 12:4 - “Your father made our yoke harsh; but you, now, lighten the harsh H7186 service of your father and his heavy yoke which he put on us, and we will serve you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 12:13 - And the king answered the people harshly H7186, and he forsook the counsel of the elders which they had [fn]given him,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:6 -

Now it happened as Ahijah heard the sound of her feet coming in the doorway, that he said, “Come in, wife of Jeroboam, why do you pretend to be another woman? For I am sent to you with a harsh H7186 message.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 10:4 - “Your father made our yoke harsh; but now, lighten the harsh H7186 service of your father and his heavy yoke which he put on us, and we will serve you.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 10:13 - And the king answered them harshly H7186, and King Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the elders,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:25 -

“Have I not wept for the [fn]one whose life is hard H7186?

Was not my soul grieved for the needy?

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 60:3 -

You have caused Your people to see hardship H7186;

You have given us [fn]wine to drink that causes reeling.

Unchecked Copy BoxSng 8:6 -

“Put me like a [fn]seal over your heart,

Like a seal on your arm.

For love is as strong as death,

[fn]Jealousy is as severe H7186 as Sheol;

Its flashes are flashes of fire,

[fn]The very flame of [fn]Yah.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 14:3 -

And it will be in the day when Yahweh gives you rest from your pain and turmoil and harsh H7186 slavery in which you have been enslaved,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 19:4 -

“Moreover, I will deliver the Egyptians into the hand of a cruel H7186 master,

And a [fn]strong king will rule over them,” declares the Lord, Yahweh of hosts.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:2 -

A harsh H7186 vision has been declared to me;

The treacherous one still deals treacherously, and the destroyer still destroys.

Go up, Elam, lay siege, Media;

I have made an end of all [fn]the groaning she has caused.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 27:1 -

In that day Yahweh will [fn]punish [fn]Leviathan the fleeing serpent,

With His fierce H7186 and great and [fn]mighty sword,

Even [fn]Leviathan the twisted serpent;

And He will kill the dragon who lives in the sea.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 27:8 -

You contended with them [fn]by driving them away, by making them forlorn.

With His fierce H7186 wind He has expelled them on the day of the east wind.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 48:4 -

“Because I know that you are [fn]stiff H7186,

And your neck is an iron sinew

And your forehead bronze,

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 2:4 - “I am sending you to them who are [fn]stiff-[fn]faced H7186 and strong-hearted children, and you shall say to them, ‘Thus says Lord Yahweh.’
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 3:7 - yet the house of Israel will not be willing to listen to you, since they are not willing to listen to Me. Surely the whole house of Israel is [fn]stubborn with a strong forehead and stiff H7186 heart.
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