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Lexicon :: Strong's H7198 - qešeṯ

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From קָשָׁה (H7185) in the original sense of קוֹשׁ (H6983) of bending
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2093

Strong’s Definitions

קֶשֶׁת qesheth, keh'-sheth; from H7185 in the original sense (of H6983) of bending; a bow, for shooting (hence, figuratively, strength) or the iris:—× arch(-er), arrow, bow(-man, -shot).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 77x

The KJV translates Strong's H7198 in the following manner: bow (68x), archers (with H3384) (3x), archers (2x), archers (with H1869) (1x), miscellaneous (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 77x
The KJV translates Strong's H7198 in the following manner: bow (68x), archers (with H3384) (3x), archers (2x), archers (with H1869) (1x), miscellaneous (3x).
  1. bow

    1. bow (for hunting, battle)

    2. bowmen, archers

    3. bow (fig. of might)

    4. rainbow

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
קֶשֶׁת qesheth, keh'-sheth; from H7185 in the original sense (of H6983) of bending; a bow, for shooting (hence, figuratively, strength) or the iris:—× arch(-er), arrow, bow(-man, -shot).
קֶ֫שֶׁת noun feminineGenesis 9:14 (apparently masculine 2 Samuel 1:22 but see AlbrZAW xvi (1896) 91) bow (originally √ perhaps קושׁ, meaning unknown; Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian ḳaštu; Ethiopic bdb090512 Arabic bdb090601 plural bdb090602, bdb090603 etc.; Targum and (קַשְׁתָּא and (ט for ת after ק P) קוּשְׁטָא (rare), all bow, קַשָּׁתָא bowman; Syriac bdb090604 bow, bdb090605 bowman; Old Aramaic קשת bow, Mandean כשטא (Frä206); Palmyrene קשטא bowman); — absolute ק׳ Hosea 1:7 +, קָ֑שֶׁת Jeremiah 46:9 +; constructקֶ֫שֶׁת Hosea 1:5 +; suffix קַשְׁתִּי Genesis 48:22 +,etc.; plural absolute קְשָׁתוֺת 2 Chronicles 26:14 +; suffix קַשְּׁתֹתָיו (Ges§ 20h) Isaiah 5:28, קַשְּׁתוֺתָם Jeremiah 51:56; Psalm 37:15, קַשְּׁתֹתֵיהֶם Nehemiah 4:7 (קַשְׁתֹּתָיו etc., van d. H. [except Psalm 37:15]); —
1. bow:
a. for hunting Genesis 27:3 (J; + תְּלְי)
b. battle: + (or ||) חֶרֶב Genesis 48:22; Joshua 24:12 (both E), Hosea 1:7; Hosea 2:20; 1 Samuel 18:4 (+ חְַגֹרוֺ), 2 Samuel 1:22; 2 Kings 6:22; Isaiah 41:2; Nehemiah 4:7 (+ רָמְחֵיהֶם), Zechariah 9:13 (figurative of Judah as י׳'s bow), Psalm 37:15 (figurative) Psalm 44:7 (+ or || חֶרֶב also below);+ (or ||) חִצִּים Isaiah 7:24; 2 Kings 13:15 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 39:3, 9; 1 Chronicles 12:2a; compare רִשְׁפֵי ק׳ Psalm 76:4 = arrow (+ מָנֵן וְחֶרֶב) so בֶּן ק׳ Job 41:20 (compare Lamentations 3:13; Job 5:7); + חֲנִית Psalm 46:10, + כִּידוֺן Jeremiah 6:23; Jeremiah 50:42; + varius weapons Nehemiah 4:10; 2 Chronicles 26:14; alone Isaiah 13:18 (context corrupt), Isaiah 22:3; Jeremiah 51:56; Habakkuk 3:9 (of י׳ as warrior); מִלְחָמָה ק׳ Zechariah 9:10; Zechariah 10:4; in simile רְמִיָּה כְּק׳ like a bow of deception Hosea 7:16; Psalm 78:57 (i.e. one that misses its aim; others slack bow).
c. ק׳ collective = bow(-men), archers Isaiah 21:17.
d. phrases are: הַמּרִים אֲנָשִׁים בַּקּ׳ 1 Samuel 31:3 archers, bowmen (but dubious; Dr Kit Löhr translates, הַמּ׳ א׳; We Bu strike out א׳ as || 1 Chronicles 10:3; HPS Now strike out בַּקּ׳ א׳), הַמּוֺרִים בַּקּ׳ 1 Chronicles 10:3; מְטַחֲוֵי ק׳ Genesis 21:16 (see [טָתָה], רמֵה ק׳ Jeremiah 4:29, compare perhaps Genesis 21:21 see קִשָּׁת, || נשְׁקֵי ק׳ (see II.נָשַׁק) 1 Chronicles 12:2b 2 Chronicles 17:17, רוֺמֵי ק׳ נוֺ׳ Psalm 78:9; תֹּפֵשׁ הַקּ׳ Amos 2:15 one grasping the bow, (see Jeremiah 46:9 below) see also מִלֵּא יָדוֺ בַקּ׳ 2 Kings 9:24, הַרְכֵּב יָֽדְךָ עַלהַֿקּ׳ 2 Kings 13:16; דָּרַח ק׳ bend (literally tread) the bow, Isaiah 5:28 (participle passive), Isaiah 21:15 (id.; || חֶרֶב) Jeremiah 50:14, 29; Jeremiah 51:3; 1 Chronicles 5:18; 1 Chronicles 8:40; 2 Chronicles 14:7; Psalm 37:14 (|| חֶרֶב), in figure Psalm 11:2 (|| חֵץ), and, of God, Lamentations 2:4; Lamentations 3:12; Psalm 7:13 (|| הֶרֶב); תֹּפְשֵׂי דֹּרְכֵי ק׳ Jeremiah 46:9; compare(figurative) וַיַּדְרְכוֺ אֶתלְֿשׁוֺנָם קַשְׁתָּם Jeremiah 9:2; also נְחוּשָׁה וְנִחֲתָה ק׳ Psalm 18:35 = 2 Samuel 22:35 (readוְנִחֲתָה for וְנִחַת) מָשַׁח בַּקּ׳ draw the bow 1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33; Isaiah 66:19.
e. bow (passing over into) figurative of might Genesis 49:24 (poem), 1 Samuel 2:4; Hosea 1:5; Jeremiah 49:35; Job 29:20 (compare Psalm 37:15, b. above) feminine נְחוּשָׁה ק׳ fig of divine judgment Job 20:24 (|| נֵשֶׁק בַּרְזֶל)
2. rainbow: אֲשַׁר יִהְיֶה בֶעָנָן בְּיוֺם הַנֶּשֶׁם כְּמַרְאֵה הַקּ׳ Ezekiel 1:28; Genesis 9:13, 14, 16 (P). — קָ֑שֶׁה וַיּאֹמֶר לְלַמֵּד בְּנֵייְֿהוּדָה 2 Samuel 1:18 is corrupt; Greek Version of the LXX al. omits; We Now think misplaced gloss on 2 Samuel 1:6; see further HPS.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


9:13; 9:14; 9:14; 9:16; 21:16; 21:21; 27:3; 48:22; 48:22; 49:24



1 Samuel

2:4; 18:4; 31:3

2 Samuel

1:6; 1:18; 1:22; 1:22; 22:35

1 Kings


2 Kings

6:22; 9:24; 13:15; 13:16

1 Chronicles

5:18; 8:40; 10:3; 10:3; 12:2; 12:2

2 Chronicles

14:7; 17:17; 18:33; 26:14; 26:14


4:7; 4:7; 4:10


5:7; 20:24; 29:20; 41:20


7:13; 11:2; 18:35; 37:14; 37:15; 37:15; 37:15; 37:15; 44:7; 46:10; 76:4; 78:9; 78:57


5:28; 5:28; 7:24; 13:18; 21:15; 21:17; 22:3; 41:2; 66:19


4:29; 6:23; 9:2; 46:9; 46:9; 46:9; 49:35; 50:14; 50:29; 50:42; 51:3; 51:56; 51:56


2:4; 3:12; 3:13


1:28; 39:3; 39:9


1:5; 1:5; 1:7; 1:7; 2:20; 7:16






9:10; 9:13; 10:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7198 matches the Hebrew קֶשֶׁת (qešeṯ),
which occurs 76 times in 74 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 9:13–Isa 66:19)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:13 - I have set My rainbow H7198 in the cloud, and it shall [fn]serve as a sign of a covenant between Me and the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:14 - “It shall come about, when I make a cloud appear over the earth, that the rainbow H7198 will be seen in the cloud,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:16 - “When the rainbow H7198 is in the cloud, then I will look at it, to remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:16 - Then she went and sat down opposite him, about a bowshot H7198 away, for she said, “May I not [fn]see the boy die!” And she sat opposite him, and raised her voice and wept.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:3 - “Now then, please take your gear, your quiver and your bow H7198, and go out to the field and hunt game for me;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:22 - “And I give you one [fn]portion more than your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my sword and my bow H7198.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:24 - But his bow H7198 remained [fn]firm,
And [fn]his arms were agile,
From the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob
(From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel),
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:12 - ‘Then I sent the hornet before you and it [fn]drove out the two kings of the Amorites from you—not by your sword nor your bow H7198.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:4 - “The bows H7198 of the mighty are broken to pieces,
But those who have stumbled strap on strength.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:4 - Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, with his military gear, including his sword, his bow H7198, and his belt.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 31:3 - The battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers H7198 found him; and he was gravely wounded by the archers.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:18 - and he told them to teach the sons of Judah the mourning song of the bow H7198; behold, it is written in the Book of Jashar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:22 - “From the blood of those [fn]slaughtered, from the fat of the mighty,
The bow H7198 of Jonathan did not turn back,
And the sword of Saul did not return [fn]unstained.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:35 - “He trains my hands for battle,
So that my arms can bend a bow H7198 of bronze.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:34 - Now one man drew his bow H7198 at random and struck the king of Israel [fn]in a joint of the armor. So he said to the driver of his chariot, “Turn [fn]around and take me out of the battle, for I am severely wounded.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:22 - But he [fn]answered, “You shall not [fn]kill them. Would you [fn]kill those whom you have taken captive with your sword and your bow H7198? Set bread and water before them, so that they may eat and drink, and go to their master.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:24 - Then Jehu [fn]drew his bow H7198 with his full strength and [fn]shot [fn]Joram between his arms; and the arrow went [fn]through his heart, and he sank in his chariot.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 13:15 - And Elisha said to him, “Take a bow H7198 and arrows.” So he [fn]took a bow H7198 and arrows.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 13:16 - Then Elisha said to the king of Israel, “Lay your hand on the bow H7198.” And he laid his hand on it, then Elisha put his hands on the king’s hands.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 5:18 - The sons of Reuben, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, consisting of valiant men, men who carried shield and sword and shot with a bow H7198 and were skillful in battle, totaled 44,760 who went to war.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 8:40 - The sons of Ulam were valiant mighty men, archers H7198, and they had many sons and grandsons, 150 of them. All these were among the sons of Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 10:3 - The battle became severe against Saul, and the archers H7198 found him; and he was wounded by the archers.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 12:2 - They were equipped with bows H7198, using both the right hand and the left to sling stones and shoot arrows with the bow H7198; they were Saul’s kinsmen from Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 14:8 - Now Asa had an army of three hundred thousand from Judah, carrying large shields and spears, and 280,000 from Benjamin, carrying shields and wielding bows H7198; all of them were valiant warriors.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 17:17 - and of Benjamin, Eliada, a valiant warrior, and with him two hundred thousand armed with bow H7198 and shield;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:33 - Now one man drew his bow H7198 at random and struck the king of Israel [fn]in a joint of the armor. So he said to the driver of his chariot, “Turn [fn]around and take me out of the battle, for I am severely wounded.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 26:14 - Moreover, Uzziah prepared [fn]for all the army shields, spears, helmets, body armor, bows H7198, and slingstones.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:13 - then I stationed men in the lowest parts of the space behind the wall, the exposed places, and I stationed the people in families with their swords, spears, and bows H7198.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:16 - And from that day on, half of my servants carried on the work while half of them kept hold of the spears, the shields, the bows H7198, and the coats of mail; and the captains were behind all the house of Judah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 20:24 - “He may flee from the iron weapon,
But the bronze bow H7198 will pierce him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:20 - ‘My glory is ever new with me,
And my bow H7198 is renewed in my hand.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 41:28 - “The [fn]arrow cannot make him flee;
Slingstones are turned into stubble for him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 7:12 - If one does not repent, He will sharpen His sword;
He has bent His bow H7198 and taken aim.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 11:2 - “For, behold, the wicked bend the bow H7198,
They have [fn]set their arrow on the string
To shoot in darkness at the upright in heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:34 - He trains my hands for battle,
So that my arms can bend a bow H7198 of bronze.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:14 - The wicked have drawn the sword and bent their bow H7198
To take down the afflicted and the needy,
To kill off those who are upright in conduct.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:15 - Their sword will enter their own heart,
And their bows H7198 will be broken.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 44:6 - For I will not trust in my bow H7198,
Nor will my sword save me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 46:9 - He makes wars to cease to the end of the earth;
He breaks the bow H7198 and cuts the spear in two;
He burns the chariots with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 76:3 - There He broke the [fn]flaming arrows H7198,
The shield, the sword, and the [fn]weapons of war. Selah
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:9 - The sons of Ephraim [fn]were archers equipped with bows H7198,
Yet they turned back on the day of battle.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:57 - But turned back and acted treacherously like their fathers;
They turned aside like a treacherous bow H7198.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:28 - [fn]Its arrows are sharp and all its bows H7198 are bent;
The hoofs of its horses [fn]seem like flint, and its chariot wheels like a storm wind.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:24 - People will come there with bows H7198 and arrows, because all the land will be briars and thorns.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:18 - And their bows H7198 will [fn]mow down the young men,
They will not even have compassion on the fruit of the womb,
Nor will their eye pity [fn]children.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:15 - For they have fled from the swords,
From the drawn sword, and from the bent bow H7198,
And from the press of battle.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:17 - and the remainder of the number of bowmen H7198, the warriors of the sons of Kedar, will be few; for the LORD God of Israel has spoken.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 22:3 - All your rulers have fled together,
And have been captured [fn]without the bow H7198;
All of you who were found were taken captive together,
[fn]Though they had fled far away.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:2 - “Who has stirred one from the east
Whom He calls in righteousness to His [fn]feet?
He turns nations over to him
And subdues kings.
He makes them like dust with his sword,
Like the wind-driven chaff with his bow H7198.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 66:19 - “And I will put a sign among them and send survivors from them to the nations: Tarshish, [fn]Put, Lud, [fn]Meshech, Tubal, and [fn]Javan, to the distant coastlands that have neither heard of My fame nor seen My glory. And they will declare My glory among the nations.

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1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 9:13–Isa 66:19) Gen 9:13–Isa 66:19

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