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Lexicon :: Strong's H7291 - rāḏap̄

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2124

Strong’s Definitions

רָדַף râdaph, raw-daf'; a primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively [of time] gone by):—chase, put to flight, follow (after, on), hunt, (be under) persecute(-ion, -or), pursue(-r).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 143x

The KJV translates Strong's H7291 in the following manner: pursue (74x), persecute (20x), follow (18x), chase (13x), persecutors (7x), pursuer (6x), follow after (1x), flight (1x), miscellaneous (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 143x
The KJV translates Strong's H7291 in the following manner: pursue (74x), persecute (20x), follow (18x), chase (13x), persecutors (7x), pursuer (6x), follow after (1x), flight (1x), miscellaneous (3x).
  1. to be behind, follow after, pursue, persecute, run after

    1. (Qal)

      1. to pursue, put to flight, chase, dog, attend closely upon

      2. to persecute, harass (fig)

      3. to follow after, aim to secure (fig)

      4. to run after (a bribe) (fig)

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be pursued

      2. one pursued (participle)

    3. (Piel) to pursue ardently, aim eagerly to secure, pursue

    4. (Pual) to be pursued, be chased away

    5. (Hiphil) to pursue, chase

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רָדַף râdaph, raw-daf'; a primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively [of time] gone by):—chase, put to flight, follow (after, on), hunt, (be under) persecute(-ion, -or), pursue(-r).
STRONGS H7291: Abbreviations
רָדַף 141 verb pursue, chase, persecute (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic רְדַף, bdb092202; Arabic bdb092203; Sabean רדף id., SabDenkmNo. 7, 1. 2); —
Qal128 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular ר׳ Judges 4:16 +; 1st person singular וְרָדַפְתִּ֫י Jeremiah 29:18, etc.; Imperfect יִרְדֹּף Deuteronomy 19:6 +, ִֽֽֽירַדֹּף Psalm 7:6 (apparently to give choice of Qal or Pi, Ki JHMich Bae and others; Ges§ 63n explanation as developed from יִרֲדֹף, compare Ol§ 236 e, and, further, Köi. 160), suffix יִרְ דְָּפֶ֑ךָ Ezekiel 35:6 (twice in verse), etc.; Imperative masculine singular רְדֹף Genesis 44:4 +, suffix רָדְפֵהוּ Psalm 34:15; masculine plural רִדְפוּ Judges 3:28 +; Infinitive construct רָדְפִף Joshua 8:16 +, מִרְדֹף 1 Samuel 23:28; 2 Samuel 18:16, suffix רָדְפִי Psalm 38:21 Qr, רדופי Kt, etc.; Participle רֹדֵף Judges 4:22 +, plural רֹדְפִים Judges 8:4 +; —
a.pursue (sometimes + הִשִּׂיג): literal with אַחֲרֵי person, in order to overtake Genesis 44:4 (J), 2 Kings 5:21; especially with hostile purpose Genesis 31:23 (+ הִדְבִּיק), Genesis 35:5; Joshua 24:6 (all E), Joshua 2:5, 7 (twice in verse); Joshua 8:16 (twice in verse); Joshua 8:17; Joshua 10:19 (JE), Deuteronomy 11:4; Deuteronomy 19:6; Joshua 20:5 (all D), Exodus 14:4, 8, 9 (P), Judges 1:6; 2 Samuel 20:6, 7, 10, 13; 2 Kings 9:27 + 17 times, + 2 Kings 25:5 (אַחַר), + Judges 4:16 (אַחֲרֵי הָרֶכֶב); + רִדְפוּ אַחֲרֵי Judges 3:28 = follow me (as leader; but this meaning not elsewhere; read רְדוּ Greek Version of the LXX Kit GFM).
b. literal, with accusative of person, put to flight, chase (defeated foe; sometimes with הִשִּׁיג): Amos 1:11; Hosea 8:3; Deuteronomy 32:30 (poem; || הֵנִיס), Deuteronomy 28:22, 45; Joshua 23:10 (D), Leviticus 26:8 (twice in verse) (H); וְרָדַף אֹתָם קוֺל עָלֶה נִדָּף Leviticus 26:36a (H); Joshua 7:5; Joshua 8:24; Joshua 10:10; Joshua 11:8 (all J E), Genesis 14:15; Deuteronomy 1:44; Judges 4:22; Isaiah 41:3 + 13 times + Judges 7:25 (read אֶתֿ for אֶלֿ, Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Targum GFM Bu Now).
†c. literal, accusative omitted Judges 8:4; 1 Samuel 30:8 (+ הִשִּׂיג), 1 Samuel 30:10; Genesis 14:14; Exodus 14:23 (P), Exodus 15:9 (poem; + הִשִּׂיג), Leviticus 26:36 b. 37 (H), Proverbs 28:1; especially participle plural הָר׳ the pursuers Joshua 2:16 (twice in verse); Joshua 2:22 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 9:11; Isaiah 30:16, so הָרֹדֵף Joshua 8:20; Lamentations 1:6.
†d. chase, hunt, partridge (קֹרֵא) 1 Samuel 26:20 (in simile; || בִּקֵּשׁ).
†e. pursue, in figure, Jeremiah 20:11; Lamentations 4:19, רִדְפוּ וְתִפְשׂוּהוּ Psalm 71:11, compare Lamentations 1:3; Psalm 7:6 (+ הִשִּׂיג; see above); especially subject י׳, pursue (figurative of punishment, judgment), with accusative of person Jeremiah 29:18 (בַּחֶרֶב), Lamentations 3:43 and (בְּאַף) Lamentations 3:66, Psalm 83:16 (בְּסַעֲרֶ֑ךָ); אֶתקַֿשׁ יָבֵשׁ תִּרְדֹּף Job 13:25 (|| תַּעַרוֺץ); רֹדְפָם, of מַלְאַךְ י׳, Psalm 35:6.
†f. figurative persecute, harass, with accusative of person Deuteronomy 30:7; Job 19:22 (כְּמוֺאֵֿל), Psalm 69:27; Psalm 109:16; Psalm 119:86; Psalm 119:161; with accusative נַפְשִׁי Psalm 143:3, with accusative נֲדִבָתִי Job 30:15 (but subject obscure; read perhaps תֵּרָדֵף Bu; Du תִּנָּדֵף); with ל person Job 19:28; participle as substantive Jeremiah 15:15; Jeremiah 17:18; Psalm 7:2; Psalm 31:16 (|| אוֺיְבַי; We מְרַדְּפָ֑י for וַרֹדְפָ֑י), Psalm 35:3; Psalm 119:84; Psalm 119:157 (+ צָרַי), Psalm 142:7.
†g. pursue, dog, subject דָּם, with accusative of person Ezekiel 35:6 (twice in verse) (del Ezekiel 35:6a Greek Version of the LXX Co Toy Krae); in good sense, attend closely upon, טוֺב וָחֶסֶד יִרְדְּפוּנִי Psalm 23:6.
†2. figurative follow after, aim to secure: in bad sense, with accusative שַׁלְמֹנִים Isaiah 1:23, שֵׁכָר Isaiah 5:11, קָדִים ר׳ Hosea 12:2, רֹדְפֵי זִמָּה Psalm 119:150; good sense, with infinitive לְדַעַת אֶתיֿ׳ Hosea 6:3, with accusative צֶדֶק Deuteronomy 16:20; Isaiah 51:1 (|| מְבַקְשֵׁי י׳), צְדָקָה וָחָ֑סֶד Proverbs 21:21, שָׁלוֺם Psalm 34:15 (|| בַּוֵּשׁ), טוֺב Psalm 38:21.
Niph. passive: Perfect 1st person plural עַלצַֿוָּארֵנוּ נִרְדָּ֑פְנוּ Lamentations 5:5 upon our neck (i.e. closely) we are pursued (improbable, compare Bu); perhaps Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תֵּרָדֵף Job 30:15 Bu (for תִּרְדֹּף); Participle א׳ יְבַקֵּשׁ אֶתנִֿרְדָּ֑ף Ecclesiastes 3:15 God seeketh the pursued (i.e. what has disappeared, is past, but dubious).
Pi. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular consecutive וְרִדְּפָה Hosea 2:9; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְרַדֶּףֿ Nahum 1:8 (Psalm 7:6 see Qal); 3rd person femininesingular תְּרַדֵּף Proverbs 13:21; Participle מְרֵדֵּףֿ Proverbs 11:19 +; — pursue ardently, with accusative of person Hosea 2:9 (in figurative); figurative also חשֶׁךְ יְר׳ Nahum 1:8 (GunkZAW xiii (1893), 230, plausibly, יֶהְדֹּף), compare Proverbs 13:31; elsewhere participle, in Proverbs: aim (eagerly) to secure, with accusative רָעָה Proverbs 11:19, רֵיקִים Proverbs 12:11; Proverbs 28:19, אֲמָרִים Proverbs 19:7 (meaning dubious, see Toy); in good sense, צְדָקָה Proverbs 15:9.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular consecutive וְרֻדַּף כְמֹץ הָרִים Isaiah 17:13 it shall be chased away like chaff of the mountains (|| וְנָס).
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix הִרְּדִיפֻהוּ Judges 20:43 usually they chased him (Benjamin, collective), but strange after כִתְּרוּ surrounded (still stranger after כתתו or כרתו Greek Version of the LXX), and why Hiph.? GFM conjecture dittograph of הִדְרִיכֻהוּ following; the reverse conjectured by Bu Now.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


14:14; 14:15; 31:23; 35:5; 44:4; 44:4


14:4; 14:8; 14:9; 14:23; 15:9


26:8; 26:36; 26:36


1:44; 11:4; 16:20; 19:6; 19:6; 28:22; 28:45; 30:7; 32:30


2:5; 2:7; 2:16; 2:22; 7:5; 8:16; 8:16; 8:17; 8:20; 8:24; 10:10; 10:19; 11:8; 20:5; 23:10; 24:6


1:6; 3:28; 3:28; 4:16; 4:16; 4:22; 4:22; 7:25; 8:4; 8:4; 20:43

1 Samuel

23:28; 26:20; 30:8; 30:10

2 Samuel

18:16; 20:6; 20:7; 20:10; 20:13

2 Kings

5:21; 9:27; 25:5




13:25; 19:22; 19:28; 30:15; 30:15


7:2; 7:6; 7:6; 7:6; 23:6; 31:16; 34:15; 34:15; 35:3; 35:6; 38:21; 38:21; 69:27; 71:11; 83:16; 109:16; 119:84; 119:86; 119:150; 119:157; 119:161; 142:7; 143:3


11:19; 11:19; 12:11; 13:21; 15:9; 19:7; 21:21; 28:1; 28:19




1:23; 5:11; 17:13; 30:16; 41:3; 51:1


15:15; 17:18; 20:11; 29:18; 29:18


1:3; 1:6; 3:43; 3:66; 4:19; 5:5


35:6; 35:6; 35:6


2:9; 2:9; 6:3; 8:3; 12:2




1:8; 1:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7291 matches the Hebrew רָדַף (rāḏap̄),
which occurs 144 times in 135 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 14:14–1Sa 7:11)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:14 - When Abram heard that his [fn]relative had been taken captive, he [fn]led out his trained men, born in his house, three hundred and eighteen, and went H7291 in pursuit H7291 as far as Dan.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:15 - He divided [fn]his forces against them by night, he and his servants, and [fn]defeated them, and pursued H7291 them as far as Hobah, which is [fn]north of Damascus.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:23 - then he took his [fn]kinsmen with him and pursued H7291 him a distance of seven days’ journey, and he overtook him in the hill country of Gilead.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:5 - As they journeyed, there was [fn]a great terror upon the cities which were around them, and they did not pursue H7291 the sons of Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:4 - They had just gone out of the city, and were not far off, when Joseph said to his house steward, “Up, follow H7291 the men; and when you overtake them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid evil for good?
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:4 - “Thus I will [fn]harden Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase H7291 after them; and I will be honored through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD.” And they did so.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:8 - The LORD [fn]hardened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he chased H7291 after the sons of Israel as the sons of Israel were going out [fn]boldly.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:9 - Then the Egyptians chased H7291 after them with all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and they overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:23 - Then the Egyptians took H7291 up the pursuit, H7291 and all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots and his horsemen went in after them into the midst of the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:9 - “The enemy said, ‘I will pursue, H7291 I will overtake, I will divide the spoil;
My [fn]desire shall be [fn]gratified against them;
I will draw out my sword, my hand will [fn]destroy them.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:7 - ‘But you will chase H7291 your enemies and they will fall before you by the sword;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:8 - five of you will chase H7291 a hundred, and a hundred of you will chase H7291 ten thousand, and your enemies will fall before you by the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:17 - ‘I will set My face against you so that you will be struck down before your enemies; and those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee when no one is pursuing H7291 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:36 - ‘As for those of you who may be left, I will also bring weakness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies. And the sound of a driven leaf will chase H7291 them, and even when no one is pursuing H7291 they will flee [fn]as though from the sword, and they will fall.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:37 - ‘They will therefore stumble over each other as if running from the sword, although no one is pursuing; H7291 and you will have no strength [fn]to stand up before your enemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:44 - “The Amorites who [fn]lived in that hill country came out against you and chased H7291 you as bees do, and crushed you from Seir to Hormah.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:4 - and what He did to Egypt’s army, to its horses and its chariots, when He made the water of the [fn]Red Sea to [fn]engulf them while they were pursuing H7291 you, and the LORD [fn]completely destroyed them;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:20 - “Justice, and only justice, you shall pursue, H7291 that you may live and possess the land which the LORD your God is giving you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:6 - otherwise the avenger of blood might pursue H7291 the manslayer [fn]in the heat of his anger, and overtake him, because the way is long, and [fn]take his life, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated him previously.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:22 - “The LORD will smite you with consumption and with fever and with inflammation and with fiery heat and with [fn]the sword and with blight and with mildew, and they will pursue H7291 you until you perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:45 - “So all these curses shall come on you and pursue H7291 you and overtake you until you are destroyed, because you would not [fn]obey the LORD your God by keeping His commandments and His statutes which He commanded you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:7 - “The LORD your God will [fn]inflict all these curses on your enemies and on those who hate you, who persecuted H7291 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:30 - “How could one chase H7291 a thousand,
And two put ten thousand to flight,
Unless their Rock had sold them,
And the LORD had given them up?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:5 - “It came about when it was time to shut the gate at dark, that the men went out; I do not know where the men went. Pursue H7291 them quickly, for you will overtake them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:7 - So the men pursued H7291 them on the road to the Jordan to the fords; and as soon as those who were pursuing H7291 them had gone out, they shut the gate.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:16 - She said to them, “Go to the hill country, so that the pursuers H7291 will not happen upon you, and hide yourselves there for three days until the pursuers H7291 return. Then afterward you may go on your way.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:22 - They departed and came to the hill country, and remained there for three days until the pursuers H7291 returned. Now the pursuers H7291 had sought them [fn]all along the road, but had not found them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:5 - The men of Ai struck down about thirty-six of their men, and pursued H7291 them [fn]from the gate as far as Shebarim and struck them down on the descent, so the hearts of the people melted and became as water.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:16 - And all the people who were in the city were called together to pursue H7291 them, and they pursued H7291 Joshua and were drawn away from the city.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:17 - So not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who had not gone out after Israel, and they left the city [fn]unguarded and pursued H7291 Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:20 - When the men of Ai turned [fn]back and looked, behold, the smoke of the city ascended to the sky, and they had no place to flee this way or that, for the people who had been fleeing to the wilderness turned against the pursuers. H7291
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:24 - Now when Israel had finished killing all the inhabitants of Ai in the field in the wilderness where they pursued H7291 them, and all of them were fallen by the edge of the sword until they were destroyed, then all Israel returned to Ai and struck it with the edge of the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:10 - And the LORD confounded them before Israel, and He [fn]slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and pursued H7291 them by the way of the ascent of Beth-horon and struck them as far as Azekah and Makkedah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:19 - but do not stay there yourselves; pursue H7291 your enemies and [fn]attack them in the rear. Do not allow them to enter their cities, for the LORD your God has delivered them into your hand.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:8 - The LORD delivered them into the hand of Israel, so that they [fn]defeated them, and pursued H7291 them as far as Great Sidon and Misrephoth-maim and the valley of Mizpeh to the east; and they struck them until no survivor was left to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:5 - ‘Now if the avenger of blood pursues H7291 him, then they shall not deliver the manslayer into his hand, because he struck his neighbor without premeditation and did not hate him beforehand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:10 - “One of your men puts H7291 to flight H7291 a thousand, for the LORD your God is He who fights for you, just as He [fn]promised you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:6 - ‘I brought your fathers out of Egypt, and you came to the sea; and Egypt pursued H7291 your fathers with chariots and horsemen to the [fn]Red Sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:6 - But Adoni-bezek fled; and they pursued H7291 him and caught him and cut off his [fn]thumbs and big toes.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:28 - He said to them, “Pursue H7291 them, for the LORD has given your enemies the Moabites into your hands.” So they went down after him and seized the fords of the Jordan opposite Moab, and did not allow anyone to cross.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:16 - But Barak pursued H7291 the chariots and the army as far as Harosheth-hagoyim, and all the army of Sisera fell by the edge of the sword; not even one was left.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:22 - And behold, as Barak pursued H7291 Sisera, Jael came out to meet him and said to him, “Come, and I will show you the man whom you are seeking.” And he entered [fn]with her, and behold Sisera was lying dead with the tent peg in his temple.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:23 - The men of Israel were summoned from Naphtali and Asher and all Manasseh, and they pursued H7291 Midian.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:25 - They captured the two leaders of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb, and they killed Oreb at the rock of Oreb, and they killed Zeeb at the wine press of Zeeb, while they pursued H7291 Midian; and they brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon from across the Jordan.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:4 - Then Gideon and the 300 men who were with him came to the Jordan and crossed over, weary yet pursuing. H7291
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:5 - He said to the men of Succoth, “Please give loaves of bread to the people who are following me, for they are weary, and I am pursuing H7291 Zebah and Zalmunna, the kings of Midian.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:12 - When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued H7291 them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the whole [fn]army.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:40 - Abimelech chased H7291 him, and he fled before him; and many fell wounded up to the entrance of the gate.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:43 - They surrounded Benjamin, pursued H7291 them without rest and trod them down opposite Gibeah toward the [fn]east.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:11 - The men of Israel went out of Mizpah and pursued H7291 the Philistines, and struck them down as far as below Beth-car.

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Sa 17:52–Psa 142:6

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