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Lexicon :: Strong's H7462 - rāʿâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2185,2186

Strong’s Definitions

רָעָה râʻâh, raw-aw'; a primitive root; to tend a flock; i.e. pasture it; intransitively, to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension, to associate with (as a friend):—× break, companion, keep company with, devour, eat up, evil entreat, feed, use as a friend, make friendship with, herdman, keep (sheep) (-er), pastor, shearing house, shepherd, wander, waste.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x

The KJV translates Strong's H7462 in the following manner: feed (75x), shepherd (63x), pastor (8x), herdmen (7x), keep (3x), companion (2x), broken (1x), company (1x), devour (1x), eat (1x), entreateth (1x), miscellaneous (10x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x
The KJV translates Strong's H7462 in the following manner: feed (75x), shepherd (63x), pastor (8x), herdmen (7x), keep (3x), companion (2x), broken (1x), company (1x), devour (1x), eat (1x), entreateth (1x), miscellaneous (10x).
  1. to pasture, tend, graze, feed

    1. (Qal)

      1. to tend, pasture

        1. to shepherd

        2. of ruler, teacher (fig)

        3. of people as flock (fig)

        4. shepherd, herdsman (subst)

      2. to feed, graze

        1. of cows, sheep etc (literal)

        2. of idolater, Israel as flock (fig)

    2. (Hiphil) shepherd, shepherdess

  2. to associate with, be a friend of (meaning probable)

    1. (Qal) to associate with

    2. (Hithpael) to be companions

  3. (Piel) to be a special friend

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רָעָה râʻâh, raw-aw'; a primitive root; to tend a flock; i.e. pasture it; intransitively, to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension, to associate with (as a friend):—× break, companion, keep company with, devour, eat up, evil entreat, feed, use as a friend, make friendship with, herdman, keep (sheep) (-er), pastor, shearing house, shepherd, wander, waste.
STRONGS H7462: Abbreviations
I. רָעָה 167 verb pasture, tend, graze (Assyrian rê’û, verb pasture, noun ruler, Tel Amarna ruḫi (as Canaanism) WklNo. 181, 11; Arabic bdb094410, Ethiopic bdb094411 Aramaic רְעָא, bdb094412, all = Biblical Hebrew); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine plural consecutive וְרָעָה Micah 5:3 +, 1st person singular suffix consecutive זּרְעִיתִים Ezekiel 34:13, 3rd person plural suffix consecutive וְרָעוּם Jeremiah 23:4, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יִרְעֶה Isaiah 27:20 +, jussive יֵ֫רַע Job 20:26, suffix יִרְעֶנָּה Psalm 80:14, וַיִרְעֵם Psalm 78:72 (וַיַּר׳ Hiph. van d. H.), etc.; Imperative masculine singular רְעֵה Micah 7:14 +, suffix רְעֵם Psalm 28:9; feminine singular רְעִי Songs 1:8; masculine plural רְעוּ Genesis 29:7; Infinitive construct לִרְעוֺת Genesis 37:12 +, etc.; Participle רֹעֶה Genesis 30:36 +, suffix רֹעִי Psalm 23:1 +; feminine singular רֹעָה Genesis 29:9; Proverbs 25:19, etc.; —
1. transitive
a. pasture, tend (pascere), literal, with accusative צאֹן Genesis 30:31, 36; Genesis 37:12 (all J), Exodus 3:1 (E), 1 Samuel 17:15; 1 Samuel 25:16; Isaiah 61:5, accusative of asses Genesis 36:24 (P), kids Songs 1:8; accusative (צאֹן) omitted Genesis 29:7; Genesis 37:13 (ב location) Genesis 37:16 (all J), Songs 1:7 (|| הִרְבִּיץ), Job 24:2 (Greek Version of the LXX Me Siegf Bu וְרֹעוֺ); — metaphor גֹּרֶן וָיֶקֶב לֹא יִרְעֵם Hosea 9:2, but read יֵדָעֵם Greek Version of the LXX We Now GASm; מָוֶת יִרְעֵם Psalm 49:15.
b. figurative of י׳, accusative of person, Genesis 48:15 (E) God, who shepherded me; with accusative of people, as flock Hosea 4:16; Isaiah 40:11; Micah 7:14 (בְּשִׁבְטֶ֑ךָ), Ezekiel 34:13 (pregnantly, with אֶל location), Ezekiel 34:14; Ezekiel 34:15 (+ הִרְבִּיץ), Ezekiel 34:16; Psalm 28:9.
c. figurative of ruler, and teacher, accusative of people, as flock, 2 Samuel 5:2 = 1 Chronicles 11:2; 2 Samuel 7:1 = 1 Chronicles 17:6; Psalm 78:72; Jeremiah 3:15; Jeremiah 23:2, 4; Ezekiel 34:2, 3, 8, 10, 23 (twice in verse); Zechariah 11:4, 7 (twice in verse); Zechariah 11:9; of teaching, יִרְעוּ רַבִּים שִׂפְתֵי צַדִּיק Proverbs 10:21; with ב of people Psalm 78:71; absolute Micah 5:3; with accusative of person reflexive pastured (fed, enriched) themselves Ezekiel 34:2, 8, 10.
d. especially participle רֹעֶה, etc., as substantive = shepherd, herdsman:
(1.) literal, צאֹן רֹעֵה Genesis 4:2; Genesis 46:32, 34; Genesis 47:3 (all J), רֹעֶה בַּצּ׳ Genesis 37:2 (E), 1 Samuel 16:11; 1 Samuel 17:34; רֹעֵי מִקְנֶה Genesis 13:7 (twice in verse) (J); (ה)ר׳ alone, singular Amos 3:12 + 7 times (all in simile); רֹעָה shepherdess, Genesis 29:9 (J); כְּלִי רֹעֶה אֱוִילִי Zechariah 11:15 (see כְּלִי 2c), as symbol; plural (הָ)רֹעִים Amos 1:2; Exodus 2:17, 19 (J) 1 Samuel 21:8 (אַבִּיר הָר׳; Gr Dr Bu Kit Löhr חָרָצִים א׳; Greek Version of the LXX LagBN 45 HPS אֹבִיל הָעְַיָרִים, but compare We) + 8 times + Isaiah 31:4 (simile), Isaiah 38:12 (read רֹעִים for רֹעִי Perles29 Du CheHpt compare Di), compare (suffix) Genesis 13:8 (twice in verse) (J); כְּלִי הָרֹעִים 1 Samuel 17:40 (see כְּלִי 3); — בֵּידעֵֿקֶד הָרִעִיס.
(2.) figurative of ruler (as often Assyrian; compare Greek (Homer) ποιμένα λαῶν), absolute singular Jeremiah 17:16 **figurative of prophet (but Aq Symm Syriac Version Gie Du Co מֵרָעָה); Zechariah 10:2; Zechariah 11:16; Zechariah 13:7b + 8 times Jeremiah, Ezekiel; suffix of י׳, רֹעִי Isaiah 44:28 (of Cyrus), Zechariah 13:7a; Zechariah 13:17 (read רֹעִי הָאֱוִילִי We Now GASm); absolute plural Isaiah 56:11; Jeremiah 2:8; Jeremiah 3:15; Micah 5:4; Zechariah 10:3; Zechariah 11:5, 8 + 18 times Jeremiah Ezekiel 34, + (of Assyrian leaders) Nahum 3:18; רֹעֵי יִשׂ׳ Ezekiel 34:2; צאֹנוֺ רֹעֵי Isaiah 63:11 (but read רֹעֵה [of Moses] Greek Version of the LXX Targam Di Du and others).
(3.) epithet of רֹעִי ׃ י׳ י׳ Psalm 23:1, רֹעֵה יִשׂ׳ Psalm 80:2, רֹעֶה אֶבֶן יִשׂ׳ Genesis 49:24 (poem in J; read construct רֹעֵה. compare Commentaries); מֵרֹעֶה אֶחָד Ecclesiastes 12:11 De Wild, < president of assembly of sages Siegf SS.
2. intransitive feed, graze:
a. literally of cows, sheep, etc.: with ב location Genesis 41:2, 18 (E), 1 Chronicles 27:29; with accusative of pasture Isaiah 30:23; with עַל location Zephaniah 2:7 (עֲלֵי הַיָּם for MT עֲלֵיהֶם, see Now); אֶלמֿוּל location Exodus 34:3 (J); absolute Isaiah 5:17; Isaiah 11:7 (|| רבץ; but see רעה below) Isaiah 27:10 (|| id.), Isaiah 65:25; Jonah 3:7; Job 1:14.
b. figurative of idolater, Isaiah 44:20 he feedeth on ashes (accusative); compare Hosea 12:2 Ehpraimitic source feedeth on wind (acc); אִוֶּלֶת יִר׳ כְסִילִים פִּי Proverbs 15:14 (so Vrss Qr; Kt פני for פי) the mouth of fools feeds on folly (Toy; Buhl √ II. רעה, Gerber162 below III. רעה); in Songs, with ב location, figurative of lover Songs 2:16; Songs 6:2, 3; of breasts (like gazelles) Songs 4:5.
c. figurative, of Israel as flock Isaiah 14:30 (|| רבץ), read (יַ֯) בְּכָרֹי in my pasture(s), for MT בְּכוֺרֵי, Koppe Ew Di Du (otherwise CheHpt, compare Marti); Zephaniah 3:13 (|| id.); with עַלדְּֿרָכִים Isaiah 49:9; with accusative of pasture-land Jeremiah 50:19; Micah 7:14; Ezekiel 34:14b (+ אֶל location), Ezekiel 34:18; Ezekiel 34:19; hence crop, strip, i.e. devastate, of conqueror, with accusative of land Micah 5:6, compare; אֶתיָֿדוֺ Jeremiah 6:3; so יִרְעוּךְ קָדְקֹד; Jeremiah 2:16; accusative of Israel under figure of vine (subject foes, as beasts) Psalm 80:14.
d. subject wind, with accusative of person Jeremiah 22:22, i. e. drive them away; subject fire, with accusative of thing, יֵרַע Job 20:26, but read perhaps יֵרָע,
Niph. (Ol Di Hoffm Siegf Bu; otherwise Du). רֹעֶה עֲקָרָה֯ Job 24:21 is difficult; Bu חֵרַע for ר׳; more radical conjectures in Du. Niph. possibly Job 20:26, see 2d above.
Hiph. Psalm 78:72 van d. H., see 1c above

† II. [רָעָה] verb probably associated with (compare Schulth69ff. but also NöZMG iiv (1900), 154 f.; Assyrian ru’a, ruttu, neighbour, fellow (masculine and feminine; compare JägerBAS i. 483,486); so Bedouin bdb094501, bdb094502 master, owner, WallinZMG v (1851), 9 JayakarJA xxi. 851; Ethiopic bdb094503 marriage; Arabic bdb094504, Ethiopic bdb094505 yoke; Late Hebrew רֵעוּת friendship is from Biblical Hebrew רֵעַ); —
Qal Imperative masculine singular וּרְעֵה אֱמוּנָה Psalm 37:3 cherish faithfulness (Hup-Now RV Che Du Dr); > feed seocurely (Bae; I.רעה; feed on (his) faithfulness AmRV); Participle כְסִילִים רֹעֶה Proverbs 13:20 one associating with fools, so זֹלְלְים ר׳ Proverbs 28:7, זוֺנוֺת ר׳ Proverbs 29:3 (Thes and others think these figurative from I. רעה, see 2b).
Hithp. 2nd person masculine singular אַלתִּֿתְרַע אֶתבַּֿעַל אָ֑ף Proverbs 22:24 do not make companionship with a bad-tempered man; perhaps also 3rd person feminine plural תִּתְרָעֶינָה Isaiah 11:7 (LagOr. i. 21; Deceased Wife's Sister 399 Brd Du Che Hpt) cow and bear shall be each other's companions; + Infinitive construct הִתְרָעֹת Proverbs 18:24 (Toy, for MT הִתְרֹעֵעַ) there are [יֵשׁ, for אִישׁ] friends (merely) to be companions (see II. רעע near the end).

† [רָעָה] verb denominative
Pi. be a special friend; — Perfect 3rd person masculine plural מֵרֵעֵהוּ אֲשֶׁר רֵעָה לוֺ Judges 14:20 his comrade who had been 'best man' (GFM) to him.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


4:2; 13:7; 13:8; 29:7; 29:7; 29:9; 29:9; 30:31; 30:36; 30:36; 36:24; 37:2; 37:12; 37:12; 37:13; 37:16; 41:2; 41:18; 46:32; 46:34; 47:3; 48:15; 49:24


2:17; 2:19; 3:1; 34:3



1 Samuel

16:11; 17:15; 17:34; 17:40; 21:8; 25:16

2 Samuel

5:2; 7:1

1 Chronicles

11:2; 17:6; 27:29


1:14; 20:26; 20:26; 20:26; 24:2; 24:21


23:1; 23:1; 28:9; 28:9; 37:3; 49:15; 78:71; 78:72; 78:72; 78:72; 80:2; 80:14; 80:14


10:21; 13:20; 15:14; 18:24; 22:24; 25:19; 28:7; 29:3



Song of Songs

1:7; 1:8; 1:8; 2:16; 4:5; 6:2; 6:3


5:17; 11:7; 11:7; 14:30; 27:10; 30:23; 31:4; 38:12; 40:11; 44:20; 44:28; 49:9; 56:11; 61:5; 63:11; 65:25


2:8; 2:16; 3:15; 3:15; 6:3; 17:16; 22:22; 23:2; 23:4; 23:4; 50:19


34; 34:2; 34:2; 34:2; 34:3; 34:8; 34:8; 34:10; 34:10; 34:13; 34:13; 34:14; 34:14; 34:15; 34:16; 34:18; 34:19; 34:23


4:16; 9:2; 12:2


1:2; 3:12




5:3; 5:3; 5:4; 5:6; 7:14; 7:14; 7:14




2:7; 3:13


10:2; 10:3; 11:4; 11:5; 11:7; 11:8; 11:9; 11:15; 11:16; 13:7; 13:7

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7462 matches the Hebrew רָעָה (rāʿâ),
which occurs 164 times in 139 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 4:2–Pro 10:21)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:2 - Again, she gave birth to his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper H7462 of flocks, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:7 - He said, “Behold, it is still high day; it is not time for the livestock to be gathered. Water the sheep, and go, pasture H7462 them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:9 - While he was still speaking with them, Rachel came with her father’s sheep, for she was a shepherdess. H7462
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:31 - So he said, “What shall I give you?” And Jacob said, “You shall not give me anything. If you will do this one thing for me, I will again pasture H7462 and keep your flock:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:36 - And he put a distance of three days’ journey between himself and Jacob, and Jacob fed H7462 the rest of Laban’s flocks.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:24 - These are the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah—he is the Anah who found the hot springs in the wilderness when he was pasturing H7462 the donkeys of his father Zibeon.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:2 - These are the records of the generations of Jacob. Joseph, when seventeen years of age, was pasturing H7462 the flock with his brothers while he was still a youth, along with the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives. And Joseph brought back a bad report about them to their father.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:12 - Then his brothers went to pasture H7462 their father’s flock in Shechem.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:13 - Israel said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers pasturing H7462 the flock in Shechem? Come, and I will send you to them.” And he said to him, “[fn]I will go.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:16 - He said, “I am looking for my brothers; please tell me where they are pasturing H7462 the flock.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:2 - And lo, from the Nile there came up seven cows, sleek and [fn]fat; and they grazed H7462 in the marsh grass.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:18 - and behold, seven cows, [fn]fat and sleek came up out of the Nile, and they grazed H7462 in the marsh grass.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:32 - and the men are shepherds, H7462 for they have been [fn]keepers of livestock; and they have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:34 - you shall say, ‘Your servants have been [fn]keepers of livestock from our youth even until now, both we and our fathers,’ that you may [fn]live in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd H7462 is [fn]loathsome to the Egyptians.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:3 - Then Pharaoh said to his brothers, “What is your occupation?” So they said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are shepherds, H7462 both we and our fathers.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:15 - He blessed Joseph, and said,
“The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,
The God who has been my shepherd H7462 [fn]all my life to this day,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:24 - But his bow remained [fn]firm,
And [fn]his arms were agile,
From the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob
(From there is the Shepherd, H7462 the Stone of Israel),
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:17 - Then the shepherds H7462 came and drove them away, but Moses stood up and helped them and watered their flock.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:19 - So they said, “An Egyptian delivered us from the hand of the shepherds, H7462 and what is more, he even drew the water for us and watered the flock.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:1 - Now Moses was pasturing H7462 the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the [fn]west side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:3 - “No man is to come up with you, nor let any man be seen [fn]anywhere on the mountain; even the flocks and the herds may not graze H7462 in front of that mountain.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:33 - ‘Your sons shall be shepherds H7462 for forty years in the wilderness, and they will [fn]suffer for your [fn]unfaithfulness, until your corpses [fn]lie in the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 27:17 - who will go out [fn]and come in before them, and who will lead them out and [fn]bring them in, so that the congregation of the LORD will not be like sheep which have no shepherd.” H7462
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:20 - But Samson’s wife was given to his companion who had been his [fn]friend. H7462
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:11 - And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are these all the children?” And he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and behold, he is tending H7462 the sheep.” Then Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and [fn]bring him; for we will not sit down until he comes here.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:15 - but David went back and forth from Saul to tend H7462 his father’s flock at Bethlehem.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:34 - But David said to Saul, “Your servant was tending H7462 his father’s sheep. When a lion or a bear came and took a lamb from the flock,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:40 - He took his stick in his hand and chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook, and put them in the shepherd’s H7462 bag which he had, even in his pouch, and his sling was in his hand; and he approached the Philistine.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:7 - ‘Now I have heard that you have shearers; now your shepherds H7462 have been with us and we have not insulted them, nor have they missed anything all the days they were in Carmel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:16 - “They were a wall to us both by night and by day, all the time we were with them tending H7462 the sheep.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:2 - “Previously, when Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel out and in. And the LORD said to you, ‘You will shepherd H7462 My people Israel, and you will be a ruler over Israel.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 7:7 - “Wherever I have gone with all the sons of Israel, did I speak a word with one of the tribes of Israel, which I commanded to shepherd H7462 My people Israel, saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?’”’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:17 - So he said,
“I saw all Israel
Scattered on the mountains,
Like sheep which have no shepherd. H7462
And the LORD said, ‘These have no master.
Let each of them return to his house in peace.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:12 - Then he arose and departed and went to Samaria. On the way while he was at [fn]Beth-eked of the shepherds, H7462
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 11:2 - “In times past, even when Saul was king, you were the one who led out and brought in Israel; and the LORD your God said to you, ‘You shall shepherd H7462 My people Israel, and you shall be prince over My people Israel.’”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 17:6 - “In all places where I have walked with all Israel, have I spoken a word with any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd H7462 My people, saying, ‘Why have you not built for Me a house of cedar?’”’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 27:29 - Shitrai the Sharonite had charge of the cattle which were grazing H7462 in Sharon; and Shaphat the son of Adlai had charge of the cattle in the valleys.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:16 - So he said,
“I saw all Israel
Scattered on the mountains,
Like sheep which have no shepherd; H7462
And the LORD said,
‘These have no master.
Let each of them return to his house in peace.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 1:14 - a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the [fn]donkeys feeding H7462 beside them,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:2 - [fn]Some remove the landmarks;
They seize and [fn]devour H7462 flocks.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:21 - “He wrongs H7462 the [fn]barren woman
And does no good for the widow.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 23:1 - A Psalm of David.
The LORD is my shepherd, H7462
I [fn]shall not want.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 28:9 - Save Your people and bless Your inheritance;
Be their shepherd H7462 also, and carry them forever.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:3 - Trust in the LORD and do good;
Dwell in the land and [fn]cultivate H7462 faithfulness.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 49:14 - As sheep they are appointed for [fn]Sheol;
Death shall be their shepherd; H7462
And the upright shall rule over them in the morning,
And their form shall be for [fn]Sheol to consume
[fn]So that they have no habitation.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:71 - From [fn]the care of the [fn]ewes with suckling lambs He brought him
To shepherd H7462 Jacob His people,
And Israel His inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:72 - So he shepherded H7462 them according to the integrity of his heart,
And guided them with his skillful hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:1 - For the choir director; set to [fn]El Shoshannim; [fn]Eduth. A Psalm of Asaph.
Oh, give ear, Shepherd H7462 of Israel,
You who lead Joseph like a flock;
You who are enthroned above the cherubim, shine forth!
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:13 - A boar from the forest eats it away
And whatever moves in the field feeds H7462 on it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 10:21 - The lips of the righteous feed H7462 many,
But fools die for lack of [fn]understanding.

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 Pro 13:20–Eze 34:3

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