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Lexicon :: Strong's H7462 - rāʿâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2185,2186

Strong’s Definitions

רָעָה râʻâh, raw-aw'; a primitive root; to tend a flock; i.e. pasture it; intransitively, to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension, to associate with (as a friend):—× break, companion, keep company with, devour, eat up, evil entreat, feed, use as a friend, make friendship with, herdman, keep (sheep) (-er), pastor, shearing house, shepherd, wander, waste.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x

The KJV translates Strong's H7462 in the following manner: feed (75x), shepherd (63x), pastor (8x), herdmen (7x), keep (3x), companion (2x), broken (1x), company (1x), devour (1x), eat (1x), entreateth (1x), miscellaneous (10x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x
The KJV translates Strong's H7462 in the following manner: feed (75x), shepherd (63x), pastor (8x), herdmen (7x), keep (3x), companion (2x), broken (1x), company (1x), devour (1x), eat (1x), entreateth (1x), miscellaneous (10x).
  1. to pasture, tend, graze, feed

    1. (Qal)

      1. to tend, pasture

        1. to shepherd

        2. of ruler, teacher (fig)

        3. of people as flock (fig)

        4. shepherd, herdsman (subst)

      2. to feed, graze

        1. of cows, sheep etc (literal)

        2. of idolater, Israel as flock (fig)

    2. (Hiphil) shepherd, shepherdess

  2. to associate with, be a friend of (meaning probable)

    1. (Qal) to associate with

    2. (Hithpael) to be companions

  3. (Piel) to be a special friend

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
רָעָה râʻâh, raw-aw'; a primitive root; to tend a flock; i.e. pasture it; intransitively, to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension, to associate with (as a friend):—× break, companion, keep company with, devour, eat up, evil entreat, feed, use as a friend, make friendship with, herdman, keep (sheep) (-er), pastor, shearing house, shepherd, wander, waste.
STRONGS H7462: Abbreviations
I. רָעָה 167 verb pasture, tend, graze (Assyrian rê’û, verb pasture, noun ruler, Tel Amarna ruḫi (as Canaanism) WklNo. 181, 11; Arabic bdb094410, Ethiopic bdb094411 Aramaic רְעָא, bdb094412, all = Biblical Hebrew); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine plural consecutive וְרָעָה Micah 5:3 +, 1st person singular suffix consecutive זּרְעִיתִים Ezekiel 34:13, 3rd person plural suffix consecutive וְרָעוּם Jeremiah 23:4, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural יִרְעֶה Isaiah 27:20 +, jussive יֵ֫רַע Job 20:26, suffix יִרְעֶנָּה Psalm 80:14, וַיִרְעֵם Psalm 78:72 (וַיַּר׳ Hiph. van d. H.), etc.; Imperative masculine singular רְעֵה Micah 7:14 +, suffix רְעֵם Psalm 28:9; feminine singular רְעִי Songs 1:8; masculine plural רְעוּ Genesis 29:7; Infinitive construct לִרְעוֺת Genesis 37:12 +, etc.; Participle רֹעֶה Genesis 30:36 +, suffix רֹעִי Psalm 23:1 +; feminine singular רֹעָה Genesis 29:9; Proverbs 25:19, etc.; —
1. transitive
a. pasture, tend (pascere), literal, with accusative צאֹן Genesis 30:31, 36; Genesis 37:12 (all J), Exodus 3:1 (E), 1 Samuel 17:15; 1 Samuel 25:16; Isaiah 61:5, accusative of asses Genesis 36:24 (P), kids Songs 1:8; accusative (צאֹן) omitted Genesis 29:7; Genesis 37:13 (ב location) Genesis 37:16 (all J), Songs 1:7 (|| הִרְבִּיץ), Job 24:2 (Greek Version of the LXX Me Siegf Bu וְרֹעוֺ); — metaphor גֹּרֶן וָיֶקֶב לֹא יִרְעֵם Hosea 9:2, but read יֵדָעֵם Greek Version of the LXX We Now GASm; מָוֶת יִרְעֵם Psalm 49:15.
b. figurative of י׳, accusative of person, Genesis 48:15 (E) God, who shepherded me; with accusative of people, as flock Hosea 4:16; Isaiah 40:11; Micah 7:14 (בְּשִׁבְטֶ֑ךָ), Ezekiel 34:13 (pregnantly, with אֶל location), Ezekiel 34:14; Ezekiel 34:15 (+ הִרְבִּיץ), Ezekiel 34:16; Psalm 28:9.
c. figurative of ruler, and teacher, accusative of people, as flock, 2 Samuel 5:2 = 1 Chronicles 11:2; 2 Samuel 7:1 = 1 Chronicles 17:6; Psalm 78:72; Jeremiah 3:15; Jeremiah 23:2, 4; Ezekiel 34:2, 3, 8, 10, 23 (twice in verse); Zechariah 11:4, 7 (twice in verse); Zechariah 11:9; of teaching, יִרְעוּ רַבִּים שִׂפְתֵי צַדִּיק Proverbs 10:21; with ב of people Psalm 78:71; absolute Micah 5:3; with accusative of person reflexive pastured (fed, enriched) themselves Ezekiel 34:2, 8, 10.
d. especially participle רֹעֶה, etc., as substantive = shepherd, herdsman:
(1.) literal, צאֹן רֹעֵה Genesis 4:2; Genesis 46:32, 34; Genesis 47:3 (all J), רֹעֶה בַּצּ׳ Genesis 37:2 (E), 1 Samuel 16:11; 1 Samuel 17:34; רֹעֵי מִקְנֶה Genesis 13:7 (twice in verse) (J); (ה)ר׳ alone, singular Amos 3:12 + 7 times (all in simile); רֹעָה shepherdess, Genesis 29:9 (J); כְּלִי רֹעֶה אֱוִילִי Zechariah 11:15 (see כְּלִי 2c), as symbol; plural (הָ)רֹעִים Amos 1:2; Exodus 2:17, 19 (J) 1 Samuel 21:8 (אַבִּיר הָר׳; Gr Dr Bu Kit Löhr חָרָצִים א׳; Greek Version of the LXX LagBN 45 HPS אֹבִיל הָעְַיָרִים, but compare We) + 8 times + Isaiah 31:4 (simile), Isaiah 38:12 (read רֹעִים for רֹעִי Perles29 Du CheHpt compare Di), compare (suffix) Genesis 13:8 (twice in verse) (J); כְּלִי הָרֹעִים 1 Samuel 17:40 (see כְּלִי 3); — בֵּידעֵֿקֶד הָרִעִיס.
(2.) figurative of ruler (as often Assyrian; compare Greek (Homer) ποιμένα λαῶν), absolute singular Jeremiah 17:16 **figurative of prophet (but Aq Symm Syriac Version Gie Du Co מֵרָעָה); Zechariah 10:2; Zechariah 11:16; Zechariah 13:7b + 8 times Jeremiah, Ezekiel; suffix of י׳, רֹעִי Isaiah 44:28 (of Cyrus), Zechariah 13:7a; Zechariah 13:17 (read רֹעִי הָאֱוִילִי We Now GASm); absolute plural Isaiah 56:11; Jeremiah 2:8; Jeremiah 3:15; Micah 5:4; Zechariah 10:3; Zechariah 11:5, 8 + 18 times Jeremiah Ezekiel 34, + (of Assyrian leaders) Nahum 3:18; רֹעֵי יִשׂ׳ Ezekiel 34:2; צאֹנוֺ רֹעֵי Isaiah 63:11 (but read רֹעֵה [of Moses] Greek Version of the LXX Targam Di Du and others).
(3.) epithet of רֹעִי ׃ י׳ י׳ Psalm 23:1, רֹעֵה יִשׂ׳ Psalm 80:2, רֹעֶה אֶבֶן יִשׂ׳ Genesis 49:24 (poem in J; read construct רֹעֵה. compare Commentaries); מֵרֹעֶה אֶחָד Ecclesiastes 12:11 De Wild, < president of assembly of sages Siegf SS.
2. intransitive feed, graze:
a. literally of cows, sheep, etc.: with ב location Genesis 41:2, 18 (E), 1 Chronicles 27:29; with accusative of pasture Isaiah 30:23; with עַל location Zephaniah 2:7 (עֲלֵי הַיָּם for MT עֲלֵיהֶם, see Now); אֶלמֿוּל location Exodus 34:3 (J); absolute Isaiah 5:17; Isaiah 11:7 (|| רבץ; but see רעה below) Isaiah 27:10 (|| id.), Isaiah 65:25; Jonah 3:7; Job 1:14.
b. figurative of idolater, Isaiah 44:20 he feedeth on ashes (accusative); compare Hosea 12:2 Ehpraimitic source feedeth on wind (acc); אִוֶּלֶת יִר׳ כְסִילִים פִּי Proverbs 15:14 (so Vrss Qr; Kt פני for פי) the mouth of fools feeds on folly (Toy; Buhl √ II. רעה, Gerber162 below III. רעה); in Songs, with ב location, figurative of lover Songs 2:16; Songs 6:2, 3; of breasts (like gazelles) Songs 4:5.
c. figurative, of Israel as flock Isaiah 14:30 (|| רבץ), read (יַ֯) בְּכָרֹי in my pasture(s), for MT בְּכוֺרֵי, Koppe Ew Di Du (otherwise CheHpt, compare Marti); Zephaniah 3:13 (|| id.); with עַלדְּֿרָכִים Isaiah 49:9; with accusative of pasture-land Jeremiah 50:19; Micah 7:14; Ezekiel 34:14b (+ אֶל location), Ezekiel 34:18; Ezekiel 34:19; hence crop, strip, i.e. devastate, of conqueror, with accusative of land Micah 5:6, compare; אֶתיָֿדוֺ Jeremiah 6:3; so יִרְעוּךְ קָדְקֹד; Jeremiah 2:16; accusative of Israel under figure of vine (subject foes, as beasts) Psalm 80:14.
d. subject wind, with accusative of person Jeremiah 22:22, i. e. drive them away; subject fire, with accusative of thing, יֵרַע Job 20:26, but read perhaps יֵרָע,
Niph. (Ol Di Hoffm Siegf Bu; otherwise Du). רֹעֶה עֲקָרָה֯ Job 24:21 is difficult; Bu חֵרַע for ר׳; more radical conjectures in Du. Niph. possibly Job 20:26, see 2d above.
Hiph. Psalm 78:72 van d. H., see 1c above

† II. [רָעָה] verb probably associated with (compare Schulth69ff. but also NöZMG iiv (1900), 154 f.; Assyrian ru’a, ruttu, neighbour, fellow (masculine and feminine; compare JägerBAS i. 483,486); so Bedouin bdb094501, bdb094502 master, owner, WallinZMG v (1851), 9 JayakarJA xxi. 851; Ethiopic bdb094503 marriage; Arabic bdb094504, Ethiopic bdb094505 yoke; Late Hebrew רֵעוּת friendship is from Biblical Hebrew רֵעַ); —
Qal Imperative masculine singular וּרְעֵה אֱמוּנָה Psalm 37:3 cherish faithfulness (Hup-Now RV Che Du Dr); > feed seocurely (Bae; I.רעה; feed on (his) faithfulness AmRV); Participle כְסִילִים רֹעֶה Proverbs 13:20 one associating with fools, so זֹלְלְים ר׳ Proverbs 28:7, זוֺנוֺת ר׳ Proverbs 29:3 (Thes and others think these figurative from I. רעה, see 2b).
Hithp. 2nd person masculine singular אַלתִּֿתְרַע אֶתבַּֿעַל אָ֑ף Proverbs 22:24 do not make companionship with a bad-tempered man; perhaps also 3rd person feminine plural תִּתְרָעֶינָה Isaiah 11:7 (LagOr. i. 21; Deceased Wife's Sister 399 Brd Du Che Hpt) cow and bear shall be each other's companions; + Infinitive construct הִתְרָעֹת Proverbs 18:24 (Toy, for MT הִתְרֹעֵעַ) there are [יֵשׁ, for אִישׁ] friends (merely) to be companions (see II. רעע near the end).

† [רָעָה] verb denominative
Pi. be a special friend; — Perfect 3rd person masculine plural מֵרֵעֵהוּ אֲשֶׁר רֵעָה לוֺ Judges 14:20 his comrade who had been 'best man' (GFM) to him.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


4:2; 13:7; 13:8; 29:7; 29:7; 29:9; 29:9; 30:31; 30:36; 30:36; 36:24; 37:2; 37:12; 37:12; 37:13; 37:16; 41:2; 41:18; 46:32; 46:34; 47:3; 48:15; 49:24


2:17; 2:19; 3:1; 34:3



1 Samuel

16:11; 17:15; 17:34; 17:40; 21:8; 25:16

2 Samuel

5:2; 7:1

1 Chronicles

11:2; 17:6; 27:29


1:14; 20:26; 20:26; 20:26; 24:2; 24:21


23:1; 23:1; 28:9; 28:9; 37:3; 49:15; 78:71; 78:72; 78:72; 78:72; 80:2; 80:14; 80:14


10:21; 13:20; 15:14; 18:24; 22:24; 25:19; 28:7; 29:3



Song of Songs

1:7; 1:8; 1:8; 2:16; 4:5; 6:2; 6:3


5:17; 11:7; 11:7; 14:30; 27:10; 30:23; 31:4; 38:12; 40:11; 44:20; 44:28; 49:9; 56:11; 61:5; 63:11; 65:25


2:8; 2:16; 3:15; 3:15; 6:3; 17:16; 22:22; 23:2; 23:4; 23:4; 50:19


34; 34:2; 34:2; 34:2; 34:3; 34:8; 34:8; 34:10; 34:10; 34:13; 34:13; 34:14; 34:14; 34:15; 34:16; 34:18; 34:19; 34:23


4:16; 9:2; 12:2


1:2; 3:12




5:3; 5:3; 5:4; 5:6; 7:14; 7:14; 7:14




2:7; 3:13


10:2; 10:3; 11:4; 11:5; 11:7; 11:8; 11:9; 11:15; 11:16; 13:7; 13:7

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7462 matches the Hebrew רָעָה (rāʿâ),
which occurs 164 times in 139 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 4:2–Pro 10:21)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:2 - and she addeth to bear his brother, even Abel. And Abel is feeding a flock, and Cain hath been servant of the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:7 - And he saith, 'Lo, the day is still great, it is not time for the cattle to be gathered; water ye the flock, and go, delight yourselves.'
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:9 - He is yet speaking with them, and Rachel hath come with the flock which her father hath, for she is shepherdess;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:31 - And he saith, 'What do I give to thee?' And Jacob saith, 'Thou dost not give me anything; if thou do for me this thing, I turn back; I have delight; thy flock I watch;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:36 - and setteth a journey of three days between himself and Jacob; and Jacob is feeding the rest of the flock of Laban.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:24 - And these are sons of Zibeon, both Ajah and Anah: it is Anah that hath found the Imim in the wilderness, in his feeding the asses of Zibeon his father.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:2 - These are births of Jacob: Joseph, a son of seventeen years, hath been enjoying himself with his brethren among the flock, (and he is a youth,) with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives, and Joseph bringeth in an account of their evil unto their father.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:12 - And his brethren go to feed the flock of their father in Shechem,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:13 - and Israel saith unto Joseph, 'Are not thy brethren feeding in Shechem? come, and I send thee unto them;' and he saith to him, 'Here am I;'
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:16 - and he saith, 'My brethren I am seeking, declare to me, I pray thee, where they are feeding?'
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:2 - and lo, from the River coming up are seven kine, of fair appearance, and fat in flesh, and they feed among the reeds;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:18 - and lo, out of the River coming up are seven kine, fat in flesh, and of fair form, and they feed among the reeds;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:32 - and the men are feeders of a flock, for they have been men of cattle; and their flock, and their herd, and all that they have, they have brought.'
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 46:34 - that ye have said, Thy servants have been men of cattle from our youth, even until now, both we and our fathers, -- in order that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen, for the abomination of the Egyptians is every one feeding a flock.'
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:3 - and Pharaoh saith unto his brethren, 'What are your works?' and they say unto Pharaoh, 'Thy servants are feeders of a flock, both we and our fathers;'
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:15 - And he blesseth Joseph, and saith, 'God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked habitually: God who is feeding me from my being unto this day:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:24 - And his bow abideth in strength, And strengthened are the arms of his hands By the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob, Whence is a shepherd, a son of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:17 - and the shepherds come and drive them away, and Moses ariseth, and saveth them, and watereth their flock.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:19 - and they say, 'A man, an Egyptian, hath delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also hath diligently drawn for us, and watereth the flock;'
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:1 - And Moses hath been feeding the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, priest of Midian, and he leadeth the flock behind the wilderness, and cometh in unto the mount of God, to Horeb;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:3 - and no man cometh up with thee, and also no man is seen in all the mount, also the flock and the herd do not feed over-against that mount.'
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:33 - and your sons are evil in the wilderness forty years, and have borne your whoredoms till your carcases are consumed in the wilderness;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 27:17 - who goeth out before them, and who cometh in before them, and who taketh them out, and who bringeth them in, and the company of Jehovah is not as sheep which have no shepherd.'
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:20 - and Samson's wife becometh his companion's, who is his friend.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 16:11 - And Samuel saith unto Jesse, 'Are the young men finished?' and he saith, 'Yet hath been left the youngest; and lo, he delighteth himself among the flock;' and Samuel saith unto Jesse, 'Send and take him, for we do not turn round till his coming in hither.'
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:15 - and David is going and returning from Saul, to feed the flock of his father at Beth-Lehem.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:34 - And David saith unto Saul, 'A shepherd hath thy servant been to his father among the sheep, and the lion hath come -- and the bear -- and hath taken away a sheep out of the drove,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:40 - And he taketh his staff in his hand, and chooseth for him five smooth stones from the brook, and putteth them in the shepherds' habiliments that he hath, even in the scrip, and his sling is in his hand, and he draweth nigh unto the Philistine.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:7 - and, now, I have heard that thou hast shearers; now, the shepherds whom thou hast have been with us, we have not put them to shame, nor hath anything been looked after by them, all the days of their being in Carmel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:16 - a wall they have been unto us both by night and by day, all the days of our being with them, feeding the flock.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:2 - also heretofore, in Saul's being king over us, thou hast been he who is bringing out and bringing in Israel, and Jehovah saith to thee, Thou dost feed My people Israel, and thou art for leader over Israel.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 7:7 - During all the time that I have walked up and down among all the sons of Israel, a word have I spoken with one of the tribes of Israel which I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, 'Why have ye not built to Me a house of cedars?
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:17 - And he saith, 'I have seen all Israel scattered on the hills as sheep that have no shepherd, and Jehovah saith, These have no master; they turn back each to his house in peace.'
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:12 - And he riseth, and cometh in and goeth to Samaria; he is at the shepherds' shearing-house in the way,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 11:2 - even in time past, even in Saul's being king, it is thou who art taking out and bringing in Israel, and Jehovah thy God saith to thee: Thou dost feed My people Israel, and thou art leader over My people Israel.'
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 17:6 - whithersoever I have walked up and down among all Israel, a word spake I, with one of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed My people, saying, Why have ye not built for Me a house of cedars?
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 27:29 - and over the herds that are feeding in Sharon is Shitrai the Sharonite; and over the herds in the valleys is Shaphat son of Adlai;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:16 - And he saith, 'I have seen all Israel scattered on the mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd, and Jehovah saith, There are no masters to these, they turn back each to his house in peace.'
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 1:14 - And a messenger hath come in unto Job and saith, 'The oxen have been plowing, and the she-asses feeding by their sides,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:2 - The borders they reach, A drove they have taken violently away, Yea, they do evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:21 - Treating evil the barren who beareth not, And to the widow he doth no good,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 23:1 - A Psalm of David. Jehovah is my shepherd, I do not lack,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 28:9 - Save Thy people, and bless Thine inheritance, And feed them, and carry them to the age!
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:3 - Trust in Jehovah, and do good, Dwell in the land, and enjoy faithfulness,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 49:14 - As sheep for Sheol they have set themselves, Death doth afflict them, And the upright rule over them in the morning, And their form is for consumption. Sheol is a dwelling for him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:71 - From behind suckling ones He hath brought him in, To rule over Jacob His people, And over Israel His inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:72 - And he ruleth them according to the integrity of his heart, And by the skilfulness of his hands leadeth them!
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:1 - To the Overseer. -- 'On the Lilies.' A testimony of Asaph. -- A Psalm. Shepherd of Israel, give ear, Leading Joseph as a flock, Inhabiting the cherubs -- shine forth,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:13 - A boar out of the forest doth waste it, And a wild beast of the fields consumeth it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 10:21 - The lips of the righteous delight many, And fools for lack of heart die.

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