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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7650 - šāḇaʿ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2319

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁבַע shâbaʻ, shaw-bah'; a primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, i.e. swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times):—adjure, charge (by an oath, with an oath), feed to the full (by mistake for H7646), take an oath, × straitly, (cause to, make to) swear.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 187x

The KJV translates Strong's H7650 in the following manner: sware (167x), charge (8x), oath (7x), adjure (3x), straitly (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 187x
The KJV translates Strong's H7650 in the following manner: sware (167x), charge (8x), oath (7x), adjure (3x), straitly (2x).
  1. to swear, adjure

    1. (Qal) sworn (participle)

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to swear, take an oath

      2. to swear (of Jehovah by Himself)

      3. to curse

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to cause to take an oath

      2. to adjure

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁבַע shâbaʻ, shaw-bah'; a primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, i.e. swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times):—adjure, charge (by an oath, with an oath), feed to the full (by mistake for H7646), take an oath, × straitly, (cause to, make to) swear.
STRONGS H7650: Abbreviations
[שָׁבַע] 186 verb swear (probably, so to say, seven oneself, or bind oneself by seven things, compare Thes (as alternative), Gerb108ff; Late Hebrew Niph.= Biblical Hebrew; Targum שְׁבַע Ithpe., Aph`el; see also DrGenesis 21:28Hast. DB NUMBER, 565 RSSemitic i. 166, 2nd ed., 182 WeReste Arabic Heid. 2, 186); —
Qal (according to Thes Rob Ges) Passive participle שְׁבֻעֵי שְׁבֻעוֺת Ezekiel 21:28 those sworn with (= who have sworn) oaths; both from שְׁבוּעָה, according to Krae, oaths of oaths (the most sacred); Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Co omitted; both from שָׁבוּעַ, Ew Sm שָׁ׳ שׁ׳ weeks on weeks (plenty of time).
Niph. Perfect, 3rd person masculine singularנִשְׁבַּע Genesis 24:7, + etc.;Imperfect 3rd person masculine singularיִשָּׁבַע Leviticus 5:24 +, וַיִּשָּׁ֫בַע Genesis 24:9 +; 2nd person masculine singular תִּשֶּׁבֵ֑עַ Deuteronomy 6:13; Deuteronomy 10:20; 1st person singular אִשָּׁב֑עַ Genesis 21:24, וָאֶשָּׁ֫בַע 1 Kings 2:8; Ezekiel 16:8, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַשָּֽׁבְעָה Genesis 21:23 +, etc.; Infinitive abs הִשָּׁבֵע Numbers 30:3, הִשָּׁבֵעַ Jeremiah 7:9; construct הִשָּׁבֵעַ Jeremiah 12:16 (twice in verse) + 1 Samuel 20:17 see infra; Participle נִשְׁבָּע Zechariah 5:3 +, etc.; — swear, take an oath:
1. subj man :
a. in asseveration, absolute Genesis 21:24, 31 (E), Judges 21:1, 18; 2 Samuel 21:2 +; also followed byוַיּאֹמֶר 1 Samuel 20:3; 1 Kings 1:29, followed by לֵאמֹר 2 Samuel 3:35; Joshua 14:9 (D); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Numbers 30:3 (P; || נָדַר); + לַשֶּׁקֶר Jeremiah 5:2; Jeremiah 7:9; Leviticus 5:24 (P; + עַל of thing), Malachi 3:5 + עלשֿׁ׳ Leviticus 5:22 (P); + לְמִרְמָה Psalm 24:4; followed by infinitive Leviticus 5:4 (P), Psalm 15:4; Psalm 119:106; + ל person take an oath to, Joshua 6:22 (JE), Joshua 9:20 (P; accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Genesis 24:9 (+ עַלהַֿדָּבָר הַזֶּה +, so also 1 Samuel 20:17 (read לְהִשָּׁבֵעַ אֶלֿ for לְהַשְׁבְּיעַ אֶתֿ, Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Th We Dr and others); oath allegiance (לי׳) Isaiah 19:18; Isaiah 45:23; Zephaniah 1:5; 2 Chronicles 5:14, compare (absolute) 2 Chronicles 5:15 (Joshua 23:7 see Hiph.); also sq וַיּאֹמֶר 2 Kings 25:24, followed by לֵאמֹר 2 Samuel 21:17; 1 Kings 1:13; Jeremiah 40:9; followed by פֶּן = that not Judges 15:12, followed by אִם = id. 1 Kings 1:51; + אֶל person followed by לֵאמֹר Jeremiah 38:16; + בי׳ by י׳, followed by infinitive Judges 21:7; + בְּשֵׁם י׳ 1 Samuel 20:42; Isaiah 48:1, compare Genesis 31:53 (E), Deuteronomy 6:13; Deuteronomy 10:20; Jeremiah 12:16 (+ חַייֿ׳), Isaiah 65:16; Zechariah 5:4 (לַשָּׁ֑קֶר), Leviticus 19:12 (id.), Psalm 63:12; Daniel 12:7; בי׳ followed by אִם 2 Samuel 19:8; + ל person with בי׳ Joshua 9:18, 19 (P; pledge faith), followed byלֵאמֹר 1 Samuel 28:10; 1 Kings 11:30; 1 Kings 2:8, 23, followed by כִּי of object clause Joshua 2:12 (JE), 1 Kings 1:17; + ל person with בא׳, followed by אִם Genesis 21:23 (E), 1 Samuel 30:15; as verb of quotation + object חַייֿ׳ Hosea 4:15; Jeremiah 4:2; 1 Samuel 19:6 (+ אִם), + אִם in oratio recta [direct speech] Psalm 132:2 (|| נָדַר); also כְּלֹא אֱלֹהִים Jeremiah 5:7, בַּבָּ֑עַל Jeremiah 12:16, בְּמַלְכָּם Zephaniah 1:3, compare Amos 8:14 (+ וְאָמַר).
b. imprecate, curse, בִּי by me Psalms; Psalm 102:9 (compare שְׁבוּעָה 1 b קְלָלָה).
2. subject י׳ : swear, with בִּי by myself Genesis 22:16 (JE), Jeremiah 22:5 (clause כִּי), Jeremiah 49:13 (id.), Isaiah 45:23 (id.), with בְּקָדְשׁוֺ Amos 4:2 (id.), compare Psalm 89:36 (|| אִם אֲכַזֵּב), compare also Amos 6:8; Amos 8:17; Jeremiah 44:26; Jeremiah 51:14; Isaiah 62:8; swear, followed by infinitive Deuteronomy 1:35; Deuteronomy 4:21; Joshua 21:41 (van d. H. Baer; Joshua 21:43 Gi), followed by מִן infinitive= not to Isaiah 54:9 (twice in verse) followed by אִם Psalm 90:10, followed by לֵאמֹר Deuteronomy 1:34; Isaiah 14:24; Numbers 32:10(P); followed by oratio recta [direct speech] Psalm 110:4; with ל person take an oath to, Genesis 24:7(J), Exodus 13:11 (J), Deuteronomy 2:14 + 7 times Deuteronomy (accusative of congnate meaning with verb Deuteronomy 7:8; verb Deuteronomy 9:5), Ezekiel 16:8 (|| בּוֺא בִבְרִית, Psalm 89:4 (|| כָּרַת בְּרִית), Psalm 89:50 (בֶּאֱמוּנָתֶ֑ךָ), +; ל person + infinitive (usually to give land Exodus 13:5 (J), Deuteronomy 1:8 + 9 times Deuteronomy; Joshua 1:6; Joshua 5:6 (twice in verse) (all RD), Jeremiah 11:5 (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Jeremiah 32:22; ל person + accusative of thing (usually land) = promise by oath to Genesis 50:24; Exodus 33:1; Numbers 11:12 (all J), Numbers 14:16, 23 (JE), Numbers 32:11 (P), Judges 2:1; Micah 7:20; Deuteronomy 6:18+ 8 times Deuteronomy (object covenant Deuteronomy 4:31; Deuteronomy 8:18); ל person omitted Deuteronomy 31:21.
Hiph. Perf. 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁבִּיעַ Exodus 13:19 +, 1st person singular הִשְׁבַּעְתִּי Songs 2:7 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיַּשְׁבַּע Genesis 50:25 +, suffix וַיַּשְׁבִּעֵנִי Genesis 24:37, etc.; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁבֵּעַ Exodus 13:19; 1 Samuel 14:28; construct הַשְׁבִּיעַ 1 Samuel 14:27 (1 Samuel 20:17 see Niph.); Participle suffix מַשְׁבִּיעֶ֑ךָ 1 Kings 22:16; 2 Chronicles 18:15; —
1. cause to take an oath, subject always man: with accusative of person Genesis 50:6 (J), + 1 Samuel 14:27; 1 Kings 18:10; 2 Kings 11:4, + accusative of cognate meaning Joshua 2:17, 20 (J), לֵאמֹר Genesis 24:37; Genesis 50:5 (both J), Genesis 50:25 (E), Joshua 6:26 (J; accusative of person omitted), so (Infinitive absolute + Perfect) Exodus 13:19 (JE), 1 Samuel 14:28, + וְאָמַר Numbers 5:19 and (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Numbers 5:21 (both P), + infinitive clause Nehemiah 5:12; Ezra 10:5; + בי׳ by י׳ Genesis 24:3 (J; clause אֲשֶׁר), 1 Kings 2:42 (|| וָאָעִד בְּךָ, + לֵאמֹר, compare Joshua 23:7 (RD; but read perhaps Niph. תִּשָּֽׁבְעוּ Gr and others; Greek Version of the LXX strike out), Nehemiah 13:25 (clause אִם, oratio recta), 2 Chronicles 36:13.
2. adjure, with accusative of person 1 Kings 22:16; 2 Chronicles 18:15 (both + clause אֲשֶׁר); elsewhere only Canticles: Songs 5:9, with clause מַהֿ interrogative Songs 5:8, with clause אִם that not Songs 2:7; Songs 3:5 (both + ב of oath), = clause מַהֿ Songs 8:4 (see מָה 2 a (b)). — 1 Samuel 20:17 see Niph.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


21:23; 21:23; 21:24; 21:24; 21:28; 21:31; 22:16; 24:3; 24:7; 24:7; 24:9; 24:9; 24:37; 24:37; 31:53; 50:5; 50:6; 50:24; 50:25; 50:25


13:5; 13:11; 13:19; 13:19; 13:19; 33:1


5:4; 19:12


5:19; 5:21; 11:12; 14:16; 14:23; 30:3; 30:3; 32:10; 32:11


1:8; 1:34; 1:35; 2:14; 4:21; 4:31; 6:13; 6:13; 6:18; 7:8; 8:18; 9:5; 10:20; 10:20; 31:21


1:6; 2:12; 2:17; 2:20; 5:6; 6:22; 6:26; 9:18; 9:19; 9:20; 14:9; 21:41; 21:43; 23:7; 23:7


2:1; 15:12; 21:1; 21:7; 21:18

1 Samuel

14:27; 14:27; 14:28; 14:28; 19:6; 20:3; 20:17; 20:17; 20:17; 20:17; 20:42; 28:10; 30:15

2 Samuel

3:35; 19:8; 21:2; 21:17

1 Kings

1:13; 1:17; 1:29; 1:51; 2:8; 2:8; 2:23; 2:42; 11:30; 18:10; 22:16; 22:16

2 Kings

11:4; 25:24

2 Chronicles

5:14; 18:15; 18:15; 36:13




5:12; 13:25


15:4; 24:4; 89:4; 89:36; 89:50; 90:10; 102:9; 110:4; 119:106; 132:2

Song of Songs

2:7; 2:7; 3:5; 5:8; 5:9; 8:4


14:24; 19:18; 45:23; 45:23; 48:1; 54:9; 62:8; 65:16


4:2; 5:2; 5:7; 7:9; 7:9; 11:5; 12:16; 12:16; 12:16; 22:5; 32:22; 38:16; 40:9; 44:26; 49:13; 51:14


16:8; 16:8; 21:28






4:2; 6:8; 8:14




1:3; 1:5


5:3; 5:4



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7650 matches the Hebrew שָׁבַע (šāḇaʿ),
which occurs 186 times in 175 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 21:23–Deu 9:5)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:23 - Now therefore swear H7650 unto me here by God that thou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son's son: but according to the kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein thou hast sojourned.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:24 - And Abraham said, I will swear. H7650
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:31 - Wherefore he called that place Beersheba; because there they sware H7650 both of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:16 - And said, By myself have I sworn, H7650 saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:3 - And I will make thee swear H7650 by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:7 - The LORD God of heaven, which took me from my father's house, and from the land of my kindred, and which spake unto me, and that sware H7650 unto me, saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; he shall send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wife unto my son from thence.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:9 - And the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master, and sware H7650 to him concerning that matter.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:37 - And my master made me swear, H7650 saying, Thou shalt not take a wife to my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, in whose land I dwell:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:33 - And Jacob said, Swear H7650 to me this day; and he sware H7650 unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:3 - Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware H7650 unto Abraham thy father;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:31 - And they rose up betimes in the morning, and sware H7650 one to another: and Isaac sent them away, and they departed from him in peace.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:53 - The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware H7650 by the fear of his father Isaac.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:31 - And he said, Swear H7650 unto me. And he sware H7650 unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:5 - My father made me swear, H7650 saying, Lo, I die: in my grave which I have digged for me in the land of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me. Now therefore let me go up, I pray thee, and bury my father, and I will come again.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:6 - And Pharaoh said, Go up, and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear. H7650
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:24 - And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die: and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which he sware H7650 to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 50:25 - And Joseph took an oath H7650 of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:5 - And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware H7650 unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:11 - And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware H7650 unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:19 - And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly H7650 sworn H7650 the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:13 - Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest H7650 by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:1 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Depart, and go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware H7650 unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 5:4 - Or if a soul swear, H7650 pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:3 - Or have found that which was lost, and lieth concerning it, and sweareth H7650 falsely; in any of all these that a man doeth, sinning therein:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:5 - Or all that about which he hath sworn H7650 falsely; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, and give it unto him to whom it appertaineth, in the day of his trespass offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:12 - And ye shall not swear H7650 by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:19 - And the priest shall charge her by an oath, H7650 and say unto the woman, If no man have lain with thee, and if thou hast not gone aside to uncleanness with another instead of thy husband, be thou free from this bitter water that causeth the curse:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:21 - Then the priest shall charge H7650 the woman with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, The LORD make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when the LORD doth make thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:12 - Have I conceived all this people? have I begotten them, that thou shouldest say unto me, Carry them in thy bosom, as a nursing father beareth the sucking child, unto the land which thou swarest H7650 unto their fathers?
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:16 - Because the LORD was not able to bring this people into the land which he sware H7650 unto them, therefore he hath slain them in the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:23 - Surely they shall not see the land which I sware H7650 unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:2 - If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear H7650 an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 32:10 - And the LORD'S anger was kindled the same time, and he sware, H7650 saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 32:11 - Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware H7650 unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed me:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:8 - Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD sware H7650 unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:34 - And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and sware, H7650 saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:35 - Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware H7650 to give unto your fathers,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:14 - And the space in which we came from Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, was thirty and eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were wasted out from among the host, as the LORD sware H7650 unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:21 - Furthermore the LORD was angry with me for your sakes, and sware H7650 that I should not go over Jordan, and that I should not go in unto that good land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:31 - (For the LORD thy God is a merciful God;) he will not forsake thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which he sware H7650 unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:10 - And it shall be, when the LORD thy God shall have brought thee into the land which he sware H7650 unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee great and goodly cities, which thou buildedst not,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:13 - Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear H7650 by his name.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:18 - And thou shalt do that which is right and good in the sight of the LORD: that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest go in and possess the good land which the LORD sware H7650 unto thy fathers,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:23 - And he brought us out from thence, that he might bring us in, to give us the land which he sware H7650 unto our fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:8 - But because the LORD loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn H7650 unto your fathers, hath the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:12 - Wherefore it shall come to pass, if ye hearken to these judgments, and keep, and do them, that the LORD thy God shall keep unto thee the covenant and the mercy which he sware H7650 unto thy fathers:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:13 - And he will love thee, and bless thee, and multiply thee: he will also bless the fruit of thy womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep, in the land which he sware H7650 unto thy fathers to give thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:1 - All the commandments which I command thee this day shall ye observe to do, that ye may live, and multiply, and go in and possess the land which the LORD sware H7650 unto your fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:18 - But thou shalt remember the LORD thy God: for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth, that he may establish his covenant which he sware H7650 unto thy fathers, as it is this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:5 - Not for thy righteousness, or for the uprightness of thine heart, dost thou go to possess their land: but for the wickedness of these nations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee, and that he may perform the word which the LORD sware H7650 unto thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

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