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Lexicon :: Strong's H7723 - šāv'

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שָׁוְא
Transliteration
šāv'
Pronunciation
shawv
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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From the same as שׁוֹא (H7722) in the sense of desolating
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2338a

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁוְא shâvᵉʼ, shawv; or שַׁו shav; from the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain):—false(-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 53x

The KJV translates Strong's H7723 in the following manner: vain (22x), vanity (22x), false (5x), lying (2x), falsely (1x), lies (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 53x
The KJV translates Strong's H7723 in the following manner: vain (22x), vanity (22x), false (5x), lying (2x), falsely (1x), lies (1x).
  1. emptiness, vanity, falsehood

    1. emptiness, nothingness, vanity

    2. emptiness of speech, lying

    3. worthlessness (of conduct)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁוְא shâvᵉʼ, shawv; or שַׁו shav; from the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain):—false(-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.
STRONGS H7723:
שָׁוְא noun [masculine] emptiness, vanity; — שׁ׳ absolute Exodus 23:1 + 51 times, שָׁו Job 15:31 (Kt); —
1. emptiness, nothingness, vanity: תְּשׁוּעַת אָרָם שׁ׳ Psalm 60:13 vain (is) man's deliverance, = Psalm 108:13; לָכֶם שׁ׳ Psalm 127:2 it is vain (useless) for you; Psalm 89:48 for (עַל) what nothingness hast thou created man ? compare יַרְחֵי שׁ׳ Job 7:3; הַבְלֵי שׁ׳ Psalm 31:7 (idols) = Jonah 2:9, compare Jeremiah 18:15 + Hosea 5:11 Greek Version of the LXX (for צָו); מִנְחַת שׁ׳ Isaiah 1:13 of ineffective offering to י׳; נשׂא לַשּׁ׳ (לֹא) Exodus 20:7 (twice in verse) take up name of God in vain (to no good purpose) = Deuteronomy 5:11 (twice in verse), compare Psalm 24:4; Psalm 139:20 [MT lifted up in vain are thy foes, but read שְׁמֶ֑ךָ for עָרֶיךָ, compare נשׂא 1b (7); others. עָלֶיךָ, see II. עָר]; היה שׁ׳ Hosea 12:12 become nothing (We עשׂה שׁ׳, and so 3); ראה שׁ׳ Psalm 119:37; adverb לַשּׁ׳ in vain Jeremiah 2:30; Jeremiah 4:30; Jeremiah 6:29; Jeremiah 46:11; שׁ׳ Psalm 127:1 (twice in verse); Malachi 3:14.
2. emptiness of speech, || lying, שׁ׳ וּדְבַר כָּזָב Proverbs 30:8; דבּר שׁ׳ Psalm 12:3; Psalm 41:7; Psalm 144:8; Psalm 144:11; Isaiah 59:4; Ezekiel 13:8; אָלוֺת שׁ׳ Hosea 10:4 + Hosea 12:2 Greek Version of the LXX We and others (for שֹׁד); הָלַךְ עִםשֿׁ׳ Job 31:5 (|| מִרְמָה); עֵד שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 5:17 (= עֵד שָֽׁקֶר Exodus 20:16); compare שֵׁמַע שׁ׳ Exodus 23:1 (E); of false (empty) prophecy חֲזוֺן שׁ׳ Ezekiel 12:24, חָזוּ שׁ׳ Lamentations 2:14; see also Ezekiel 13:6, 7, 9, 23; Ezekiel 21:34; Ezekiel 22:28; Job 35:13 (or empty complaining, below 1); קסם שׁ׳ Ezekiel 21:28; חֲלֹמוֺת הַשּׁ׳ Zechariah 10:2.
3. of conduct, worthlessness (Buhl below 1, 2); מְרתי שׁ׳ worthless men Psalm 26:4; Job 11:11; worthless motives (in figurative) חַבְלֵי הַשּׁ׳ Isaiah 5:18; נָפַת שׁ׳ Isaiah 30:28 (i.e. sifting out the worthless; al. sieve of (bringing) disappointment); play on meanings in Job 15:31 (twice in verse), compare DrJob, Psalt. 464.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Exodus

20:7; 20:16; 23:1; 23:1

Deuteronomy

5:11; 5:17

Job

7:3; 11:11; 15:31; 15:31; 31:5; 35:13

Psalms

12:3; 24:4; 26:4; 31:7; 41:7; 89:48; 108:13; 119:37; 127:1; 127:2; 139:20; 144:8; 144:11

Proverbs

30:8

Isaiah

1:13; 5:18; 30:28; 59:4

Jeremiah

2:30; 4:30; 6:29; 18:15; 46:11

Lamentations

2:14

Ezekiel

12:24; 13:6; 13:7; 13:8; 13:9; 13:23; 21:28; 22:28

Hosea

5:11; 10:4; 12:2; 12:12

Jonah

2:9

Zechariah

10:2

Malachi

3:14

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7723 matches the Hebrew שָׁוְא (šāv'),
which occurs 54 times in 48 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:7 - “You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, H7723 for the LORD will not [fn]leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. H7723
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:1 - “You shall not bear a false H7723 report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:11 - ‘You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, H7723 for the LORD will not [fn]leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. H7723
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:20 - ‘You shall not bear false H7723 witness against your neighbor.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:3 - So am I allotted months of vanity, H7723
And nights of trouble are appointed me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 11:11 - “For He knows false H7723 men,
And He sees iniquity [fn]without investigating.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:31 - “Let him not trust in emptiness, H7723 deceiving himself;
For emptiness H7723 will be his [fn]reward.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:5 - “If I have walked with falsehood, H7723
And my foot has hastened after deceit,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 35:13 - “Surely God will not listen to [fn]an empty H7723 cry,
Nor will the Almighty regard it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 12:2 - They speak [fn]falsehood H7723 to one another;
With flattering [fn]lips and with a double heart they speak.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 24:4 - He who has clean hands and a pure heart,
Who has not lifted up his soul [fn]to falsehood H7723
And has not sworn deceitfully.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 26:4 - I do not sit with [fn]deceitful H7723 men,
Nor will I go with [fn]pretenders.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 31:6 - I hate those who regard [fn]vain H7723 idols,
But I trust in the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 41:6 - And [fn]when he comes to see me, he speaks [fn]falsehood; H7723
His heart gathers wickedness to itself;
When he goes outside, he tells it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 60:11 - O give us help against the adversary,
For deliverance [fn]by man is in vain. H7723
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:47 - Remember [fn]what my span of life is;
For what vanity H7723 [fn]You have created all the sons of men!
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 108:12 - Oh give us help against the adversary,
For deliverance [fn]by man is in vain. H7723
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:37 - Turn away my eyes from looking at vanity, H7723
And revive me in Your ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 127:1 - A Song of Ascents, of Solomon.
Unless the LORD builds the house,
They labor in vain H7723 who build it;
Unless the LORD guards the city,
The watchman keeps awake in vain. H7723
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 127:2 - It is vain H7723 for you to rise up early,
To [fn]retire late,
To eat the bread of [fn]painful labors;
For He gives to His beloved even in his sleep.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:20 - For they speak [fn]against You wickedly,
And Your enemies [fn]take Your name in vain. H7723
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 144:8 - Whose mouths speak deceit, H7723
And whose right hand is a right hand of falsehood.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 144:11 - Rescue me and deliver me out of the hand of aliens,
Whose mouth speaks deceit H7723
And whose right hand is a right hand of falsehood.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:8 - Keep deception H7723 and [fn]lies far from me,
Give me neither poverty nor riches;
Feed me with the food that is my portion,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:13 - “Bring your worthless H7723 offerings no longer,
Incense is an abomination to Me.
New moon and sabbath, the calling of assemblies
I cannot endure iniquity and the solemn assembly.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:18 - Woe to those who drag iniquity with the cords of [fn]falsehood, H7723
And sin as if with cart ropes;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:28 - His breath is like an overflowing torrent,
Which reaches to the neck,
To shake the nations back and forth in a [fn]sieve,
And to put in the jaws of the peoples the bridle which [fn]leads to ruin.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:4 - No one sues righteously and no one pleads [fn]honestly.
They trust in confusion and speak lies; H7723
They conceive mischief and bring forth iniquity.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:30 - “In vain H7723 I have struck your sons;
They accepted no chastening.
Your sword has devoured your prophets
Like a destroying lion.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:30 - And you, O desolate one, what will you do?
Although you dress in scarlet,
Although you decorate yourself with ornaments of gold,
Although you enlarge your eyes with paint,
In vain H7723 you make yourself beautiful.
Your [fn]lovers despise you;
They seek your life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:29 - The bellows blow fiercely,
The lead is consumed by the fire;
In vain H7723 the refining goes on,
But the wicked are not [fn]separated.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 18:15 - ‘For My people have forgotten Me,
They burn incense [fn]to worthless H7723 gods
And they [fn]have stumbled [fn]from their ways,
[fn]From the ancient paths,
To walk in bypaths,
Not on a highway,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:11 - Go up to Gilead and obtain balm,
O virgin daughter of Egypt!
In vain H7723 have you multiplied [fn]remedies;
There is no healing for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 2:14 - Your prophets have seen for you
False H7723 and foolish visions;
And they have not exposed your iniquity
So as to restore you from captivity,
But they have seen for you false H7723 and misleading [fn]oracles.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:24 - “For there will no longer be any [fn]false H7723 vision or flattering divination within the house of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:6 - “They see [fn]falsehood H7723 and lying divination who are saying, ‘The LORD declares,’ when the LORD has not sent them; yet they hope for the fulfillment of their word.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:7 - “Did you not see a false H7723 vision and speak a lying divination when you said, ‘The LORD declares,’ but it is not I who have spoken?”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:8 - Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD, “Because you have spoken [fn]falsehood H7723 and seen a lie, therefore behold, I am against you,” declares the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:9 - “So My hand will be against the prophets who see false H7723 visions H7723 and utter lying divinations. They will [fn]have no place in the council of My people, nor will they be written down in the register of the house of Israel, nor will they enter the land of Israel, [fn]that you may know that I am the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:23 - therefore, you women will no longer see [fn]false H7723 visions H7723 or practice divination, and I will deliver My people out of your hand. Thus you will know that I am the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:23 - “And it will be to them like a false H7723 divination in their eyes; they have sworn solemn oaths. But he brings iniquity to remembrance, that they may be seized.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:29 - while they see for you false H7723 visions, H7723 while they divine lies for you—to place you on the necks of the wicked who are slain, whose day has come, in the time of the [fn]punishment of the end.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:28 - “Her prophets have smeared whitewash for them, seeing false H7723 visions H7723 and divining lies for them, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD,’ when the LORD has not spoken.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 10:4 - They speak mere words,
[fn]With worthless H7723 oaths they make covenants;
And judgment sprouts like poisonous weeds in the furrows of the field.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:11 - Is there iniquity in Gilead?
Surely they are worthless. H7723
In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls,
Yes, their altars are like the stone heaps
Beside the furrows of the field.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 2:8 - “Those who regard [fn]vain H7723 idols
Forsake their faithfulness,
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 10:2 - For the teraphim speak [fn]iniquity,
And the diviners see [fn]lying visions
And tell false H7723 dreams;
They comfort in vain. H7723
Therefore the people [fn]wander like sheep,
They are afflicted, because there is no shepherd.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:14 - “You have said, ‘It is vain H7723 to serve God; and what profit is it that we have kept His charge, and that we have walked in mourning before the LORD of hosts?

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