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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H781 - 'āraś

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 170

Strong’s Definitions

אָרַשׂ ʼâras, aw-ras'; a primitive root; to engage for matrimony:—betroth, espouse.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 11x

The KJV translates Strong's H781 in the following manner: betroth (10x), espouse (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 11x
The KJV translates Strong's H781 in the following manner: betroth (10x), espouse (1x).
  1. to betroth, engage

    1. (Piel) to betroth (man or woman)

    2. (Pual) to be betrothed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָרַשׂ ʼâras, aw-ras'; a primitive root; to engage for matrimony:—betroth, espouse.
STRONGS H781: Abbreviations
† [אָרַשׂ] verb betroth (Mishna ארס, Phoenician ארש in proper name, LagSem i. 50 connects with Arabic أَرْشً a fine, literally pay the price, & so gain the right of possession; compare Aramaic אָרִיס one who farms land; Assyrian mirsu, tribute, ZehnpfBAS i. 518) — only Pi. Pu.;
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular אֵרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 20:7; אֵרַשְׂתִּי 2 Samuel 3:14; suffix אֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ Hosea 2:21 (twice in verse); Hosea 2:22; Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular תְּאָרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 28:30; — betroth (subject man) object woman, אִשָּׁה Deuteronomy 20:7; Deuteronomy 28:30; followed by ב of price paid to father & ל of husband 2 Samuel 3:14; ב of gift to bride & ל of husband Hosea 2:21; Hosea 2:22, where figurative of Yahweh's covenant mercy to Israel.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular אֹרָ֑שָׂה be betrothed, with לֹא, subject בְּתוּלָה Exodus 22:15; Deuteronomy 22:28 (נער בתולה); Participle feminine מְאֹרָשָׂה Deuteronomy 22:23, where affirmed of נער בתולה (followed by ל of husband) Deuteronomy 22:25; Deuteronomy 22:27 (in both subject הַנַּעֲרָ֯).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




20:7; 20:7; 22:23; 22:25; 22:27; 22:28; 28:30; 28:30

2 Samuel

3:14; 3:14


2:21; 2:21; 2:22; 2:22


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H781 matches the Hebrew אָרַשׂ ('āraś),
which occurs 11 times in 10 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:16 -

“If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged H781 and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:7 - ‘And who is the man that is engaged H781 to a woman and has not [fn]married her? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle and another man [fn]marry her.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:23 -

“If there is a girl who is a virgin engaged H781 to a man, and another man finds her in the city and lies with her,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:25 -

“But if in the field the man finds the girl who is engaged H781, and the man forces her and lies with her, then only the man who lies with her shall die.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:27 - “When he found her in the field, the engaged H781 girl cried out, but there was no one to save her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:28 -

“If a man finds a girl who is a virgin, who is not engaged H781, and seizes her and lies with her and they are found,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:30 - “You shall betroth H781 a wife, but another man will violate her; you shall build a house, but you will not live in it; you shall plant a vineyard, but you will not [fn]use its fruit.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:14 - So David sent messengers to Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, saying, “Give me my wife Michal, to whom I was betrothed H781 for one hundred foreskins of the Philistines.”
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 2:19 -

“And I will betroth H781 you to Me forever;

Indeed, I will betroth H781 you to Me in righteousness and in justice,

In lovingkindness and in compassion,

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 2:20 -

And I will betroth H781 you to Me in faithfulness.

Then you will know Yahweh.

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