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Lexicon :: Strong's H7843 - šāḥaṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2370

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁחַת shâchath, shaw-khath'; a primitive root; to decay, i.e. (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively):—batter, cast off, corrupt(-er, thing), destroy(-er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, × utterly, waste(-r).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 147x

The KJV translates Strong's H7843 in the following manner: destroy (96x), corrupt (22x), mar (7x), destroyer (3x), corrupters (2x), waster (2x), spoilers (2x), battered (1x), corruptly (1x), miscellaneous (11x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 147x
The KJV translates Strong's H7843 in the following manner: destroy (96x), corrupt (22x), mar (7x), destroyer (3x), corrupters (2x), waster (2x), spoilers (2x), battered (1x), corruptly (1x), miscellaneous (11x).
  1. to destroy, corrupt, go to ruin, decay

    1. (Niphal) to be marred, be spoiled, be corrupted, be corrupt, be injured, be ruined, be rotted

    2. (Piel)

      1. to spoil, ruin

      2. to pervert, corrupt, deal corruptly (morally)

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to spoil, ruin, destroy

      2. to pervert, corrupt (morally)

      3. destroyer (participle)

    4. (Hophal) spoiled, ruined (participle)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁחַת shâchath, shaw-khath'; a primitive root; to decay, i.e. (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively):—batter, cast off, corrupt(-er, thing), destroy(-er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, × utterly, waste(-r).
STRONGS H7843: Abbreviations
[שָׁחַת]151 verb go to ruin (?), only derived species (Late Hebrew Hiph. = Biblical Hebrew, Ecclus. שחיתה Ecclesiasticus 30:11 corrupt act; Arabic سَعَتَ extirpate; Ethiopic ለሐጠ፡ injure, violate; Tel Amarna šaḫâtu is fall (especially of city), be prostrate (? of land), perhaps Canaanism (see WklTelAm. Vocab.), Assyrian possibly šêtu, flee, escape (compare אבד); Old Aramaic (Zinjirli) שחת destroy Lzb374, Aramaic H7844 שְׁחַת, jeofw (assimilation of t), multilate; — very improbable Gerber179denominative from שַׁחַת); —
Niph. be marred, spoiled, Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נִשְׁחַת, of waistcloth Jeremiah 13:7, vessel Jeremiah 18:4; be injured, or even (hyperb.) ruined, Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תִּשָּׁחֵת Exodus 8:20 (J) of land (הֶעָרֹב מִפְּנֵי); be corrupted, corrupt, in mnorals and rel., of earth, Perfect 3rd person feminine singular נִשְׁחָ֑תָה Genesis 6:12 (P), Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular לִפְנֵי הָא׳ וַתִּשּׁ׳ Genesis 6:11 (P); so Participle feminine plural as adjective נִשְׁחָתוֺת Ezekiel 20:44.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שִׁחֵת Exodus 32:7 +, suffix שִׁחֶתְךָ Hosea 13:9; 2nd person masculine singular שִׁחַתָּ Isaiah 14:20 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שַׁחֵ֑תוּ Jeremiah 5:10; Infinitive construct שַׁחֵת Genesis 13:10 +, etc.; —
1. spoil, ruin, accusative of eye Exodus 21:26 (E), vineyard Jeremiah 12:10 (figurative), branches Nahum 2:3 (figurative), also = destroy, accusative of person 2 Samuel 1:14; 2 Samuel 14:11 (accusative omitted), Ezekiel 5:16; Ezekiel 20:17, כָּל־בָשָׂר Genesis 6:17; Genesis 9:15 (P), city, fortress, etc., Genesis 13:10; Genesis 19:13, 29 (all J), 2 Samuel 24:16; Jeremiah 5:10 (accusative omitted), Jeremiah 48:18; Ezekiel 26:4; Ezekiel 43:3; Lamentations 2:5, ruin temple Lamentations 2:6, nation Hosea 11:9; Hosea 13:9 (read perhaps שִׁחַתִּךָ Oort Now), land 2 Kings 19:12 (Hiph. in || Isaiah 37:12), Judges 6:5; Joshua 22:33 (P), Ezekiel 22:30; Ezekiel 30:11, earth Genesis 9:11 (P); with ל object (ל 3b), city 1 Samuel 23:10, person Numbers 32:15 (P); with accusative רַחֲמָיו Amos 1:11, destroyed (stifled) his compassion (or, RSK 28 and others, the bonds of kinship, see רַחֲמִים), בְּרִית Malachi 2:8, i.e. violate it, see especially אַרְצָה וְשׁ׳ (that is, semen) Genesis 38:9 (J) he spoiled (it) upon the ground, made it ineffective, = waste words Proverbs 23:8.
2. pervert, corrupt, accusative wisdom Ezekiel 28:17, absolute = deal corruptly, הֶעֱמִיקוּ שִׁחֵתוּ Hosea 9:9 (compare [עָמֹק], p.770:b; but We Now read שַׁחְתּוֺ, √ שׁוח), Exodus 32:7 (JE), Deuteronomy 9:12, so לוֺ שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 32:5.
Hiph. 103 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁחִית Genesis 6:12 +; 1st person singular וְהִשְׁחַתִּ֫י Jeremiah 51:20, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁחִית Daniel 8:24 +, יַשְׁחִת Malachi 3:11 +, וַיַּשְׁחֵת 1 Chronicles 20:1; 2nd person feminine singular וַתַּשְׁחִתִי Ezekiel 16:47, 2nd person masculine plural תַּשְׁחִתוּן Deuteronomy 4:16; Deuteronomy 31:29; Imperative masculine singular suffix הַשְׁחִיתָהּ 2 Kings 18:25 = Isaiah 36:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁחֵת Deuteronomy 31:29; construct הַשְׁחִית 1 Samuel 26:15 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׁחִית Genesis 19:14 +, etc.; —
1. spoil, ruin, accusative crop Judges 6:4; Malachi 3:11, trees Deuteronomy 20:19, 20; Jeremiah 11:19 (figurative), vessels 2 Chronicles 36:19, houses 2 Chronicles 34:11, palaces Jeremiah 6:5 compare Isaiah 65:8; Leviticus 19:27 (H), Ruth 4:6; דַּיָּם הִשׁ׳ Jeremiah 49:9 thieves damage as much as they want; accusative of person = ruin, destroy, 1 Samuel 26:9, 15; Judges 20:21, 25 (+ אַ֫רְצָה), Judges 20:35; Judges 20:42; 2 Kings 13:23; 2 Chronicles 24:23 (+ מִן separ.), + 12 times, + (accusative of person omitted) Isaiah 51:13 + 4 times, accusative בֵּית דָּוִד 2 Chronicles 21:7, absolute Isaiah 11:9 = Isaiah 65:25; also ruin one (by words) Proverbs 11:9; accusative עַם 2 Samuel 24:16; Deuteronomy 9:26; land 1 Samuel 6:5; Jeremiah 36:29; Daniel 11:17 (see Dr); city wall 2 Samuel 20:15 (Ew Th here denominative from שַׁחַת they were making a pit; < Greek Version of the LXX We (?) Klo Dr Bu HPS Now מְחַשְּׁבִים were devising), Lamentations 2:8, cities and nations Genesis 18:28 (twice in verse) (J, accusative omitted), Genesis 19:13, 14 (J), Isaiah 37:12 (Pi. in || 2 Kings 19:12), 2Ki 36:10 (twice in verse) = 2 Kings 18:25 (twice in verse) + 11 times + (Israel personified) Deuteronomy 4:31; Deuteronomy 10:10; 2 Kings 8:19, pride of Judah Jeremiah 13:9, earth Jeremiah 51:1; absolute with adverb accusative Daniel 8:24 (see Dr; Bev conjecture יְשׂחֵחַ or יָשִׂיחַ utter monstrous things), compare 1 Chronicles 21:12; Participle as adjective, of lion Jeremiah 2:30, angel 1 Chronicles 21:15; = destroyer Exodus 12:23 (J), Jeremiah 22:7; Isaiah 54:16, גּוֺיִם מ׳ Jeremiah 4:7, רוּחַ מ׳ Jeremiah 51:1; singular collective (הַמּ׳ Ges§ 126 l; the destroying band, compare Dr Bu Now) 1 Samuel 13:17; 1 Samuel 14:15 (spoilers, ravagers); figurative for snare, trap, Jeremiah 5:26.
†2. pervert, corrupt, morally, accusative דֶּרֶךְ Genesis 6:12 (P; see דֶּרֶךְ 6), נַפְשׁוֺ Proverbs 6:32, compare Zephaniah 3:7; Ezekiel 23:11 (מִן compare); הִשׁ׳ הִתְעִיבוּ עֲלִילָה Psalm 14:1 = Psalm 53:2; הַשְׁחֵת תַּשְׁח׳ (+ verb of particular act) Deuteronomy 4:16; Deuteronomy 31:29; declar. = act corruptly, Isaiah 1:4; Deuteronomy 4:28 (+ verb of act), 2 Chronicles 27:2, + מִן compare Judges 2:19; Ezekiel 16:47; Participle as substantive Jeremiah 6:28, אִישׁ מַשׁ׳ Proverbs 28:24 (Proverbs 18:9 see infra). — אַל־תַּשְׁחֵת destroy not (catchword of old song or melody ?) in Psalm-titles: † [H516 Psalm 57:1; Psalm 58:1; Psalm 59:1; Psalm 75:1].
Hoph. Participle מָשְׁחָת spoiled, ruined, of a spring, מָקוֺר Proverbs 25:26 (|| נִרְפָּשׂ מַעְיָן); as substantive Malachi 1:14 sacrificing a spoiled thing.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


6:11; 6:12; 6:12; 6:12; 6:17; 9:11; 9:15; 13:10; 13:10; 18:28; 19:13; 19:13; 19:14; 19:14; 19:29; 38:9


8:20; 12:23; 21:26; 32:7; 32:7






4:16; 4:16; 4:28; 4:31; 9:12; 9:26; 10:10; 20:19; 20:20; 31:29; 31:29; 31:29; 32:5




2:19; 6:4; 6:5; 20:21; 20:25; 20:35; 20:42



1 Samuel

6:5; 13:17; 14:15; 23:10; 26:9; 26:15; 26:15

2 Samuel

1:14; 14:11; 20:15; 24:16; 24:16

2 Kings

8:19; 13:23; 18:25; 18:25; 19:12; 19:12

1 Chronicles

20:1; 21:12; 21:15

2 Chronicles

21:7; 24:23; 27:2; 34:11; 36:19


14:1; 53:2


6:32; 11:9; 18:9; 23:8; 25:26; 28:24


1:4; 11:9; 14:20; 36:10; 37:12; 37:12; 51:13; 54:16; 65:8; 65:25


2:30; 4:7; 5:10; 5:10; 5:26; 6:5; 6:28; 11:19; 12:10; 13:7; 13:9; 18:4; 22:7; 36:29; 48:18; 49:9; 51:1; 51:1; 51:20


2:5; 2:6; 2:8


5:16; 16:47; 16:47; 20:17; 20:44; 22:30; 23:11; 26:4; 28:17; 30:11; 43:3


8:24; 8:24; 11:17


9:9; 11:9; 13:9; 13:9








1:14; 2:8; 3:11; 3:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7843 matches the Hebrew שָׁחַת (šāḥaṯ),
which occurs 147 times in 136 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 6:11–2Sa 20:20)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:11 - Now the earth was corrupt H7843 in the sight of God, and the earth was filled with violence.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:12 - God looked on the earth, and behold, it was corrupt; H7843 for all flesh had corrupted H7843 their way upon the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:13 - Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy H7843 them with the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:17 - “Behold, I, even I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy H7843 all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:11 - “I establish My covenant with you; and all flesh shall never again be cut off by the water of the flood, neither shall there again be a flood to destroy H7843 the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:15 - and I will remember My covenant, which is between Me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and never again shall the water become a flood to destroy H7843 all flesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:10 - Lot lifted up his eyes and saw all the [fn]valley of the Jordan, that it was well watered everywherethis was before the LORD destroyed H7843 Sodom and Gomorrah—like the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt as you go to Zoar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:28 - “Suppose the fifty righteous are lacking five, will You destroy H7843 the whole city because of five?” And He said, “I will not destroy H7843 it if I find forty-five there.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:31 - And he said, “Now behold, I have [fn]ventured to speak to the Lord; suppose twenty are found there?” And He said, “I will not destroy H7843 it on account of the twenty.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:32 - Then he said, “Oh may the Lord not be angry, and I shall speak only this once; suppose ten are found there?” And He said, “I will not destroy H7843 it on account of the ten.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:13 - for we are about to destroy H7843 this place, because their outcry has become so great before the LORD that the LORD has sent us to destroy H7843 it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:14 - Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who [fn]were to marry his daughters, and said, “Up, get out of this place, for the LORD will destroy H7843 the city.” But he appeared to his sons-in-law [fn]to be jesting.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:29 - Thus it came about, when God destroyed H7843 the cities of the [fn]valley, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when He overthrew the cities in which Lot lived.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:9 - Onan knew that the [fn]offspring would not be his; so when he went in to his brother’s wife, he [fn]wasted H7843 his seed on the ground in order not to give [fn]offspring to his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:24 - Then the LORD did so. And there came [fn]great swarms of flies into the house of Pharaoh and the houses of his servants and the land was laid H7843 waste H7843 because of the swarms of flies in all the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:23 - “For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer H7843 to come in to your houses to smite you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:26 - “If a man strikes the eye of his male or female slave, and destroys H7843 it, he shall let him go free on account of his eye.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:7 - Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Go [fn]down at once, for your people, whom you brought up from the land of Egypt, have corrupted H7843 themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:27 - ‘You shall not round off the side-growth of your heads nor harm H7843 the edges of your beard.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 32:15 - “For if you turn away from following Him, He will once more abandon them in the wilderness, and you will destroy H7843 all these people.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:16 - so that you do not act H7843 corruptly H7843 and make a graven image for yourselves in the form of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:25 - “When you [fn]become the father of children and children’s children and have remained long in the land, and act H7843 corruptly, H7843 and make an [fn]idol in the form of anything, and do that which is evil in the sight of the LORD your God so as to provoke Him to anger,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:31 - “For the LORD your God is a compassionate God; He will not fail you nor destroy H7843 you nor forget the covenant with your fathers which He swore to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:12 - “Then the LORD said to me, ‘Arise, go down from here quickly, for your people whom you brought out of Egypt have acted H7843 corruptly. H7843 They have quickly turned aside from the way which I commanded them; they have made a molten image for themselves.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:26 - “I prayed to the LORD and said, ‘O Lord GOD, do not destroy H7843 Your people, even Your inheritance, whom You have redeemed through Your greatness, whom You have brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:10 - “I, moreover, stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights like the first time, and the LORD listened to me that time also; the LORD was not willing to destroy H7843 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:19 - “When you besiege a city a long time, to make war against it in order to capture it, you shall not destroy H7843 its trees by swinging an axe against them; for you may eat from them, and you shall not cut them down. [fn]For is the tree of the field a man, that it should [fn]be besieged by you?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:20 - “Only the trees which you know [fn]are not fruit trees you shall destroy H7843 and cut down, that you may construct siegeworks against the city that is making war with you until it falls.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:29 - “For I know that after my death you will act H7843 corruptly H7843 and turn from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days, for you will do that which is evil in the sight of the LORD, provoking Him to anger with the work of your hands.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:5 - [fn]They have acted H7843 corruptly H7843 toward Him,
They are not His children, because of their defect;
But are a perverse and crooked generation.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:33 - The word pleased the sons of Israel, and the sons of Israel blessed God; and they did not speak of going up against them in war to destroy H7843 the land in which the sons of Reuben and the sons of Gad were living.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:19 - But it came about when the judge died, that they would turn back and act H7843 more corruptly H7843 than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them and bow down to them; they did not abandon their practices or their stubborn ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:4 - So they would camp against them and destroy H7843 the produce of the earth [fn]as far as Gaza, and leave no sustenance in Israel as well as no sheep, ox, or donkey.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:5 - For they would come up with their livestock and their tents, they would come in like locusts for number, both they and their camels were innumerable; and they came into the land to devastate H7843 it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:21 - Then the sons of Benjamin came out of Gibeah and [fn]felled H7843 to the ground on that day 22,000 men of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:25 - Benjamin went out [fn]against them from Gibeah the second day and [fn]felled H7843 to the ground again 18,000 men of the sons of Israel; all these drew the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:35 - And the LORD struck Benjamin before Israel, so that the sons of Israel destroyed H7843 25,100 men of Benjamin that day, all [fn]who draw the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:42 - Therefore, they turned their backs before the men of Israel toward the direction of the wilderness, but the battle overtook them while those who came out of the cities destroyed H7843 them in the midst of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 4:6 - The [fn]closest relative said, “I cannot redeem it for myself, because I would [fn]jeopardize H7843 my own inheritance. Redeem it for yourself; you may have my right of redemption, for I cannot redeem it.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:5 - “So you shall make likenesses of your tumors and likenesses of your mice that ravage H7843 the land, and you shall give glory to the God of Israel; perhaps He will ease His hand from you, your gods, and your land.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:17 - And the [fn]raiders H7843 came from the camp of the Philistines in three [fn]companies: one [fn]company turned [fn]toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:15 - And there was a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. Even the garrison and the raiders H7843 trembled, and the earth quaked so that it became a [fn]great trembling.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:10 - Then David said, “O LORD God of Israel, Your servant has heard for certain that Saul is seeking to come to Keilah to destroy H7843 the city on my account.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:9 - But David said to Abishai, “Do not destroy H7843 him, for who can stretch out his hand against the LORDS anointed and be without guilt?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:15 - So David said to Abner, “Are you not a man? And who is like you in Israel? Why then have you not guarded your lord the king? For one of the people came to destroy H7843 the king your lord.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:14 - Then David said to him, “How is it you were not afraid to stretch out your hand to destroy H7843 the LORDS anointed?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:1 - Then it happened [fn]in the spring, at the time when kings go out to battle, that David sent Joab and his servants with him and all Israel, and they destroyed H7843 the sons of Ammon and besieged Rabbah. But David stayed at Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:11 - Then she said, “Please let the king remember the LORD your God, so that the avenger of blood will not continue to destroy, H7843 otherwise they will destroy my son.” And he said, “As the LORD lives, not one hair of your son shall fall to the ground.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:15 - They came and besieged him in Abel Beth-maacah, and they [fn]cast up a siege ramp against the city, and it stood by the rampart; and all the people who were with Joab were wreaking H7843 destruction H7843 in order to topple the wall.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:20 - Joab replied, “Far be it, far be it from me that I should swallow up or destroy! H7843

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1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 6:11–2Sa 20:20) Gen 6:11–2Sa 20:20

2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Sa 24:16–Jer 15:6

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