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Lexicon :: Strong's H7843 - šāḥaṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2370

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁחַת shâchath, shaw-khath'; a primitive root; to decay, i.e. (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively):—batter, cast off, corrupt(-er, thing), destroy(-er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, × utterly, waste(-r).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 147x

The KJV translates Strong's H7843 in the following manner: destroy (96x), corrupt (22x), mar (7x), destroyer (3x), corrupters (2x), waster (2x), spoilers (2x), battered (1x), corruptly (1x), miscellaneous (11x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 147x
The KJV translates Strong's H7843 in the following manner: destroy (96x), corrupt (22x), mar (7x), destroyer (3x), corrupters (2x), waster (2x), spoilers (2x), battered (1x), corruptly (1x), miscellaneous (11x).
  1. to destroy, corrupt, go to ruin, decay

    1. (Niphal) to be marred, be spoiled, be corrupted, be corrupt, be injured, be ruined, be rotted

    2. (Piel)

      1. to spoil, ruin

      2. to pervert, corrupt, deal corruptly (morally)

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to spoil, ruin, destroy

      2. to pervert, corrupt (morally)

      3. destroyer (participle)

    4. (Hophal) spoiled, ruined (participle)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁחַת shâchath, shaw-khath'; a primitive root; to decay, i.e. (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively):—batter, cast off, corrupt(-er, thing), destroy(-er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, × utterly, waste(-r).
STRONGS H7843: Abbreviations
[שָׁחַת]151 verb go to ruin (?), only derived species (Late Hebrew Hiph. = Biblical Hebrew, Ecclus. שחיתה Ecclesiasticus 30:11 corrupt act; Arabic سَعَتَ extirpate; Ethiopic ለሐጠ፡ injure, violate; Tel Amarna šaḫâtu is fall (especially of city), be prostrate (? of land), perhaps Canaanism (see WklTelAm. Vocab.), Assyrian possibly šêtu, flee, escape (compare אבד); Old Aramaic (Zinjirli) שחת destroy Lzb374, Aramaic H7844 שְׁחַת, jeofw (assimilation of t), multilate; — very improbable Gerber179denominative from שַׁחַת); —
Niph. be marred, spoiled, Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נִשְׁחַת, of waistcloth Jeremiah 13:7, vessel Jeremiah 18:4; be injured, or even (hyperb.) ruined, Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תִּשָּׁחֵת Exodus 8:20 (J) of land (הֶעָרֹב מִפְּנֵי); be corrupted, corrupt, in mnorals and rel., of earth, Perfect 3rd person feminine singular נִשְׁחָ֑תָה Genesis 6:12 (P), Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular לִפְנֵי הָא׳ וַתִּשּׁ׳ Genesis 6:11 (P); so Participle feminine plural as adjective נִשְׁחָתוֺת Ezekiel 20:44.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שִׁחֵת Exodus 32:7 +, suffix שִׁחֶתְךָ Hosea 13:9; 2nd person masculine singular שִׁחַתָּ Isaiah 14:20 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שַׁחֵ֑תוּ Jeremiah 5:10; Infinitive construct שַׁחֵת Genesis 13:10 +, etc.; —
1. spoil, ruin, accusative of eye Exodus 21:26 (E), vineyard Jeremiah 12:10 (figurative), branches Nahum 2:3 (figurative), also = destroy, accusative of person 2 Samuel 1:14; 2 Samuel 14:11 (accusative omitted), Ezekiel 5:16; Ezekiel 20:17, כָּל־בָשָׂר Genesis 6:17; Genesis 9:15 (P), city, fortress, etc., Genesis 13:10; Genesis 19:13, 29 (all J), 2 Samuel 24:16; Jeremiah 5:10 (accusative omitted), Jeremiah 48:18; Ezekiel 26:4; Ezekiel 43:3; Lamentations 2:5, ruin temple Lamentations 2:6, nation Hosea 11:9; Hosea 13:9 (read perhaps שִׁחַתִּךָ Oort Now), land 2 Kings 19:12 (Hiph. in || Isaiah 37:12), Judges 6:5; Joshua 22:33 (P), Ezekiel 22:30; Ezekiel 30:11, earth Genesis 9:11 (P); with ל object (ל 3b), city 1 Samuel 23:10, person Numbers 32:15 (P); with accusative רַחֲמָיו Amos 1:11, destroyed (stifled) his compassion (or, RSK 28 and others, the bonds of kinship, see רַחֲמִים), בְּרִית Malachi 2:8, i.e. violate it, see especially אַרְצָה וְשׁ׳ (that is, semen) Genesis 38:9 (J) he spoiled (it) upon the ground, made it ineffective, = waste words Proverbs 23:8.
2. pervert, corrupt, accusative wisdom Ezekiel 28:17, absolute = deal corruptly, הֶעֱמִיקוּ שִׁחֵתוּ Hosea 9:9 (compare [עָמֹק], p.770:b; but We Now read שַׁחְתּוֺ, √ שׁוח), Exodus 32:7 (JE), Deuteronomy 9:12, so לוֺ שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 32:5.
Hiph. 103 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁחִית Genesis 6:12 +; 1st person singular וְהִשְׁחַתִּ֫י Jeremiah 51:20, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁחִית Daniel 8:24 +, יַשְׁחִת Malachi 3:11 +, וַיַּשְׁחֵת 1 Chronicles 20:1; 2nd person feminine singular וַתַּשְׁחִתִי Ezekiel 16:47, 2nd person masculine plural תַּשְׁחִתוּן Deuteronomy 4:16; Deuteronomy 31:29; Imperative masculine singular suffix הַשְׁחִיתָהּ 2 Kings 18:25 = Isaiah 36:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁחֵת Deuteronomy 31:29; construct הַשְׁחִית 1 Samuel 26:15 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׁחִית Genesis 19:14 +, etc.; —
1. spoil, ruin, accusative crop Judges 6:4; Malachi 3:11, trees Deuteronomy 20:19, 20; Jeremiah 11:19 (figurative), vessels 2 Chronicles 36:19, houses 2 Chronicles 34:11, palaces Jeremiah 6:5 compare Isaiah 65:8; Leviticus 19:27 (H), Ruth 4:6; דַּיָּם הִשׁ׳ Jeremiah 49:9 thieves damage as much as they want; accusative of person = ruin, destroy, 1 Samuel 26:9, 15; Judges 20:21, 25 (+ אַ֫רְצָה), Judges 20:35; Judges 20:42; 2 Kings 13:23; 2 Chronicles 24:23 (+ מִן separ.), + 12 times, + (accusative of person omitted) Isaiah 51:13 + 4 times, accusative בֵּית דָּוִד 2 Chronicles 21:7, absolute Isaiah 11:9 = Isaiah 65:25; also ruin one (by words) Proverbs 11:9; accusative עַם 2 Samuel 24:16; Deuteronomy 9:26; land 1 Samuel 6:5; Jeremiah 36:29; Daniel 11:17 (see Dr); city wall 2 Samuel 20:15 (Ew Th here denominative from שַׁחַת they were making a pit; < Greek Version of the LXX We (?) Klo Dr Bu HPS Now מְחַשְּׁבִים were devising), Lamentations 2:8, cities and nations Genesis 18:28 (twice in verse) (J, accusative omitted), Genesis 19:13, 14 (J), Isaiah 37:12 (Pi. in || 2 Kings 19:12), 2Ki 36:10 (twice in verse) = 2 Kings 18:25 (twice in verse) + 11 times + (Israel personified) Deuteronomy 4:31; Deuteronomy 10:10; 2 Kings 8:19, pride of Judah Jeremiah 13:9, earth Jeremiah 51:1; absolute with adverb accusative Daniel 8:24 (see Dr; Bev conjecture יְשׂחֵחַ or יָשִׂיחַ utter monstrous things), compare 1 Chronicles 21:12; Participle as adjective, of lion Jeremiah 2:30, angel 1 Chronicles 21:15; = destroyer Exodus 12:23 (J), Jeremiah 22:7; Isaiah 54:16, גּוֺיִם מ׳ Jeremiah 4:7, רוּחַ מ׳ Jeremiah 51:1; singular collective (הַמּ׳ Ges§ 126 l; the destroying band, compare Dr Bu Now) 1 Samuel 13:17; 1 Samuel 14:15 (spoilers, ravagers); figurative for snare, trap, Jeremiah 5:26.
†2. pervert, corrupt, morally, accusative דֶּרֶךְ Genesis 6:12 (P; see דֶּרֶךְ 6), נַפְשׁוֺ Proverbs 6:32, compare Zephaniah 3:7; Ezekiel 23:11 (מִן compare); הִשׁ׳ הִתְעִיבוּ עֲלִילָה Psalm 14:1 = Psalm 53:2; הַשְׁחֵת תַּשְׁח׳ (+ verb of particular act) Deuteronomy 4:16; Deuteronomy 31:29; declar. = act corruptly, Isaiah 1:4; Deuteronomy 4:28 (+ verb of act), 2 Chronicles 27:2, + מִן compare Judges 2:19; Ezekiel 16:47; Participle as substantive Jeremiah 6:28, אִישׁ מַשׁ׳ Proverbs 28:24 (Proverbs 18:9 see infra). — אַל־תַּשְׁחֵת destroy not (catchword of old song or melody ?) in Psalm-titles: † [H516 Psalm 57:1; Psalm 58:1; Psalm 59:1; Psalm 75:1].
Hoph. Participle מָשְׁחָת spoiled, ruined, of a spring, מָקוֺר Proverbs 25:26 (|| נִרְפָּשׂ מַעְיָן); as substantive Malachi 1:14 sacrificing a spoiled thing.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


6:11; 6:12; 6:12; 6:12; 6:17; 9:11; 9:15; 13:10; 13:10; 18:28; 19:13; 19:13; 19:14; 19:14; 19:29; 38:9


8:20; 12:23; 21:26; 32:7; 32:7






4:16; 4:16; 4:28; 4:31; 9:12; 9:26; 10:10; 20:19; 20:20; 31:29; 31:29; 31:29; 32:5




2:19; 6:4; 6:5; 20:21; 20:25; 20:35; 20:42



1 Samuel

6:5; 13:17; 14:15; 23:10; 26:9; 26:15; 26:15

2 Samuel

1:14; 14:11; 20:15; 24:16; 24:16

2 Kings

8:19; 13:23; 18:25; 18:25; 19:12; 19:12

1 Chronicles

20:1; 21:12; 21:15

2 Chronicles

21:7; 24:23; 27:2; 34:11; 36:19


14:1; 53:2


6:32; 11:9; 18:9; 23:8; 25:26; 28:24


1:4; 11:9; 14:20; 36:10; 37:12; 37:12; 51:13; 54:16; 65:8; 65:25


2:30; 4:7; 5:10; 5:10; 5:26; 6:5; 6:28; 11:19; 12:10; 13:7; 13:9; 18:4; 22:7; 36:29; 48:18; 49:9; 51:1; 51:1; 51:20


2:5; 2:6; 2:8


5:16; 16:47; 16:47; 20:17; 20:44; 22:30; 23:11; 26:4; 28:17; 30:11; 43:3


8:24; 8:24; 11:17


9:9; 11:9; 13:9; 13:9








1:14; 2:8; 3:11; 3:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7843 matches the Hebrew שָׁחַת (šāḥaṯ),
which occurs 147 times in 136 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 6:11–2Sa 20:20)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:11 - Now the earth was corrupt in God’s sight and was full of violence.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:12 - God saw how corrupt the earth had become, for all the people on earth had corrupted their ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:13 - So God said to Noah, “I am going to put an end to all people, for the earth is filled with violence because of them. I am surely going to destroy both them and the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:17 - I am going to bring floodwaters on the earth to destroy all life under the heavens, every creature that has the breath of life in it. Everything on earth will perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:11 - I establish my covenant with you: Never again will all life be destroyed by the waters of a flood; never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:15 - I will remember my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind. Never again will the waters become a flood to destroy all life.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:10 - Lot looked around and saw that the whole plain of the Jordan toward Zoar was well watered, like the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt. (This was before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.)
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:28 - what if the number of the righteous is five less than fifty? Will you destroy the whole city for lack of five people?” “If I find forty-five there,” he said, “I will not destroy it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:31 - Abraham said, “Now that I have been so bold as to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty can be found there?” He said, “For the sake of twenty, I will not destroy it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:32 - Then he said, “May the Lord not be angry, but let me speak just once more. What if only ten can be found there?” He answered, “For the sake of ten, I will not destroy it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:13 - because we are going to destroy this place. The outcry to the LORD against its people is so great that he has sent us to destroy it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:14 - So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry[fn] his daughters. He said, “Hurry and get out of this place, because the LORD is about to destroy the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:29 - So when God destroyed the cities of the plain, he remembered Abraham, and he brought Lot out of the catastrophe that overthrew the cities where Lot had lived.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:9 - But Onan knew that the child would not be his; so whenever he slept with his brother’s wife, he spilled his semen on the ground to keep from providing offspring for his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:24 - And the LORD did this. Dense swarms of flies poured into Pharaoh’s palace and into the houses of his officials; throughout Egypt the land was ruined by the flies.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:23 - When the LORD goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, he will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:26 - “An owner who hits a male or female slave in the eye and destroys it must let the slave go free to compensate for the eye.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:7 - Then the LORD said to Moses, “Go down, because your people, whom you brought up out of Egypt, have become corrupt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:27 - “ ‘Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 32:15 - If you turn away from following him, he will again leave all this people in the wilderness, and you will be the cause of their destruction.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:16 - so that you do not become corrupt and make for yourselves an idol, an image of any shape, whether formed like a man or a woman,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:25 - After you have had children and grandchildren and have lived in the land a long time—if you then become corrupt and make any kind of idol, doing evil in the eyes of the LORD your God and arousing his anger,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:31 - For the LORD your God is a merciful God; he will not abandon or destroy you or forget the covenant with your ancestors, which he confirmed to them by oath.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:12 - Then the LORD told me, “Go down from here at once, because your people whom you brought out of Egypt have become corrupt. They have turned away quickly from what I commanded them and have made an idol for themselves.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:26 - I prayed to the LORD and said, “Sovereign LORD, do not destroy your people, your own inheritance that you redeemed by your great power and brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:10 - Now I had stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights, as I did the first time, and the LORD listened to me at this time also. It was not his will to destroy you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:19 - When you lay siege to a city for a long time, fighting against it to capture it, do not destroy its trees by putting an ax to them, because you can eat their fruit. Do not cut them down. Are the trees people, that you should besiege them?[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:20 - However, you may cut down trees that you know are not fruit trees and use them to build siege works until the city at war with you falls.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:29 - For I know that after my death you are sure to become utterly corrupt and to turn from the way I have commanded you. In days to come, disaster will fall on you because you will do evil in the sight of the LORD and arouse his anger by what your hands have made.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:5 - They are corrupt and not his children; to their shame they are a warped and crooked generation.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:33 - They were glad to hear the report and praised God. And they talked no more about going to war against them to devastate the country where the Reubenites and the Gadites lived.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:19 - But when the judge died, the people returned to ways even more corrupt than those of their ancestors, following other gods and serving and worshiping them. They refused to give up their evil practices and stubborn ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:4 - They camped on the land and ruined the crops all the way to Gaza and did not spare a living thing for Israel, neither sheep nor cattle nor donkeys.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:5 - They came up with their livestock and their tents like swarms of locusts. It was impossible to count them or their camels; they invaded the land to ravage it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:21 - The Benjamites came out of Gibeah and cut down twenty-two thousand Israelites on the battlefield that day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:25 - This time, when the Benjamites came out from Gibeah to oppose them, they cut down another eighteen thousand Israelites, all of them armed with swords.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:35 - The LORD defeated Benjamin before Israel, and on that day the Israelites struck down 25,100 Benjamites, all armed with swords.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:42 - So they fled before the Israelites in the direction of the wilderness, but they could not escape the battle. And the Israelites who came out of the towns cut them down there.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 4:6 - At this, the guardian-redeemer said, “Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:5 - Make models of the tumors and of the rats that are destroying the country, and give glory to Israel’s god. Perhaps he will lift his hand from you and your gods and your land.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:17 - Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward Ophrah in the vicinity of Shual,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:15 - Then panic struck the whole army—those in the camp and field, and those in the outposts and raiding parties—and the ground shook. It was a panic sent by God.[fn]
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:10 - David said, “LORD, God of Israel, your servant has heard definitely that Saul plans to come to Keilah and destroy the town on account of me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:9 - But David said to Abishai, “Don’t destroy him! Who can lay a hand on the LORD’s anointed and be guiltless?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:15 - David said, “You’re a man, aren’t you? And who is like you in Israel? Why didn’t you guard your lord the king? Someone came to destroy your lord the king.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:14 - David asked him, “Why weren’t you afraid to lift your hand to destroy the LORD’s anointed?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:1 - In the spring, at the time when kings go off to war, David sent Joab out with the king’s men and the whole Israelite army. They destroyed the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. But David remained in Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:11 - She said, “Then let the king invoke the LORD his God to prevent the avenger of blood from adding to the destruction, so that my son will not be destroyed.” “As surely as the LORD lives,” he said, “not one hair of your son’s head will fall to the ground.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:15 - All the troops with Joab came and besieged Sheba in Abel Beth Maakah. They built a siege ramp up to the city, and it stood against the outer fortifications. While they were battering the wall to bring it down,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:20 - “Far be it from me!” Joab replied, “Far be it from me to swallow up or destroy!

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1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 6:11–2Sa 20:20) Gen 6:11–2Sa 20:20

2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Sa 24:16–Jer 15:6

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