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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7857 - šāṭap̄

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2373

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁטַף shâṭaph, shaw-taf'; a primitive root; to gush; by implication, to inundate, cleanse; by analogy, to gallop, conquer:—drown, (over-) flow(-whelm, rinse, run, rush, (throughly) wash (away).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x

The KJV translates Strong's H7857 in the following manner: overflow (20x), rinsed (3x), wash away (2x), drown (1x), flowing (1x), miscellaneous (4x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x
The KJV translates Strong's H7857 in the following manner: overflow (20x), rinsed (3x), wash away (2x), drown (1x), flowing (1x), miscellaneous (4x).
  1. to wash, rinse, overflow, engulf, rinse or wash off

    1. (Qal)

      1. to overflow

      2. to flow, run

      3. to rinse or wash off

    2. (Niphal) to be swept away, be rinsed out

    3. (Pual) to be rinsed, be scoured and rinsed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁטַף shâṭaph, shaw-taf'; a primitive root; to gush; by implication, to inundate, cleanse; by analogy, to gallop, conquer:—drown, (over-) flow(-whelm, rinse, run, rush, (throughly) wash (away).
STRONGS H7857: Abbreviations
שָׁטַף verb overflow, rinse or wash off (Late Hebrew id., so Jewish-Aramaic שְׁטַף; Assyrian šatâpu, overflow, Arabic bdb100901 id., Cuche); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Isaiah 8:8 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁטֹף 1 Kings 22:38, etc.; Participle שׁוֺטֵף Isaiah 10:22 +, plural שֹׁטְפִים Isaiah 28:2; —
1. overflow, of river Isaiah 8:8; Jeremiah 47:2a (see נַחַל), Daniel 11:10, 40, all figurative of invading army, compare Isaiah 28:15 (qy. by StaThLz, Apr. 1894, 235, Du Marti read שׁוֺט שֹׁטֵט), Isaiah 28:18 (see שׁוֺט), also (simile of י׳ in judgment) Isaiah 28:2 (מַיִם), Isaiah 30:28, of judicial destruction, שׁוֺטֵף צְדָקָה Isaiah 10:22; with accusative of land Jeremiah 47:2b, person (figurative) Isaiah 43:2 (נְהָרוֺת), Psalm 69:3 (שִׁבֹּלֶת), Psalm 69:16 (מִיִם שׁ׳), Psalm 124:4 (מַיִם), compare Isaiah 28:17; Songs 8:7; גֶּשֶׁם שׁוֺטֵף flooding rain (of י׳'s judgement) Ezekiel 11:11, 13; Ezekiel 38:22; נַחַל שׁוֺטֵף Isaiah 66:12, simile, in good sense. — Abs. Daniel 11:26 see Niph. — Figurative of dashing, rushing horse, בַּמִּלְחָמָה כְּסוּס שׁוֺ׳ Jeremiah 8:6.
2. flow, run, literal of נַחַל Psalm 78:20; 2 Chronicles 32:4.
3. literally, rinse or wash off, with accusative of thing washed 1 Kings 22:38, יָדָיו בַּמָּ֑יִם Leviticus 15:11 (P); of stain Ezekiel 16:9 (מֵעָלַיִךְ; || רָחַץ); עֲפַראָֿ֑רֶץ Job 14:19.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁטֵף בַּמַּיִם Leviticus 15:12 be rinsed out, off (P; of wooden vessel); 3rd person masculine plural יִשָּֽׁטְפוּ מִלְּפָנָיו Daniel 11:22 be swept away (defeated), read probably יִשָּׁטֵף (for יִשְׁטֹף), also Daniel 11:26 (compare Dr).
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular וּמֹרַק וְּשֻׁטַּף בַּמָּ֑יִם Leviticus 6:21 (P) it shall be scoured and rinsed.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


6:21; 15:11; 15:12

1 Kings

22:38; 22:38

2 Chronicles





69:3; 69:16; 78:20; 124:4

Song of Songs



8:8; 8:8; 10:22; 10:22; 28:2; 28:2; 28:15; 28:17; 28:18; 30:28; 43:2; 66:12


8:6; 47:2; 47:2


11:11; 11:13; 16:9; 38:22


11:10; 11:22; 11:26; 11:26; 11:40

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7857 matches the Hebrew שָׁטַף (šāṭap̄),
which occurs 31 times in 30 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:28 - But the earthen vessel wherein it is sodden shall be broken: and if it be sodden in a brasen pot, it shall be both scoured, and rinsed H7857 in water.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:11 - And whomsoever he toucheth that hath the issue, and hath not rinsed H7857 his hands in water, he shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:12 - And the vessel of earth, that he toucheth which hath the issue, shall be broken: and every vessel of wood shall be rinsed H7857 in water.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:38 - And one washed H7857 the chariot in the pool of Samaria; and the dogs licked up his blood; and they washed his armour; according unto the word of the LORD which he spake.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:4 - So there was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran H7857 through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:19 - The waters wear the stones: thou washest away H7857 the things which grow out of the dust of the earth; and thou destroyest the hope of man.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:2 - I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow H7857 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:15 - Let not the waterflood overflow H7857 me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:20 - Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; H7857 can he give bread also? can he provide flesh for his people?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 124:4 - Then the waters had overwhelmed H7857 us, the stream had gone over our soul:
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 8:7 - Many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown H7857 it: if a man would give all the substance of his house for love, it would utterly be contemned.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:8 - And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow H7857 and go over, he shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:22 - For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow H7857 with righteousness.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:2 - Behold, the Lord hath a mighty and strong one, which as a tempest of hail and a destroying storm, as a flood of mighty waters overflowing, H7857 shall cast down to the earth with the hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:15 - Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing H7857 scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:17 - Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow H7857 the hiding place.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:18 - And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing H7857 scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:28 - And his breath, as an overflowing H7857 stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 43:2 - When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow H7857 thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 66:12 - For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing H7857 stream: then shall ye suck, ye shall be borne upon her sides, and be dandled upon her knees.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:6 - I hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth H7857 into the battle.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 47:2 - Thus saith the LORD; Behold, waters rise up out of the north, and shall be an overflowing H7857 flood, and shall overflow H7857 the land, and all that is therein; the city, and them that dwell therein: then the men shall cry, and all the inhabitants of the land shall howl.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:11 - Say unto them which daub it with untempered morter, that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing H7857 shower; and ye, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend it.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:13 - Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I will even rend it with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing H7857 shower in mine anger, and great hailstones in my fury to consume it.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:9 - Then washed I thee with water; yea, I throughly washed away H7857 thy blood from thee, and I anointed thee with oil.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 38:22 - And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an overflowing H7857 rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:10 - But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, H7857 and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:22 - And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown H7857 from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:26 - Yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: H7857 and many shall fall down slain.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:40 - And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow H7857 and pass over.
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