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Lexicon :: Strong's H7857 - šāṭap̄

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2373

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁטַף shâṭaph, shaw-taf'; a primitive root; to gush; by implication, to inundate, cleanse; by analogy, to gallop, conquer:—drown, (over-) flow(-whelm, rinse, run, rush, (throughly) wash (away).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x

The KJV translates Strong's H7857 in the following manner: overflow (20x), rinsed (3x), wash away (2x), drown (1x), flowing (1x), miscellaneous (4x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 31x
The KJV translates Strong's H7857 in the following manner: overflow (20x), rinsed (3x), wash away (2x), drown (1x), flowing (1x), miscellaneous (4x).
  1. to wash, rinse, overflow, engulf, rinse or wash off

    1. (Qal)

      1. to overflow

      2. to flow, run

      3. to rinse or wash off

    2. (Niphal) to be swept away, be rinsed out

    3. (Pual) to be rinsed, be scoured and rinsed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁטַף shâṭaph, shaw-taf'; a primitive root; to gush; by implication, to inundate, cleanse; by analogy, to gallop, conquer:—drown, (over-) flow(-whelm, rinse, run, rush, (throughly) wash (away).
STRONGS H7857: Abbreviations
שָׁטַף verb overflow, rinse or wash off (Late Hebrew id., so Jewish-Aramaic שְׁטַף; Assyrian šatâpu, overflow, Arabic bdb100901 id., Cuche); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Isaiah 8:8 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁטֹף 1 Kings 22:38, etc.; Participle שׁוֺטֵף Isaiah 10:22 +, plural שֹׁטְפִים Isaiah 28:2; —
1. overflow, of river Isaiah 8:8; Jeremiah 47:2a (see נַחַל), Daniel 11:10, 40, all figurative of invading army, compare Isaiah 28:15 (qy. by StaThLz, Apr. 1894, 235, Du Marti read שׁוֺט שֹׁטֵט), Isaiah 28:18 (see שׁוֺט), also (simile of י׳ in judgment) Isaiah 28:2 (מַיִם), Isaiah 30:28, of judicial destruction, שׁוֺטֵף צְדָקָה Isaiah 10:22; with accusative of land Jeremiah 47:2b, person (figurative) Isaiah 43:2 (נְהָרוֺת), Psalm 69:3 (שִׁבֹּלֶת), Psalm 69:16 (מִיִם שׁ׳), Psalm 124:4 (מַיִם), compare Isaiah 28:17; Songs 8:7; גֶּשֶׁם שׁוֺטֵף flooding rain (of י׳'s judgement) Ezekiel 11:11, 13; Ezekiel 38:22; נַחַל שׁוֺטֵף Isaiah 66:12, simile, in good sense. — Abs. Daniel 11:26 see Niph. — Figurative of dashing, rushing horse, בַּמִּלְחָמָה כְּסוּס שׁוֺ׳ Jeremiah 8:6.
2. flow, run, literal of נַחַל Psalm 78:20; 2 Chronicles 32:4.
3. literally, rinse or wash off, with accusative of thing washed 1 Kings 22:38, יָדָיו בַּמָּ֑יִם Leviticus 15:11 (P); of stain Ezekiel 16:9 (מֵעָלַיִךְ; || רָחַץ); עֲפַראָֿ֑רֶץ Job 14:19.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁטֵף בַּמַּיִם Leviticus 15:12 be rinsed out, off (P; of wooden vessel); 3rd person masculine plural יִשָּֽׁטְפוּ מִלְּפָנָיו Daniel 11:22 be swept away (defeated), read probably יִשָּׁטֵף (for יִשְׁטֹף), also Daniel 11:26 (compare Dr).
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular וּמֹרַק וְּשֻׁטַּף בַּמָּ֑יִם Leviticus 6:21 (P) it shall be scoured and rinsed.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


6:21; 15:11; 15:12

1 Kings

22:38; 22:38

2 Chronicles





69:3; 69:16; 78:20; 124:4

Song of Songs



8:8; 8:8; 10:22; 10:22; 28:2; 28:2; 28:15; 28:17; 28:18; 30:28; 43:2; 66:12


8:6; 47:2; 47:2


11:11; 11:13; 16:9; 38:22


11:10; 11:22; 11:26; 11:26; 11:40

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7857 matches the Hebrew שָׁטַף (šāṭap̄),
which occurs 31 times in 30 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:28 - ‘Also the earthenware vessel in which it was boiled shall be broken; and if it was boiled in a bronze vessel, then it shall be scoured and rinsed H7857 in water.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:11 - ‘Likewise, whomever the one with the discharge touches without having rinsed H7857 his hands in water shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:12 - ‘However, an earthenware vessel which the person with the discharge touches shall be broken, and every wooden vessel shall be rinsed H7857 in water.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:38 - They washed H7857 the chariot by the pool of Samaria, and the dogs licked up his blood (now the harlots bathed themselves there), according to the word of the LORD which He spoke.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:4 - So many people assembled and stopped up all the springs and the stream which flowed H7857 [fn]through the region, saying, “Why should the kings of Assyria come and find abundant water?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:19 - Water wears away stones,
Its torrents wash H7857 away H7857 the dust of the earth;
So You destroy man’s hope.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:2 - I have sunk in deep mire, and there is no foothold;
I have come into deep waters, and a [fn]flood overflows H7857 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:15 - May the [fn]flood of water not overflow H7857 me
Nor the deep swallow me up,
Nor the pit shut its mouth on me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:20 - “Behold, He struck the rock so that waters gushed out,
And streams were overflowing; H7857
Can He give bread also?
Will He provide [fn]meat for His people?”
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 124:4 - Then the waters would have engulfed H7857 us,
The stream would have [fn]swept over our soul;
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 8:7 - “Many waters cannot quench love,
Nor will rivers overflow H7857 it;
If a man were to give all the riches of his house for love,
It would be utterly despised.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:8 - “Then it will sweep on into Judah, it will overflow H7857 and pass through,
It will reach even to the neck;
And the spread of its wings will [fn]fill the breadth of [fn]your land, O Immanuel.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:22 - For though your people, O Israel, may be like the sand of the sea,
Only a remnant within them will return;
A destruction is determined, overflowing H7857 with righteousness.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:2 - Behold, the Lord has a strong and mighty agent;
As a storm of hail, a tempest of destruction,
Like a storm of mighty overflowing H7857 waters,
He has cast it down to the earth with His hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:15 - Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with death,
And with [fn]Sheol we have made a [fn]pact.
The overwhelming H7857 [fn]scourge will not reach us when it passes by,
For we have made falsehood our refuge and we have concealed ourselves with deception.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:17 - “I will make justice the measuring line
And righteousness the level;
Then hail will sweep away the refuge of lies
And the waters will overflow H7857 the secret place.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:18 - “Your covenant with death will be [fn]canceled,
And your pact with Sheol will not stand;
When the overwhelming H7857 scourge passes through,
Then you become its trampling place.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:28 - His breath is like an overflowing H7857 torrent,
Which reaches to the neck,
To shake the nations back and forth in a [fn]sieve,
And to put in the jaws of the peoples the bridle which [fn]leads to ruin.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 43:2 - “When you pass through the waters, I will be with you;
And through the rivers, they will not overflow H7857 you.
When you walk through the fire, you will not be scorched,
Nor will the flame burn you.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 66:12 - For thus says the LORD, “Behold, I extend peace to her like a river,
And the glory of the nations like an overflowing H7857 stream;
And you will [fn]be nursed, you will be carried on the [fn]hip and fondled on the knees.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:6 - “I have listened and heard,
They have spoken what is not right;
No man repented of his wickedness,
Saying, ‘What have I done?’
Everyone turned to his course,
Like a horse charging H7857 into the battle.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 47:2 - Thus says the LORD:
“Behold, waters are going to rise from the north
And become an overflowing H7857 torrent,
And overflow H7857 the land and all its fullness,
The city and those who live in it;
And the men will cry out,
And every inhabitant of the land will wail.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:11 - so tell those who plaster it over with whitewash, that it will fall. A flooding H7857 rain will come, and you, O hailstones, will fall; and a violent wind will break out.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:13 - Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD, “I will make a violent wind break out in My wrath. There will also be in My anger a flooding H7857 rain and hailstones to consume it in wrath.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:9 - “Then I bathed you with water, washed H7857 off H7857 your blood from you and anointed you with oil.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 38:22 - “With pestilence and with blood I will enter into judgment with him; and I will rain on him and on his troops, and on the many peoples who are with him, [fn]a torrential H7857 rain, with hailstones, fire and brimstone.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:10 - “His sons will [fn]mobilize and assemble a multitude of great forces; and one of them will keep on coming and overflow H7857 and pass through, that he may [fn]again wage war up to his very fortress.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:22 - “The overflowing forces will be flooded H7857 away H7857 before him and shattered, and also the prince of the covenant.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:26 - “Those who eat his choice food will [fn]destroy him, and his army will [fn]overflow, H7857 but many will fall down slain.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:40 - “At the end time the king of the South will collide with him, and the king of the North will storm against him with chariots, with horsemen and with many ships; and he will enter countries, overflow H7857 them and pass through.
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