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Lexicon :: Strong's H7901 - šāḵaḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2381

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁכַב shâkab, shaw-kab'; a primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose):—× at all, cast down, (lover-)lay (self) (down), (make to) lie (down, down to sleep, still with), lodge, ravish, take rest, sleep, stay.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 212x

The KJV translates Strong's H7901 in the following manner: lie (106x), sleep (48x), lie down (43x), rest (3x), lien (2x), miscellaneous (10x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 212x
The KJV translates Strong's H7901 in the following manner: lie (106x), sleep (48x), lie down (43x), rest (3x), lien (2x), miscellaneous (10x).
  1. to lie down

    1. (Qal)

      1. to lie, lie down, lie on

      2. to lodge

      3. to lie (of sexual relations)

      4. to lie down (in death)

      5. to rest, relax (fig)

    2. (Niphal) to be lain with (sexually)

    3. (Pual) to be lain with (sexually)

    4. (Hiphil) to make to lie down

    5. (Hophal) to be laid

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁכַב shâkab, shaw-kab'; a primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose):—× at all, cast down, (lover-)lay (self) (down), (make to) lie (down, down to sleep, still with), lodge, ravish, take rest, sleep, stay.
STRONGS H7901: Abbreviations
שָׁכַב (LagBN 63) verb lie down (Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew; שכב Ecclus 47:23 (in death), משכב bed Ecclesiasticus 40:5; Ecclesiasticus 47:20d, = death bed Ecclesiasticus 46:19; Phoenician שכב, משכב (see מ׳ 1 below), Lzb375; Ethiopic bdb101103 lie, Aramaic שְׁכַב, bdb101104; Nabataean משכבא couch; Arabic bdb101201 only pour out (water, tears), be poured out (compare Hiph. below, and LagBN 63)); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Genesis 26:10 +, etc.; Imperfect יִשְׁכַּב Genesis 30:15 +, 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׁכְּבֻן 1 Samuel 2:22, יִשְׁכָּב֑וּן Joshua 2:8; Job 30:17, etc.; Imperative masculine singular שְׁכַב 2 Samuel 13:5; Ezekiel 4:4, שִׁכְבָה Genesis 39:7, 12, etc.; Infinitive absolute שָׁכֹב Leviticus 15:24; construct שְׁכַב 1 Kings 1:21 +, suffix שָׁכְבוֺ Ruth 3:4, שִׁכְבָהּ Genesis 19:33, 35, שָׁכְבְּךָ Deuteronomy 6:7 + 2 times; Participle שֹׁכֵב Genesis 28:13 +, feminine שֹׁכֶ֫בֶת Micah 7:5; Ruth 3:8, etc.; —
1. lie down (sometimes opposed to קוּם, הֵקִיץ):
a. Judges 5:27 (prostrated by blow, + כָּרַע, נָפַל).
b. to sleep, Genesis 19:4 (J), Genesis 28:11 (E), 1 Samuel 3:5; Deuteronomy 7:7; Proverbs 6:22 + often; read וַיִּשְׁכַּב also (for וַיַּשְׁכֵּם) 1 Samuel 9:26 Greek Version of the LXX Th We Dr and modern; שׁ׳ + יָשֵׁן sleep 1 Kings 19:5; Psalm 3:6; Psalm 4:9, compare Proverbs 3:24 (twice in verse), + נִרְדָּם Jonah 1:5; = be lying 1 Samuel 3:2, 3; 1 Samuel 26:5 (all בְּ local), 1 Samuel 26:7; 1 Samuel 4:5 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb noon-repose), 2 Samuel 13:8, compare שֹׁכֵב בְּלֶביָֿם Proverbs 23:34, of two lying (together, for warmth) Ecclesiastes 4:11; + be sleeping 1 Samuel 26:7 = keep lying, with עַד Judges 16:3; 1 Samuel 3:15; Ruth 3:13; Proverbs 6:9; emphasis on resting, Leviticus 26:6 (H), Job 11:18; token of mourning, וְשָׁכַב אָ֑רְצָה (וְלָן) 2 Samuel 12:16, compare 2 Samuel 13:21, בַּשָּׂק שׁ׳ 1 Kings 21:27, בֵּין שְׁפַתָּ֑יִם שׁ׳ Psalm 68:14 (of indolence?); figurative of prostration by disease Psalm 41:9; among foes Psalm 57:5; of humiliation Jeremiah 3:25; with עַל of thing: land Genesis 28:13 (J), usually bed 2 Samuel 13:5; 1 Kings 21:4; Leviticus 15:4, 24, 26, compare Leviticus 15:20, for midday repose 2 Samuel 4:7.
c. lie on (עַל) one's side Ezekiel 4:4 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 4:6, 9 (symbolic).
d. lie, עַל person 1 Kings 3:19 (fatally), 2 Kings 4:34 (to revive).
e. lie בְּחֵיק, of lamb (i.e. be cherished) 2 Samuel 12:3, of woman Micah 7:5 (intimacy), 1 Kings 1:2 (vital warmth); lie down for copulation Genesis 19:33, 35 (of woman, see 3 below; both opposed to קוּם).
2. = lodge (for night), (שָׁ֫מָּהׅ שׁ׳ Joshua 2:1 (E), 2 Kings 4:11, compare 2 Kings 9:16 (yet perhaps = lie ill), Leviticus 14:47 (בְּ local).
3..of sexual relations, lie with: subject man, with עִם Genesis 30:15, 16; Genesis 39:7, 12, 14 (J), Exodus 22:13 (E), Deuteronomy 22:22 + 8 times Deuteronomy; 2 Samuel 11:4, 11; 2 Samuel 12:11, 24; Leviticus 15:33; with אֶת feminine with (MT אֹתָהּ, etc., originally אִתָּהּ, etc., see Dr 2 Samuel 13:14 and II. אֵת, above), Genesis 26:10; Genesis 34:2, 7; Genesis 35:22 (all J), 1 Samuel 2:22 (omitted by Greek Version of the LXX and modern), 2 Samuel 13:14; Ezekiel 23:8 (figurative), Leviticus 15:24 (שָׁכֹב יִשְׁכַּב), Numbers 5:19, also (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שִׁכְבַתזֶֿרַע) Numbers 5:13; Leviticus 15:18; Leviticus 19:20; with accusative (suffix) feminine Deuteronomy 28:30 Kt (see [שָׁגֵל]); with אֵצֶל feminine Genesis 39:10 (J); with אֵת of a man (sodomy), Leviticus 18:22; Leviticus 20:13 (both H; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מִשְׁכְּבֵי אִשָּׁה); with עִםבְּֿהֵמָה Deuteronomy 27:21; Leviticus 22:18 (H); subject woman, with עִם of a man Genesis 19:32, 34, 35 (J) 2 Samuel 13:11; אֵת of a man Genesis 19:33, 34 (compare 1e above).
a. lie down in death, Isaiah 14:8; Isaiah 43:17 (opposed to קוּם), Ezekiel 31:18; Ezekiel 32:27, 28, 29, 30; Job 14:12 (opposed to קוּם, הֵקִיץ), וְאֶשְׁקוֺט שׁ׳ Job 3:12; be lying (dead) Isaiah 51:20; Lamentations 2:21.
b. especially in phrase עִם אֲבוֺתָיו שׁ׳ lie down with his fathers, of kings 1 Kings 1:21; 1 Kings 2:10 + 35 times Kings Chronicles, compare Genesis 47:30 (J) Deuteronomy 31:16, and (with אֵת) 2 Samuel 7:12
c. in grave, בְּבֵיתוֺ Isaiah 14:18 (opposed to מִקִּבְרְךָ), שֹׁכְבֵי קֶבֶר Psalm 88:6; לֶעָפָר Job 7:21, עַלעֿ׳ Job 20:11; Job 21:26; in She'ôl Ezekiel 32:21; in Gehenna (?) Isaiah 50:11.
5. figurative = relax: Job 30:17 my gnawing pains do not sleep; = have rest, לִבּוֺ לֹא שׁ׳ Ecclesiastes 2:23.
Niph. Pu. = be lain with (sexually; subject woman), only as Qr for Kt [שָׁגֵל] Niph. Pu. which see.
Hiph. lay, Perfect 3rd person feminine singular הִשְׁכִּיבָה with accusative puer. + בְּחֵיק 1 Kings 3:20, so Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular suffix וַתַּשְׁכִּיבֵהוּ 1 Kings 3:20, compare (עַלמִֿטָּה) 1 Kings 17:19; 2 Kings 4:21; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁכֵּב אוֺתָם אַ֫רְצָה 2 Samuel 8:2 making them lie down on ground; Imperfect also lay בַּמִּשְׁכָּב 2 Chronicles 16:14 (of burial); נִבְלֵי שָׁמַיִם מִי יַשְׁכִּיב Job 38:37 i.e. tip them so that contents may flow out (compare Arabic bdb101202 above).
Hoph. Participle מֻשְׁכָּב 2 Kings 4:32 laid עַלמִֿטָּה; Perfect consecutive וְהֻשְׁכַּב Ezekiel 32:32 shall be laid (in death), with בְּתוֺךְ and אֵת person (with); so Imperative masculine singular הָשְׁכְּבָה Ezekiel 32:19 (with אֵת person only).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


19:4; 19:32; 19:33; 19:33; 19:33; 19:34; 19:34; 19:35; 19:35; 19:35; 26:10; 26:10; 28:11; 28:13; 28:13; 30:15; 30:15; 30:16; 34:2; 34:7; 35:22; 39:7; 39:7; 39:10; 39:12; 39:12; 39:14; 47:30




14:47; 15:4; 15:18; 15:20; 15:24; 15:24; 15:24; 15:26; 15:33; 18:22; 19:20; 20:13; 22:18; 26:6


5:13; 5:19


6:7; 7:7; 22:22; 27:21; 28:30; 31:16


2:1; 2:8


5:27; 16:3


3:4; 3:8; 3:13

1 Samuel

2:22; 2:22; 3:2; 3:3; 3:5; 3:15; 4:5; 9:26; 26:5; 26:7; 26:7

2 Samuel

4:7; 7:12; 8:2; 11:4; 11:11; 12:3; 12:11; 12:16; 12:24; 13:5; 13:5; 13:8; 13:11; 13:14; 13:14; 13:21

1 Kings

1:2; 1:21; 1:21; 2:10; 3:19; 3:20; 3:20; 17:19; 19:5; 21:4; 21:27

2 Kings

4:11; 4:21; 4:32; 4:34; 9:16

2 Chronicles



3:12; 7:21; 11:18; 14:12; 20:11; 21:26; 30:17; 30:17; 38:37


3:6; 41:9; 57:5; 68:14; 88:6


3:24; 6:9; 6:22; 23:34


2:23; 4:11


14:8; 14:18; 43:17; 50:11; 51:20






4:4; 4:4; 4:6; 4:9; 23:8; 31:18; 32:19; 32:21; 32:27; 32:28; 32:29; 32:30; 32:32




7:5; 7:5

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7901 matches the Hebrew שָׁכַב (šāḵaḇ),
which occurs 213 times in 194 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 19:4–Deu 27:20)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:4 - But before they lay down, H7901 the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:32 - Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie H7901 with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:33 - And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay H7901 with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, H7901 nor when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:34 - And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay H7901 yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie H7901 with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:35 - And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay H7901 with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, H7901 nor when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:10 - And Abimelech said, What is this thou hast done unto us? one of the people might lightly have lien H7901 with thy wife, and thou shouldest have brought guiltiness upon us.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:11 - And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down H7901  in that place to sleep. H7901
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:13 - And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, H7901 to thee will I give it, and to thy seed;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:15 - And she said unto her, Is it a small matter that thou hast taken my husband? and wouldest thou take away my son's mandrakes also? And Rachel said, Therefore he shall lie H7901 with thee to night for thy son's mandrakes.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:16 - And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him, and said, Thou must come in unto me; for surely I have hired thee with my son's mandrakes. And he lay H7901 with her that night.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:2 - And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay H7901 with her, and defiled her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:7 - And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard it: and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel in lying H7901 with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:22 - And it came to pass, when Israel dwelt in that land, that Reuben went and lay H7901 with Bilhah his father's concubine: and Israel heard it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:7 - And it came to pass after these things, that his master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph; and she said, Lie H7901 with me.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:10 - And it came to pass, as she spake to Joseph day by day, that he hearkened not unto her, to lie H7901 by her, or to be with her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:12 - And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie H7901 with me: and he left his garment in her hand, and fled, and got him out.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:14 - That she called unto the men of her house, and spake unto them, saying, See, he hath brought in an Hebrew unto us to mock us; he came in unto me to lie H7901 with me, and I cried with a loud voice:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 47:30 - But I will lie H7901 with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace. And he said, I will do as thou hast said.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:16 - And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie H7901 with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:19 - Whosoever lieth H7901 with a beast shall surely be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:27 - For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? H7901 and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 14:47 - And he that lieth H7901 in the house shall wash his clothes; and he that eateth in the house shall wash his clothes.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:4 - Every bed, whereon he lieth H7901 that hath the issue, is unclean: and every thing, whereon he sitteth, shall be unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:18 - The woman also with whom man shall lie H7901 with seed of copulation, they shall both bathe themselves in water, and be unclean until the even.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:20 - And every thing that she lieth H7901 upon in her separation shall be unclean: every thing also that she sitteth upon shall be unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:24 - And if any man lie H7901 with her at all, H7901 and her flowers be upon him, he shall be unclean seven days; and all the bed whereon he lieth H7901 shall be unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:26 - Every bed whereon she lieth H7901 all the days of her issue shall be unto her as the bed of her separation: and whatsoever she sitteth upon shall be unclean, as the uncleanness of her separation.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 15:33 - And of her that is sick of her flowers, and of him that hath an issue, of the man, and of the woman, and of him that lieth H7901 with her that is unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 18:22 - Thou shalt not lie H7901 with mankind, as with womankind: it is abomination.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:20 - And whosoever lieth H7901 carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, betrothed to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:11 - And the man that lieth H7901 with his father's wife hath uncovered his father's nakedness: both of them shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:12 - And if a man lie H7901 with his daughter in law, both of them shall surely be put to death: they have wrought confusion; their blood shall be upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:13 - If a man also lie H7901 with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:18 - And if a man shall lie H7901 with a woman having her sickness, and shall uncover her nakedness; he hath discovered her fountain, and she hath uncovered the fountain of her blood: and both of them shall be cut off from among their people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:20 - And if a man shall lie H7901 with his uncle's wife, he hath uncovered his uncle's nakedness: they shall bear their sin; they shall die childless.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:6 - And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, H7901 and none shall make you afraid: and I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:13 - And a man lie H7901 with her carnally, and it be hid from the eyes of her husband, and be kept close, and she be defiled, and there be no witness against her, neither she be taken with the manner;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 5:19 - And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say unto the woman, If no man have lain H7901 with thee, and if thou hast not gone aside to uncleanness with another instead of thy husband, be thou free from this bitter water that causeth the curse:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 23:24 - Behold, the people shall rise up as a great lion, and lift up himself as a young lion: he shall not lie down H7901 until he eat of the prey, and drink the blood of the slain.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:9 - He couched, he lay down H7901 as a lion, and as a great lion: who shall stir him up? Blessed is he that blesseth thee, and cursed is he that curseth thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:7 - And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, H7901 and when thou risest up.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:19 - And ye shall teach them your children, speaking of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, when thou liest H7901 down, and when thou risest up.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:22 - If a man be found lying H7901 with a woman married to an husband, then they shall both of them die, both the man that lay H7901 with the woman, and the woman: so shalt thou put away evil from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:23 - If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed unto an husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie H7901 with her;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:25 - But if a man find a betrothed damsel in the field, and the man force her, and lie H7901 with her: then the man only that lay H7901 with her shall die:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:28 - If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie H7901 with her, and they be found;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:29 - Then the man that lay H7901 with her shall give unto the damsel's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled her, he may not put her away all his days.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:12 - And if the man be poor, thou shalt not sleep H7901 with his pledge:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:13 - In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep H7901 in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the LORD thy God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:20 - Cursed be he that lieth H7901 with his father's wife; because he uncovereth his father's skirt. And all the people shall say, Amen.

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 Deu 27:21–1Ki 14:31

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