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Lexicon :: Strong's H7919 - śāḵal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2263,2264

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂכַל sâkal, saw-kal'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent:—consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(-ly), guide wittingly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x

The KJV translates Strong's H7919 in the following manner: understand (12x), wise (12x), prosper (8x), wisely (6x), understanding (5x), consider (4x), instruct (3x), prudent (2x), skill (2x), teach (2x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x
The KJV translates Strong's H7919 in the following manner: understand (12x), wise (12x), prosper (8x), wisely (6x), understanding (5x), consider (4x), instruct (3x), prudent (2x), skill (2x), teach (2x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. to be prudent, be circumspect, wisely understand, prosper

    1. (Qal) to be prudent, be circumspect

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to look at or upon, have insight

      2. to give attention to, consider, ponder, be prudent

      3. to have insight, have comprehension

        1. insight, comprehension (subst)

      4. to cause to consider, give insight, teach

        1. the teachers, the wise

      5. to act circumspectly, act prudently, act wisely

      6. to prosper, have success

      7. to cause to prosper

  2. (Piel) to lay crosswise, cross (hands)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂכַל sâkal, saw-kal'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent:—consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(-ly), guide wittingly.
STRONGS H7919: Abbreviations
† I. שָׂכַל verb be prudent (Gerber47 denominative from שֶׂכֶל, but verb early; Late Hebrew סָכַל, Hithp. shew oneself attentive (to), look; Aramaic סְכַל (rare) understand, Ithpa. look (at), consider, Aph. instruct; שְׂכַל only Aph. (for Hebrew הִשְׂכִּיל), understand, make wise; Lfks Pa. teach, Ethpa. understand, etc.; Samaritan LKO Ithpa. look (for Hebrew הִבִּיט); Assyrian šiklu, clever, šklûtu, cleverness, MeissnSuppl.93); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׂ׳ 1 Samuel 18:30 be prudent, circumspect (SS HPS); Kit Buhl Gerber and others prosper.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 23:5; 1 Chronicles 28:19; 1st person singular הִשְׂכַּלְתִּי Psalm 119:99; 3rd person masculine plural הִשְׂכִּילוּ Job 34:27 +; Imperfect יַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:5 +; 2rd person masculine singular jussive תַּשְׂכַּל Daniel 9:25, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הַשְׂכִּילוּ Psalm 2:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׂכֵּל Jeremiah 9:23 +; הַשְׂכֵּיל (Ges § 53 k) Jeremiah 3:15; Job 34:35; construct הַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:14 +, feminine מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14; plural מַשְׂכִּילִים Daniel 11:35 +, etc.; meanings hard to classify: scholars differ greatly; —
1. look at: נְחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 (J) was desirable to look upon (so Greek Version of the LXX Ges De; AV, RV to make one wise; Ew Di Buhl SS Dr and others below 3).
2. give attention to, consider, ponder: Isaiah 41:20; Isaiah 44:18; Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalm 64:10; Psalm 106:7; Job 34:27; with לְ Proverbs 21:12; with אֶל Psalm 41:2; Nehemiah 8:13; with עַל Proverbs 16:20; with ב Psalm 101:2; Daniel 9:13.
3. have insight, comprehension: Jeremiah 9:23 (|| יָדַע י׳), Psalm 94:8 (|| בִּין), Psalm 119:99, Daniel 1:4; Daniel 9:25 (|| יָדַע); הַשְׂכֵּ(י)ל assubstantive = insight, understanding: as י׳'s gift to ruler and teacher, || דֵּעָה Jeremiah 3:15; || דַּ֫עַת Job 34:35; || מַדָּע Daniel 1:17; מוּסַר הַשׂ׳ Proverbs 1:3; דֶּרֶךְ הַשׂ׳ Proverbs 21:16.
4. cause to consider, give insight, teach: י׳ subject, accusative of thing, 1 Chronicles 28:19, accusative of person Psalm 32:8; Nehemiah 9:20; Gabriel subject, 2accusative Daniel 9:22; לֵב חָכָם subject, accusative of thing Proverbs 16:23; with לְ, Proverbs 21:11; הַמַּשְׂכִּילִים שֵׂכֶל טוֺב לי׳ 2 Chronicles 30:22 (but Be Ke Benz etc. who shewed good skill, that is, in music, 2 Chronicles 30:21b); (הַ)מַוְכִּילִים Daniel 11:33, 35; Daniel 12:3, 10 the teachers (so Ew Hi Bev; Thes Ke Behrm and others the wise).
5. act circumspectly, prudently: absolute Amos 5:13; Psalm 2:10; Psalm 36:4; מַשְׂכִּיל as substantive Psalm 14:2 = Psalm 53:3, Proverbs 10:5, 19; Proverbs 14:35; Proverbs 15:24; Proverbs 17:2; Job 22:2; אִשָּׁה מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14. — Jeremiah 50:9 has גִּבּוֺר מַשְׁכִּיל according to Masora (van d. H. Baer Gi), compare Vulgate, i.e. a child-slaying warrior; but שׁ׳. Hiph. elsewhere only Hosea 9:14, of miscarriage; Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Ew and most modern (Gf Gie Rothst) read מַשְׂכִּיל, either skilful or fortunate.
6. prosper, have success (compare Dr 1 Samuel 18:5): absolute 1 Samuel 18:15; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Jeremiah 20:11; Jeremiah 23:5; Joshua 1:8 (D); with ב, Joshua 1:7 (D) 1 Samuel 18:5, 14 (read בְּכָלֿ for לְכָלֿ Vrss Th HPS and others), compare 2 Kings 18:7; with אֶל, Proverbs 17:8.
7. cause to prosper: Deuteronomy 29:8; 1 Kings 2:3(D).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H7920.

† II. [שָׂכַל] verb
Pi. lay crosswise (so, and not √ I. שׂ׳, Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Vulgate TargumJon and modern, compare Arabic bdb096808 bind legs of beast, plait locks of hair); — Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שִׂכֵּל אֶתיָֿדָיו Genesis 48:14 (J); Thes Dr, however, prudentes fecit, from √ I. שׂ׳.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:6; 3:6; 48:14


29:8; 32:29


1:7; 1:8

1 Samuel

18:5; 18:5; 18:5; 18:14; 18:14; 18:15; 18:30

1 Kings


2 Kings


1 Chronicles

28:19; 28:19

2 Chronicles

30:21; 30:22


8:13; 9:20


22:2; 34:27; 34:27; 34:35; 34:35


2:10; 2:10; 14:2; 32:8; 36:4; 41:2; 53:3; 64:10; 94:8; 101:2; 106:7; 119:99; 119:99


1:3; 10:5; 10:19; 14:35; 15:24; 16:20; 16:23; 17:2; 17:8; 19:14; 19:14; 21:11; 21:12; 21:16


41:20; 44:18; 52:13


3:15; 3:15; 9:23; 9:23; 10:21; 20:11; 23:5; 23:5; 50:9


1:4; 1:17; 9:13; 9:22; 9:25; 9:25; 11:33; 11:35; 11:35; 12:3; 12:10





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7919 matches the Hebrew שָׂכַל (śāḵal),
which occurs 63 times in 63 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 3:6–Jer 10:21)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:6 - And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, H7919 she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:14 - And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim's head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh's head, guiding H7919  his hands wittingly; H7919 for Manasseh was the firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:9 - Keep therefore the words of this covenant, and do them, that ye may prosper H7919 in all that ye do.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:29 - O that they were wise, that they understood H7919 this, that they would consider their latter end!
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:7 - Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest prosper H7919 whithersoever thou goest.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:8 - This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success. H7919
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:5 - And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: H7919 and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:14 - And David behaved himself wisely H7919 in all his ways; and the LORD was with him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:15 - Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved H7919  himself very wisely, H7919 he was afraid of him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:30 - Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely H7919 than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:3 - And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper H7919 in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself:
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:7 - And the LORD was with him; and he prospered H7919 whithersoever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:19 - All this, said David, the LORD made me understand H7919 in writing by his hand upon me, even all the works of this pattern.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:22 - And Hezekiah spake comfortably unto all the Levites that taught H7919 the good knowledge of the LORD: and they did eat throughout the feast seven days, offering peace offerings, and making confession to the LORD God of their fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 8:13 - And on the second day were gathered together the chief of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to understand H7919 the words of the law.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:20 - Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct H7919 them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:2 - Can a man be profitable unto God, as he that is wise H7919 may be profitable unto himself?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:27 - Because they turned back from him, and would not consider H7919 any of his ways:
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:35 - Job hath spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom. H7919
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 2:10 - Be wise H7919 now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 14:2 - The LORD looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, H7919 and seek God.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:8 - I will instruct H7919 thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 36:3 - The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, H7919 and to do good.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 41:1 - [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed is he that considereth H7919 the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 47:7 - For God is the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding. H7919
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 53:2 - God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, H7919 that did seek God.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 64:9 - And all men shall fear, and shall declare the work of God; for they shall wisely consider H7919 of his doing.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 94:8 - Understand, ye brutish among the people: and ye fools, when will ye be wise? H7919
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 101:2 - I will behave myself wisely H7919 in a perfect way. O when wilt thou come unto me? I will walk within my house with a perfect heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:7 - Our fathers understood H7919 not thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy mercies; but provoked him at the sea, even at the Red sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:99 - I have more understanding H7919 than all my teachers: for thy testimonies are my meditation.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:3 - To receive the instruction of wisdom, H7919 justice, and judgment, and equity;
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 10:5 - He that gathereth in summer is a wise H7919 son: but he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 10:19 - In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth his lips is wise. H7919
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:35 - The king's favour is toward a wise H7919 servant: but his wrath is against him that causeth shame.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:24 - The way of life is above to the wise, H7919 that he may depart from hell beneath.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 16:20 - He that handleth a matter wisely H7919 shall find good: and whoso trusteth in the LORD, happy is he.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 16:23 - The heart of the wise teacheth H7919 his mouth, and addeth learning to his lips.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:2 - A wise H7919 servant shall have rule over a son that causeth shame, and shall have part of the inheritance among the brethren.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:8 - A gift is as a precious stone in the eyes of him that hath it: whithersoever it turneth, it prospereth. H7919
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 19:14 - House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent H7919 wife is from the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:11 - When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and when the wise is instructed, H7919 he receiveth knowledge.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:12 - The righteous man wisely considereth H7919 the house of the wicked: but God overthroweth the wicked for their wickedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:16 - The man that wandereth out of the way of understanding H7919 shall remain in the congregation of the dead.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:20 - That they may see, and know, and consider, and understand H7919 together, that the hand of the LORD hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hath created it.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 44:18 - They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand. H7919
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:13 - Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, H7919 he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:15 - And I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding. H7919
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:24 - But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth H7919 and knoweth me, that I am the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:21 - For the pastors are become brutish, and have not sought the LORD: therefore they shall not prosper, H7919 and all their flocks shall be scattered.

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