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Lexicon :: Strong's H7919 - śāḵal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2263,2264

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂכַל sâkal, saw-kal'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent:—consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(-ly), guide wittingly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x

The KJV translates Strong's H7919 in the following manner: understand (12x), wise (12x), prosper (8x), wisely (6x), understanding (5x), consider (4x), instruct (3x), prudent (2x), skill (2x), teach (2x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x
The KJV translates Strong's H7919 in the following manner: understand (12x), wise (12x), prosper (8x), wisely (6x), understanding (5x), consider (4x), instruct (3x), prudent (2x), skill (2x), teach (2x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. to be prudent, be circumspect, wisely understand, prosper

    1. (Qal) to be prudent, be circumspect

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to look at or upon, have insight

      2. to give attention to, consider, ponder, be prudent

      3. to have insight, have comprehension

        1. insight, comprehension (subst)

      4. to cause to consider, give insight, teach

        1. the teachers, the wise

      5. to act circumspectly, act prudently, act wisely

      6. to prosper, have success

      7. to cause to prosper

  2. (Piel) to lay crosswise, cross (hands)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂכַל sâkal, saw-kal'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent:—consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(-ly), guide wittingly.
STRONGS H7919: Abbreviations
† I. שָׂכַל verb be prudent (Gerber47 denominative from שֶׂכֶל, but verb early; Late Hebrew סָכַל, Hithp. shew oneself attentive (to), look; Aramaic סְכַל (rare) understand, Ithpa. look (at), consider, Aph. instruct; שְׂכַל only Aph. (for Hebrew הִשְׂכִּיל), understand, make wise; Lfks Pa. teach, Ethpa. understand, etc.; Samaritan LKO Ithpa. look (for Hebrew הִבִּיט); Assyrian šiklu, clever, šklûtu, cleverness, MeissnSuppl.93); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׂ׳ 1 Samuel 18:30 be prudent, circumspect (SS HPS); Kit Buhl Gerber and others prosper.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 23:5; 1 Chronicles 28:19; 1st person singular הִשְׂכַּלְתִּי Psalm 119:99; 3rd person masculine plural הִשְׂכִּילוּ Job 34:27 +; Imperfect יַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:5 +; 2rd person masculine singular jussive תַּשְׂכַּל Daniel 9:25, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הַשְׂכִּילוּ Psalm 2:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׂכֵּל Jeremiah 9:23 +; הַשְׂכֵּיל (Ges § 53 k) Jeremiah 3:15; Job 34:35; construct הַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:14 +, feminine מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14; plural מַשְׂכִּילִים Daniel 11:35 +, etc.; meanings hard to classify: scholars differ greatly; —
1. look at: נְחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 (J) was desirable to look upon (so Greek Version of the LXX Ges De; AV, RV to make one wise; Ew Di Buhl SS Dr and others below 3).
2. give attention to, consider, ponder: Isaiah 41:20; Isaiah 44:18; Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalm 64:10; Psalm 106:7; Job 34:27; with לְ Proverbs 21:12; with אֶל Psalm 41:2; Nehemiah 8:13; with עַל Proverbs 16:20; with ב Psalm 101:2; Daniel 9:13.
3. have insight, comprehension: Jeremiah 9:23 (|| יָדַע י׳), Psalm 94:8 (|| בִּין), Psalm 119:99, Daniel 1:4; Daniel 9:25 (|| יָדַע); הַשְׂכֵּ(י)ל assubstantive = insight, understanding: as י׳'s gift to ruler and teacher, || דֵּעָה Jeremiah 3:15; || דַּ֫עַת Job 34:35; || מַדָּע Daniel 1:17; מוּסַר הַשׂ׳ Proverbs 1:3; דֶּרֶךְ הַשׂ׳ Proverbs 21:16.
4. cause to consider, give insight, teach: י׳ subject, accusative of thing, 1 Chronicles 28:19, accusative of person Psalm 32:8; Nehemiah 9:20; Gabriel subject, 2accusative Daniel 9:22; לֵב חָכָם subject, accusative of thing Proverbs 16:23; with לְ, Proverbs 21:11; הַמַּשְׂכִּילִים שֵׂכֶל טוֺב לי׳ 2 Chronicles 30:22 (but Be Ke Benz etc. who shewed good skill, that is, in music, 2 Chronicles 30:21b); (הַ)מַוְכִּילִים Daniel 11:33, 35; Daniel 12:3, 10 the teachers (so Ew Hi Bev; Thes Ke Behrm and others the wise).
5. act circumspectly, prudently: absolute Amos 5:13; Psalm 2:10; Psalm 36:4; מַשְׂכִּיל as substantive Psalm 14:2 = Psalm 53:3, Proverbs 10:5, 19; Proverbs 14:35; Proverbs 15:24; Proverbs 17:2; Job 22:2; אִשָּׁה מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14. — Jeremiah 50:9 has גִּבּוֺר מַשְׁכִּיל according to Masora (van d. H. Baer Gi), compare Vulgate, i.e. a child-slaying warrior; but שׁ׳. Hiph. elsewhere only Hosea 9:14, of miscarriage; Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Ew and most modern (Gf Gie Rothst) read מַשְׂכִּיל, either skilful or fortunate.
6. prosper, have success (compare Dr 1 Samuel 18:5): absolute 1 Samuel 18:15; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Jeremiah 20:11; Jeremiah 23:5; Joshua 1:8 (D); with ב, Joshua 1:7 (D) 1 Samuel 18:5, 14 (read בְּכָלֿ for לְכָלֿ Vrss Th HPS and others), compare 2 Kings 18:7; with אֶל, Proverbs 17:8.
7. cause to prosper: Deuteronomy 29:8; 1 Kings 2:3(D).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H7920.

† II. [שָׂכַל] verb
Pi. lay crosswise (so, and not √ I. שׂ׳, Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Vulgate TargumJon and modern, compare Arabic bdb096808 bind legs of beast, plait locks of hair); — Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שִׂכֵּל אֶתיָֿדָיו Genesis 48:14 (J); Thes Dr, however, prudentes fecit, from √ I. שׂ׳.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:6; 3:6; 48:14


29:8; 32:29


1:7; 1:8

1 Samuel

18:5; 18:5; 18:5; 18:14; 18:14; 18:15; 18:30

1 Kings


2 Kings


1 Chronicles

28:19; 28:19

2 Chronicles

30:21; 30:22


8:13; 9:20


22:2; 34:27; 34:27; 34:35; 34:35


2:10; 2:10; 14:2; 32:8; 36:4; 41:2; 53:3; 64:10; 94:8; 101:2; 106:7; 119:99; 119:99


1:3; 10:5; 10:19; 14:35; 15:24; 16:20; 16:23; 17:2; 17:8; 19:14; 19:14; 21:11; 21:12; 21:16


41:20; 44:18; 52:13


3:15; 3:15; 9:23; 9:23; 10:21; 20:11; 23:5; 23:5; 50:9


1:4; 1:17; 9:13; 9:22; 9:25; 9:25; 11:33; 11:35; 11:35; 12:3; 12:10





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7919 matches the Hebrew שָׂכַל (śāḵal),
which occurs 63 times in 63 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 3:6–Jer 10:21)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:6 - When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make H7919 one wise H7919, she took some of its fruit and ate; and she also gave some to her husband with her, and he ate.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:14 - But Israel reached out his right hand and placed it on the head of Ephraim, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, crossing H7919 his hands, although Manasseh was the firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:9 - “So you will keep the words of this covenant and do them, in order that you may be H7919 successful H7919 in everything that you do.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:29 - “If only they were wise and they understood H7919 this;
If only they would discern their [fn]future!
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:7 - “Only be strong and very courageous; [fn]be careful to do according to all the Law which Moses My servant commanded you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, so that you may [fn]achieve H7919 success H7919 wherever you go.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:8 - “This Book of the Law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may [fn]be careful to do according to all that is written in it; for then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will [fn]achieve H7919 success H7919.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:5 - And David went into battle wherever Saul sent him, and always [fn]achieved H7919 success H7919; so Saul put him in charge of the men of war. And it was pleasing in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:14 - David was [fn]successful H7919 in all his ways, for the LORD was with him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:15 - When Saul saw that he was [fn]very successful H7919, he was afraid of him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:30 - Then the commanders of the Philistines went to battle, and it happened as often as they went out, that David was H7919 more [fn]successful H7919 than all the servants of Saul. So his name was held in high esteem.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:3 - “Do your duty to the LORD your God, to walk in His ways, to [fn]keep His statutes, His commandments, His ordinances, and His testimonies, according to what is written in the Law of Moses, so that you may succeed H7919 in all that you do and wherever you turn,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:7 - And the LORD was with him; wherever he went he was H7919 successful H7919. And he revolted against the king of Assyria and did not serve him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:19 - “All this,said David, “the LORD made me understand H7919 in writing by His hand upon me, all the [fn]details of this pattern.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:22 - Then Hezekiah spoke [fn]encouragingly to all the Levites who showed H7919 good insight in the things of the LORD. So they ate for the appointed seven days, sacrificing peace offerings and giving thanks to the LORD God of their fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 8:13 - Then on the second day the heads of fathers’ households of all the people, the priests, and the Levites were gathered to Ezra the scribe so that they might gain H7919 insight H7919 into the words of the Law.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:20 - “Instead, You gave Your good Spirit to instruct H7919 them,
You did not withhold Your manna from their mouth,
And You gave them water for their thirst.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:2 - “Can a strong man be of use to God,
Or a wise H7919 one be useful to himself?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:27 - Because they turned aside from following Him,
And had H7919 no regard H7919 for any of His ways,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:35 - ‘Job speaks without knowledge,
And his words are without wisdom H7919.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 2:10 - Now then, you kings, use H7919 insight H7919;
Let yourselves be instructed, you [fn]judges of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 14:2 - The LORD has looked down from heaven upon the sons of mankind
To see if there are any who [fn]understand H7919,
Who seek God.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:8 - I will instruct H7919 you and teach you in the way which you should go;
I will advise you with My eye upon you.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 36:3 - The words of his mouth are wickedness and deceit;
He has ceased to [fn]be H7919 wise H7919 and to do good.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 41:1 - For the music director. A Psalm of David.
Blessed is one who considers H7919 the [fn]helpless;
The LORD will save him on a day of [fn]trouble.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 47:7 - For God is the King of all the earth;
Sing praises with a psalm of wisdom.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 53:2 - God has looked down from heaven upon the sons of mankind
To see if there is anyone who [fn]understands H7919,
Who seeks after God.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 64:9 - Then all people [fn]will fear,
And they [fn]will declare the work of God,
And [fn]will consider H7919 [fn]what He has done.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 94:8 - Pay attention, you stupid ones among the people;
And when will you understand H7919, foolish ones?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 101:2 - I will carefully H7919 attend H7919 to the [fn]blameless way.
When will You come to me?
I will walk within my house in the [fn]integrity of my heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:7 - Our fathers in Egypt did not understand H7919 Your [fn]wonders;
They did not remember [fn]Your abundant kindnesses,
But rebelled by the sea, at the [fn]Red Sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:99 - I have H7919 more insight H7919 than all my teachers,
For Your testimonies are my meditation.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:3 - To receive instruction in wise H7919 behavior H7919,
Righteousness, justice, and integrity;
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 10:5 - He who gathers in summer is a son who acts H7919 wisely H7919,
But he who sleeps in harvest is a son who acts shamefully.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 10:19 - When there are many words, wrongdoing is unavoidable,
But one who restrains his lips is wise H7919.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:35 - The king’s favor is toward a servant who acts H7919 wisely H7919,
But his anger is toward him who acts shamefully.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:24 - The path of life leads upward for the wise H7919,
So that he may keep away from [fn]Sheol below.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 16:20 - One who pays H7919 attention H7919 to the word will find good,
And blessed is one who trusts in the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 16:23 - The heart of the wise instructs H7919 his mouth
And adds [fn]persuasiveness to his lips.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:2 - A servant who acts H7919 wisely H7919 will rule over a son who acts shamefully,
And will share in the inheritance among brothers.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:8 - A bribe is a [fn]charm in the sight of its owner;
Wherever he turns, he prospers H7919.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 19:14 - House and wealth are an inheritance from fathers,
But a prudent H7919 wife is from the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:11 - When the scoffer is punished, the naive becomes wise;
But when the wise is instructed H7919, he receives knowledge.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:12 - The [fn]righteous one considers H7919 the house of the wicked,
Bringing the wicked to ruin.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:16 - A person who wanders from the way of understanding H7919
Will rest in the assembly of the [fn]dead.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:20 - So that they may see and recognize,
And consider and gain H7919 insight H7919 as well,
That the hand of the LORD has done this,
And the Holy One of Israel has created it.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 44:18 - They do not know, nor do they understand, for He has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see, and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend H7919.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:13 - Behold, My Servant will prosper H7919,
He will be high and lifted up and [fn]greatly exalted.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:15 - “Then I will give you shepherds [fn]after My own heart, who will feed you knowledge and understanding H7919.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:24 - but let the one who boasts boast of this, that he understands H7919 and knows Me, that I am the LORD who exercises [fn]mercy, justice, and righteousness on the earth; for I delight in these things,” declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:21 - For the shepherds have become stupid
And have not sought the LORD.
Therefore they have not prospered H7919,
And all their flock is scattered.

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