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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7937 - šāḵar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2388

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁכַר shâkar, shaw-kar'; a primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence:—(be filled with) drink (abundantly), (be, make) drunk(-en), be merry. (Superlative of H8248.)

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x

The KJV translates Strong's H7937 in the following manner: drunken (12x), drunk (4x), filled with drink (1x), abundantly (1x), were merry (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x
The KJV translates Strong's H7937 in the following manner: drunken (12x), drunk (4x), filled with drink (1x), abundantly (1x), were merry (1x).
  1. to be or become drunk or drunken, be intoxicated

    1. (Qal) to become drunken

    2. (Piel) to make drunken, cause to be drunk

    3. (Hiphil) to cause to be drunk

    4. (Hithpael) to make oneself drunk

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁכַר shâkar, shaw-kar'; a primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence:—(be filled with) drink (abundantly), (be, make) drunk(-en), be merry. (Superlative of H8248.)
STRONGS H7937: Abbreviations
† I. [שָׁכַר] verb be, or become, drunk, drunken (Late Hebrew id., derived species and derivatives; Ecclus 40:18; Ecclus 40:20 שכר strong drink; Arabic bdb101601 be drunken, also be full, bdb101602 fill; Assyrian šikaru; = שֵׁכָר, šikaru, drunken, perhaps also verb šakâru; Ethiopic bdb101603: Aramaic שִׁכְרָא, bdb101604 = שְׁכָר, especially date-wine (Löw p. 125), compare bdb101605 be drunken, usually (derived species) defile, deform, etc.; from שֵׁכָר, Egyptian ṯà-k-ïra WMMAs. u. Eur. 102, Greek σίκερα, LewyFremdw. 81); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person plural שָֽׁכְרוּ Isaiah 29:9; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁכָּ֑ר Genesis 9:21, 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׁכָּר֑וּן Isaiah 49:26, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׁכְרוּ Jeremiah 25:27; Songs 5:1; Infinitive construct לְשָׁכְרָה Haggai 1:6; Passive participle שְׁכֻרַת Isaiah 51:21 (Ges§ 130 b LagBN 60); — become drunken Genesis 9:21 (J), of social drinking Genesis 43:34 (J), Songs 5:1, token of plenty Haggai 1:6; figurative of nations staggering helplessly under calamity Jeremiah 25:27; Jeremiah 51:21(וְלֹא מִיָּ֑יִן), of Nahum 3:11; of infatuation Isaiah 29:9 (וְלֹא יַיִן), of disgrace Lamentations 4:21, self-destruction, כֶּעָסִיס דָּמָם יִשׁ׳ Isaiah 49:26.
Pi. make drunken: Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix וַיְשַׁכְּרֵהוּ 2 Samuel 11:13, literal; figurative 1st person singular (suffix of people) וַאֲשַׁכְּרֵם (read וָ׳) Isaiah 63:6 (subject י׳) I made them drunk in my wrath (but MSS Ges Hi Ew Che Kit Marti and others וָאֲשַׁבְּרֵם I brake them in pieces); Participle feminine singular, of Babylonian, מְשַׁכֶּרֶת בָּלהָֿרֶץ Jeremiah 51:7; compare Infinitive absolute. שַׁכֵּר Habakkuk 2:15 (i.e. terrorizing nations; read probably הַשְׁקֵה וְאַף שׁ׳ We Now).
Hiph. id.: Perfect 1st person singular וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּ֫י Jeremiah 51:27 (subject י׳) i.e. make princes helpless, וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּים Jeremiah 51:39; Imperative masculine plural suffix הַשְׁכִּירֻהוּ object Moab, i.e. make helpless and disgraced Jeremiah 48:26; Imperfect 1st person singular אַשְׁכִּיר חְצַּי מִדָּם Deuteronomy 32:42. — RubenJQ xi (1889), 446 proposes מַשְׁכִּירוֺת Hosea 7:5 for משׁך ידו את.
Hithp. Imperfect 2nd person feminine singular תִּשְׁתַּכָּרִין 1 Samuel 1:14 how long wilt thou make thyself drunken [a drunken spectacle] ?
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


9:21; 9:21; 43:34



1 Samuel


2 Samuel


Song of Songs

5:1; 5:1


29:9; 29:9; 49:26; 49:26; 51:21; 63:6


25:27; 25:27; 48:26; 51:7; 51:21; 51:27; 51:39










1:6; 1:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7937 matches the Hebrew שָׁכַר (šāḵar),
which occurs 19 times in 19 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:21 - He drank of the wine and became drunk and lay uncovered in his tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:34 - Portions were taken to them from Joseph’s table, but Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as any of theirs. And they drank and were merry[fn] with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:42 - I will make my arrows drunk with blood,
and my sword shall devour flesh—
with the blood of the slain and the captives,
from the long-haired heads of the enemy.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:14 - And Eli said to her, “How long will you go on being drunk? Put your wine away from you.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:13 - And David invited him, and he ate in his presence and drank, so that he made him drunk. And in the evening he went out to lie on his couch with the servants of his lord, but he did not go down to his house.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 5:1 - He
I came to my garden, my sister, my bride,
I gathered my myrrh with my spice,
I ate my honeycomb with my honey,
I drank my wine with my milk.

Eat, friends, drink,
and be drunk with love!
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:9 - Astonish yourselves[fn] and be astonished;
blind yourselves and be blind!
Be drunk,[fn] but not with wine;
stagger,[fn] but not with strong drink!
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:26 - I will make your oppressors eat their own flesh,
and they shall be drunk with their own blood as with wine.
Then all flesh shall know
that I am the LORD your Savior,
and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 51:21 - Therefore hear this, you who are afflicted,
who are drunk, but not with wine:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:6 - I trampled down the peoples in my anger;
I made them drunk in my wrath,
and I poured out their lifeblood on the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:27 - “Then you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Drink, be drunk and vomit, fall and rise no more, because of the sword that I am sending among you.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:26 - “Make him drunk, because he magnified himself against the LORD, so that Moab shall wallow in his vomit, and he too shall be held in derision.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:7 - Babylon was a golden cup in the LORD’s hand,
making all the earth drunken;
the nations drank of her wine;
therefore the nations went mad.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:39 - While they are inflamed I will prepare them a feast
and make them drunk, that they may become merry,
then sleep a perpetual sleep
and not wake, declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:57 - I will make drunk her officials and her wise men,
her governors, her commanders, and her warriors;
they shall sleep a perpetual sleep and not wake,
declares the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:21 - Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom,
you who dwell in the land of Uz;
but to you also the cup shall pass;
you shall become drunk and strip yourself bare.
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 3:11 - You also will be drunken;
you will go into hiding;
you will seek a refuge from the enemy.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:15 - “Woe to him who makes his neighbors drink—
you pour out your wrath and make them drunk,
in order to gaze at their nakedness!
Unchecked Copy BoxHag 1:6 - You have sown much, and harvested little. You eat, but you never have enough; you drink, but you never have your fill. You clothe yourselves, but no one is warm. And he who earns wages does so to put them into a bag with holes.
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