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Lexicon :: Strong's H7937 - šāḵar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2388

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁכַר shâkar, shaw-kar'; a primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence:—(be filled with) drink (abundantly), (be, make) drunk(-en), be merry. (Superlative of H8248.)

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x

The KJV translates Strong's H7937 in the following manner: drunken (12x), drunk (4x), filled with drink (1x), abundantly (1x), were merry (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x
The KJV translates Strong's H7937 in the following manner: drunken (12x), drunk (4x), filled with drink (1x), abundantly (1x), were merry (1x).
  1. to be or become drunk or drunken, be intoxicated

    1. (Qal) to become drunken

    2. (Piel) to make drunken, cause to be drunk

    3. (Hiphil) to cause to be drunk

    4. (Hithpael) to make oneself drunk

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁכַר shâkar, shaw-kar'; a primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence:—(be filled with) drink (abundantly), (be, make) drunk(-en), be merry. (Superlative of H8248.)
STRONGS H7937: Abbreviations
† I. [שָׁכַר] verb be, or become, drunk, drunken (Late Hebrew id., derived species and derivatives; Ecclus 40:18; Ecclus 40:20 שכר strong drink; Arabic bdb101601 be drunken, also be full, bdb101602 fill; Assyrian šikaru; = שֵׁכָר, šikaru, drunken, perhaps also verb šakâru; Ethiopic bdb101603: Aramaic שִׁכְרָא, bdb101604 = שְׁכָר, especially date-wine (Löw p. 125), compare bdb101605 be drunken, usually (derived species) defile, deform, etc.; from שֵׁכָר, Egyptian ṯà-k-ïra WMMAs. u. Eur. 102, Greek σίκερα, LewyFremdw. 81); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person plural שָֽׁכְרוּ Isaiah 29:9; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁכָּ֑ר Genesis 9:21, 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׁכָּר֑וּן Isaiah 49:26, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׁכְרוּ Jeremiah 25:27; Songs 5:1; Infinitive construct לְשָׁכְרָה Haggai 1:6; Passive participle שְׁכֻרַת Isaiah 51:21 (Ges§ 130 b LagBN 60); — become drunken Genesis 9:21 (J), of social drinking Genesis 43:34 (J), Songs 5:1, token of plenty Haggai 1:6; figurative of nations staggering helplessly under calamity Jeremiah 25:27; Jeremiah 51:21(וְלֹא מִיָּ֑יִן), of Nahum 3:11; of infatuation Isaiah 29:9 (וְלֹא יַיִן), of disgrace Lamentations 4:21, self-destruction, כֶּעָסִיס דָּמָם יִשׁ׳ Isaiah 49:26.
Pi. make drunken: Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix וַיְשַׁכְּרֵהוּ 2 Samuel 11:13, literal; figurative 1st person singular (suffix of people) וַאֲשַׁכְּרֵם (read וָ׳) Isaiah 63:6 (subject י׳) I made them drunk in my wrath (but MSS Ges Hi Ew Che Kit Marti and others וָאֲשַׁבְּרֵם I brake them in pieces); Participle feminine singular, of Babylonian, מְשַׁכֶּרֶת בָּלהָֿרֶץ Jeremiah 51:7; compare Infinitive absolute. שַׁכֵּר Habakkuk 2:15 (i.e. terrorizing nations; read probably הַשְׁקֵה וְאַף שׁ׳ We Now).
Hiph. id.: Perfect 1st person singular וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּ֫י Jeremiah 51:27 (subject י׳) i.e. make princes helpless, וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּים Jeremiah 51:39; Imperative masculine plural suffix הַשְׁכִּירֻהוּ object Moab, i.e. make helpless and disgraced Jeremiah 48:26; Imperfect 1st person singular אַשְׁכִּיר חְצַּי מִדָּם Deuteronomy 32:42. — RubenJQ xi (1889), 446 proposes מַשְׁכִּירוֺת Hosea 7:5 for משׁך ידו את.
Hithp. Imperfect 2nd person feminine singular תִּשְׁתַּכָּרִין 1 Samuel 1:14 how long wilt thou make thyself drunken [a drunken spectacle] ?
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


9:21; 9:21; 43:34



1 Samuel


2 Samuel


Song of Songs

5:1; 5:1


29:9; 29:9; 49:26; 49:26; 51:21; 63:6


25:27; 25:27; 48:26; 51:7; 51:21; 51:27; 51:39










1:6; 1:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7937 matches the Hebrew שָׁכַר (šāḵar),
which occurs 19 times in 19 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:21 - And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; H7937 and he was uncovered within his tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:34 - And he took and sent messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry H7937 with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:42 - I will make mine arrows drunk H7937 with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; and that with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:14 - And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? H7937 put away thy wine from thee.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:13 - And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him drunk: H7937 and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 5:1 - I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, H7937 O beloved.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:9 - Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are drunken, H7937 but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:26 - And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken H7937 with their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 51:21 - Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, and drunken, H7937 but not with wine:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:6 - And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk H7937 in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:27 - Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, H7937 and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:26 - Make ye him drunken: H7937 for he magnified himself against the LORD: Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:7 - Babylon hath been a golden cup in the LORD'S hand, that made all the earth drunken: H7937 the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:39 - In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, H7937 that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:57 - And I will make drunk H7937 her princes, and her wise men, her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:21 - Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of Uz; the cup also shall pass through unto thee: thou shalt be drunken, H7937 and shalt make thyself naked.
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 3:11 - Thou also shalt be drunken: H7937 thou shalt be hid, thou also shalt seek strength because of the enemy.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:15 - Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to him, and makest him drunken H7937 also, that thou mayest look on their nakedness!
Unchecked Copy BoxHag 1:6 - Ye have sown much, and bring in little; ye eat, but ye have not enough; ye drink, but ye are not filled with drink; H7937 ye clothe you, but there is none warm; and he that earneth wages earneth wages to put it into a bag with holes.
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