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Lexicon :: Strong's H7937 - šāḵar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2388

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁכַר shâkar, shaw-kar'; a primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence:—(be filled with) drink (abundantly), (be, make) drunk(-en), be merry. (Superlative of H8248.)

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x

The KJV translates Strong's H7937 in the following manner: drunken (12x), drunk (4x), filled with drink (1x), abundantly (1x), were merry (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x
The KJV translates Strong's H7937 in the following manner: drunken (12x), drunk (4x), filled with drink (1x), abundantly (1x), were merry (1x).
  1. to be or become drunk or drunken, be intoxicated

    1. (Qal) to become drunken

    2. (Piel) to make drunken, cause to be drunk

    3. (Hiphil) to cause to be drunk

    4. (Hithpael) to make oneself drunk

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁכַר shâkar, shaw-kar'; a primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence:—(be filled with) drink (abundantly), (be, make) drunk(-en), be merry. (Superlative of H8248.)
STRONGS H7937: Abbreviations
† I. [שָׁכַר] verb be, or become, drunk, drunken (Late Hebrew id., derived species and derivatives; Ecclus 40:18; Ecclus 40:20 שכר strong drink; Arabic bdb101601 be drunken, also be full, bdb101602 fill; Assyrian šikaru; = שֵׁכָר, šikaru, drunken, perhaps also verb šakâru; Ethiopic bdb101603: Aramaic שִׁכְרָא, bdb101604 = שְׁכָר, especially date-wine (Löw p. 125), compare bdb101605 be drunken, usually (derived species) defile, deform, etc.; from שֵׁכָר, Egyptian ṯà-k-ïra WMMAs. u. Eur. 102, Greek σίκερα, LewyFremdw. 81); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person plural שָֽׁכְרוּ Isaiah 29:9; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁכָּ֑ר Genesis 9:21, 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׁכָּר֑וּן Isaiah 49:26, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׁכְרוּ Jeremiah 25:27; Songs 5:1; Infinitive construct לְשָׁכְרָה Haggai 1:6; Passive participle שְׁכֻרַת Isaiah 51:21 (Ges§ 130 b LagBN 60); — become drunken Genesis 9:21 (J), of social drinking Genesis 43:34 (J), Songs 5:1, token of plenty Haggai 1:6; figurative of nations staggering helplessly under calamity Jeremiah 25:27; Jeremiah 51:21(וְלֹא מִיָּ֑יִן), of Nahum 3:11; of infatuation Isaiah 29:9 (וְלֹא יַיִן), of disgrace Lamentations 4:21, self-destruction, כֶּעָסִיס דָּמָם יִשׁ׳ Isaiah 49:26.
Pi. make drunken: Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix וַיְשַׁכְּרֵהוּ 2 Samuel 11:13, literal; figurative 1st person singular (suffix of people) וַאֲשַׁכְּרֵם (read וָ׳) Isaiah 63:6 (subject י׳) I made them drunk in my wrath (but MSS Ges Hi Ew Che Kit Marti and others וָאֲשַׁבְּרֵם I brake them in pieces); Participle feminine singular, of Babylonian, מְשַׁכֶּרֶת בָּלהָֿרֶץ Jeremiah 51:7; compare Infinitive absolute. שַׁכֵּר Habakkuk 2:15 (i.e. terrorizing nations; read probably הַשְׁקֵה וְאַף שׁ׳ We Now).
Hiph. id.: Perfect 1st person singular וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּ֫י Jeremiah 51:27 (subject י׳) i.e. make princes helpless, וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּים Jeremiah 51:39; Imperative masculine plural suffix הַשְׁכִּירֻהוּ object Moab, i.e. make helpless and disgraced Jeremiah 48:26; Imperfect 1st person singular אַשְׁכִּיר חְצַּי מִדָּם Deuteronomy 32:42. — RubenJQ xi (1889), 446 proposes מַשְׁכִּירוֺת Hosea 7:5 for משׁך ידו את.
Hithp. Imperfect 2nd person feminine singular תִּשְׁתַּכָּרִין 1 Samuel 1:14 how long wilt thou make thyself drunken [a drunken spectacle] ?
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


9:21; 9:21; 43:34



1 Samuel


2 Samuel


Song of Songs

5:1; 5:1


29:9; 29:9; 49:26; 49:26; 51:21; 63:6


25:27; 25:27; 48:26; 51:7; 51:21; 51:27; 51:39










1:6; 1:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7937 matches the Hebrew שָׁכַר (šāḵar),
which occurs 19 times in 19 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:21 - He drank some of the wine and became H7937 drunk H7937, and uncovered himself inside his tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:34 - Then he took portions to them from [fn]his own table, but Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as any of theirs. So they drank freely H7937 with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:42 - ‘I will make H7937 My arrows drunk H7937 with blood,
And My sword will devour flesh,
With the blood of the slain and the captives,
From the long-haired [fn]leaders of the enemy.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:14 - Then Eli said to her, “How long will you behave H7937 like H7937 a H7937 drunk H7937? Get rid of your wine!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:13 - Now David summoned [fn]Uriah, and he ate and drank in his presence, and he made H7937 [fn]Uriah drunk H7937; and in the evening Uriah went out to lie on his bed with his lord’s servants, and he still did not go down to his house.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 5:1 - The Groom
“I have come into my garden, my sister, my bride;
I have gathered my myrrh along with my balsam.
I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey;
I have drunk my wine with my milk.
Eat, friends;
Drink and [fn]drink H7937 deeply H7937, lovers.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:9 - Be delayed and horrified,
Blind yourselves and be blind;
They become H7937 drunk H7937, but not with wine,
They stagger, but not with intoxicating drink.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:26 - “I will feed your oppressors with their own flesh,
And they will become H7937 drunk H7937 with their own blood as with sweet wine;
And [fn]humanity will know that I, the LORD, am your Savior
And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 51:21 - Therefore, listen to this, you afflicted,
Who are drunk H7937, but not with wine:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:6 - “I trampled down the peoples in My anger
And made H7937 them drunk H7937 with My wrath,
And I [fn]poured out their lifeblood on the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:27 - “And you shall say to them, ‘This is what the LORD of armies, the God of Israel says: “Drink, be H7937 drunk H7937, vomit, fall down, and do not get up, because of the sword which I am sending among you.”’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:26 - “Make H7937 him drunk H7937, for he has [fn]become arrogant toward the LORD; so Moab will [fn]vomit, and he also will become a laughingstock.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:7 - Babylon has been a golden cup in the hand of the LORD,
Intoxicating H7937 all the earth.
The nations have drunk of her wine;
Therefore the nations are going insane.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:39 - “When they become heated up, I will serve them their banquet
And make H7937 them drunk H7937, so that they may rejoice in triumph,
And may sleep a perpetual sleep
And not wake up,” declares the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:57 - “I will make H7937 her leaders and her wise men drunk H7937,
Her governors, her officials, and her warriors,
So that they will sleep a perpetual sleep and not wake up,”
Declares the King, whose name is the LORD of armies.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:21 - Rejoice and be joyful, daughter of Edom,
Who lives in the land of Uz;
But the cup will pass to you as well,
You will become H7937 drunk H7937 and expose yourself.
Unchecked Copy BoxNah 3:11 - You too will become H7937 drunk H7937,
You will be hidden.
You too will search for a refuge from the enemy.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:15 - “Woe to him who makes his neighbor drink;
[fn]To you who mix in your venom even to make H7937 your neighbors drunk H7937,
So as to look at their genitalia!
Unchecked Copy BoxHag 1:6 - “You have sown much, only to [fn]harvest little; you eat, but there is not enough to be satisfied; you drink, but there is not enough to become H7937 drunk H7937; you put on clothing, but there is not enough for [fn]anyone to get warm; and the one who earns, earns wages to put into a money bag full of holes.”
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